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Waterways Chronology from 1861 to 1870

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Chronology Index

Avon Tar Barge

The Avon tar barges worked over the Avon section of the Kennet and Avon, under sail until the First World War. Traffic began during the late 1860s and ended in 1967.

1861

Kilbagie Canal

Closed before this date.

Lydney Canal

Thomas Howard

He recommended the enlargement of the harbour entrance and the deepening of the inner basin.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Proposed to the Board the lenghening of the ship lock at Goole, converting it to hydraulic-powered operation and the provision of compartment boats and hoists. The total cost he estimated to be 13,302.

1862

Lives of the Engineers

By Samuel Smiles With an Account of Their Principal Works, 1st edition Published by John Murray After 1862 Three illustrated volumes published between 1862 and 1868. Title continues "Comprising also a History of Inland Communication in Britain"

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Promoted by Act.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Was authorised by the company to lenghten Ouse ship lock and to build one train of compartment boats.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Granted patent number 330 for his system of compartment boats (Tom Puddings) which were used on the canal for over a century.

River Stour (Suffolk)

Mr Jeffries

It was decided that he should build a barge with a steam engine for 400 and that it should be delivered by 25 Decenber. He had previously shown models to the proprietors of the navigation and delivered the steam barge in 1863 but it was not to prove satisfactory.

1863

Cannock Extension Canal (BCN)

The last BCN canal to be built opened around 1858 to 1863.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Closed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Hammond Bartholomew

His scheme for deeping Goole Reach on the Ouse to take bigger steamers, prepared jointly with Thomas Page, engineer for the Ouse Trustees, was given approval and was completed in 1864.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Thomas Page

As engineer for the Ouse trustees he jointly prepared a plan with William Bartholomew, the engineer of the Aire & Calder, for the deeping of the river at Goole by 3 foot to take larger steamers.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He was told by the trustees to prepare a plan "of a Sea Wall at Weston Point to extend from our present Basin to the Bridgewater Property and Basins for the purpose of affording further accommodation and facilities to the Trade of the River". This led to the building of Delamere dock.

1864

Grand Western Canal

Abandoned from Lowdwells to Taunton.

Millwall Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Junction Canal

Closed.

Dearne and Dove Canal

William Hammond Bartholomew

Increased the capaicity of Cold Hiendley reservoir by 1,000 lockfulls.

River Lee

Nicholas Beardmore

Rammey Marsh Lock opened. Part of a series of major improvements to the navigation that he undertook, starting in 1850.

1865

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Proposed the Leeds Extension Canal from Leeds to Armley mills.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Brown Clegram

He commissioned a survey which found it was practicable to build a railway bridge across the Severn to the company's docks at Sharpness.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal and the Monmouthshire Canal amalgamated.

River Weaver

Sir John Hawkshaw

He approves Edward Leader Williams' plans for river improvements.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He said that Runcorn Docks were crowded and that the London & North Western Railway were building a high level branch to within 13 miles of Winsford at great expense. This would allow salt to be transported at less cost than on the Weaver. He also pointed out that some of the largest Winsford works already had railway connections and that others were getting them.

Wimbledon & Wandsworth Canal project

J W Wilson

He estimated the cost of the scheme at 53,000 for a 2 mile and 3 furlongs canal with 2 locks from Wandsworth Basin running paralell to the River Wandle to near Plough Lane , Wimbledon. The scheme also included a new road for part of the route.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He produced a plan for making the river navigable to seagoing vessels with a minimum river depth of 12 feet and 15 feet over the lock sills, the enlargement of the Weston Canal and a new lock at Sutton. The new locks were to be 200 feet long and 40 feet wide with three pairs of hydraulic powered gates. He estimated the cost as 195,800 for the river up to Northwich.

1866

Grosvenor Canal

Used for refuse collection barges since 1866.

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Hammond Bartholomew

Consulted by the trustees of the river and recommended the extension of Naburn Lock to 136 feet at the cost of 5,250.

Wimbledon & Wandsworth Canal project

Hamilton H Fulton

As engineer he took part in the parlimentary proceedings for the canal Bill.

1867

The Thames to Solent by Canal and Sea,

Voyage by J B Dashwood through the Wey & Arun Junction canal to the sea at Littlehampton shortly before the canal was closed. Published as a book the following year.

Bradford Canal

Closed.

Coombe Hill Canal

G W Keeling

He was asked to report on the canal and concluded that it could not be made to cover its expenses and would be better turned in to an osier bed.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

Closed about 1867.

Kymer's Canal

Closed about 1867

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

The Thames to Solent by Canal and Sea by J B Dashwood, published in 1868, Account of a voyage in 1867 through the Wey & Arun Junction canal to the sea at Littlehampton shortly before the canal was closed.

Wimbledon & Wandsworth Canal project

Hamilton H Fulton

Took part in producing new plans for the canal that also included a road, tramway and sewer.

1868

The Thames to Solent by Canal and Sea,

By J B Dashwood Account of a voyage in 1867 through the Wey & Arun Junction canal to the sea at Littlehampton shortly before the canal was closed. Published.

Chard Canal

Closed.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

The Thames to Solent by Canal and Sea by J B Dashwood, published in 1868, Account of a voyage in 1867 through the Wey & Arun Junction canal to the sea at Littlehampton shortly before the canal was closed.

1869

The Waterway to London, as explored in the "Wanderer"

By H A Schofield Published by Simpkin, Marshall. The title continues "with Sail, Paddle & Oar, in a voyage on the Mersey, Perry, Severn, & Thames, & Several Canals" includes travelling the Berkely, Bridgewater, Ellesmere, Stroudwater and Thames & Severn.

Basingstoke Canal

Original company wound-up.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Brown Clegram

He reported on the overcrowding of Sharpness Docks and on the inadequacies of a canal and docks built for sailing ships now the age of steam had arrived. He suggested a new entrance, tidal basin and docks below Sharpness at a cost of 150,000.

River Itchen

Commercial traffic ceased.

River Severn

William Brown Clegram

An Act was passed, based on proposals he made together with Leader Williams, to build a weir in the western channel to divert more water to the eastern or Glocester channel of the river..

River Severn

Edward Leader senior Williams

An Act was passed based on his and W B Clegram's proposals for a weir in the western channel to improve flows in the eastern channel to Gloucester and for a lock at Llanthony.

Shropshire Union Canal

George R Jebb

He was appointed canal engineer.

River Trent

W E Hopkin

He was appointed engineer-surveyor.

1870

Cassington Cut

Disused about this date.

Oxford Canal (Southern Section)

Fenny Compton Tunnel was opened out. The name remains and its site can be recognised by the straight stretch of narrow canal in a cutting crossed by several bridges.

River Weaver

Edwin Clark

He designed the Anderton Boat Lift about this time.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He told a sub-connittee how a hyrdraulic boat lift at Anderton, costing no more than 12,000, would work.

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Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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