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Waterways Chronology from 1816 to 1825

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Chronology Index

1816

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wood

He succeeded Elias Wright as engineer and put forward plans for improving the navigation to Leeds and building a new basin there.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Elias Wright

He ceased his role as company engineer.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

Went to the rivers Thames and Trent to assess their dredgers.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He met the company's engineer, Thomas Bradley, in London to discuss dredgers. Donkin had previously sent a plan for a dredger to the company.

Glan-Y-Wern Canal

Revived as part of the Tennant Canal around 1816.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Rennie

He reported that if through trade increased the summit would be short of water in dry seasons. He suggested that priorty be given to the more profitable merchandise traffic rather than have the water used by cargoes such as limestone which paid lower tolls. He also recommended the enforcement of the 20 ton rule under the 1770 Act which allowed for a minumum toll at the twenty ton rate for boats carrying less or empty boats.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Fully opened.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Opened.

Tees Canal schemes

John Rennie

He made an estimate of 141,460 for a canal from Stockton to Darlington with a railway on to Winston. This was less than the cost of a canal for the whole route.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Opened.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He notes that in addition to the drains around Boston four other drains are navigable, these are Timberland Dyke, Carlton Dyke, Nocton Delph and Branston Delph.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

John Rennie

He employed Francis and Netlam Giles to survey the line on behalf of the canal promoters and reported to them proposing a barge canal from the tidal Arun at Ford to Salterns in Chchester Harbour, with a branch from Hunston to the city of Chichester. Existing dredged bargeways across Chichester Harbour would allow barges to sail or be towed to the Portsea island canal and a new 1½ mile cut with 2 locks would give access to Portsmouth Harbour. His estimate was 118,990 and later increased to 125,452.

Sheffield Canal

Henry Buck

Was appointed resident engineer.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

William Whitmore

The canal, for which he was engineer for the extension from Kingswood to Stratford, was opened. This length included three aqueducts the longest of which is Bearley.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

Was made responsible for the direction of repairs to the canal and made a detailed inpection of the canal works.

1817

Bude Canal

James Green

Together with Thomas Shearn he surveyed the line for the canal.

Bude Canal

Thomas Shearn

Together with James Green he surveyed the line for the canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He received an order for a dredger from the company.

Chichester Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Chapman

Was retained to advise Doncaster Corporation on a realignment of the river following a mill being destroyed by fire.

River Don

John Rennie

He was asked by the Don company to advise on river improvements following the destruction of Doncaster mills in a fire.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Great Ouse

John Rennie

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners jointly with Telford on behalf of the Lynn Corporation.

River Great Ouse

Thomas Telford

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Lynn Corporation jointly with Rennie on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Thomas Telford

He surveyed the canal on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners who agreed to lend 200,000 for the completion of the canal if 100,000 was raised by shares and that the company supplied any additional money needed to complete the work.

River Lark (Great Ouse)

Promoted by Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Opened.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

William Tierney Clark

Was appointed engineer and estimated that 97,755 pounds was needed to complete the navigation.

Tavistock Canal

Opened.

Red Jacket Canal

William Kirkhouse

As engineer he started building the canal.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He found a contractor to undertake the main repairs.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Left the company.

Lancaster Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Appointed as engineer responsible for for completing works north of Tewitfield Locks.

Aire & Dun Canal project.

William Smith

He was engineer for the project.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

He was asked to survey a canal route from Carlisle to the Solway Firthfor craft of not less than 70 tons. He was told he should "strictly adhere to the great ultimate object of connecting the east and west seas".

1818

Red Jacket (Neath & Swansea Junction) Canal

George Tennant with William Kirkhouse as his engineer, had started the Red Jacket (Neath & Swansea Junction) Canal in 1817, it was finished in 1818 and linked an existing coal canal to the River Neath.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

His new basin at Leeds was opened.

Arbroath - Forfar Canal project

John Rennie

He was asked to review the proposals made by Robert Whiworth and Robert Stevenson and expressed doubts about the financial benefits of any canal to Forfar. He suggested the line might be extended west along the valley.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

He was engaged in negotiations with Colonel Alexander Ranaldson McDonnell of Clanronald and Glengrry about the course of the navigation through Loch Oich.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

He recommended a canal from Fisher's Cross (later to be called Port Carlisle) to Carlisle, 50 foot wide and 8 feet deep with locks 74 by 17 feet. The estimated cost was 73,392 pounds.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Abandoned.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He was asked to report on possible improvements to the canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

About this time wrote to the canal company, following a loan to them, on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners complaining of John Upton's conduct in his dual role of clerk and engineer.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Ketley Canal

Dutens

Recorded that the canal was disused.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He resigned as engineer.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Richard Phillips

He was appointed engineer.

Pocklington Canal

Opened.

Romford Canal

A & C Driver

They were asked to comment on the scheme and replied that they were "very doubtful whether the projectors will be able to accomplish their object".

River Stour (Kent)

Thomas Telford

He advises against a canal from the river to Nagden Creek near Faversham to improve communication with the Thames & Medway, saying "an improved land carriage to Whitstable, or even to Nagden, would supersede, or so far divide the business, as to render it inadvisable to incur the expense".

Tees Canal schemes

George, junior Leather

He was employed by Christopher Tennant of Stockton to survey a line for the proposed Stockton & Aukland Canal. This broad canal with 50 locks was to run from the River Tees at Portrack, below Stockton, for 29.5 miles through Whitton, Mordon, Bradbury and Shildon to the River Gaunless at Evenwood. The estimated cost was 205,283 later increased to 225,283.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the bad condition of Deeping Fen.

River Yare

John Rennie

He was aked by Yaremouth corporation to examine William Cubits plans to improve the river. His view was that the plan would reduce the scour of Breydon Water but would leas to the silting of Yarmouth Harbour.

Carlisle Canal

Richard Buck

Around this time he assisted William Chapman in a survey of the route for the canal.

River Yare

Thomas Telford

His view was that improving navigation to Norwich would not harm Yarmouth's interests.

River Yare

James Walker

His view was that improving navigation to Norwich would not harm Yarmouth's interests.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

He gave the increased price of food and labour, the higher than expected cost of land, extra sections of canal that needed clay linings, more rock cutting than estimated and the assembling of dredgers in remote country as the reasons for the canal construction taking longer and costing more than was planned.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

Thomas Telford

He reported on two lines, one to the Ouse a mile below Linton Lock, the other to the Wharfe a mile above Tadcaster.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He is warmly thanked by shareholders for completing the work within estimate, although there was some overspend due to additional facilities add during construction.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was asked to help Thomas Wood, the company engineer, in a preliminary survey of a route from Haddlesey to the Dutch River.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

He was asked to do a preliminary survey of a route from Haddlesey to the Dutch River with the help of George Leather junior.

Romford Canal

Robert Vazie

At a meeting the proposals he developed with the promoter E Y Hancock were presented.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

He was appointed engineer for the Kington tramroad which extended the Hay tramroad over 12 miles to Burlingjobb.

Red Jacket Canal

William Kirkhouse

He completed the canal.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He was to survey a line to the River Ouse.

River Don

John Rennie

He was surveying the Dutch River for the Aire & Calder and found the bottom uneven, full of shallows and liable to silt and the banks in a poor state. He also said the river was 'much contracted at the three bridges, and consequently the current is so strong that it requires the upmost attention to pass the barges through them in safety - I was told by an experienced bargeman that vessels drawing 5½ feet water are frequently in ordinary neaps two tides in getting up to Newbridge'.

1819

Tour of the Grand Junction

Illustrated in a series of engravings; with an historical and topographical description of those parts of the counties of Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Buckinghams, written and published by J Hassell.

Bude Canal

James Green

Following the passing of the canal Act he subscribes 3,000 to the scheme.

Bude Canal

Promoted by Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

The company awarded him 500 as remuneration for his past long and valuable services. They also promised him a pension of 200 a year when he retired and added 100 a year to his present salary.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

Was appointed consulting engineer to the navigation.

Carlisle Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Coventry Canal

Promoted by Act.

Ellesmere Canal

George Watson Buck

Appointed engineer of the Eastern Branch.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Woodhouse

About this time he was appointed enginner of the Gloucester & Berkley Canal at 500 guineas a year plus expenses.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Left his post as engineer.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Raistrick

Appointed engineer.

River Ivel

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He estimates a cost of 11,000 to make the river navigable from Biggleswade to Langford Bridge, 32,000 for continuing to Hitchen and 36,000 to Baldock.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Left the canal company.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Loughborough Navigation

John Kiddey

As company engineer he reports that the navigation at Long Whatton and Kegworth bridge was dangerous and inconvenient and could be improved by new cuts.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Opened to Newtown in March 1819.

Newdigate Canals

Most traffic had ceased by 1819.

North Wilts Canal

Opened.

Sheffield Canal

Opened.

River Thames

John Rennie

Southwark Bridge, for which he was engineer, was opened.

Wilts and Berks Canal

North Wilts Canal opened.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

The company gave permission for him and John Tomes to make a private cut from the canal near Long Itchington.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Raistrick

He proposed a steamboat working on a chain laid in Standedge Tunnel could be used for towage but the idea seems not to have been followed up at the time.

Carlisle Canal

Henry Buck

Was appointed resident engineer.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

William Cubitt

At a meeting in Eye his report on a canal from Ipswich to Eye was presented. It included a tunnel through the hills at Mendlesham and was estimated at over 100,000.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He reports proposing a line from the Knottingley cut to Goole with a cut back into the River Aire at Bank Dole to give access to the Selby Canal, and a branch to the Dutch River at Newbridge. He estimated the cost as 137,700.

Ellesmere Canal

John Williams

The western line, which he built as resident engineer, was completed to Newtown, a distance of 7 miles 3 furlongs and with six locks.

Bude Canal

John Kingdon

He was appointed engineer and started cutting the canal.

River Don

George, junior Leather

He and Thackray did a survey of a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley on behalf of John Rennie for the company.

River Don

John Rennie

He was asked for an estimate for a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley.

River Don

Mr Thackray

He and George Leather junior did a survey of a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley on behalf of John Rennie for the company.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was asked to survey a possible branch to the limestone quarries at Womersley.

1820

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wood

He is dismissed for malpractice.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Promoted by Act.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

He reported that the navigation improvements to Leeds were complete.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

Because of water shortages he is told to enlarge the pumping engine that lifts water from the Cold Hiendley reservoir.

Caledonian Canal

Five lock staircase built at Fort Augustus.

Carlisle Canal

Richard Buck

Was assisting William Chapman on the construction of the canal with his brother Henry working for some of the time as resident engineer.

River Don

Daniel Servant

As company engineer he produced an estimate of 25,302 for a cut from Doncaster to Stainforth.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Appointed resident engineer.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Opened.

Lancaster Canal

William, Junior Crosley

He is appointed superintendent for the whole canal.

Plas Kynaston Canal

Authorised.

Ripon Canal

Promoted by Act.

Trent and Mersey Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the Harecastle Tunnel and recommended it should be closed for a year for repair and that traffic should be diverted to a tramroad over the top, a by-pass along the Bath Pool valley, or a new tunnel.

River Ure

Promoted by an Act to extend the Yorkshire Ouse Navigation.

Stourbridge Extension Canal

Samuel Hodgkinson

He made a survey for an extension of the Stourbridge Canal to Shut End either by canal or railway.

River Don

John Rennie

He produced an estimate of 32,296 for a cut from Doncaster to Stainforth.

River Blyth

John Rennie

He reported on the deterioration of Sothwold Harbour which he attributed to the embanking of the saltings but could not identify a practicable remedy.

Carlisle Canal

Thomas Ferrier

Was employed as overseer of works.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Thomas Telford

It was reported that on his joint advice with Hugh Barid the three aquaducts (over the Avon, Almond and the Water of Leith at Slateford) were being built in an "unusually substantial and improved manner".

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

He wrote to the company saying that John Woodhouse's son had been supplying the wrong kind of stone to the works at Sharpness, adding "I am of the opinion that it is absolutly necessary to employ as resident engineer a person wholly unconnected with Contractors for Material or Labour in any shape".

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Woodhouse

Thomas Telford wrote to the company saying that Woodhouse's son had been supplying the wrong kind of stone to the works at Sharpness, adding "I am of the opinion that it is absolutly necessary to employ as resident engineer a person wholly unconnected with Contractors for Material or Labour in any shape". As a result Woodhouse was dismissed.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was given charge of construction of the new cut.

Carlisle Canal

Henry Buck

Resigned from his post of resident engineer.

Carlisle Canal

Thomas Ferrier

Following the resignation of the engineer, Henry Buck, he took over that role.

Barnsley Canal

George, junior Leather

He was employed to survey an extension of the Silkstone tramroad into the Worsbrough valley or for a new tramroad to that point.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He made his report on the state of the canal and was asked to dredge and straighten the channel and to repair the Double Locks.

1821

River Arun

James Hollinsworth

Was engineer for the river improvements needed for linking the Wey & Arun Canal with the Portsmouth & Arundel Canal.

River Arun

Act passed.

Barnsley Canal

John Rennie

He was employed to survey for a reservoir in the Silkstone valley. It was never built.

English & Bristol Channels Junction Canal project

James Green

Made a survey of the route and recommended a tub-boat canal with 5 inclined planes and 4 tunnels.

River Ivel

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He estimates a cost of 14,000 to make the river navigable from Shefford. It was later found that he had only estimated to Clifton Common and another 1,700 was required to take it to Shefford.

Retyn and East Wheal Rose scheme

John Edgcumbe

He surveyed the line and estimated the cost at 16,000.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Tennant Canal

William Kirkhouse

He started work on cutting the canal as engineer

Tennant Canal

Started in 1821, without any Act of Parliament.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He finished the dredging, straightening and repair work on the canal.

Glamorganshire Canal

George Overton

He reported on the Port of Cardiff and improvements for better accommodation of the increasing trade on the canal, proposing canal deepening, straightening and a new basin so that 300-ton vessels could reach the wharves.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He proposes that there should be "an intermediate basin & locks" at Goole where the canal was to join the Ouse. He also ageed with the company board that the canal depth should be 7 feet rather than 6.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Timperley

He rebuilt locks on the navigation with a six foot depth over the sills even though it had been decided that the Goole Canal locks would have a 7 foot sill depth. He seems not to have been told but it cost him his job.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the drainage of Deeping Fen and recommend the use of steam power.

1822

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He worked on alternative schemes based on John Rennine's plans for deepening the river to 7 feet and to take 100 ton craft.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

John Crossley

He was sent by the canal committee to survey the coal tolls and drawbacks on eight neighbouring canals.

Caledonian Canal

Completed.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Opened.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Raistrick

About this time he offered to run a steam tug through Standedge Tunne lat a charge not exceeding 3 shillings if he were allowed to operate free of dues for ten years. A tug was operating by late 1824.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Mr Wharton

He experimented with a steam boat, which resulted in tests being made of steam tugs through Standedge Tunnel using the Raistrick's chain principle.

River Ivel

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Around this time he surveys the old part of the navigation and recommends that 3 - 4,000 is needed to put it into a proper state of repair.

River Nene

Sir John Rennie

He and Thomas Telford were asked for revised plans for the river outfall and its passage through Wisbech.

River Nene

Thomas Telford

He and Sir John Rennie were asked for revised plans for the river outfall and its passage through Wisbech.

Thames & Medway Canal

Thomas Telford

About this time he inspected the canal on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners following an application for a loan by the canal company.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He wrote a report proposing dock accommodation at Goole for Brigs.

Bridgewater Canal

James Gilbert

He drew up plans for a 13 mile 7 furlong canal from the Bridgewater at either Sale Moor or Stretford to Stockport and on to Hope Green near Poynton. A 4 mile 1 furlong railway extension to Kerridge near Bollington was also included.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

Was dismissed by the canal committee after a disagreement over the quality of the work of the site engineer, Thomas Ferrier, who was backed by the committeee who rejected Chapman's criticism.

1823

Bude Canal

Opened (except for Druxton Branch).

Carlisle Canal

Opened.

Croydon Canal

Dudley Clark

Was paid 300 pounds by the company, presumably as arrears of fees for several previous years.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

W Bond

He and J Dean oppose a rival tub boat canal, proposed by James Green, as an alternative to Rennie's plans for a ship canal.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

J Dean

He and W Bond oppose a rival tub boat canal, proposed by James Green, as an alternative to Rennie's plans for a ship canal.

Ellesmere Canal

George Watson Buck

Carried out extensive repairs on the Vyrnwy Aqeduct that had every arch fractued due to it originally being constucted from sub-standard materials. It was strengthened using iron bands.

Glamorganshire Canal

David Davies

Surveyed a 15 mile extension to continue the Penydarren tramroad to Cardiff, marked out on the opposite side of the valley to the canal by George Overton.

Grosvenor Canal

This water supply cut became a navigable canal in 1823.

River Ivel

Navigation improvements extended to Shefford.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

George, junior Leather

He reported on the cost of coal carried by the Lancaster and Leeds & Liverpool canal routes and the effects of the various costs on the trade carried by both companies.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

Robert Coad

He re-surveyed the proposed route with John Edgcumbe and Thomas Esterbrooke.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

James Green

He was called in to advise on the making of a canal, railway and turnpike road, all of which he said were possible. On the question of a canal he ruled against locks and recommended a tub-boat canal with inclined planes at an estimated cost of 14,000.

Lancaster Canal - Glasson Dock Branch

Work started.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Fully opened.

River Stour (Kent)

Benjamin Bevan

Acted for the Commision of Sewers in regard to this river.

Tennant Canal

Aberdulais Aqueduct, crossing the River Neath, was started in May 1823.

Torrington Canal

James Green

He is appointed engineer and starts the cutting of the navigation with the Torridge river lock and basin.

River Wye

Shipbuilding was carried on at Hereford, and there was a picture in the town of the launch of a brig 170 tons burden, built in 1823.

Glamorganshire Canal

George Overton

He marked out a 15 mile extension of the Penydarren tramroad to Cardiff. This was on the opposite side of the valley to the canal. The tramroad was not extended but later the Taff Vale Railway used the route.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

John Edgcumbe

Resurveyed the line of the canal with Robert Coad and Thomas Esterbrook, estimating the cost at 12,578.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

Thomas Esterbrook

Resurveyed the line of the canal with Robert Coad and John Edgcumbe, estimating the cost at 12,578.

Monmouthshire Canal

William Wells

He was asked to survey a tramroad from the Beaufort tramroad at Crumlin to Risca, where it was to connect with the Sirhowy tramroad thus providing a tramroad route from Beaufort and Ebbw Vale to Newport.

Barnsley Canal

Joseph 2 Atkinson

Appointed resident engineer. A year later he was also book-keeper and chief clerk and was provided with a new house at Sandal.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

He leaves his post of resident engineer.

Carlisle Canal

Richard Buck

Was asked to leave the company following the dismissal of his former principal, William Chapman, in the previous December.

River Arun

James Hollinsworth

He completed the improvements to the river which raised barge capacity by about 10 tons to 40 tons.

Bude Canal

John Kingdon

He had completed the canal and it opened to traffic.

Dearne and Dove Canal

George, junior Leather

He recommended raising Worsbrough reservoir by 4 foot 6 inches thus increasing it from 42 to 62 acres at a cost of 3,150 plus the cost of the land. The work was finished in 1826. He also said that the canal locks were too lightly built and it was agreed to reconstruct 2 or 3 each year.

River Don

George, junior Leather

He estimates a cost of 1,084 for a cut from the Sheffield Canal to the Tinsley cut and the is agreed by both companies. He later ponits out that the cut cannot be made until a good supply of water from the Sheffield Canal is assured.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

James Green

He asked to prepare a report to support the planned Bill for the authorisation of the canal.

1824

River Ancholme

Sir John Rennie

He was consulted and reccommended that the works specified by his father should be completed and that the river should be widened and deeped to double its capacity.

Birmingham & Liverpool Junction Canal

William Chapman

Around this time he was involved in proposing a Birmingham to Liverpool Railway which would have followed a similar line to the canal, but the railway did not gain enough support.

Birmingham & Liverpool Junction Canal

Josias Jessop

Around this time he was involved in proposing a Birmingham to Liverpool Railway which would have followed a similar line to the canal, but the railway did not gain enough support.

BCN Main Line

Thomas Telford

He made a survey of the Birmingham canals and recommended the shortening and improving of the line between Birmingham and Smethwick, abolishing the Smethwick summit by a cutting through the hill, a new canal from Tipton to Smethwick on the 453 foot level and a new reservoir at Rotton Park.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Thomas Telford

Surveyed the line for the new main line, which he recommended should have twin towpaths.

Bridgwater and Taunton Canal

Act passed to renew the powers under the 1811 Act, which had lapsed, and authorise variations to the line. The new Act proposed an extension to Huntworth and Bridgwater Dock.

River Colne

Peter Bruff

Produced a plan for a ship canal to run parallel to the river from Hythe to Wivenhoe. He also proposed a 2.25 mile barge canal from Hythe to Lexden.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

James Green

He took part in a survey of the route, under the leadership of Thomas Telford, and signed the plans.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He recommended that the canal should be extended 2 miles down the estuary to Turf so that craft drawing up to 12 feet could enter the canal on all tides.

Grand Junction Canal

Sir John Rennie

He was employed to survey a route for a proposed London to Birmingham railway in direct competition to the canal.

Hertford Union Canal (Grand Union)

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Was appointed engineer.

Hertford Union Canal (Grand Union)

Sir George Duckett obtained an Act of Parliament to buld this canal. The engineer was Francis Giles.

Hants & Berks Junction Canal project

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He did a survey and proposed a 13 mile canal with a half-mile tunnel, one inclined plane and a number of locks.

High Peak Junction Canal project

William III Fairbank

With the revival of this scheme he did a survey, on behalf of Thomas Telford, for a Sheffield branch of the network, now called the Sheffield & Manchester Canal.

High Peak Junction Canal project

Thomas Telford

He was asked to report on the scheme.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

The first phase completed in June 1824.

Kensington Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Manchester & Dee Ship Canal project

Robert Stevenson

He surveyed a line for a ship canal taking 400-ton craft from the Dawpool (between West Kirby and Heswall) past Frodsham, Lymm and Didsbury to Manchester.

River Medway

Navigation was promoted by Act.

Pembrey Canal

Probably built around 1824.

Romford Canal

Robert Vazie

He announced a new plan for the canal with an estimated cost of under 60,000 with locks to admit the largest lighters navigating the Thames, Lee and Regent's Canal.

Scarsdale & High Peak Canal project

Thomas Telford

About this time he was retained to report on this project.

River Stour (Kent)

William Chapman

Was asked to adjuge between the Commission of Sewers and the navigation company.

River Stour (Kent)

James Morgan

He was employed to survey the river with a view to making some improvements in the navigation but produced a more radical plan than had been expected. He suggested that the shallow meandering river between Sandwich and the sea should be replaced by a new cut and a new harbour be built near Sandown Castle at a cost of 45,777.

River Stour (Kent)

Thomas Telford

He said that the Stonar drainage cut near Richborough had caused the harbour at Sandwich to become silted.

Thames & Medway Canal

Opened.

Tennant Canal

Opened on 13 May 1824.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

He estimated that it would cost 34,533 to build the branch from Salterhebble to Halifax. The enabling Act was passed the following year.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Nicholas Wilcox Cundy

Published a preliminary report proposing a canal 28 feet deep and around 150 foot wide with about four locks 300 feet long by 64 feet wide.

Scarsdale & High Peak Canal project

Joseph Haslehurst

He issued his prospectus for the 44 mile canal.

Birmingham & Liverpool Junction Canal

Thomas Telford

He proposes the idea of a new canal from the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal at Autherley to the Ellesmere & Chester Canal at Nantwich.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

William Chapman

Wrote a pamphlet explaining that his 1796 route for the canal could be used as the line for a railway.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

George, junior Leather

He recommended a piecemeal development plan for the main line from Leeds to Castleford with a 7 foot depth all the way. He also recommended a 7 foot depth on the Calder to Wakefield and a new cut.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

He published a preliminary report on the scheme.

River Stour (Kent)

Thomas Telford

His report supporting James Morgan's plans for the navigation was approved at a shareholder's meeting. Telford's report increased the dimensions of the entrance piers, basin and channel to Sandwich and estimated the cost of the 18 mile navigation as 67,650. This was later raised it to 76,858.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

James Fletcher

He supervised the work of repairing the recently colapsed section of Foulridge Tunnel, for which he was granted an increase in salary and 100 guineas "in consideration of his extraordinary exertions in repairing the tunnel".

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Nicholas Wilcox Cundy

He criticised James Elme's plan for a tida ship canal and soon afterwards announced his own Grand Ship Canal from London to Arundel Bay.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

James Elmes

He produced a plan for a ship canal costing 4m or 5m.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

He issued the full report of his survey, conducted with George Nicholls and James Green, proposing a 15 feet deep ship canal from Storford to Beer, through Creech St Michael, Ilminster and Chard, with 30 locks taking 200 ton ships.The estimated cost was 1,712,844 including two harbours.

1825

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Hammond Bartholomew

Appointed Surveyor and Clerk of Works to the Aire & Calder, the offical title for their resident engineer.

River Adur

Act of Parliament extended it to West Grinstead.

Alford Canal project

William Tierney Clark

Made a survey based largely on Jessop and Hudsons 1784 report.

River Ancholme

Promoted under Act.

BCN Main Line

The section east of Deepfields was built by Telford between 1825 and 1838, reducing the total mileage from 22.5 to just over 15.

Billericay Canal Project

Alexander Clark

Prepared proposals, with J & H Claytons, surveyors, for this navigation which was never authorised or built.

Billericay Canal Project

J & H Clayton

Prepared proposals, with Alexander Clark, engineer, for this navigation which was never authorised or built.

Bude Canal

Druxton Branch opened.

Bridgwater and Taunton Canal

Josiah Easton

He proposed a ship canal from Combwich to Bridgewater.

Baybridge Canal

May Upton

He estimated a cost of 5,958 to widen the River Adur in places upstream of Bines Bridge and to straighten the channel, provide new cuts over a length of 3 miles and 3 furlongs and to re-build Bines Bridge. This was to produce a navigation 28 feet wide, 4 feet deep with two 7-feet deep locks 75 feet long by 12 feet 6 inches wide.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

George, junior Leather

He submits two reports suggesting river improvements. The one for Doncaster was agreed with the corporation but the other between Rotherham and Tinsley was dropped due to an objection.

Durham Canal project

Barrodall Robert Dodd

He is thought to have been the surveyor called in by a group of Durham people to plan a canal to Sunderland.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

River Great Ouse

Thomas Telford

He reported on the silting at Lynn and recommended enlarging the Eau Brink by a third.

Hopkin's Canal

William Hopkin

Manuscript map shows this canal, built by Hopkins, who had earlier worked on the Stepney Estate.

Hopkin's Canal

Start date unknown but on a manuscript map of 1825.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

George Stephenson

His route for a Liverpool & manchester Railway was defeated by opposition from the canal company supported by the Sankey Brook, Ashton and Peak Forest companies.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

Robert Coad

Was engineer for the canal.

Liskeard & Looe Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Leicester Navigation

Edward Staveley

He was appointed joint engineer with his father.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He was asked to take the levels for the combined scheme of John Rennie, James Elmes and N W Cundy.

Liverpool Canal project

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He proposed a route linking the Bridgewater, Sankey and Mersey & Irwell by a Mersey aqueduct.

Manchester & Dee Ship Canal project

William Chapman

Reported on a scheme to build a 51 mile canal to carry vessels up to 250-tons from the River Dee to Manchester. He estimated the cost at 1,569,000 pounds.

River Nene

Joseph Aris

Appointed surveyor of the river and inspected the Eastern Division locks in a boat, which he had bought for 36.

River Nene

William, junior Thompson

The western commissioners asked him to survey the river and he found the locks badly constructed and in bad condition. He recommended that a surveyor be appointed "that understands something of the management of canals", the full-time employment of bricklayers and carpenters, the setting up of a repair yard and the booking of all materials.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

Sir Marc Isambard Brunel

Examined a 13 mile Padstow to Fowey route for a ship canal, including a large tunnel near Lanhydrock. He estimated the cost at 450,000.

River Stour (Kent)

Promoted by Act.

Tees Canal schemes

Henry H Price

He deposited a plan for a 4½: mile ship canal from the lower end of 1810 Mandale cut to a basin at Cargo Fleet, with enrance locks at each end.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

H Jacobs

He produced plans for a 4 mile branch from the Worcester to Alcester road to join the main line near Dunhampstead Tunnel. This branch was intended to serve the limestone quarries at Broughton Hackett near Upton Snodsbury but the Bill authorising it failed to pass.

River Weaver

Promoted by Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Blackwell

As the company engineer he was instructed to go into the North of England to see the operation of railways and locomotives and to report back to the committee.

Worcester & Gloucester Union Canal project

Thomas Telford

He surveyed the line and estimated the cost as 200,000.

Scarsdale & High Peak Canal project

Thomas Telford

At a meeting in Buxton he reported on the proposed canal line from Sheffield through Penistone to the Peak Forest Canal at Hyde, but the railway scheme that became the Cromford & High Peak Railway had been launched in June 1824.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Potter

As engineer in charge he began construction of Telford's new Harecastle Tunnel.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Thomas Telford

Work began on his new 2,926 yard Harecastle Tunnel.

River Stour (Kent)

James Morgan

Following a survey he reported that a canal from the proposed Sandown Castle harbour to Deal would cost 30,535 for a 1.75 mile canal that would take 500-ton vessels.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Nicholas Wilcox Cundy

A joint meeting is held to consider his and the other two schemes proposed. The meeting agrees that such a scheme could be achieved for less than 5 million and that it would be of great advantage.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

George Rennie

He proposes, with his brother, "a ship canal from London to Portsmouth, capable of conveying Line of Battleships and the largest Merchantmen" 86 miles long, 300 feet wide and 24 feet deep. The route was to be via Guildford, Loxwood and the Avon Valley. The cost was estimated at 7 millon. They were later asked to survey alternative lines.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Sir John Rennie

He proposes, with his brother, "a ship canal from London to Portsmouth, capable of conveying Line of Battleships and the largest Merchantmen" 86 miles long, 300 feet wide and 24 feet deep. The route was to be via Guildford, Loxwood and the Avon Valley. The cost was estimated at 7 millon. They were later asked to survey alternative lines.

Macclesfield Canal

Thomas Telford

Having produced two reports and an estimate he "most unequivocally" declared in favour of the canal.

North Walsham and Dilham Canal

John Millington

Canal cutting started under his direction employing a hundred navies from Bedfordshire.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Telford

He was asked to survey the navigation and suggest improvements. He reported in early August.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

David Davies

A meeting in Hereford decided to seek an Act for a tramroad fromthe Grosmont at Llangua to Wye Bridge, Hereford, on a line surveyed by him.

London to Portsmouth Ship Canal schemes

Nicholas Wilcox Cundy

He issues a report attacking the line and surveying methods of George and John (the younger) Rennie.

Monmouthshire Canal

John Hodgkinson

He was asked to survey the line to extend the Blaenavon tramroad from Pontnewynydd to a junction with the Trosnant tramroad at Pontypool.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

James Green

He surveyed a line for the Taunton branch of the canal.

River Weaver

Samuel Fowls

He was asked to estimate the cost of continuing navigation up to Middlewich, either by way of the Weaver from Winsford or by using the River Dane.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
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