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Waterways of Derbyshire

Navigable Rivers and Canals within Derbyshire

Sandiacre Lock on the Grand Union Erewash Canal.

Ashton, Peak Forest and Macclesfield Canals

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A collection of canals in Greater Manchester, Cheshire and Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

These three canals have been, for many years, considered as one navigation. In the Great Central Railway days it was known as the "A.P.M.". They are now part of the Cheshire Ring.

History:

See Individual canals for more details. In 1961 the last passage was made through the Ashton and Lower Peak Forrest Canals prior to their restoration in 1974.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Chesterfield Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

From the original terminus of the canal at Chesterfield to Norwood the canal was in Derbyshire. It then crosses into Yorkshire.

Waterway Description:

Now navigable for 31 miles from the River Trent at West Stockwith to the Norwood Tunnel at Kiveton Park. A further 5 mile isolated section is available for trailboats between Chesterfield and Staveley

History:

Promoted by an Act of 1771, and opened in 1777, it originally ran 45.5 miles from Chesterfield to the Trent.

Points of Interest:

Water levels are maintained by pumping. Only for topping up at Retford, the rest is by gravity.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Cromford Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A canal that was entirely within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

A 14 mile 5 furlong canal that ran from the Erewash Canal at Langley Mill to Cromford with a branch to Pixton.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1789, opened in 1794. Butterley Tunnel was closed due to subsidence in 1900. The tunnel was 3,063 yards long but with the addition of a road extension it is now closer to 3,100 yards. The whole of the rest of the canal, except for half a mile, was abandoned in 1944 and the final stretch to Langley Mill in 1962.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Derby Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

The whole canal was within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

Ran 14.5 miles, and 8 broad locks, to Sadiacre from the Trent at Swarkestone.

History:

Authorised by an Act of May 1793 and fully open in 1796, abandoned in 1964.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Erewash Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

The whole canal is within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

An 11.75 mile broad canal with 14 locks.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1777 and fully opened in 1779. Became part of the Grand Union in 1932.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Grand Union Erewash Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

The whole canal is within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

Runs 11.75 miles from the Junction with the Cromford Canal at Langley Mill to the junction with the River Trent at Trent Lock.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

High Peak Junction Canal project

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A proposed canal was to be entirely within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

A proposed canal to link the Cromford Canal with the Peak Forest Canal. Never authorised or built.

History:

In 1810 the Grand Junction Canal Company proposed the link which was opposed by the Trent & Mersey Canal Company.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

North Eastern Junction Canal project

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A proposed canal linking Derbyshire with Yorkshire.

Waterway Description:

A proposal for a canal from Pixton on the Cromford Canal to the Chesterfield Canal and onwards from Hillmarsh on the Chesrterfield Canal to Rotherham, where it joined the River Don.

History:

A public meeting was held on 26 October 1810 and John Rennie surveyed the route.It was supported by the Cromford Canal Company and in 1811 the Nottingham Canal Company recommended that their shareholders give it support. It was still being discussed in September 1814 but was never authorised or built.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Nutbrook Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

An abandoned Derbyshire canal.

Waterway Description:

Was a 4.5 mile, 13 lock, broad canal from Shipley Wharf, near Ilkeston, Derbyshire, to White House, Staunton, where in joined the Erewash Canal.

History:

Authorised by an Act of 1793, opened about 1796. No traffic after 1949 and much of the canal filled in now.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Peak Forest Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

From just before Thornsett Road bridge No 28, where the canal crosses out of Cheshire, to the end at Buxworth the canal is in Derbyshire for about 2 miles.

Waterway Description:

Runs from the junction with the Ashton Canal at Dukinfield to Buxworth Basin.

History:

Promoted under Acts of 1794, 1800 and 1805. Opened with a connecting tramroad at Marple in 1800. Marple Locks were opened in 1804.

Points of Interest:

Very fine stone navigation works.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

River Derwent (Derbyshire)

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

The whole river is within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

A tributary of the River Trent.

History:

Made navigable under an Act of 1720 and fully opened for the 10 miles up to Derby in in 1721. Traffic ceased about 1795 and it was bought by the Derby Canal Company.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

River Trent

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

From the head of navigation at Wilden Ferry to the junction with the River Soar the river forms the boundary between Derbyshire and Leicestershire. From that point to the River Erewash Junction at Barton in Fabis the river forms the boundary between Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire before crossing completely into Nottinghamshire.

Waterway Description:

The navigation runs 94.75 miles from Wilden Ferry to Trent Falls, where it joins the Rivers Ouse and Humber. The first 42 miles are non-tidal

History:

Promoted by Acts of 1699, 1783, 1794 and 1906.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Scarsdale & High Peak Canal project

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A proposed canal from Derbyshire to Yorkshire.

Waterway Description:

A proposed 44 mile canal from the Peak Forest canal at Buxworth down the Derwent valley to the Sheffield and Chesterfield canals and on to Cromford. Also called the Grand Conmmercial Canal.

History:

A prospectus (dated 24 June 1824) was issued to build the canal at an estimated cost of 574,130. It was never authorised or built.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Speedwell Level

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

A Derbyshire underground canal.

Waterway Description:

A half mile underground canal in Speedwell lead mine, Castleton, Derbyshire. Still navigable.

History:

Begun in 1774 and completed around 1778.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

From the start of the canal at Derwent Mouth, where it connects to the River Trent, until the River Dove Aqueduct, just before Clay Mills Bridge No 28, the route is in Derbyshire for 14 miles. It then crosses into Staffordshire.

Waterway Description:

Runs 93 miles from Derwent Mouth, where it joins the River Trent, to Preston Brook, where it joins a branch of the Bridgewater Canal

History:

Originally known as the Grand Trunk Canal. Promoted by Acts of 1766, 1770, 1775, 1776, 1783, 1797 (two Acts), 1802, 1809 and 1827

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Whaley Bridge Branch

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

The whole branch is within Derbyshire.

Waterway Description:

A short branch which leads to the basin at Whaley Bridge.

History:

Opened on 1 May 1800.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

Woodeaves Canal

Waterway's place in Derbyshire :

An abandoned Derbyshire canal.

Waterway Description:

Was a 1.25 mile level canal from Woodeaves Brook, near Ashbourne, Derbyshire, to cotton mills near Fenny Bentley. Unconnected with any other navigation.

History:

Built about 1802.

For more details see the Waterway details page.

External Web Sites Related to Derbyshire Waterways

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
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