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Waterways Chronology from 1812 to 1821

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Chronology Index

1812

Aberdare Canal

Opened.

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

He reported that only two more locks, at Penbank and Altofts, had to be dealt with before craft 18 feet wide could reach Wakefield.

Bedford - Grand Junction Canal project

John Rennie

He produced an estimate of 180,807 for a 15 mile canal between Bedford at the head of navigation on the Great Ouse and Fenny Stratford on the Grand Junction Canal.

River Great Ouse

Benjamin Bevan

Reports to the Grand Junction Canal Company on the poor state of navigation on the river. This may have prompted the company to reduce its subscription to the proposed Bedford canal from 12 to 3 thousand pounds.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Foxton Locks built as two staircase flights of five locks.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Peter Potter

Appearing for E B Portman in oposition to the Regent's Canal Bill he estimated the cost for the canal as 506,697.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Regent Canal Company formed.

Grand Western Canal

John Rennie

After it was decided only to complete the canal between Holcomb and Tiverton he encountered many unforseen difficulties and expenses.

Grand Western Canal

Promoted under Act.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Ralph Walker

He was probably the Walker called in to advise on increasing water supply to the summit around this time.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

David Davies

He was engineer for the canal.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

Edward Martin

Together with David Davies he was appointed engineer.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

James Pinkerton

He was appointed engineer.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

Authorised by an act of 1812 and built in two phases with a six year gap between the completion.

London & Cambridge Junction Canal

Authorising Acts were passed (and 1814) but little or no work was done.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Was appointed resident engineer and prepared detailed estimates for the Kendal extension, which he costed at 98,095.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was opened.

North Walsham and Dilham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Old Grand Union Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Found quicksands and other difficult geological conditions in the proposed line of Crick Tunnel that led to a realignment and 7,000 extra cost.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Navigation opened around this date.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He was asked by S H Copperthwaite, Earl Fitzwilliam's agent, to survey a line from above Sutton Lock to Pocklington. He said that this was impracticable and that the canal should join the Derwent at East Cottingwith. Without a survey he estimated that an 8 lock canal would cost 43,630 if taken to the Hull turnpike road plus 8,257 if continued another .75 mile and 2 locks into Pocklington.

Tees Canal schemes

John Rennie

He was asked to look at the advantage of a railway or canal from Stockton by Darlington and Winston. He reported in favour of a canal from Stockton to Winston, which he estimated at 179,578, and branches to Yarm, Croft Bridgenear Darlington, and Piercebridge estimated at 26,040.

Weald of Kent Canal project

John Rennie

In support of the Bill he told the Lord's Committee that 'it is without exception the finest piece of country to cut a canal through I ever saw'.

River Witham Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

An Act was passed for a 5.5 mile tramroad from Llanviihangel to Monmouth Cap which he estimated to cost 12,000.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He was asked by the Treasury to make a survey of the state of the canal and estimate the cost of completion.

Grand Union Regents Canal

James Morgan

He was appointed engineer with a salary of 1,000 a year.

Romford Canal

Ralph Walker

He produced a map showing a 4¾ mile canal with six locks rising 34 feet in total from Rainham Creek to Romford.

1813

Braunton Canal and River Taw schemes

James Green

He suggested that two drainage channels in Braunton Marsh should be connected by a lock so that boats could have access to the north part of the marsh.

Caledonian Canal

Muirtown four-rise staircase locks built.

River Cam

Promoted by Act.

Doctor's Canal

Opened.

Ellesmere & Chester Canal

Formed by the merging of the Ellesmere Canal Company and the Chester Canal Company.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Called in to adjudicate between Hock Crib, the originally proposed terminus of the canal at Berkeley Pill and Sharpness. He recommended Sharpness Point.

High Peak Junction Canal project

William III Fairbank

Did the survey for the proposed canal.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a final Act.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

He advised on two proposed schemes for crossing the Ribble. The first for a level crossing he considered impracticable. The second for a lower level aqueduct with increased lockage on both sides he estimated at 160,537 and thought that it would endanger water supplies.

Lydney Canal

Opened.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Robert Mylne

The navigation trustees asked him to advise them on the obstruction and injury to navigation a proposed bridge across the Mersey might cause.

North Wilts Canal

William Whitworth

He estimated the cost for the 9 mile canal with 12 locks at 52,000 and an extra 1,162 for the basin at Latton Junction.

North Wilts Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Rother (Eastern)

Netlam Giles

He did a survey on behalf of John Rennie for the canalisation of the river from Newenden bridge through Robertsbridge to near Mayfield.

River Rother (Eastern)

John Rennie

He supervised a survey, carried out by Netlam Giles, for the canalisation of the river from Newenden bridge through Robertsbridge to near Mayfield.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Wilts and Berks Canal

North Wilts Canal promoted by an Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Made the survey for the Bill that became an Act in June 1814.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

William, Junior Crosley

He completed the main work on the two reserviors at Cofton and King's Norton.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He reported that the canal was in "a very imperfect condition". Navigation of the eastern entrance was dangeous due to a range of rocks about 500 feet long that were only visible at low water. Shallow waters outside the western end made navigation of deep draughted vessels impossible except at high tide. Other works were also required and he estimated the cost of repairs as 18,251.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

May Upton

He began work on building the canal as resident engineer.

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

He reported his proposals for the canal from Rotherham to Sheffield having surveyed lines north and south of the river.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

As engineer responsible he reports progress on the building of the branch. The foundations for the bottom lock were nearly completesome canal was cut and puddled and bricks were being produced for the locks. Oak had been procured and was being sawed, and two lime kilns built.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He started his survey and was thinking of having another lock on the Derwent at East Cottingwith to raise the depth to 4 feet. He had seen several vessels stuck on a shoal here for 7 or 8 days. He was unable to complete the survey at this time as he was taken ill.

High Peak Junction Canal project

William Chapman

He produced a report which suggested linking Sheffield with Manchester through a 2.75 mile canal tunnel and a short link into the navigation. The scheme also included a railway with six inclined planes worked by steam engines.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Josias Jessop

He was called in to make plans for the Western Branch to Newport and estimated a cost of 28,268 but was later accused of not including the cost of puddlling and lining the canal.

1814

Cassington Cut

Opened about this date.

Forth & Clyde Canal

John Rennie

He prepared a plan for the extension of Grangemouth Docks which was estimated to cost 125,000.

Grand Union Leicester Section

The old Grand Union Canal, linking the Grand Junction to the Leicester line, was opened.

Grand Western Canal

Opened.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Appointed engineer.

London & Cambridge Junction Canal

Authorising Acts were passed (and in 1812) but little or no work was done.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He was appointed engineer.

River Nar

Charles Burcham

Drew a plan of the river showing some straightening of bends.

River Nene

John Rennie

He reported to the Bedford Level Corporation on a Nene outfall cut which included the recommendation for a 3½: mile staight cutby-passing Wisbech on the north side. The passage to Wisbech was to be controlled by flood gates and a lock.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Acts.

Pen-clawdd Canal

Opened.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

River Yare

William Cubitt

He was asked to advise on improving the river at Yarmouth and recommended dredging on the south side of Breydon Water and general improvements at the cost of 35,000. He later carried out another survey at Lowestoft.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Watford Locks Nos 3 to 6 built as a staircase flight.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

His 5.5 mile tramroad from Llanviihangel to Monmouth Cap was opened.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Sir William Congreve

A report on his "invention for saving lockage water" which he had patented the previous year. This he described as "the hydro-pneumatic lock".

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

The shareholders reject his proposal for the Sheffield Canal.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

Reports that there is one mile and three furlongs of canal cutting to be done and ten more locks to be built before the target opening day at the end of October.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He completed his survey and produced an estimate of 32,032 for the line to the Hull turnpike road near Pocklington.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He is asked by George Bagley, one of the promoters, to extend his survey across the turnpike road to Pocklington. He produces a plan showing a further 5 locks into the town.

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

He revised his ideas for the route on the south side of the river and proposed three reseviors, a branch canal towards Darnell and a steam engine to pump colliery water.

River Derwent

George, junior Leather

With reference to William Chapmans report on the drainage of the upper Derwent he said that above Yedingham the river was navigable to Foulbridge, and that two small locks would give enugh water for it up to its junction with the river Hertford.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Hodgkinson

A meeting was called to consider his report on the state of the Radstock Line of the canal and for proposals for making a railway on the towing path.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

Reports that there are still seven locks and over half a mile of cutting to be done. The revised openning date was put back to March 1815.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Rennie

He explained to the committee his plan for taking branches from his 'level line' into the counties of Ayr, Lanark, Haddington, Berwick and Roxburgh.

1815

Burry and Loughor Rivers

The river Burry and its continuation the Loughor, together with the Lliedi, were deepened and made navigable under an Act of 1815.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Dingwall Canal

Started.

Emmet's Canal

Not used after 1815.

Grand Junction Canal

John Woodhouse

He was given the contract to build 8 side ponds for Hanwell locks. It was later said that these were unusable due to bad workmanship.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Completed.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

The Northampton Branch was opened in May 1815.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He was sent to Scotland to investigate the possibilities of steam boats. He reported that "as Steam Boats and Engines are now constructed and navigated, it is not ... practicable". He concluded that their navigation was too shallow and circuitous for deep draughted steam boats.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Together with Netlam Giles he surveyed a route for the canal on behalf of John Rennie.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Netlam Giles

Together with Francis Giles he surveyed a route for the canal on behalf of John Rennie.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

John Rennie

The Admiralty having been approached for approval of the scheme by the canal promoters asked him for his advice and he recommended acceptance.

Pocklington Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Sheffield Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Tremadoc Canal

Opened about 1815.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Woodhouse

His Tardebigge boat lift is replaced by a lock.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Opened.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Welland

Thomas Pear

He reported on the poor condition of Deeping Fen which drained into the river.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the bad condition of Deeping Fen.

Wisbech Canal

Thomas West

Following a 1,670 bill for repairs he was censured for not producing reports on the defects at Outwell and not attending meetings.

Western Union Canal project

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Around this time he prepared a report and plan of the canal for the Kennet & Avon Canal committee. This was bases on a survey by John Rennie.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Marsworth Top Locks (No 1 & 2) built as a staircase.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Thomas Telford

He commented favourably on Hugh Barid's plan the canal, particularly on the line taken, but recommended that the number of locks should be reduced by joining the Forth & Clyde Canal at Lock 20 instead of at Camelon.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

George Overton

In May or June the 12 mile Bryn-oer Tramroad from a colliery at Bryn-oer to the canal at Tal-y-bont was opened, he having been the engieer for the work and a joint leasee after it was opened.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Sir William Congreve

He reported that there were some leaks in his hydro-pneumatic locks but every other part had been proved. This did not convince everyone and his locks were replaced by single conventional locks the next year.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Was told to construct side ponds for the four King's Langley locks as part of efforts to resolve a long running dispute over water rights with the owners of Nash mills.

1816

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wood

He succeeded Elias Wright as engineer and put forward plans for improving the navigation to Leeds and building a new basin there.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Elias Wright

He ceased his role as company engineer.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

Went to the rivers Thames and Trent to assess their dredgers.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He met the company's engineer, Thomas Bradley, in London to discuss dredgers. Donkin had previously sent a plan for a dredger to the company.

Glan-Y-Wern Canal

Revived as part of the Tennant Canal around 1816.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Rennie

He reported that if through trade increased the summit would be short of water in dry seasons. He suggested that priorty be given to the more profitable merchandise traffic rather than have the water used by cargoes such as limestone which paid lower tolls. He also recommended the enforcement of the 20 ton rule under the 1770 Act which allowed for a minumum toll at the twenty ton rate for boats carrying less or empty boats.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Fully opened.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Opened.

Tees Canal schemes

John Rennie

He made an estimate of 141,460 for a canal from Stockton to Darlington with a railway on to Winston. This was less than the cost of a canal for the whole route.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Opened.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He notes that in addition to the drains around Boston four other drains are navigable, these are Timberland Dyke, Carlton Dyke, Nocton Delph and Branston Delph.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

John Rennie

He employed Francis and Netlam Giles to survey the line on behalf of the canal promoters and reported to them proposing a barge canal from the tidal Arun at Ford to Salterns in Chchester Harbour, with a branch from Hunston to the city of Chichester. Existing dredged bargeways across Chichester Harbour would allow barges to sail or be towed to the Portsea island canal and a new 1½ mile cut with 2 locks would give access to Portsmouth Harbour. His estimate was 118,990 and later increased to 125,452.

Sheffield Canal

Henry Buck

Was appointed resident engineer.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

William Whitmore

The canal, for which he was engineer for the extension from Kingswood to Stratford, was opened. This length included three aqueducts the longest of which is Bearley.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

Was made responsible for the direction of repairs to the canal and made a detailed inpection of the canal works.

1817

Bude Canal

James Green

Together with Thomas Shearn he surveyed the line for the canal.

Bude Canal

Thomas Shearn

Together with James Green he surveyed the line for the canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He received an order for a dredger from the company.

Chichester Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Chapman

Was retained to advise Doncaster Corporation on a realignment of the river following a mill being destroyed by fire.

River Don

John Rennie

He was asked by the Don company to advise on river improvements following the destruction of Doncaster mills in a fire.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Great Ouse

John Rennie

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners jointly with Telford on behalf of the Lynn Corporation.

River Great Ouse

Thomas Telford

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Lynn Corporation jointly with Rennie on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Thomas Telford

He surveyed the canal on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners who agreed to lend 200,000 for the completion of the canal if 100,000 was raised by shares and that the company supplied any additional money needed to complete the work.

River Lark (Great Ouse)

Promoted by Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Opened.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

William Tierney Clark

Was appointed engineer and estimated that 97,755 pounds was needed to complete the navigation.

Tavistock Canal

Opened.

Red Jacket Canal

William Kirkhouse

As engineer he started building the canal.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He found a contractor to undertake the main repairs.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Left the company.

Lancaster Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Appointed as engineer responsible for for completing works north of Tewitfield Locks.

Aire & Dun Canal project.

William Smith

He was engineer for the project.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

He was asked to survey a canal route from Carlisle to the Solway Firthfor craft of not less than 70 tons. He was told he should "strictly adhere to the great ultimate object of connecting the east and west seas".

1818

Red Jacket (Neath & Swansea Junction) Canal

George Tennant with William Kirkhouse as his engineer, had started the Red Jacket (Neath & Swansea Junction) Canal in 1817, it was finished in 1818 and linked an existing coal canal to the River Neath.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

His new basin at Leeds was opened.

Arbroath - Forfar Canal project

John Rennie

He was asked to review the proposals made by Robert Whiworth and Robert Stevenson and expressed doubts about the financial benefits of any canal to Forfar. He suggested the line might be extended west along the valley.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

He was engaged in negotiations with Colonel Alexander Ranaldson McDonnell of Clanronald and Glengrry about the course of the navigation through Loch Oich.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

He recommended a canal from Fisher's Cross (later to be called Port Carlisle) to Carlisle, 50 foot wide and 8 feet deep with locks 74 by 17 feet. The estimated cost was 73,392 pounds.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Abandoned.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He was asked to report on possible improvements to the canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

About this time wrote to the canal company, following a loan to them, on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners complaining of John Upton's conduct in his dual role of clerk and engineer.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Ketley Canal

Dutens

Recorded that the canal was disused.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He resigned as engineer.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Richard Phillips

He was appointed engineer.

Pocklington Canal

Opened.

Romford Canal

A & C Driver

They were asked to comment on the scheme and replied that they were "very doubtful whether the projectors will be able to accomplish their object".

River Stour (Kent)

Thomas Telford

He advises against a canal from the river to Nagden Creek near Faversham to improve communication with the Thames & Medway, saying "an improved land carriage to Whitstable, or even to Nagden, would supersede, or so far divide the business, as to render it inadvisable to incur the expense".

Tees Canal schemes

George, junior Leather

He was employed by Christopher Tennant of Stockton to survey a line for the proposed Stockton & Aukland Canal. This broad canal with 50 locks was to run from the River Tees at Portrack, below Stockton, for 29.5 miles through Whitton, Mordon, Bradbury and Shildon to the River Gaunless at Evenwood. The estimated cost was 205,283 later increased to 225,283.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the bad condition of Deeping Fen.

River Yare

John Rennie

He was aked by Yaremouth corporation to examine William Cubits plans to improve the river. His view was that the plan would reduce the scour of Breydon Water but would leas to the silting of Yarmouth Harbour.

Carlisle Canal

Richard Buck

Around this time he assisted William Chapman in a survey of the route for the canal.

River Yare

Thomas Telford

His view was that improving navigation to Norwich would not harm Yarmouth's interests.

River Yare

James Walker

His view was that improving navigation to Norwich would not harm Yarmouth's interests.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

He gave the increased price of food and labour, the higher than expected cost of land, extra sections of canal that needed clay linings, more rock cutting than estimated and the assembling of dredgers in remote country as the reasons for the canal construction taking longer and costing more than was planned.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

Thomas Telford

He reported on two lines, one to the Ouse a mile below Linton Lock, the other to the Wharfe a mile above Tadcaster.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He is warmly thanked by shareholders for completing the work within estimate, although there was some overspend due to additional facilities add during construction.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was asked to help Thomas Wood, the company engineer, in a preliminary survey of a route from Haddlesey to the Dutch River.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

He was asked to do a preliminary survey of a route from Haddlesey to the Dutch River with the help of George Leather junior.

Romford Canal

Robert Vazie

At a meeting the proposals he developed with the promoter E Y Hancock were presented.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

He was appointed engineer for the Kington tramroad which extended the Hay tramroad over 12 miles to Burlingjobb.

Red Jacket Canal

William Kirkhouse

He completed the canal.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He was to survey a line to the River Ouse.

River Don

John Rennie

He was surveying the Dutch River for the Aire & Calder and found the bottom uneven, full of shallows and liable to silt and the banks in a poor state. He also said the river was 'much contracted at the three bridges, and consequently the current is so strong that it requires the upmost attention to pass the barges through them in safety - I was told by an experienced bargeman that vessels drawing 5½ feet water are frequently in ordinary neaps two tides in getting up to Newbridge'.

1819

Tour of the Grand Junction

Illustrated in a series of engravings; with an historical and topographical description of those parts of the counties of Middlesex, Hertfordshire, Buckinghams, written and published by J Hassell.

Bude Canal

James Green

Following the passing of the canal Act he subscribes 3,000 to the scheme.

Bude Canal

Promoted by Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

The company awarded him 500 as remuneration for his past long and valuable services. They also promised him a pension of 200 a year when he retired and added 100 a year to his present salary.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

Was appointed consulting engineer to the navigation.

Carlisle Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Coventry Canal

Promoted by Act.

Ellesmere Canal

George Watson Buck

Appointed engineer of the Eastern Branch.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Woodhouse

About this time he was appointed enginner of the Gloucester & Berkley Canal at 500 guineas a year plus expenses.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Left his post as engineer.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Raistrick

Appointed engineer.

River Ivel

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He estimates a cost of 11,000 to make the river navigable from Biggleswade to Langford Bridge, 32,000 for continuing to Hitchen and 36,000 to Baldock.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Left the canal company.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Loughborough Navigation

John Kiddey

As company engineer he reports that the navigation at Long Whatton and Kegworth bridge was dangerous and inconvenient and could be improved by new cuts.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Opened to Newtown in March 1819.

Newdigate Canals

Most traffic had ceased by 1819.

North Wilts Canal

Opened.

Sheffield Canal

Opened.

River Thames

John Rennie

Southwark Bridge, for which he was engineer, was opened.

Wilts and Berks Canal

North Wilts Canal opened.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

The company gave permission for him and John Tomes to make a private cut from the canal near Long Itchington.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Raistrick

He proposed a steamboat working on a chain laid in Standedge Tunnel could be used for towage but the idea seems not to have been followed up at the time.

Carlisle Canal

Henry Buck

Was appointed resident engineer.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

William Cubitt

At a meeting in Eye his report on a canal from Ipswich to Eye was presented. It included a tunnel through the hills at Mendlesham and was estimated at over 100,000.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He reports proposing a line from the Knottingley cut to Goole with a cut back into the River Aire at Bank Dole to give access to the Selby Canal, and a branch to the Dutch River at Newbridge. He estimated the cost as 137,700.

Ellesmere Canal

John Williams

The western line, which he built as resident engineer, was completed to Newtown, a distance of 7 miles 3 furlongs and with six locks.

Bude Canal

John Kingdon

He was appointed engineer and started cutting the canal.

River Don

George, junior Leather

He and Thackray did a survey of a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley on behalf of John Rennie for the company.

River Don

John Rennie

He was asked for an estimate for a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley.

River Don

Mr Thackray

He and George Leather junior did a survey of a canal from Sprotbrough to Wentmouth with a branch to Womersley on behalf of John Rennie for the company.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was asked to survey a possible branch to the limestone quarries at Womersley.

1820

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wood

He is dismissed for malpractice.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Promoted by Act.

Aire & Calder Main Line

Thomas Wood

He reported that the navigation improvements to Leeds were complete.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

Because of water shortages he is told to enlarge the pumping engine that lifts water from the Cold Hiendley reservoir.

Caledonian Canal

Five lock staircase built at Fort Augustus.

Carlisle Canal

Richard Buck

Was assisting William Chapman on the construction of the canal with his brother Henry working for some of the time as resident engineer.

River Don

Daniel Servant

As company engineer he produced an estimate of 25,302 for a cut from Doncaster to Stainforth.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Appointed resident engineer.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Opened.

Lancaster Canal

William, Junior Crosley

He is appointed superintendent for the whole canal.

Plas Kynaston Canal

Authorised.

Ripon Canal

Promoted by Act.

Trent and Mersey Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the Harecastle Tunnel and recommended it should be closed for a year for repair and that traffic should be diverted to a tramroad over the top, a by-pass along the Bath Pool valley, or a new tunnel.

River Ure

Promoted by an Act to extend the Yorkshire Ouse Navigation.

Stourbridge Extension Canal

Samuel Hodgkinson

He made a survey for an extension of the Stourbridge Canal to Shut End either by canal or railway.

River Don

John Rennie

He produced an estimate of 32,296 for a cut from Doncaster to Stainforth.

River Blyth

John Rennie

He reported on the deterioration of Sothwold Harbour which he attributed to the embanking of the saltings but could not identify a practicable remedy.

Carlisle Canal

Thomas Ferrier

Was employed as overseer of works.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Thomas Telford

It was reported that on his joint advice with Hugh Barid the three aquaducts (over the Avon, Almond and the Water of Leith at Slateford) were being built in an "unusually substantial and improved manner".

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Thomas Telford

He wrote to the company saying that John Woodhouse's son had been supplying the wrong kind of stone to the works at Sharpness, adding "I am of the opinion that it is absolutly necessary to employ as resident engineer a person wholly unconnected with Contractors for Material or Labour in any shape".

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Woodhouse

Thomas Telford wrote to the company saying that Woodhouse's son had been supplying the wrong kind of stone to the works at Sharpness, adding "I am of the opinion that it is absolutly necessary to employ as resident engineer a person wholly unconnected with Contractors for Material or Labour in any shape". As a result Woodhouse was dismissed.

Aire & Calder Main Line

George, junior Leather

He was given charge of construction of the new cut.

Carlisle Canal

Henry Buck

Resigned from his post of resident engineer.

Carlisle Canal

Thomas Ferrier

Following the resignation of the engineer, Henry Buck, he took over that role.

Barnsley Canal

George, junior Leather

He was employed to survey an extension of the Silkstone tramroad into the Worsbrough valley or for a new tramroad to that point.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He made his report on the state of the canal and was asked to dredge and straighten the channel and to repair the Double Locks.

1821

River Arun

James Hollinsworth

Was engineer for the river improvements needed for linking the Wey & Arun Canal with the Portsmouth & Arundel Canal.

River Arun

Act passed.

Barnsley Canal

John Rennie

He was employed to survey for a reservoir in the Silkstone valley. It was never built.

English & Bristol Channels Junction Canal project

James Green

Made a survey of the route and recommended a tub-boat canal with 5 inclined planes and 4 tunnels.

River Ivel

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He estimates a cost of 14,000 to make the river navigable from Shefford. It was later found that he had only estimated to Clifton Common and another 1,700 was required to take it to Shefford.

Retyn and East Wheal Rose scheme

John Edgcumbe

He surveyed the line and estimated the cost at 16,000.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Tennant Canal

William Kirkhouse

He started work on cutting the canal as engineer

Tennant Canal

Started in 1821, without any Act of Parliament.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Exeter Ship Canal

James Green

He finished the dredging, straightening and repair work on the canal.

Glamorganshire Canal

George Overton

He reported on the Port of Cardiff and improvements for better accommodation of the increasing trade on the canal, proposing canal deepening, straightening and a new basin so that 300-ton vessels could reach the wharves.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Rennie

He proposes that there should be "an intermediate basin & locks" at Goole where the canal was to join the Ouse. He also ageed with the company board that the canal depth should be 7 feet rather than 6.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Timperley

He rebuilt locks on the navigation with a six foot depth over the sills even though it had been decided that the Goole Canal locks would have a 7 foot sill depth. He seems not to have been told but it cost him his job.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the drainage of Deeping Fen and recommend the use of steam power.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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