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John Longbotham Before 1760 - 1801

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John Longbotham Before 1760 - 1801

Constuction engineer of the Leeds & Liverpool canal between 1771 and 1777 and a pupil of John Smeaton.

Relationship: had his plans approved by James Brindley.

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1766Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe proposed a canal from Leeds to Liverpool, according to Joseph Priestley.
1768Calder and Hebble NavigationAround this time he did a survey for a 2 mile 5 furlong canal with 20 from Godley bridge, near Halifax, to the Calder navigation. This was probably done on behalf of a private group of promoters or single promoter.
Early 1768Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe planned a route from the Aire & Calder Navigation at Leeds to Liverpool via Gargrave, down the valley of the Lancashire rivers Calder and Ribble to near Preston and Ormskirk.
January 1769Leeds and Liverpool CanalJames Brindley largely approved his plan for the canal.
14 June 1769Leeds and Liverpool CanalTook a letter to James Brindley, on behalf of some of the Lancashire committee, asking for his views on proposed changes to the Lancashire part of the canal route.
11 December 1769Leeds and Liverpool CanalIt was agreed at a general meeting that his line for the canal should be adopted.
1770Calder and Hebble NavigationHe surveyed two possible branches one betweem Birstall and Dewsbury and the other to Bradford via Cleckheaton the Spen valley.
1770Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe is appointed clerk of works and later when James Brindley asked to be relieved from his post as cheif engineer he takes on this role as well.
After April 1771Bradford CanalHe was consulted on the engineering aspects of the canal.
1772Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby SectionHe was employed to make a survey for the proposed Leeds & Selby Canal. His canal was to take 50 or 60-ton craft over a 23 mile 1 furlong route which included a long aqueduct and a 400 yard tunnel at an estimated cost of 59,468.
October 1772Leeds and Liverpool CanalHis contract is renewed and he is paid 500 a year for his full time employment.
1773Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby SectionHe attends a parliamentary committee on the projected Leeds & Selby Canal, which he surveyed.
June 1775Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe resigned from the company after the committee had complained of him not spending enough effort to the canal. He had recently bought coalmines at Upholland.
1787Lancaster CanalHe proposes to build a cut from the River Winster, near where it joined the the River Kent estuary at Castle Head (SD422799), northeast across Foulshaw Moss to Nether Levens where it would join the River Kent. The Kent was then to be diverted south-southwest along the coast to Arnside where it would turn south along the coastline to the deep water at Heysham Head. The scheme was intended to provide drainage as well as navigation.
1791Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe produces another route for the Lanchire section of the canal in response to Robert Whitworth's line.
8 June 1791Lancaster CanalWas asked to re-survey Whitworth's line, together with Robert Dickinson and Richard Beck, and to extend it southward to Worsley.
1792Bury & Sladen Canal projectHe surveyed an extension to the proposed canal from Sladen to Sowerby Bridge which included a 8,428 yard tunnel to the Calder near Halifax. He estimated the cost as 190,291.
1792Bristol & Western Canal projectHe surveyed the line of the proposed canal with William White.
1792Grand Western CanalHe did a second survey of the line for the canal, Robert Whitworth having done the first.
September 1792Rochdale CanalHe assisted William Crosley in surveys for reserviors so that the canal could be supplied with water without affecting the water supplies to mills.
June 1800Leeds and Liverpool CanalHe asked the company for a small annual stipend saying he was in "the decline of life" and without employment. In return for some papers he held he was advanced some small amounts and the company paid his funeral expenses of 40.

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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