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This Book "Priestley's Navigable Rivers and Canals" by Joseph Priestley was previously published in April 1831. NOTE: Oringinally called "Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways, of Great Britain".
For more information see About this Book

Index Page

Priesley's Navigable Rivers and Canals

The Original Version of the BookAbout the Web VersionTitle Pages and DedicationsPrefaceOriginal Index

The Original Version of the Book

The book was first published in 1831 as a companion work to Nichols, Priestley and Walkers Map of the Inland Navigation, Canals and Rail Roads, with the Situations of the various Mineral Productions, throughout Great Britian, based on the Ordanance Survey. The map was the work of John Walker oF Wakefield, a land and mineral surveyor but suffered from two disadvantages: the scale was too small and the routes shown were as authorised by the relevant Acts of Parliament. Both these disadvantages were overcome by a set of maps produced by Bradshaw at about this time. The consequece of this was that while Walker's map was little used the book that was meant to accompany it became a standard reference work.

It should be remembered that the descriptions in the book are of the canals as authorised and that many of the lines described were altered during the course of construction and that some were never built at all.

The author was a canal manager who had worked on the Wilts & Berks canal and later on the Aire & Calder Navigation. He was also at one time on the committee of the Severn & Wye Railway & Canal company. He was the son of another Joseph Priestley who worked as an accountant for the Leeds & Liverpool Canal.

About the Web Version

This HTML edition of the book has been taken from the 1969 facsimile edition of the original book.

Changes fron the Original

The typeface, lineation, type justification and colours have not been preserved, although the original page breaks are marked to aid readers who wish to refer to a printed copy of the book. Headings and sub-headings are shown in colour to aid the location of items on web pages that normally hold 20 pages of the original document. Some of the original tables in the book have been changed, for example where text was printed vertically in the original and when the shillings and pence (s. d.) contained in table headings have been moved to the body of the table. In the original book quotations that spanned lines were given quotation marks at the begining of each new line. The lineation of the web edition is determined by the web browser and window size so quotation marks only appear at the begining and end of a quotation.

Things Unchanged

The words, figures, spelling, punctuation, italicisation, paragraphs and general layout are intended to be as originally published. Any deviation from this policy is due to my errors, perhaps augmented by OCR (Optical Character Recognition) software, and I can only offer apologies for such cases.

Web Page Index

One addition to the original is the Index Page which is intended to give an overview of the contents of the book and give easy access to information.

Title Pages and Dedications

The first three sheets (6 pages) of the original published volume were used for title, dedications and other general information usually found at the front of books. None of these pages were numbered and pages 4 and 6 were blank. The information on the other 4 pages was as follows:-

Page 1

-

HISTORICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

NAVIGABLE RIVERS, CANALS,

AND

RAILWAYS,

OF

GREAT BRITAIN.

AS A REFERENCE TO

NICHOLS, PRIESTLEY & WALKER'S

NEW MAP OF INLAND NAVIGATION,

DERIVED FROM ORIGINAL AND PARLIAMENTARY DOCUMENTS

IN THE POSSESSION OF

JOSEPH PRIESTLEY, Esq.

LONDON:

LONGMAN, REES, ORME, BROWN & GREEN, PATERNOSTER-ROW;

G. AND J. CARY, MAP AND GLOBE SELLERS, 86, ST. JAMES'S-STREET,

AND

RICHARD NICHOLS, WAKEFIELD.

MDCCCXXXI.

Page 2

-

ENTERED AT STATIONER'S HALL

-

WAKEFIELD:

RICHARD NICHOLS, TYPOGRAPHER,

MARKET-PLACE.

Page 3

-

THE

LARGE SIX SHEET MAP

OF THE

INLAND NAVIGATION AND RAILWAYS,

OF

GREAT BRITAIN,

THE UNINTERRUPTED LABOUR OF SEVEN YEARS,

TO WHICH THIS VOLUME FORMS A REFERENCE,

HAVING RECEIVED THE ESPECIAL PATRONAGE OF THE

LATE KING,

IS NOW,

BY THE NATURAL COURSE OF EVENTS,

AND

WITH PERMISSION,

MOST GRATEFULLY DEDICATED TO

KING WILLIAM THE FOURTH,

BY HIS MAJESTY'S MOST OBEDIENT

AND MOST DEVOTED SUBJECTS AND SERVANTS,

NICHOLS, PRIESTLEY & WALKER.

-

Page 5

-

TO

THOMAS TELFORD, Esq. F.R.S.L.&E.

PRESIDENT OF THE INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERS;

TO THE

VICE-PRESIDENTS

AND

MEMBERS

OF THAT SCIENTIFIC AND HIGHLY TALENTED BODY,

THIS WORK,

IS

MOST RESPECTFULLY INSCRIBED,

BY THEIR OBEDIENT SERVANT,

JO. PRIESTLEY.

-

The page following the title pages (i.e. page 7) is the start ot the preface which is given in full below. Page 7 has no number on the original book but pages 8 to 14 are numbered in Roman numerals from viii to xiv. After the Preface there is another title sheet before the body of the work which is on pages numbered 1 to 702 in Arabic numerals. This is followed by an 8 page index (numbered to page viii in Roman numerals) with its own title page preceeding.

PREFACE.

THE ORIGIN of INLAND NAVIGATION, like most other useful discoveries, is involved in great obscurity, and any attempt to ascertain the precise period of the invention or the name of him, who first pointed out the utility of these important adjuncts to the convenience and profit of commercial nations, would be merely to speculate on a subject, which has hitherto bid defiance to conjecture, and which will, in all human probability, for ever remain without satisfactory elucidation. Not so, however, the results to which it has given rise - as the great Newtonian System of Gravitation owed its existence to a trifling accident of almost daily occurrence, so the numerous canals, which intersect nearly every country of the civilized world, though they might possibly be traced to circumstances of the same trivial import, are no less remarkable for the astonishing effects they produce and the advantages they hold out, as well to the industrious artisan as to the enterprising trader.

That the ancient inhabitants of every pert of the globe, where with history has made us acquainted, were alive in a greater or less degree to the benesfits resulting from the adoption of inland navigation, is a fact that may without difficulty be substantiated.

In India, particularly in that part of it known to us as the province of Bengal, the use of canals was early appreciated; not later than 1355 the Emperor Ferose III. made a canal one hundred miles long, from the River Suttuluz to the River Jidger: in the following years of his reign the same illustrious monarch completed us less than five other canals, all of which were of the greatest utility to the districts through which they passed. inasmuch as they afforded a supply of water for the fertilizing of the

PREFACE. viii

lands upon their banks, and an easy conveyance for the produce thus obtained. Nor should the Ganges and Burrampooter pass unnoticed, since these rivers, with many tributary streams, form a series of natural canals, which, with little aid from the art of man, add at once to the convenience and prosperity of the extensive district through which they flow; and which, we have substantial reasons for concluding, were a principal source of emolument to the people of India from a very early period.

In Egypt, the great canal, whereby a communication was made between the Nile and the Red Sea, was commenced so early as the reign of Necos, son of Psammetichus, and completed by the Second Ptolemy. Its breadth was such that two gallies abreast could easily be navigated thereon, and by it the riches and merchandize of the east were conveyed from the Red Sea to the Nile, from thence to the Mediterranean, and to all the commercial nations of that day. The Nile also with ith numerous branches, and if we may here use the term, its collateral cuts, afforded ample means of water carriage to the people both of Upper and Lower Egypt; the result of which was an astonishing increase in the commerce, and consequently in the prosperity, of every part to which this mode of conveyance extended.

In China, particularly in the eastern provinces of that immense empire, multitudes of canals are every where met with; most of which furnish undeniable evidence of their antiquity and of the skill of their original constructors. The Royal Canal which was completed in the year 980 and occupied the labour of thirty thousand men for forty-three years, is a most stupendous monument of the enterprise, ingenuity and perseverance of the ancient Chinese. Its length of main line is upwards of eight hundred and twenty-five miles, and innumerable collateral branches are cut from it in every direction. Upon the surface of this canal and its subsidiaries many thousand families live in vessels, which form their travelling habitations, and which they seldom quit from their birth till their decease. And some idea may be formed of the traffic upon it, when it is stated that the Emperor alone has ten thousand vessels constantly employed upon the different parts of its line.

The utility of inland navigation was hardly likely to have escaped the notice of Greece, skilled as her ancient people were

PREFACE. ix

in every branch of art and science, we accordingly find in history, that though well supplied with rivers, many canals and aqueducts were constructed, or at least begun, in the days of her prosperity. And here it may not be out of place to offer as a conjecture, that canals were in many instances originally adapted to other purposes than those of commerce, and that this latter object was rather an adoption than an invention. Thus the canals, which Strabo in forms us were cut in Beotia for drawing off and keeping at a certain level the waters of Lake Copais, were afterwards used for the purposes of commerce and formed a commodious line of navigation. A navigable communication between the Ionian Sea and the Archipelago was early attempted by the Greeks, who designed a line of canal across the Isthmus of Corinth, but failed in the execution.

Their rivals and, in most cases, successful imitators, the Romans, were equally alive to the advantages of inland navigation. No less than three of the Roman Emperors renewed the attempt of cutting a canal across the Isthmus, but were obliged to abandon the project. Drusus, who commanded, under Augustus, an army which was to march into Germany, had a canal made from the river, now called the Rhine to the Issel, for the sole purpose of conveying his army upon it. By this canal he lessened the waters of the right branch of the Rhine, and in the course of his work formed a third mouth of that river into the sea, as is mentioned by Pliny. Lucius Verus, when the Roman Army under his command was in Gaul, attempted a canal between the Moselle and the Rhine; another canal twenty-three miles in length was made by the Romans in the reign of Claudius, between the Rhine and Maese, supposed to be the canal, which now commences at Leyden and passes by Delft to its junction with the Maese at Sluys. This is an instance of adoption, the canal being originally cut for the purpose of draining the country when overflowed by inundations from the sea, but subsequently applied to the purposes of navigation. The canal, which is still used for the purposes for which it was constructed, viz, that of draining Lake Celano, formerly the Fucine Lake, into the Liris, was executed by Claudius, who employed thirty thousand men thereon for no less a period than twelve years.

PREFACE. x

In France the history of inland navigation may be traced backward for a long succession of years. The great canal of Burgundy, better known as the canal of Briare, commencing at that town in the River Loire, and passing on to Montargis, proceeds to a junction with the canal of Orleans, and falls into the Seine at Fontainbleau. This work was commenced under Henry the Fourth. The famous canal of Languedoc, forming a junction between the Ocean and the Mediterranean, was projected in the reign of Francis I. in 1661, and finished in fifteen years; it is remarkable for being the first canal whereon tunnels were used, having one of considerable length under a mountain in the neighbourhood of Belgiers. We could easily enlarge the list of French Canals, but the above will be sufficient to prove the length of time, during which the utility of such modes of conveyance has been known and acted upon in that country.

In Russia the Czar Peter, ever alive to projects for the improvement of his vast empire, became soon convinced of the utility of navigable canals; in his tour of Europe he had means of ascertaining the extent, to which the various countries he visited were enriched by the instrumentality of these modes of conveyance, and he was not slow to profit by the example. One of his principal projected canals was that from the Caspian Sea to Petersburg, whereby he proposed to open a mercantile communication between that place and Persia. This project, however, he did not live to accomplish. But what he had designed was carried on by his successors with so much zeal, that there is not a country in the world, where inland navigation is more extensively employed than in Russia. And here, by the way, we must not omit noticing the high compliment paid by foreign countries to the talents of our English engineers, an instance of which occurred in the reign of the illustrious Catherine, who offered a large sum of money and many local advantages to our countryman, Mr. Smeaton, on condition of his accepting the office of chief engineer in her dominions.

We cannot within our present limits enumerate all the canals existing in Russia at time present day, it may therefore suffice to remark, that with a trifling interruption of only sixty miles, goods may be conveyed from the frontiers of China to Petersburg, being no less a distance than four thousand four hundred and seventy-two

PREFACE. xi

miles; the same advantages of transit by water are experienced by the traders between Petersburg and Astracan, whose merchandize is conveyed in that direction one thousand four hundred and thirty-four miles.

That England, pre-eminent as she is in commerce, should have promptly availed herself of this method of conveying her manufactures from one part of the island to another, is hardly to be wondered at. Her first canals were, however, the works of foreigners, and amongst these, the most remarkable one on record is the Caerdilie, cut by the Romans with a view of forming a communication between the Rivers Nyne or Nene and the Witham; the length of this stupendous work, for such it then was, however it has been exceeded by those of more recent date, was forty miles from its commencement in the Nene near Peterborough to its opening into the Witham three miles below Lincoln. For what has been effected from that time to the present day, we refer to the following pages, and shall now proceed to consider the other branch of commercial transit, the rail and tramroad.

Of the first adoption of the conveyance of goods on Railways, we have no distinct account; by whom they were originally brought into use, and in what part they obtained their celebrity, are facts alike unknown. To a certain degree they no doubt have been introduced many years ago; indeed it is not too much to suppose that the first workers of mines, not only in Britain but in other countries also, were acquainted with the method of laying a kind of tram for the sledge to run upon, afterwards fitted with wheels and converted into small waggons; to which we may trace the origin of our present improved mode of constructing them. But whatever may have been their origin, it appears that they were soon generally adopted - to a trifling extent, it is true, for during a great part of the time that they have been known, they have been limited to the conveyance of minerals from various parts of a mine to its mouth, in places where horses could not find room, and where the labour of propelling by manual force would have been particularly tedious and oppressive without their aid.

As their use became more apparent, the mode of applying it became more extensively sought into. From their former

PREFACE. xii

situation in the mine, they became a part of the machinery on the surface, making a communication between one mine and another, or between a series of mines and the place for depositing the minerals dug from them; as they became better understood, they were made more generally useful, till at last combined with inclined planes and other machinery connected therewith, they formed a communication not only between the mines and their depots, but also between these latter and the vessels, whereon the minerals were to be embarked for the purpose of conveyance to distant parts. Here the railway or tramroad appeared to have reached the extreme point of application, and here for several years it remained unaltered, except as to some trifling changes in the materials of which it was constructed, and the form into which those materials were shaped. But as the other branches of mechanical science became more extended, and particularly when the application of that powerful agent, Steam, became so generally practicable, a new era commenced with respect to railways and tramroads.

We believe we are correct in assigning to Mr. Treventhick, of Cornwall, the honour of first applying the steam engine to the propelling of loaded waggons on railways; his scheme was improved upon by Mr. John Blenkinsop, manager of the collieries at Middleton, near Leeds, belonging to the late Charles Brandling, Esquire, of Gosforth House, Northumberland, who obtained a patent for the construction of the railway, and the steam carriage thereon, which he immediately put in practice on the road from Middleton to the coal staith at Leeds, a distance of about four miles, on which road the coals for supplying that town are daily conveyed by steam. Since his application of the principle, most of our eminent engineers have turned their attention to the subject, and the consequence is, that in a few years we may expect travelling in steam carriages to be of as common occurrence as the conveyance of coal by the same means is now. The late experiments, made with the carriages of Messrs. Gurney, Stephenson, Errickson, Braithwaite, and other celebrated engineers, on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, have proved with what speed the distance between different places may be traversed, and the numerous applications to parliament, for acts to legalize the construction of

PREFACE. xiii

railways in many parts of the country, sufficiently prove the interest with which the subject is taken up; whilst from the very circumstance of the rapidity wherewith carriages have been propelled on this railway, it is now probable that ere long his Majesty's mails will be conveyed on the plan introduced by Mr. Dick.

It is not our intention in the present work to enter into a detail of the nature and mode of construction of canals, railways, locks, aqueducts or other works connected with them. Having presented our readers with a brief account of the progress of canals and railways from their first adoption to the present day, we must refer to the following sheets for a more particular detail of proceedings in all works of either description, already executed or in course of execution in England; and it now only remains for us to discharge a most pleasing part of our duty, that of acknowledging, which we do with most heartfelt gratitude, the support and encouragement we have received in the progress of our arduous undertaking. The work has presented numerous difficulties, of which at the outset we had formed no adequate ideas, whilst the expenses, attendant on the whole, have been materially increased by various circumstances, over which we had no control. Cheered, however, by the gratifying list of our subscribers, amongst whom we are proud to number many of exalted rank and distinguished talent in every branch of science, we have surmounted great difficulties and feel confident of having brought our design to a successful termination. In a work of such a nature, the materials whereof were so widely scattered, it is impossible entirely to guard against error or mistake, yet this we may assert, that every care has been taken to state each particular connected with our plan, on as good authority as the most diligent attention and careful reference to original and parliamentary documents could produce, we area therefore, willing to hope, that few mistakes of material import will be found in any of the succeeding pages.

In order to bring down the list of Canals and Railways to the time of the dissolution of the late parliament and thereby to furnish the particulars of every act at present in existence, the publication of the map has been delayed, at a great loss indeed to the proprietors, who have a large capital embarked in the

PREFACE. xiv

undertaking, but, as they are well aware, to the advantage of their subscribers, and to the increased value of the work itself.

To many valued friends the compiler of the following pages has to express his gratitude for information and assistance in various parts within their immediate knowledge. To none of them are his thanks more justly due than to Mr. John Walker, civil engineer, one of the proprietors of the map and the surveyor by whom it has been executed. This gentleman, in the course of his survey of the kingdom, devoted a considerable portion of time to the collection of materials, which have added greatly to the value and interest of the volume now most respectfully presented to the public.

JO. PRIESTLEY.

AIRE CALDER NAVIGATION OFFICE,

April, 1831.

**** end of Preface followed by:-

Title Page

-

HISTORICAL ACCOUNT

OF THE

NAVIGABLE RIVERS, CANALS, AND RAILWAYS,

OF

GREAT BRITAIN.

-

Original Index

INDEX. i

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
ABERDARE CANAL Glamorganshire1V.1
Aberdeenshire CanalAberdeenshire2II.2
Adur RiverSussex4VI.4
Aire and Calder NavigationYorkshire5IV.5
Alford CanalLincolnshire7IV.18
Ancholme River NavigationLincolnshire8IV.20
Andover CanalHampshire9VI.23
Arun River NavigationSussex10VI.25
Arun RiverSussex11VI.28
Ashby-de-la-Zouch CanalWarwickshire & Leicestershire12IV.30
Ashton-under-Lyne CanalLancashire13III. IV.32
Avon RiverHampshire14VI.37
Avon RiverWarwickshire and Worcestershire15IV.38
Avon and Frome RiversGloucestershire and Somershire16V.41
Avon RiverGloucestershire and Somersetshire17V.45
Avon and Gloucestershire RailwayGloucestershire106V.48
Axe RiverSommersetshire18V.49
BALLOCHNEY RAILWAYLancashire6I.51
Barnsley CanalYorkshire19IV.52
Basingstoke CanalHampshire and Surrey20VI.55
Baybridge CanalSussex21VI.58
Bedford LevelLincolnshire, Cambridge, &c -IV. 59
Berwick and Kelso RailwayDurham, Berwickshire and Roxburgshire22I. II.59
Beverley BeckYorkshire23IV.60
Birmingham Canal NavigationsStaffordshire and Warwickshire24IV.63
Birmingham and Liverpool Junction CanalStaffordshire, Shropshire & Cheshire25III. IV.74
Blyth RiverSuffolk26IV.78
Blyth RiverNorthumberland27II.78
Bolton and Leigh RailwayLancashire28III79
Borrowstowness CanalLinlithgow and Sterling29I.81
Bourn Eau RiverLincolnshire30IV.83
Bradford CanalYorkshire31IV.84
Brandling's RailroadYorkshire32IV.86
Brecknock and Abergavenny CanalBrecknockshire and Monmouthshire33V.86
Bridgewater's (Duke of) CanalLancashire and Cheshire34III.88
Somersetshire35V.93
Bridgend RailwayGlamorgan36V.97
Bristol & Gloucesteshire RailwayGloucestershire37V.98

INDEX. ii

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
Britton CanalGlamorganshire38V.100
Bude Harbour and CanalCornwall and Devonshire39V.101
Bullo Pill or Forest of Dean RailwayGloucestershire40V.105
Bure or North RiverNorfolk41IV.108
Bure, Yare and Wavensy Rivers,and Yarmouth Haven Norfolk42IV.109
Bury, Loughor and Lliedi RiversGlamorganshire & Carmarthenshire43V.113
Bute Ship CanalGlamorgan270V.115
CAISTOR CANALLincoln44IV.118
Calder and Hebble NavigationYorkshire45IV.120
Caledonian CanalInvernessshire46II.125
Cam or Grant RiverCambridge47IV.129
Camel RiverCornwall48V.130
Canterbury Navigation or River StourKent49VI.131
Canterbury and Whitstable RailwayKent50VI.137
Carlisle CanalCumberland51I.140
Cardiff Canal (see Glamorganshire Canal)Glamorganshire102V.142, 282
Carmarthenshire RailwayCarmarthenshire52V.142
Carron RiverStirlingshire53I.144
Cart RiverRenfrewshire54I.144
Chelmer and Blackwater NavigationEssex55VI.146
Chester Canal (see Ellesmere and Chester Canal Navigation)Cheshire, Shropshire and Denbighshire91III.148, 233
Chesterfield CanalNottingham, Yorkshire and Derbyshire56IV.148
Clarence RailwayDurham57II.151
Clyde RiverLanarkshire, Renfrewshire and Dumbartonshire58I.156
Colne RiverEssex59VI.161
Conway RiverDenbigh and Carnarvonshire60III.164
Coomhe Hill CanalGloucestershire61V.164
Coventry CanalWarwickshire63IV.165
Cree River or Water of CreeKirkcudbrighit & Wigtonshire64I.169
Crinan CanalArgyleshire65I.169
Cromford CanalNottinghamshire & Derbyshire66IV.172
Cromford and High Peak RailwayDerbyshire67IV.175
Crouch RiverEssex68VI.178
Croydon CanalKent and Surrey69VI.178
Croydon, Merstham and Godstone RailwaySurrey70VI.181
DANE RIVER (not navigable)Cheshire-III.183
Darent RiverKent72VI.184
Dart RiverDevonshire73V.184
Dearne and Dove CanalYorkshire74IV.185
Deben RiverSuffolk75IV.189
Dee RiverCheshire and Flintshire76III.189
Derby CanalDerbyshire77IV.193
Derwent RiverDerbyshire78IV.197
Derwent RiverYorkshire79II. IV.197
Devon RiverPerthshire & Clackmannanshire80I.199
Dorset and Somerset Canal Wilts, Somerset and Dorset81V.199

INDEX. iii

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
Douglas Navigation (see Leeds and Liverpool Canal)Lancashire146III.201, 385
Driflield Navigation Yorkshire82IV.201
Droitwich CanalWorcestershire83III. IV.204
Dudley CanalStaffordshire & Worcestershire84IV.205
Dutffryn Llynvi, and Porth Cawl RailwayGlamorganshire85V.210
Dulais RailwayGlamorganshire3V.213
Dundee and Newtyle RailwayForfarshire86II.214
Dun River NavigationYorkshire87IV.216
EDEN RIVERCumberland88I.224
Edinburgh and Dalkeith RailwayEdinburghshire89I.225
Edinburgh and Glasgow Union CanalStirlingslshire, Linlithgow & Edinburghshire90I.230
Ellesmere and Chester CanalCheshire, Denbighshire and Shropshire91III.233
English and Bristol Channels Ship CanalDevon, Dorset & Somersetshire92V.246
Erewash CanalDerbyshire & Nottinghamshire93IV.251
Exe River and Exeter CanalDevonshire94V.253
FAL OR VALE RIVERCornwall95V.262
Forth RiverPerth, Stirling, Clackmannon, Fife, Linlithgow & Edinburgh Shires 96I.263
Forth and Clyde CanalDumbartonshire, Lanarkshire and Stirlingshire97I.266
Foss NavigationYorkshire98IV.273
Fossdike NavigationLincolnshire99IV.276
GARNKIRK AND GLASGOW RAILWAYLanarkshire100I.278
Garturk Railway (see Wishaw and Coltness Railway)Lanarkshire264I.280, 683
Gippen or Gipping RiverSuffolk101IV.280
Glamorganshire CanalGlamorganshire102V.282
Glasgow, Paisley and Ardrossan Canal and RailwayAyr Renfrew & Lanarkshire103I.284
Glastonbury NavigationSomersetshire104V.287
Glenkenns CanalKirkcudbrightshire105I.289
Gloucester and Berkeley CanalGloucester107V.291
Gloucester & Cheltenham RailwayGloucestershire108V. VI.295
Grand Junction CanalNorthamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Hertfordshire and Middlesex109IV. VI.297
Grand Surrey CanalSurrey110VI.312
Grand Union CanalLeicestershire & Northamptonshire111IV.318
Grand Western CanalSomersetshire & Devonshire112V.320
Grantham CanalNottinghamshire, Leicestershire and Lincolnshire113IV.322
Gresley CanalStaffordshire114III.324
Grimsby Port or HavenLincolnshire115IV.325
Grosmont RailwayMonmouthshire and Herefordshire116V.326

INDEX. iv

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
HAMOAZE RIVER OR ESTUARYCornwall and Devonshire117V.327
Hartlepool CanalDurham118II.327
Hay RailwayBrecknockshire and Herefordshire119III. V.328
Heck and Wentbridge RailwayYorkshire120IV.330
Hedon HavenYorkshire121IV.332
Hereford RailwayHerefordshire122III. V.333
Hereford and Gloucester CanalHerefordshire & Gloucestershire123-334
Hertford Union CanalMiddlesex124VI.336
Horncastle NavigationLincolnshire125IV.338
Huddersfield CanalYorkshire and Cheshire126IV.340
Hull, Port of (see Kingston-upon-Hull)Yorkshire-IV.345,369
Hull River (see Driffleld Navigation)Yorkshire140IV.345, 201
Humber and OuzeYorkshire-IV.345
Humber River (see Louth Navigation)Lincolnshire157IV.345, 427
Hythe River (see Colne River)Essex59VI.345, 161
IDLE RIVERLincolnshire and Nottinghamshire129IV.345
Inverness and Fort William Canal (see Caledonian Canal)Invernesssshire46II.346, 125
Isle of Dogs CanalMiddlesex130VI.346
Itchin NavigationHampshire131VI.347
Ivel RiverBedfordshire & Hertfordshire132IV. VI.350
Ivelchester and Langport CanalSomersetshire133V.352
KENNET AND AVON CANALWiltshire and Berkshire134V. VI.353
Kennet RiverBerkshire135VI.360
Kensington CanalMiddlesex136VI.361
Kenyon and Leigh RailwayLincolnshire137III.363
Ketley Canal (see Shropshire Canal)Shropshire222III.365, 574
Kidwelly CanalCarmarthenshire138V.365
Kilmarnock RailwayAyrshire139I.367
Kingston-upon-HullYorkshire140IV.369
Kington Canal (see Leominster Canal)Herefordshire and Worcestershire149III.369, 409
Kington RailwayHerefordshire & Radnorshire141III.370
Kirkintilloch or Monkland and Kirkintilloch RailwayLanarkshire & Dumbartonshire142I.371
LANCASTER CANALWestmoreland & Lancashire143I. III.372
Lapworth and Ringwood Canal (see Stratford-upon-Avon Canal)Warwickshire238IV.377, 598
Larke RiverSuffolk and Cambridge144IV.377
Lea RiverMiddlesex, Hertfordshire145VI.379
Leeds and Liverpool Canal and Douglas NavigationYorkshire and Lancashire146III. IV.385
Leeds and Selby RailwayYorkshire271IV.397
Leicester NavigationLeicestershire147IV.400
Leicester and Mellon Mowbray Navigation (see Wreak & Eye Navigation)Leicestershire267IV.403, 695
Leicestershire and Northamptonshire Union CanalLeicestershire & Northamptonshire148IV.403
Leicester & Swannington RailwayLeicestershire272IV.405

INDEX. v

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
Leominster or Kington and Leominster CanalHerefordshire & Worcestershire149III.409
Leven CanalYorkshire150IV.412
Lewes Navigation (see Ouze River, Sussex)Sussex189VI.414, 487
Lidbrook and Lydney Railway (see Severn and Wye Railway and Canal)Gloucestershire219V.414, 565
Liskeard and Looe CanalCornwall151V.414
Liverpool and Manchester RailwayLancashire152III.415
Liverpool Docks and HarbourLancashire153III.420
Llanelly Railway and DockCarmarthenshire154V.421
Lianllyfin and Carnarvon Railway (see Nantlle Railway)Carnarvonshire172III.422, 458
Llanfihangel RailwayMonmouthshire155V.423
London and Cambridge Junction CanalEssex and Cambridgeshire156IV. VI.424
Louth CanalLincolnshire157IV.427
Loyne or Lune RiverLancashire158III.430
MACCLESFIELD CANALCheshire159III. IV.432
Mamhilad Railway, (see also Usk Tramroad)Monmouthshire160V.434, 650
Manchester, Ashton and Oldham Canal (see Ashton-under-Lyne Canal)Lancashire13III. IV.435, 32
Manchester, Bolton & Bury CanalLancashire161III.435
Manchester and Oldham RailwayLancashire162III. IV.437
Mansfield and Pinxton RailwayNottinghamshire & Derbyshire163IV.439
Market Weighton CanalYorkshire164IV.441
Medway RiverKent165VI.443
Mersey RiverLancashire and Cheshire166III.447
Mersey and Irwell NavigationLancashire and Cheshire167III.448
Monkland CanalLanarkshire168I.449
Monkland and Kirkintilloch Railway (see Kirkintilloch or Monkland & Kirkintilloch Railway)Lanarkshire & Dumbartonshire142I.450, 371
Monmouth RailwayMonmouthshire & Gloucestershire169V.451
Monmonthshire CanalMonmouthshire170V.453
Montgomeryshire CanalMontgomeryshire171III.455
NANTLLE RAILWAYCarnarvonshire172III.458
Narr RiverNorfolk173IV.459
Neath CanalGlamorganshire174V.460
Nyne or Nen RiverNorthamptonshire175lV.463
Nyne or Nen River, Bedford LevelCambridgeshire176IV.466
Nene and Wisbech RiversCambridgeshire, Norfolk & Lincolnshire177IV.467
Newcastle-under-Lyne CanalStaffordshire178III.470
Newcastle-under-Lyne Junction CanalStaffordshire179III.470
Newcastle upon-Tyne and Carlisle RailwayCumberland, Northumberland and Durham180I. II.471
Newport Pagnell CanalBuckinghamshire181IV.474
Nith or Nidd River NavigationKirkcudbright and Dumfresshire182I.476

INDEX. vi

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
North Wahsham and Dilham CanalNorfolk183IV.477
North Wilts CanalWiltshire184VI.478
Norwich and Lowsetoft NavigationNorfolk and Suffolk 185IV.479
Nottingham CanalNottinghamshire186lV.482
Nutbrook or Shipley CanalDerbyshire187IV.484
OAKHAM CANALLeicestershire & Rutlandshire188IV.485
Ouse River (Sussex)Sussex189VI.487
Ouse River (York)Yorkshire190lV.491
Ouse River (Bedford Level)Norfolk and Suffolk191IV.495
Ouse and LarkeCambridgeshire, Suffolk & Norfolk 191 aIV.497
Ouse (Great) RiverBedfordshire, Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire192IV.499
Oxford CanalOxfordshire & Warwickshire193IV. VI.501
Oystermouth RailwayGlamorganshire194V.510
PEAK FOREST CANALDerbyshire and Cheshire195IV.511
Peak Forest, Beard & Woodlands RailwaysDerbyshire196IV.514
Pembrey Harbour, Canal & RailwayCarmarthenshire197V.514
Penelawdd CanalGlamorganahire198V.516
Penrhynmaur RailwayAnglesea199III.517
Plymouth and Dartmoor RailwayDevonshire200V.518
Pocklington CanalYorkshire201IV.521
Polbrock CanalCornwall202V.524
Polloc and Govan RailwayLanarkshire274I.525
Portland RailwayDorsetshire203V.526
Portsmouth and Arundel CanalSussex and Hampshire204VI.527
RAMSDEN'S (SIR JOHN) CANALYorkshire205IV.531
Redruth and Chasewater RailwayCornwall206V.532
Regent's CanalMiddlesex207VI.534
Ribble RiverLancashire208III.541
Rochdale CanalYorkshire and Lancashire209III. IV.542
Rodon RiverEssex210VI.547
Rother RiverSussex211VI.547
Royal Military or Shorncliff and Rye CanalKent and Sussex212VI.549
Rumney RailwayMonmouthshire213V.550
ST. COLUMB CANALCornwall214V.552
St. Helen's & Runcorn Gap RailwayLancashire275III.553
Salisbury and Southampton CanalHampshire215VI.557
Sankey Brook NavigationLancashire216 276III.558
Saundersfoot RailwayPembrokeshire217V.562
Severn RiverMontgomeryshire, Shropshire, Woreestershire and Gloucestershire218III. V.562
Severn and Wye Railway & CanalGloucestershire219VI.565
Sheffield CanalYorkshire220IV.570
Shipley Collieries Canal (see Nutbrook and Shipley Canal)Derbyshire 187IV.572, 484
Shrewsbury CanalShropshire221III.573
Shropshire CanalShropshire222III.574
Sirhowey TramroadMonmouthshire223V.575
Sleaford NavigationLincolnshire224IV.576

INDEX. vii

Kent
NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
Soar River or Loughborongh NavigationLeicestershire225IV.578
Somersetshire Coal Canal & Lock FundSomersetshire226V.580
Spittal and Kelso Railway (see Berwick and Kelso Railway)Roxburgh, Berwick and detached part of Durham22I. II.582
Staffordshire & Worcestershire CanalStaffordshire & Worcestershire228III.583
Stainforth and Keadby CanalYorkshire and Lincolnshire229lV.585
Stockton and Darlington RailwayYorkshire and Durham230II.588
Stort RiverHertfordshire and Essex231VI.593
Stourbridge CanalStaffordshire & Worcestershire232IV.594
Stour and Salwerp RiversStaffordshire & Worcestershire-IV.596
Stour RiverEssex and Suffolk234VI.597
Stratford-upon-Avon CanalWarwickshire & Worcestershire235IV.598
Stratford and Moreton RailwayWarwickshire & Gloucestershire236IV. VI.603
Stroudwater NavigationGloucestershire237V.606
Surrey (Grand) Canal (see Grand Surrey Canal)Surrey110VI.608, 312
Surrey Iron RailwaySurrey238VI.609
Swale River & Bedale Brook (see Ouse River, York)Yorkshire190IV.610, 491
Swansea CanalBrecknockshire & Glamorganshire239V.611
TAMAR MANURE NAVIGATIONDevonshire and Cornwall240V.612
Tavistock CanalDevonshire241V.613
Tay River and Perth NavigationPerthshire, Fifeshire & Forfar277II.615
Tees NavigationDurham and Yorkshire242II.617
Thames RiverOxford, Berks, Bucks, Surrey, Middlesex, Essex and Kent243VI.619
Thames and Medway Canal244VI.630
Thames and Severn CanalGloucestershire and Wiltshire245V. VI.633
Thanet CanalYorkshire246IV.637
Tone River, or Tone and Parrett NavigationSomersetshire247V.637
Trent RiverLeicester, Derby, Nottingham and Lincoln Shires248IV.638
Trent and Mersey CanalCheshire, Staffordshire and Derbyshire249III. IV.643
ULVERSTONE CANALLancashire250I.647
Ure RiverYorkshire251IV.648
Usk Tramroad (see also Mamhilad Railway)Monmonthshire160V.650
WARRINGTON & NEWTON RAILWAYLancashire253III.651
Warwick and Birmingham CanalWarwickshire254IV.655
Warwick and Napton CanalWarwickshire255IV.657
Weald of Kent CanalKent256VI.660
Wear RiverDurham257II.661
Weaver NavigationCheshire258III.666
Welland RiverLincolnshire259IV.669
West Lothian RailwayLanarkshire and Linlithgowshire260I.670

INDEX. viii

NAME OF CANAL, &c.WHERE SITUATENo. on Index Map.No. of Sheet on Large & Index Map.Page in Refer- ence Book
Western Ship Canal (see Grand Western Canal)Devon and Somersetshire112-672, 320
Wey RiverSurrey261VI.672
Wey and Arun Junction CanalSurrey and Sussex261 aVI.673
Wigan Branch RailwayLancashire278III.674
Wilts and Berks CanalWiltshire and Berkshire262-678
Wisbech CanalCambridge263IV.682
Wishaw and Coltness RailwayLanarkshire264I.683
Witham RiverLincolnshire265IV.684
Worcester and Birmingham CanalWorcestershire266-690
Worsley Brook (see Bridgewater's Canal)Lancashire34III.695, 88
Wreak and Eye Rivers or Leicester and Melton Mowbray NavigationLeicestershire267IV.695
Wye and Lugg RiversRadnor, Hereford, Monmouth and Gloucester Shires268III. V.697
Wyrley and Essington CanalStaffordshire269IV.700

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