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Waterways Chronology from 1856 to 1865

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Chronology Index

1856

Campbeltown Canal

Closed.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He was appointed engineer, chosen from 110 applicants for the post.

River Don

Charles Bartholomew

Was authorised to buy a steam packet for carrying passengers and parcels between Thorne and Keadby. This was to be a feeder to the Trent packets running between Gainsborough and Hull.

1857

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Reported that the introduction of two public steam tugs running between Wakefield and Goole had helped to reduce towing charges on the navigation.

Hertford Union Canal (Grand Union)

Sold to the Regent's Canal Co.

Sir Nigel Gresley's Canal

Probably closed in 1857.

Trent and Mersey Canal

George Parker Bidder

As engineer of the North Staffordshire Railway, who were then the owners of the canal, he considered the widening of the canal and running barges on fixed services.

River Weaver

William Cubitt

He wrote of "the extensive and remarkable subsidences which are occuring" on the river due to rock salt mining and brine pumping.

1858

Cannock Extension Canal (BCN)

The last BCN canal to be built opened around 1858 to 1863.

Netherton Tunnel Branch Canal

Opened on 20 August 1858.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

Silvanus W Jenkin

He was engineer for the railway line that the canal company were builing alongside the navigation.

1859

Andover Canal

Closed.

Grand Union Regents Canal

John Fowler

He and William Radford prepared a plan for a railway to run beside the canal from Kings Cross to the Regent's Canal Dock but the proposal did not get past the draft bill stage.

Grand Union Regents Canal

William Radford

He and John Fowler prepared a plan for a railway to run beside the canal from Kings Cross to the Regent's Canal Dock but the proposal did not get past the draft bill stage.

Kensington Canal

Filled in.

Leominster Canal

Closed.

River Thames

The Book of the Thames by Mr & Mrs S C Hall, book with many engravings of wild life and scenery.

River Nene

Thomas Page

Following an accident involving a gang of lighters he recommended the removal of the restriction to the river flow, or throttle, at Wisbech.

1860

Donnington Wood Canal

Pitchcroft Branch abandoned after the limestone mine was lost due to flooding.

Little Punchard Gill Boat Level

Closed around 1860.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Edward Leader senior Williams

The company bought two steam coasters for use on the Severn which he had designed, the Ironside and the Cuurassier. These wer 94 feet long with a 19 feet 6 inches beam built on a wooden frame with an iron plate skin.

Avon Tar Barge

The Avon tar barges worked over the Avon section of the Kennet and Avon, under sail until the First World War. Traffic began during the late 1860s and ended in 1967.

1861

Kilbagie Canal

Closed before this date.

Lydney Canal

Thomas Howard

He recommended the enlargement of the harbour entrance and the deepening of the inner basin.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Proposed to the Board the lenghening of the ship lock at Goole, converting it to hydraulic-powered operation and the provision of compartment boats and hoists. The total cost he estimated to be 13,302.

1862

Lives of the Engineers

By Samuel Smiles With an Account of Their Principal Works, 1st edition Published by John Murray After 1862 Three illustrated volumes published between 1862 and 1868. Title continues "Comprising also a History of Inland Communication in Britain"

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Promoted by Act.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Was authorised by the company to lenghten Ouse ship lock and to build one train of compartment boats.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Granted patent number 330 for his system of compartment boats (Tom Puddings) which were used on the canal for over a century.

River Stour (Suffolk)

Mr Jeffries

It was decided that he should build a barge with a steam engine for 400 and that it should be delivered by 25 Decenber. He had previously shown models to the proprietors of the navigation and delivered the steam barge in 1863 but it was not to prove satisfactory.

1863

Cannock Extension Canal (BCN)

The last BCN canal to be built opened around 1858 to 1863.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Closed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Hammond Bartholomew

His scheme for deeping Goole Reach on the Ouse to take bigger steamers, prepared jointly with Thomas Page, engineer for the Ouse Trustees, was given approval and was completed in 1864.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Thomas Page

As engineer for the Ouse trustees he jointly prepared a plan with William Bartholomew, the engineer of the Aire & Calder, for the deeping of the river at Goole by 3 foot to take larger steamers.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He was told by the trustees to prepare a plan "of a Sea Wall at Weston Point to extend from our present Basin to the Bridgewater Property and Basins for the purpose of affording further accommodation and facilities to the Trade of the River". This led to the building of Delamere dock.

1864

Grand Western Canal

Abandoned from Lowdwells to Taunton.

Millwall Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Junction Canal

Closed.

Dearne and Dove Canal

William Hammond Bartholomew

Increased the capaicity of Cold Hiendley reservoir by 1,000 lockfulls.

River Lee

Nicholas Beardmore

Rammey Marsh Lock opened. Part of a series of major improvements to the navigation that he undertook, starting in 1850.

1865

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Hammond Bartholomew

Proposed the Leeds Extension Canal from Leeds to Armley mills.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Brown Clegram

He commissioned a survey which found it was practicable to build a railway bridge across the Severn to the company's docks at Sharpness.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal and the Monmouthshire Canal amalgamated.

River Weaver

Sir John Hawkshaw

He approves Edward Leader Williams' plans for river improvements.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He said that Runcorn Docks were crowded and that the London & North Western Railway were building a high level branch to within 13 miles of Winsford at great expense. This would allow salt to be transported at less cost than on the Weaver. He also pointed out that some of the largest Winsford works already had railway connections and that others were getting them.

Wimbledon & Wandsworth Canal project

J W Wilson

He estimated the cost of the scheme at 53,000 for a 2 mile and 3 furlongs canal with 2 locks from Wandsworth Basin running paralell to the River Wandle to near Plough Lane , Wimbledon. The scheme also included a new road for part of the route.

River Weaver

Sir Edward Leader Williams

He produced a plan for making the river navigable to seagoing vessels with a minimum river depth of 12 feet and 15 feet over the lock sills, the enlargement of the Weston Canal and a new lock at Sutton. The new locks were to be 200 feet long and 40 feet wide with three pairs of hydraulic powered gates. He estimated the cost as 195,800 for the river up to Northwich.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List