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This Book "Priestley's Navigable Rivers and Canals" by Joseph Priestley was previously published in April 1831. NOTE: Oringinally called "Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways, of Great Britain".
For more information see About this Book

Index Page Link to Previous Page 581

page 582

£20,000, amongst themselves, by optional notes, or by mortgage of the rates as security; and also the sum of £45,000 for the formation of a fund for erecting the locks required on this navigation, which sum is to be raised and appropriated in the manner stated in a preceding part of this article. The subscribers to the lock fund are not to receive more than £10 per cent, per annum on their subscription, and the surplus to form a sinking fund for paying off the capital; and when that is paid off, the extra tonnage rate for supporting the locks to cease. The act authorizes the company to take the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Coal, Coke, &c 2½d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Iron, Lead, Ores, Cinders, &c 4d ditto. ditto.
For all Stones, Tiles, Bricks, Slate, Timber, &c 3d ditto. ditto.
For all Cattle, Sheep, Swine and other Beasts 4d ditto. ditto.
For all other Goods 4d ditto. ditto.
For every Horse or Ass Travelling on the Railway 1d each.
For every Cow or other Neat Cattle ditto ½d ditto. ditto.
For Sheep, Swine and Calves ditto 5d per Score.

Fractions of a Mile to pay for Haifa Mile, and of a Ton as a Quarter of a Ton; Rates for Wharfage to be determined by the Company.

In addition to the above Rates, One Shilling per Ton is paid on all Goods to the Lock Fund, which also receives Three Farthings per Ton from the Coal Canal company.

This canal is of great importance in the export of coal, with which the neighbourhoods of Paulton and Radstock abound. That useful article is thus forwarded eastward to the Kennet and Avon and Wilts and Berks Canals, by which it is supplied to places on their lines, and also to others on the borders of the River Thames; besides entirely supplying the city of Bath and a part of the neighbourhood of Bristol.

SPITTAL AND KELSO RAILWAY.

51 George III. Cap. 133, Royal Assent 31st May, 1811

THIS act is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a Railway from or near Spittal, in the county of Durham, to or near Kelso, in the county of Roxburgh; and for erecting and maintaining a Bridge over the River Tweed, from the parish of Northam, in the county of Durham, to Coldstream, in the county of Berwick.' The part of the county of Durham in which Spittal

page 583

is situated, is detached from tile main body of the county and lying to the northward of the county of Northumberland, and adjoining Berwickshire in Scotland. No steps have yet been taken to carry the provisions of this act into effect.

STAFFORDSHIRE AND WORCESTERSHIRE CANAL.

6 George III. Cap. 97, Royal Assent 14th May, 1766.

30 George III. Cap. 75, Royal Assent 9th June, 1790.

THIS important branch of inland navigation commences in the River Severn, at Stourport, in Worcestershire, and proceeding in a northerly direction, passes Mitten, Kidderminster, Tittenhall, Penkridge, and Baswich, uniting itself with the Trent and Mersey Navigation, near Haywood, in Staffordshire. In its route it is carried by aqueducts over the Rivers Trent, Sow, Penk, Smester and Stour, and by a tunnel under the town of Kidderminster; there are also two other tunnels, two large reservoirs, and a number of bridges and small aqueducts. At Stourport this canal falls into two basins, and from these, boats descend into the River Severn, by two locks; from this point to the Stourbridge Canal, at Stewponey, there is a rise of 127 feet 6 inches, in a distance of twelve miles and a quarter; from thence to Tittenhall, being eleven miles, is a rise of 166 feet 6 inches; thence to Streetway, ten miles, is level, (and it is joined by the Old Birmingham Canal on this level); and from thence to the Trent and Mersey, at Haywood, is thirteen miles and a half, with a fall of 100 feet 6 inches. Its summit, or highest pound of water is, between the village of Autherly, near Wolverhampton, and the Old Roman Road called Streetway, in the county of Stafford, ten miles in extent, 100 feet 6 inches above the Trent and Mersey Canal, near Stafford; 352 feet above low water at Runcorn; and 294 feet above the Severn at Stourport.

The act of parliament, under sanction of which this canal was executed, was obtained in 1766, and is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a navigable Cut, or Canal, from the River Severn, between Bewdley and Titton Brook, in the county of Worcester, to cross the River Trent, near Haywood Mill, in the

page 584

'county of Stafford, and to communicate with a Canal intended to be made between the said River Trent and the River Mersey.' It incorporates a number of persons, therein named, by the style of "The Company of Proprietors of the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Navigation," and empowers them to raise amongst themselves, for the purposes of the act, the sum of £70,000, in seven hundred shares of £100 each; and, if necessary, a further sum of £30,000. The act also authorizes them to collect the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Iron, Iron-atone, Coal, Stone, Timber and other Goods 1½d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Lime or Lime-stone ½d ditto. ditto.

Paving-stones, Gravel, Sand, and other Materials for repairing Roads, (Lime-stone excepted) and Manure for the Grounds of Persons who have had Land taken for the Canal, shall be exempted from Tonnage Rates, provided such Articles pass through a Lock only when the Water flows over the Weir.

The works of this undertaking were executed under the direction of the celebrated Mr. James Brindley, who built his first canal lock on this navigation, at Compton, near the town of Wolverhampton.

A second act of parliament was obtained by this company in 1790, entitled, 'An Act to enable the Company of Proprietors of the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Navigation, to improve the Navigation of the River Severn, from Stourport, in the county of Worcester, to a Place called Diglis, near the city of Worcester;' which states that the company had completed their canal from the Trent and Mersey Navigation to the River Severn, but that the river was obstructed in various places by shoals, the removal of which would be a great benefit to the trade of the river and this canal, and that the company of proprietors of this navigation were willing to remove such shoals and obstructions at their own expense; the act, therefore, authorizes them to improve the navigation of the said river, and empowers them to borrow an additional sum of £12,000, on mortgage of their tolls and rates.

The trade on this canal is immense, as, from its junction with the Birmingham Canal at Autherly, a considerable portion of the hardware manufactures from the counties of Stafford and Warwick, and of coals from the Bilstone and other mines, are carried on it; great quantities of coal are also brought by the Stourbridge

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Canal, which joins it at Stewponey, and with which it supplies, in great part, the counties of Stafford, Worcester and Gloucester; by the River Severn it communicates with the port of Bristol; and through the Thames and Severn Canal it has a communication with the city of London; and by its connection with the Trent and Mersey, communicates with Liverpool, Manchester and Hull.

STAINFORTH AND KEADBY CANAL.

33 George III. Cap. 117, Royal Assent 7th June, 1793.

38 George III. Cap. 47, Royal Assent 1st June, 1798.

49 George III. Cap. 71, Royal Assent 20th May, 1809.

THIS canal, which is fifteen miles in length, commences at the River Dun Navigation, near Stainforth, in the West Riding of the county of York, whence running in an easterly direction near Thorne and Crowle, and passing to the south of both those places, it communicates with the River Trent at Keadby, in Lincolnshire.

The first act of parliament, authorizing this undertaking, was passed in 1793, and is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a navigable Canal from the River Dun Navigation Cut, at or near Stainforth, in the West Riding of the county of York, to join and communicate with the River Trent, at or near Keadby, in time county of Lincoln; and also a collateral Cut from the said Canal, to join the said River Dun, in the parish of Thorne, in the said Riding.' It incorporates the company of proprietors by the name of "The Company of Proprietors of the Stainforth and Keadby Canal Navigation," and empowers them to raise amongst themselves, for the purposes of this act, the sum of £24,200, in two hundred and forty-two shares of £100 each; and, if necessary, a further sum of £12,100, either amongst themselves or by mortgage of the tolls and rates, and to collect the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Fir Timber, Fifty Feet to the Ton 1d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Deals, Twelve Feet Long and Three Inches Thick, to pay as a Ton 1d ditto. ditto.
For all Ash, Elm and other White Wood of English Growth, Fifty Feet to the Ton 1d ditto. ditto.
For all Oak Timber Forty Cubic Feet a Ton 1d ditto. ditto.
For all Coals, Sleek, Cinders, Culm, Charcoal and Lime ¾d ditto. ditto.

page 586

TONNAGE RATES CONTINUED.

For Lime-stone ½d per Ton, per Mile.
For all other Sorts of Stone, Iron-stone, Flags, Paving-stone, Slate, Iron, Pig-iron, Bar-iron, Old-iron, Cast Metal, Bricks and Tiles 1d ditto. ditto.
For all Wheat, Shelling, Beans, Peas, Vetches and Lentils; Rape, Line, Cole, and Mustard Seed; Apples, Pears, Onions and Potatoes; Eight Winchester Bushels to the Quarter, for the whole Length of the Canal 4d per Quarter.
For Barley, ditto 3d ditto.
For all Malt or Oats, ditto 2d ditto.
For all Groceries, and all Kinds of Linen and Woollen Yarn, Cotton, Flax, Hemp, Manufactured Goods of all Sorts, with every other Kind of Goods, Wares and Merchandise, not before enumerated 1½d per Ton, per Mile.
For every Boat and Vessel that shall enter the Canal near Stainforth Lock, and turn down the Collateral Cut from Thorne Common to the River Dun at Hangman Hill, or shall navigate from Hangman Hill on the Canal to the River Dun Cut at Stainforth, on all Goods before enumerated 6d ditto.

Fractions of a Mile to be taken as a Mile, and of a Ton as the Quarters therein.

EXEMPTIONS.

All Kinds of Dung or other Manure (except Lime) that shall be produced in any Township or Parish through which the Canal passes, and to be carried to some other Township or Parish through which also the Canal passes.

The proprietors may likewise demand the following

CRANAGE AND PORTERAGE RATES.

For all Goods,Wares and Merchandise (except Corn, Coals, Stone, Lime, Lime-stone, Flint, Clay, English Timber, Bricks, Tiles, Plaster, Soapers' Waste or Ashes and Sandfall, which will not require a Crane, and may be loaded and delivered by the Crew of the Boat or Vessel) 6d per Ton.

WHARFAGE RATES.

The Column marked thus (*) are the Rates to be taken for above Twenty-four Hours and not more than Six Days.

The Column marked thus (+) for Six Days but less than One Month.

The Column marked thus (±) for One Month but less than Six Weeks.

The Column marked thus (§) for Six Weeks but less than Two Months.

The Column marked thus (II) for Two Months but less than Ten Weeks.
DESCRIPTION OF GOODS. (*)
s. d.
(+)
s. d.
(±)
s. d.
(§)
s. d.
(II)
s. d.
For all Goods, Wares and Merchandise (except) such as are excepted in the Cranage and Porterage Rates) per Ton 0 60 91 01 31 6
For all English Timber of all Kinds, and Pig and Bar-iron, per Ton 0 30 60 91 01 3
For all Coals, Stone, Iron-stone, Lime-stone, Flint, Clay and Sand, per Ton 0 ½0 10 1½0 20 2½
For all Lime, Bricks, Tiles, Plaster and Soapers' Ashes, per Ton 0 10 20 30 40 5
For all Corn of all Kinds, Cole, Rape, Line and Mustard Seeds; Apples, Pears, Onions and Potatoes, per Quarter 0 ½0 10 1½0 20 2½

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Lords of manors and owners of land may erect wharfs and warehouses on the canal, and take the above wharfage rates; if they refuse to do so, the company may erect them.

In 1798 a second act of parliament was obtained, entitled, 'An Act for amending and enlarging the Powers of an Act, passed in the Thirty-third Year of the Reign of his present Majesty, for making and maintaining a navigable Canal from the River Dun Navigation Cut, at or near Stainforth, in the West Riding of the county of York, to join and communicate with the River Trent, at or near Keadby, in the county of Lincoln; and also a collateral Cut from the said Canal, to join the said River Dun, in the parish of Thorne, in the said Riding,' which repealed that part of the former act authorizing the company to raise the additional sum of £12,100, and empowered the proprietors to raise amongst themselves, in addition to their original capital, the sum of £20,000; and, if necessary, a further sum of £10,000, by mortgage of the tolls, &c.

The last act of parliament relating to this canal was obtained in 1809, and is entitled, 'An Act to enable the Company of Proprietors of the Stainforth and Keadby Canal Navigation, to raise a further Sum of Money for the Discharge of their Debts, and to finish and complete the said Canal Navigation; and for amending the several Acts passed relative thereto.' It states that the company of proprietors had raised amongst themselves, nearly the whole of the two sums of £24,200 and £20,000 provided to be raised by the former acts; repeals that clause of the last act authorizing them to raise £10,000 by mortgage of the tolls, &c. and empowers them to raise that sum amongst themselves.

This canal passes through a very flat part of the country, for there is only one lock of 5 feet fall near Thorne, exclusive of the tide-lock where it falls into the Trent at Keadby.

By connecting the Rivers Dun and Trent, it avoids the shoals in the lower part of the former river, and affords a better line of communication with Lincolnshire, the East Riding of York and the port of Hull.

page 588

STOCKTON AND DARLINGTON RAILWAY.

1 & 2 Geo. IV. C. 44, R. A. 19th April, 1821.

4 Geo. IV. C. 33, R. A. 23rd May, 1823.

5 Geo. IV. C. 48, R. A. 17th May, 1824.

9 Geo. IV. C. 60, R. A. 23rd May, 1828.

THIS railway commences at the River Tees, near Stockton, in the county of Durham, and thence proceeds in a southerly direction about four miles, to the branch which goes off to Yarm; from thence westerly about eight miles, to the other branch which goes off at Darlington; from thence northerly about three miles and a half, to where the Clarence Railway joins it; and from thence in a north-westerly direction two miles and a half; to the Coundon Branch; thence north-westerly about six miles, to Witton Park Colliery, with five collateral branches; one commencing in the township of Egglescliffe and extending to Yarm Bridge; another commencing at or near Hill House, in Darlington, and terminating near Croft Bridge, in the parish of Hurworth; another commencing at or near Brussleton, and terminating at or near Coundon Turnpike-Gate; another commencing at or near Norlees House, in the township of West Auckland, and terminating at or near Evenlode Bridge; and the other commencing at the Tees, and terminating at or near the south-west end of the town of Stockton-upon-Tees.

By a statement made in September, 1820, by Mr. G. Overton, it appears that the length of
M.F.C.
The Main Line was . . . . 2669
The Yarm Bridge Branch . . . . 063
Darlington Branch . . . . 070
Branch to Coundon Turnpike . . . . 340
Branch to Hagger Leases . . . . 460
Branch at Stockton . . . . _0_0_7
Total Length of Main Line and Branches 3669

With a rise from the commencement of the railway at Stockton to Escomb Lane, near Witton Park Colliery, of 496 feet 6 inches; the expense of completing the undertaking was also estimated at £84,000.

page 589

The first act of parliament was obtained in 1821, by a number of persons who are thereby incorporated by the name of "The Stockton and Darlington Railway Company," and is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a Railway or Tramroad, from the River Tees, at Stockton, to Witton Park Colliery, with several Branches therefrom, all in the county of Durham.' By this act the company is authorized to raise amongst themselves, the sum of £82,000, in shares of £100 each; and, if necessary, a further sum of £20,000, either amongst themselves, or by the creation of new shares, or they may borrow any portion of the said sums either by optional notes, or by mortgage of the tolls and rates.

The affairs of the company are to be managed by a committee, who are to be under the control of the general assemblies; and the act authorizes them to take the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Lime-stone, Materials for the Repair of Turnpike-Roads or Highways, and all Dung, Compost and all Sorts of Manure, except Lime 0s 4d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Coal, Coke, Culm, Cinders, Stone, Marl, Sand, Lime, Clay, Iron-stone and other Minerals, Building-stone, Pitching and Paving-stone, Bricks, Tiles, Slates and all Gross and Unmanufactured Articles and Building Materials 0s 4d ditto. ditto.
For all Lead in Pigs or Sheets, Bar-iron, Waggon-tire, Timber, Staves and Deals, and all other Goods, Wares and Merchandize 0s 6d ditto. ditto.
And for all Articles, Matters and Things, above enumerated to pay Tonnage, which shall pass the Inclined Planes upon this Railway 1s 0d ditto.
For all Coal which shall be shipped on Board any Vessel in the Port of Stockton-upon-Tees, for the Purpose of Exportation 0s ½d ditto. ditto.

Fractions of a Ton and of a Mile to be taken as the Quarters therein, and of a Quarter as a Quarter.

Owners and occupiers of land, within five miles of the railway, may lay down branches, communicating with the main line; and lords of manors and owners of land on the line may erect wharfs and warehouses, and take the following

WHARFAGE RATES.

For all Coals, Culm, Lime, Lime-stone, Clay, Iron, Iron-stone, Lead-ore or any other Ore, Timber, Stone, Bricks, Tiles, Slates, Gravel or other Things, left for Forty eight Hours 1d per Ton.
For Warehousing any Package not exceeding Fifty-six Pounds 2d each.
For ditto above Three Hundred Pounds and not exceeding Six Hundred 4d ditto.
For ditto exceeding One Thousand Pounds 6d per Ton.

page 590

WHARFAGE RATES CONTINUED.

Wharfage Rate after the expiration of Forty-eight Hours, for next Seven Days 1d per Ton.
Warehouse ditto, ditto 2d ditto.
Wharfage for every subsequent Seven Days 1d ditto.
Warehouse ditto, ditto 2d ditto.

If lords of manors, &c. omit to erect wharfs or warehouses, when required so to do, the company may erect them and collect the rates stated above.

The whole money required to be subscribed before the commencement of the work, which is to be completed in five years.

In 1823 the company obtained a second act of parliament, entitled, 'An Act to enable the Stockton and Darlington Railway Company to vary and alter the Line of their Railway, and also the Line or Lines of some of the Branches therefrom, and for altering and enlarging the Powers of the Act passed for making and maintaining the said Railway;' which empowered them to make some alterations in the line of their railway, and an additional branch therefrom, commencing near Hill House in Darlington Bondgate, and terminating at the east end of Croft Bridge, in the parish of Hurworth.

By a plan and estimate made by Mr. George Stevenson, in February, 1823, it appears that the alterations in the line would considerably lessen the distance of the railway, which would be as follows;-
M.F.C.
Main Line from Stockton to Witton Park Colliery . . . . 2453
Black Boy Branch to Coundon Lane . . . . 254
Darlington Branch . . . . 052
Croft Branch . . . . 330
Yarm Branch . . . . _0_6_3
Total Length of Main Line and Branches 3212
£
Evenwood Lane or Black Boy Branch and Yarm Branch . . . . 3,876
Croft Bridge Branch . . . . 7,000
Main Line and other Branches . . . . _63,424
Total . . . . £74,300

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By this act the company is empowered to erect steam-engines on or near the railway, and also to make and use locomotive engines thereon, and it states that in the former act a tonnage rate of 1s. per ton was imposed on all goods passing the inclined planes on the railway, at which time it was intended to have one inclined plane only, but as in consequence of the alteration in the line, which shortens the distance about three miles, a greater number of them will be necessary, the act authorizes the taking 1s. per ton on all goods at each; and also empowers the company to take a toll of 6d. per mile on every description of carriage, waggon, or cart, which shall be used for the conveyance of passengers or parcels.

The next act, of parliament relating to this undertaking was obtained in 1824, and is entitled, 'An Act to authorize the Company of Proprietors of the Stockton and Darlington Railway, to relinquish one of their Branch Railways, and to enable them to make another Branch Railway in lieu thereof; and to enable the said Company to raise a further Sum of Money, and to enlarge the Powers and Provisions of the several Acts relating to the said Railway.' The branch railway relinquished by the company, was one leading from Norlees House, in the township of West Auckland, in lieu of which they were authorized to make one from the main line at the north west end of the village of St. Helen's, Auckland, through West Auckland and Evenwood, to Evenwood Bridge, and from thence to Hagger Leases Lane, in the township of Lynesack and Softley.

By an estimate made by Mr. Robert Stevenson, in 1824, the expense of making this branch would be £9,000.

The act empowers the company to raise a further sum of £50,000, by any of the means prescribed in the former acts relating to this railway.

The last act of parliament was passed in 1828, and is entitled, 'An Act to enable the Company of Proprietors of the Stockton and Darlington Railway to make a Branch therefrom, in the counties of Durham and York, and to amend and enlarge the Powers and Provisions of the several Acts relating thereto.' The branch authorized by this act of parliament to be made was to commence at the main line, where it crosses Bowesfield Lane, in

page 592

the township of Stockton, and passing from thence through this township, was to cross the River Tees by a bridge to Carr House Field, in the township of Thomably, in the North Riding of the county of York, and from thence by Stainsby, Stainton, Acklam, Newport, Middlesburgh, Leventhorpe and Ormesby, to terminate in a close adjoining the River Tees, in the township of Leventhorpe or Middlesburgh; and the act directs that one of the arches of the bridge to be erected across the Tees shall be 72 feet wide at the least, and the under keystone of such arch shall not be less than 19 feet in height from the surface of low-water-mark.

An estimate of the expense of this branch was made in January, 1828, by Mr. Thomas Storey, to the following effect
£.s.d.
Main Line from the Stockton and Darlington original Line, where it crosses Bowesfield Lane to near Middlesburgh on the River Tees, four miles and nine chains, with an inclined plane near the end, of thirteen chains, together with a suspension bridge across the Tees, 240 feet within the piers 35,786 310
Branch from ditto to Cleveland Port, one mile, six furlongs and seven chains, with an inclined plane of fifteen chains at the termination_11,819_9_8
£47,605136

The underside of the above-named suspension bridge will be 30 feet above low water, and its width 20 feet; and a dock is to be constructed at the ends of the railway 390 feet by 168 feet, into which vessels from the river will have access by a lock 32 feet wide; thereby affording most ample means of putting the coal and other articles on board. In addition to this accommodation, a quay will be formed alongside the river, 600 feet long. The difference between high and low water is 13 feet at Cleveland Port. The act empowers the company to raise an additional sum of £100,000 by any of the means authorized by their former acts, except promissory notes, or they may borrow it on bonds under the common seal of the company; and may take the following rates.

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TONNAGE RATES ON THE NEW BRANCH.

For all Coal, Culm, Coke, Cinders, Stone and Lime, which shall be carried on the New Branch, and shipped on Board any Vessel in the River Tees for exportation 1½d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Lime-stone, Materials for the Repairs of Turnpike-Roads, Dung, Compost and all Sorts of Manure 2d ditto. ditto.
For all Coal, Coke, Culm, Cinders, (which shall not be shipped on Board any Vessel in the River Tees forexportation) Marl, Sand, Lime, Clay, Iron-stone, and other Minerals, Building-stone, Pitching and Paving-stone, Bricks, Tiles, Slates, and all Gross and Unmanufactured Articles and Building Materials, Lead in Pigs or Sheets, Bar-iron, Waggon-tire, Timber, Staves and Deals, and all other Goods, Wares and Merchandize 4d ditto. ditto.
An additional Toll to be taken on all Goods passing an Inclined Plane, or put into or taken out of any Vessel on the River Tees by means of any Engine belonging to the Company, of 4d ditto.
An additional Toll on Coals, Culm, Cinders, Stone, Lime and Manure whatsoever, carried over the Bridge to be erected across the Tees, of 2d ditto.

This railway was projected for the purpose of bringing the coal and other minerals, with which this country abounds, to the mouth of the Tees, where the coal is shipped for the supply of London and the eastern coast of the kingdom; and has attracted considerable attention, from locomotive engines being generally and advantageously used upon it.

STORT RIVER.

32 George II. Cap. 42, Royal Assent 23rd March, 1759.

6 George III. Cap. 78, Royal Assent 30th April, 1766.

THE first act of parliament relating to this river is entitled, 'An Act for making the River Stort navigable, in the counties of Hertford and Essex, from the New Bridge, in the town. of Bishop Stortford, into the River Lea, near a Place called the Rye, in the county of Hertford,' and appointed certain persons commissioners for carrying into effect the provisions of the act.

In 1766 a second act was passed, entitled, 'An Act for making and continuing navigable the River Stort, in the counties of Hertford and Essex;' which states, that in consequence of the difficulty experienced by the commissioners appointed under the first act, in raising money for carrying into effect the purposes therein stated, no progress had been made in effecting the said navigation; but that Charles Dingley, George Jackson and William Master-

page 594

man, Esquires, had undertaken to make and continue navigable the said river, provided an act of parliament could be obtained authorizing them to do so, and to collect certain tolls and rates thereon; the act, therefore, empowers them to complete this undertaking, and to collect the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For Wheat, Rye, Beans or Peas 0s 6d per Quarter.
For Malt or Oats 0s 4d ditto.
For Barley, or any other Sort of Grain not before enumerated 0s 5d ditto.
For Meal or Flour (Five Bushels to a Sack) 0s 4d per Sack.
For Coal, Culm or Cinders 2s 6d per Chaldron.
For Lime 2s 6d ditto.
For Oil-cakes, Malt-dust, Pigeon Dung or other Manure of any Kind 1s 6d per Ton.
For Goods, Wares or Merchandize not before enumerated 2s 6d ditto.

And so in proportion for any lees Quantity.

Boats returning with a back Lading of Oil-cake, Malt-dust, Pigeon Dung or any other Kind of Manure, which have passed up or down the River immediately before, and paid the Tolls or Rates on their Cargoes, shall be exempted from Tonnage Rate on such Manure.

The tolls, rates and duties on this navigation to be exempted from all taxes and rates whatsoever.

Lords of manors and owners of land on this navigation may build warehouses; and on their refusing to do so, the undertakers may build them. Five years are allowed to the undertakers to complete the navigation.

The part of the river made navigable under authority of these acts, is about ten miles in length, in a southerly and westerly course. It joins the Lea Navigation about a mile and a half from Hoddesden, thus affording a means for the conveyance of corn, malt and other agricultural produce to London.

STOURBRIDGE CANAL.

16 George III. Cap. 28, Royal Assent 2nd April, 1776.

22 George III. Cap. 14, Royal Assent 25th March, 1782.

THIS canal commences at or near Stourbridge, in the county of Worcester, and proceeds parallel with the River Stour to Wordesley Brook, where it crosses the river, and pursues its course to the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, which it joins at a place called Stewponey, near Stourton. It has also two collateral cuts, one from the fens upon Pensnet Chase to its

page 595

junction, at Wordesley Brook, with the River Stour; and the other from Black Delph to the first branch at the Lays, in the parish of Kingswinford, in Staffordshire.

The first act of parliament sanctioning this undertaking was passed in 1776, and is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a navigable Canal, from or near the town of Stourbridge, in the county of Worcester, to join the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal at or near Stourton, in the county of Stafford; and also Two collateral Cuts, one from a Place called the Fens, upon Pensnet Chase, to communicate with the intended Canal near the Junction of Wordesley Brook, from the River Stour, and the other from a Place called Black Delph, upon the said Chase, to join the first-mentioned collateral Cut, at or near certain Lands, called the Lays, in the parish of Kingswinford, in the said county of Stafford;' and a second act was passed in 1782, for explaining and amending the former act.

The first act of parliament incorporates the proprietors by the name of "The Company of Proprietors of the Stourbridge Navigation," and authorizes them to raise amongst themselves, for the execution of the work, the sum of £30,000, in three hundred shares of £100 each; and by a second act of parliament passed in 1782, they were empowered to raise a further sum of £7,500, making the shares £125 each. They are likewise authorized to collect the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Coal, Coke, Iron, Iron-stone, Timber and other Goods, which may be conveyed upon the Canal from Stourbridge to Stourton, and passing through any of the Locks at Stourton 6d per Ton.
For all Lime or Lime-stone 2d ditto.
For all Coal, Coke, Iron, Iron-stone, Timber and other Goods, passing upon either of the Collateral Cuts and any Lock thereon 6d ditto.
Except Coal passing from the Dudley Canal only 3d ditto.
Lime and Lime-stone 2d ditto.

The Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal Company have power to take Two-pence per Ton per Mile on Coal brought from this Navigation and carried on theirs; and may lessen the Tolls with Consent of the Commissioners.

Goods passing on the Summit of the Canal or Collateral Cut, and which do not pass any Lock, Tonnage free.

Paving-stones, Gravel and other Materials for repairing the Road, (Lime-stone excepted) and also Manure for the Estates of Persons, part of whose Land shall have been taken for this Canal, and not passing through a Lock, are exempted from Toll.

It being supposed that the extension of the Dudley Canal join the Worcester and Birmingham would lessen the profits of

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this concern, the proprietors of the Dudley Canal are required by the 33rd George III. to make up the annual dividend on the shares in this canal to £12 each, provided not more than £3 is required for that purpose. The width of this canal is 28 feet and the depth 5 feet, and there is a reservoir of twelve acres on Pensnet Chase. From Stewponey, where this canal unites with the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal, for about the distance of three-eighths of a mile, there is a rise of 43 feet 3 inches, by four locks; from thence to the Stourbridge Branch, it is level, (and the Stourbridge Branch is also level); thence to the Lays, a distance of one mile and one-eighth, there is a rise of 148 feet, by sixteen locks; and thence to the Dudley Canal, one mile and a half, is level.

This canal is of very great benefit to the town of Stourbridge, and to parts of the counties of Worcester, Gloucester, Hereford and Warwick; the principal articles carried on it are coal, iron-stone, glass-house pot clay, glass, nails and other iron goods and manufactures.

STOUR AND SALWERP RIVERS.

14 Charles II. Cap. 13, Royal Assent 19th May, 1662.

THE act of parliament respecting these rivers is entitled, 'An Act for the making navigable of the Rivers of Stower and Salwerp, and the Rivulets and Brooks running into the same, in the counties of Worcester and Stafford.' Under the authority of this act, these rivers were made navigable from the River Severn, at Stourport, to the town of Stourbridge, by means of sluices, weirs and other works; but a sudden and violent flood which soon after occurred destroyed all the works. The Stafford and Worcester and the Stourbridge Canals have since supplied, more effectually, the place of this river navigation.

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STOUR RIVER.

4 Anne, Cap. 15, Royal Assent 16th February, 1705.

21 George III. Cap. 75, Royal Assent 19th June, 1781.

THIS river rises on the borders of the three counties of Cambridge, Suffolk and Essex, and running in an easterly direction, passes Haverhill, Clare and Sudbury, at which place it becomes navigable; and from thence in a south-easterly direction to Bures; and thence easterly by Neyland, Higham, Laugham and Dedham to Manningtree.

An act of parliament respecting this river was passed in 1705, entitled, 'An Act for making the River Stower navigable from the town of Manningtree, in the county of Essex, to the town of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk.' In 1781 another act was passed, entitled, 'An Act for appointing New Commissioners, for continuing to carry into Execution. the Trusts and Powers of an Act passed in the Fourth and Fifth of Queen Anne, entitled, An Act for making the River Stower navigable from the town of Manningtree, in the county of Essex, to the town of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk, in the Room and Place of those named in the said Act, who are since dead; and for explaining and amending the said Act, and for other Purposes therein mentioned.'

By this act a considerable number of new commissioners are appointed, any five of whom may carry this and the preceding act into effect.

The said commissioners have power to set out horse towing-paths alongside the said river, upon the proprietors of the navigation paying annual rents to the occupiers or owners of the adjoining lands. The land-owners or tenants are restrained by this act from seizing or taking away any horses on account of damages sustained; but may have their remedy at law. Mill-owners improperly reducing the head of water, are subject to a penalty of £20, and are liable to make good all damages which may arise from their improperly penning the waters, so as to overflow the banks of the river. In this act is a peculiar clause to prevent embezzlement or pilfering any parts of the cargo on board a vessel;

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inflicting a penalty of £5 or three months imprisonment to hard labour, on any boatman or other person so offending, by a summary process before a magistrate.

It is not easy now to ascertain the legitimate expense of making this river navigable; but the undertaking consists of forty-eight shares, which of late have sold for £300 per share; and the tolls of the navigation are let for £900 per annum.

TONNAGE RATE.

For Merchandize and all other Articles, the whole Length of the Navigation 5d per Ton.

STRATFORD-UPON-AVON CANAL.

33 Geo. III. C. 112, R. A. 28th March, 1793.

35 Geo. III. C. 72, R. A. 19th May, 1795.

39 Geo. III. C. 60, R. A. 21st June, 1799.

49 Geo. III. C. 42, R. A. 12th May, 1809.

55 Geo. III. C. 59, R. A. 12th May, 1815.

57 Geo. III. C. 15, R. A. 23rd May, 1817.

2 Geo. IV. C. 631, R. A. 28th May, 1821.

THIS canal commences at King's Norton, in the county of Worcester, about six miles from the town of Birmingham, where it joins the Worcester and Birmingham Canal; and from thence it runs in an easterly direction to Yardley Wood Common, where it takes a southerly course, and passes by Shirley Street, Monkford Street, Lapworth and Preston Bagot, at which place it crosses the River Alne; then proceeding by Wootton, it terminates on the north side of Stratford. The length is about twenty-three miles and a half, and it has four branches; one from near Hockley to Tamworth Quarries, about two miles and a half; one other from near Lapworth to the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, one mile and three quarters; one other from near Wilmcote to Temple Grafton Lime Works, four miles; and a branch from this last cut to Aston Cantlow, one mile.

The first act of parliament sanctioning this undertaking was passed in 1793, and is entitled, 'An Act for making and maintaining a navigable Canal from the Worcester and Birmingham Canal Navigation, in the parish of King's Norton, into the borough of Stratford-upon-Avon; and also certain collateral Cuts from the said intended Canal.' It incorporates the subscribers to the undertaking under the title of "The Company of Proprietors of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal Navigation;" empowers them to

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raise amongst themselves, for the purposes of the act, the sum of £120,000, in twelve hundred shares of £100 each, and if that should be insufficient, a further sum of £60,000, either amongst themselves or by mortgage of the tolls as security; and authorizes them to take the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Coal, Coke, Iron, Iron-stone, Timber and other Goods, (except Flag-stone) carried on that Part of the Canal between Salter's Lane in the Parish of Aston Cantlow and Stratford, and upon the Branch to Grafton Field; and except Coal for burning Lime on that Part of the Canal which is between Salter's Lane and Copmass Hill, or upon the Branch to Grafton Field, and except Lime and Lime-stone 1½d per Ton, per Mile.
For all Lime and Lime-stone carried between the Worcester and Birmingham Canal and Salter's Lane, or upon the Cut to Tamworth 1½d ditto. ditto.
For all Lime and Lime-stone carried between Salter's Lane and Stratford, or upon the Branch to Temple Grafton 1½d ditto. ditto.
For all Flag-stones, and Coal for the purpose of Burning Lime only carried between Salter's Lane and Copmass Hill, or on the Cut to Temple Grafton 4d ditto.

And so in proportion for less than a Ton, or less than a Mile.

EXEMPTIONS.

Paving-stone, Gravel, Sand and other Materials for making and repairing Roads; Dung, Soil, Marl, or other Manure (Lime and Lime-stone excepted) for the Grounds of any Person whose Land shall be taken for the Canal, provided it does not pass any Lock unless the Water shall flow over the Waste Weir.

A reasonable compensation for Goods remaining on a Wharf more than Twenty-four Hours to be taken. No Boat of less than Ten Tons to pass any Lock without leave of the Company or their Agent.

Stop-gates are to be erected on this canal within five hundred yards of the Worcester and Birmingham; which gates may be shut if the water is lower in this than the other canal.

Goods carried on this canal and northward on the Worcester and Birmingham Canal, to pay no higher rates to the latter company, than shall be paid for those carried on this canal between the junction and Salter's Lane.

The proprietors of the Worcester and Birmingham Canal to pay to George Perrott, Esq. as a compensation for his dues on the River Avon, which it is thought will be diminished by this canal, £400 per annum; and until this canal is made navigable, they are also to make up to Mr. Perrott the sum of £1,227, which he now receives for the Lower Navigation of the Avon, if there should be any falling off in that amount after the passing of this act.

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In 1795 the company obtained another act, entitled, 'An Act for making a navigable Cut from the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, in the parish of Lapworth, unto the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, in the manor of Kingswood, in the county of Warwick,' which empowered them to raise a further sum of £10,000, by mortgage of the tolls, &c. and to take on the intended new cut the following

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Coal, Coke, Iron, Iron-stone, Stone and other Goods and Things, (except Lime and Lime-stone) which having been carried on any Part of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, between Birmingham and the Junction with the intended Cut, shall pass along the said Cut into the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal towards the Town of Stratford; or having been carried upon the Stratford Canal between the Town of Stratford and the End of the Cut, shall pass along the said Cut into the Warwick and Birmingham Canal towards the Town of Birmingham 1s 3d per Ton.
For all other Coal, Coke, Iron, Iron-stone, and other Goods (except Lime, Lime-stone and other Stone) 0s 4d ditto.
For all Lime and Lime-stone which has been carried on any Part of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, and shall pass along the said Cut into the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal 1s 2d ditto.
For all other Lime and Lime-stone 0s 3d ditto.
For all Flag and other Stone 0s 6d ditto.

And so in proportion for a less Quantity than a Ton.

The act provides that the following rates shall be paid to the Warwick and Birmingham Canal Company, over and above the rates allowed them by the act for making their canal, by way of compensation for any injury they may sustain by the intended cut.

TONNAGE RATES.

For all Coal, Goods and other Things carried upon any Part of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, between the Worcester and Birmingham Canal and the Place where the said Cut is to be made, and along the Cut into the Warwick and Birmingham Canal; and on all Coal, Goods and other Things (Lime and Lime-stone excepted) which shall be carried from the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, along the said Cut into the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, and along the same towards the Worcester and Birmingham Canal, and also for all Coal which shall be landed upon either Side of the said Cut (not to be used for Burning Lime on either of the Banks of the Cut); and also for all Coal which shall be landed on either Side of the said Cut, within Half a Mile of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, and used for Burning Lime on either of the Banks of the said Cut 0s 11d per Ton.
For all Lime and Lime-stone carried upon the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, and along the said Cut to and upon the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, towards the Town of Birmingham or towards the Town of Warwick, and landed at any Place upon the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, more than One Hundred Yards from the Town of Warwick 1s 0d ditto.

No higher Rate than Three Half-pence per Ton to be taken by the Proprietors of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, for passing upon that Canal between the Place where it is to be joined by the intended Cut and the Town of Warwick, on any Coal, Goods or other Things subject to the Payment hereinbefore made payable to that Company, of the Rate of Eleven-pence per Ton.

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0n all Coal carried from the said Cut on the Warwick and Birmingham Canal towards Birmingham, the same Rate shall be paid to that Company (instead of any other Rates under their or this Act) that would be payable to them on Coal passing from the Town of Birmingham, to the Place where their Canal is to be joined by the intended Cut; and on Coal passing from the said Cut on the Warwick and Birmingham Canal towards Warwick, which shall be unloaded at any Place between the said Cut and the Upper Lock below Hatton Hill, the same Rate shall be paid as would have been had it passed from Birmingham to such Place.

Only Five-pence HaIf-penny per Ton to be paid to the Worcester and Birmingham Canal Company for any Coal or Coke carried on any Part of their Canal, to the Northward of its Junction with the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, and which shall pass without being unladen from the Worcester and Birmingham Canal into the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, to be carried to the Warwick and Birmingham Canal; and Ten-pence Half-penny per Ton only to be paid to the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal Company, for Coal and Coke passing from the Worcester and Birmingham through their Canal to the Warwick and Birmingham Canal.

The next act relating to this canal was passed in 1799, and is entitled, 'An Act for authorizing the Company of Proprietors of the Stratford-upon-Avon Canal Navigation, to vary the Course of certain Parts of the said Canal, directed to be made by an Act, passed in the Thirty-third Year of the Reign of his present Majesty; and also to make a Branch out of the said Canal; and also to vary the Course of a navigable Cut directed to be made from the said Stratford-upon-Avon Canal, in the parish of Lapworth, into the Warwick and Birmingham Canal, in the manor of Kingswood, in the county of Warwick, by another Act passed in the Thirty-fifth Year of the Reign of his present Majesty; and for amending the said Acts.' It authorizes the company to make some alterations in the original line and a branch in the parish of Aston Cantlow; and also to raise a further sum of £35,000, (in addition to £10,000 which they are empowered to raise by the preceding act,) either amongst themselves, by the creation of new shares, or by mortgage of the tolls or granting annuities; if raised by subscription, it is to be divided into twelve hundred quarter shares of £37, 10s. each.

As a compensation to the Warwick and Birmingham Canal for any injury they may sustain by the alteration in the line of the Lapworth Cut, they are to receive ½d. per ton additional on all goods and in all cases in which they are authorized to receive 11d. per ton by the preceding act; and they are to take at the rate of 1½d. per ton per mile on all goods carried on their canal from the place where the intended cut will join it, and where the junction was proposed to be by the former act, which distance is to be taken as a quarter of a mile.

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