Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
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Waterways of Scotland

Navigable Rivers and Canals within Scotland

Lock on the Caledonian Canal

Aberdeenshire Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

18.25 miles from Inverurie to Aberdeen was closed each winter (Dec - Mar) because of ice and snow.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1796 and opened in 1805 closed in 1854.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Annandale Canal project

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A proposed Scottish canal.

Waterway Description:

A proposal for a canal to run along the east side of the town of Lochmaben, near Dumfries, past lime quarries at Kelhead and to enter the River Annan where "the tide rises to a considerable height at the Old Mill harbour".

History:

Proposed in 1810 but never authorised or built.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Arbroath - Forfar Canal project

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A proposed Scottish canal.

Waterway Description:

A proposal for a canal link from Arbroth to Forfar.

History:

In 1788 Robert Whitworth was asked to make a plan and estimate for a canal from Arbroth to within 2 miles of Forfar. In 1817 Robert Stevenson was asked to resurvey a route between the two towns. In 1818 Rennie expressed doubts about the scheme and in 1825 it was rejected in favour of a railway.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Bo'ness Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A failed Scottish canal.

Waterway Description:

A partly built canal from Grangemouth to Bo'ness.

History:

Authorised as a branch of the Forth & Clyde Canal in 1768, survyed in 1772, subscriptions opened in 1782. Most of the canal works were completed but the money ran out so it was never opened and was abandoned in 1796.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Caledonian Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A canal entirely within the highlands of Scotland.

Waterway Description:

A 60 mile, 29 lock, ship canal through the Great Glen from Inverness to Fort William.

History:

Authorised by Acts of 1803 and 1804 and completed in 1822.Built by William Jessop and Thomas Telford.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Campbeltown Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A three mile Scottish canal.

Waterway Description:

A three mile canal across Kintyre to Campbeltown.

History:

Completed in 1794 closed in 1856.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Crinan Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A canal across the north end of the Kintyre Peninsula.

Waterway Description:

This 9 mile canal with 15 locks crosses the north end of the Kintyre Peninsula and runs from Ardrishaig to Crinan, a distance of about 132 miles by sea.

History:

Authorised by an act of 1793 and opened in 1801 but not completely finished until 1809

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Dingwall Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A disused canal in Ross & Cromarty.

Waterway Description:

A tidal cut of about 1 mile 1 furlong running from Dingwall, Ross & Cromarty, to the Cromarty Firth.

History:

Started in 1815 and disused by 1890

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

A 31.5 mile, 3 lock, wide canal from the Forth & Clyde Canal at Falkirk to Edinburgh.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1817 and opened in 1822. Abandoned 1965. Re-opened by the Queen on the 24th May 2002, as part of the 78 million Millennium Link project to restore the Forth & Clyde and the Edinburgh & Glasgow Union canals.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Forth & Cart Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

Was a half-mile canal, with 3 locks, connecting the Forth & Clyde Canal to the River Clyde at a point opposite the River Cart, which could be navigated to Paisley.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1836 and completed in 1840, transferred to the Forth & Clyde company in 1855 and closed in 1893.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

A 35 mile canal, with 39 locks, from Bowling on the northern bank of the Clyde to the southern side of the Forth near Grangemouth.

History:

Surveyed in 1726 and 1764, authorised by an Act of 1768, opened in 1790, closed in 1963. opened by the Queen on the 24th May 2002, is part of the 78 million Millennium Link project to restore the Forth & Clyde and the Edinburgh & Glasgow Union canals.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Forth & Clyde Canal - Glasgow Branch

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

A 3.75 mile branch from Stockingfield Junction to Glasgow Basin.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A Renfrewshire canal.

Waterway Description:

Was an 11 mile level canal from Johnstone, Renfrewshire, to Port Eglinton on the upper Clyde.

History:

Authorised by the Glasgow, Paisley & Ardrossan Canal Act of 1806 and fully open in 1811, closed in 1881.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Glenkens Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A canal in Kirkcudbrightshire.

Waterway Description:

Proposed to run from Dalry to Kirkcudbright, Kirkcudbrightshire.

History:

Act passed in 1802 but no work done.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Invararnan Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Waterway Description:

A 2 furlong canal joining the River Falloch near the inn at Inverarnan, Loch Lomond.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Kilbagie Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

An abandoned canal in Clackmannanshire.

Waterway Description:

A mile long canal used for the transport of grain from the Forth at Kennetpans near Alloa, Clackmannanshire, to Kilbagie distillery.

History:

Opened about 1780, closed 1861.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Monkland Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A canal in Lanarkshire.

Waterway Description:

Was a 12.25, 10 lock, broad canal from Woodhall in Lanarkshire to Glasgow.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1770, and the extension to Woodhall authorised by an Act of 1790, opened in 1793, no traffic after 1935, abandoned in 1950.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Muirkirk Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

A canal in Ayrshire.

Waterway Description:

A mile long canal built to supply the ironworks at Muirkirk, Ayrshire, with iron ore, coal and water power.

History:

Built about 1789.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Perth Canal projects

Waterway's place in Scotland :

Canals proposed in Perth and Kinross.

Waterway Description:

Canals proposed from the head of the Tay Navigation at Perth to the north-east and west. Never authorised or built.

History:

In 1773-4 James Watt reported it would be 'very practicable' to make a canal between Crieff on the Earn and Campsie Linn on the Tay. In 1790 it was suggested that this be extended to Loch Earn. Various schemes were put forward until the last survey in 1807.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

River Cart

Waterway's place in Scotland :

An unfinnished navigation in Renfrewshire.

Waterway Description:

Navigation improvements to the White Cart, Renfrewshire.

History:

Authorised by two Acts of 1753 and 1787, the only work, on a cut, followed the second Act.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Stevenston Canal

Waterway's place in Scotland :

An abandoned Ayrshire canal.

Waterway Description:

Was a 2.25 mile level canal to carry coal from pits at Stevenston, Ayrshire, to Saltcoats harbour for shipment to Ireland.

History:

Completed 1772, branches added around 1778, closed about 1830.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

External Web Sites Related to Scotland Waterways

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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