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William Hammond Bartholomew 1831 - 1919

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William Hammond Bartholomew 1831 - 1919

Engineer to the Aire and Calder company and the inventor of. Tom puddings, the almost square steel compartment boats used on the Aire and Calder Navigations. They were first operated for the bulk transport of coal in 1865. They are hauled in trains by power-boats, formerly steam tugs but later diesels, rounded at bow and stern. His invention brought new life to the port of Goole, which he helped to make an important outlet for the Yorkshire coalfields. Although Traffic declined after the First World War, up to 1914 over a thousand Tom puddings were carrying one and a half million tons of coal per year.

Relationships: son of Thomas Hammond Bartholomew and worked with Hugh Henshall.

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1852Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireSuggested that a fly-boat be steam powered, propeller driven, and used as a cargo-carrying tug. This experiment proved successful and other similar craft were added to the company fleet.
1853Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireOn the death of his father he was appionted to succeed to the post of engineer.
1857Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireReported that the introduction of two public steam tugs running between Wakefield and Goole had helped to reduce towing charges on the navigation.
20 December 1861Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireProposed to the Board the lenghening of the ship lock at Goole, converting it to hydraulic-powered operation and the provision of compartment boats and hoists. The total cost he estimated to be 13,302.
14 January 1862Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireWas authorised by the company to lenghten Ouse ship lock and to build one train of compartment boats.
7 February 1862Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireGranted patent number 330 for his system of compartment boats (Tom Puddings) which were used on the canal for over a century.
1863River Ouse (Yorkshire)His scheme for deeping Goole Reach on the Ouse to take bigger steamers, prepared jointly with Thomas Page, engineer for the Ouse Trustees, was given approval and was completed in 1864.
Late 1864Dearne and Dove CanalIncreased the capaicity of Cold Hiendley reservoir by 1,000 lockfulls.
1865Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireProposed the Leeds Extension Canal from Leeds to Armley mills.
1866River Ouse (Yorkshire)Consulted by the trustees of the river and recommended the extension of Naburn Lock to 136 feet at the cost of 5,250.
1871Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireHe was paid 1,000 plus 220 for the cost of models in exchange for the right to use his compartment boat patents.
1871River Ouse (Yorkshire)Reported to the Ouse trustees that regular dredging was required below Naburn Lock.
1872Huddersfield Broad CanalArranged with Sir John Ramsden for enlarged carrying trade premises at the Huddersfield wharf.
Early 1876Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireWas made General Manager, in addition to his post as engineer, and was paid 1,500 per annum.
1881Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireHis Aldam Dock at Goole was opened.
Mid 1882Calder and Hebble NavigationTook charge of the improvement and enlargement of the locks.
1883River HumberHe led the successful opposition to a railway bridge across the Humber.
February 1886Calder and Hebble NavigationThe company said that he had treated them "very cavalierly" in dealing with the 5,700 dilapidation charges arising from the end of the Aire & Calder's leese of the navigation.
1887Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireIn his evidence on the Manchester Ship Canal Bill he said that the navigation took craft up to 187 tons, carriers doing only one-tenth of the carrying.
1888Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireHis 500 by 47 feet Victoria entrance lock at Goole was opened.
1895Aire and Calder Navigation and River AireFormally retired but continued to work on building the New Junction Canal and as a consultant director untill shortly before his death.
3 January 1895Sheffield & South Yorkshire NavigationAdvised the Aire & Calder board not to buy shares in the company due to role of the Manchester, Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway in the company.
1896Sheffield and South Yorkshire New Junction CanalWork on building the new canal began under his direction.
2 January 1905Sheffield and South Yorkshire New Junction CanalHis new canal was completed at a total cost of 300,000.

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List