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Waterways Chronology from 1808 to 1817

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Chronology Index

1808

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

He completed the building of the new Lake Lock.

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

He was consulted by the company concerning a dispute with Sir Thomas Pilkington over the building of new locks at Fall Ing.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

In making comments on Telford's proposals for the canal he suggests that a steam engine would be a cheaper way of supplying water to the canal than the Wigton branch unless the branch could be commercially justified and that the locks could be 65 by 16 feet with 6 feet over the cill rather than of Forth & Clyde dimensions. This would be big enough for the Mersey flats that were expected to be trading from Liverpool.

Ellesmere Canal

The navigable feeder from Trevor to the Dee at Llantisilo completed what is now the Llangollen Canal.

Grand Junction Canal

Richard Trevithick

One of his 4 horse-power steam engines was ordered for pumping out water during repairs.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Thomas Telford

He and James Barnes were employed to do another survey for a connection to the Grand Junction Canal.

Old Grand Union Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Appointed engineer at a salary of 500 a year plus 200 a year expenses.

Old Grand Union Canal

Thomas Telford

He and James Barnes made the preliminary surveys for the line of the canal.

Old Grand Union Canal

John Woodhouse

About this time he, supported by a Leicester group, put forward a line for the canal with a tunnel.

River Ouse (Sussex)

William Smith

He was appionted engineer.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Company defunct by 1808.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Witham Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

River Ancholme

Samuel Porter

He was the navigation engineer.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Woodhouse

The company agreed to trial an experimental boat lift that he had invented. Woodhouse was to errect this at his own cost and the company was to pay for excavation and masonry.

Grand Union Leicester Section

James Barnes

Surveyed a connection between the navigation and the Grand Junction Canal.

Cumberland Canal Project

Thomas Telford

He reported on the canal project adding that the 109,393 estimate could be reduced by 20,000 if the canal was built the same size as the Bridgewater or by 50,000 if it was a narrow canal. He said the canal could be extended to Eskdale and up the Eden valley as part of the route to Newcastle.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Woodhouse

His 12 foot boat lift at Tardebigge was ready for trials. A wooden tank holding water and a narrowboat weighing 64 tons was counter balanced by a platform loaded with bricks, the two connected by eight chains running over cast-iron wheels.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

He agreed to the suggestion that an iron aqueduct would be better than conventional brick to replace the colapsed structure at Wolverton and was asked, together with the company secretary, Charles Harvey, to make detailed investigations.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Walker

He surveyed the canal again and recommended that much of the line proposed by the Act should be abandoned in favour of a route with a long tunnel further west which would "be attended with much advantage in point of saving considerable Expence, and upwards of one Mile and one quarter less in length".

1809

Aike Beck or Lockington Navigation

William Chapman

He reported to the drainage commissioners that the locks on the navigation had raised water levels and caused flooding.

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Engaged as engineer for 500 a year.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

He acted as consultant to William Crossley in the re-surveying of the line to connect the canal with the Monmouthshire Canal.

Crinan Canal

Completely finished.

Croydon Canal

Opened.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

GU Aylesbury Branch construction was started at the end of 1809.

Grand Union Market Harborough Branch

Completed to Market Harborough.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Act.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

The canal reached Market Harborough.

Oakham Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Surveyed a line for extending the canal from Market Harborough to Stamford with a connection to Boston through the South Forty Foot Drain.

Oakham Canal

Hamilton H Fulton

He surveyed a line, under Thomas Telford's supervision, for the extension of the canal from Oakham to Stamford. There were also to be connections from the Welland near Market Deeping and to the Nene at Peterborough.

Oakham Canal

Thomas Telford

He supervised Hamilton Fulton in a survey of an extension of the canal to Stamford.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He wrote to the company clerk asking for his bill to be paid and was told that there were two plans for the future of the canal but it was difficult to get creditors together.The clerk ends the reply 'It is now running to ruin very fast'.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Thames

John Rennie

Following land owner's objections to the long cuts that he and William Jessop had proposed in 1805, he suggests nine pound locks instead.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

Portsmouth, Southampton & London Junction Canal

John Rennie

He estimated the cost of the canal with a tunnel at its summit would be 440,790.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Thomas Cartwright

He was paid for the work done under his contract.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas, junior Sheasby

He was engaged as resident engineer.

River Derwent

George, senior Leather

He is asked by S H Copperthwaite, agent of the Earl Fitzwilliam, to prepare plans to make the river navigable.

River Weaver

Samuel Fowls

Was appointed engineer.

River Avon (Bristol)

William Jessop

Water was diverted into the new cut from the floating harbour to the Avon so completing his 600,000 scheme for the docks at double his original estimate.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Advised on the prices and quality of stone for the peirs of the new Wolverton Aqueduct. He later recommended gornall stone from Cornwall for the piers before finding the equally good, but cheaper Hornton quarries stone in Warwickshire.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Due to ill health he left the post of engineer and was succeeded by John Woodhouse.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Woodhouse

Appointed engineer in succession to Thomas Cartwright.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Lays the foundation stone for the new Wolverton Aqueduct.

Romford Canal

Ralph Walker

He signed a map entitled "Plan for Proposed Canal from Romford to the River Thames". This scheme was for a canal from Rainham Creek with an entrance lock and basin from the Thames connecting to the River Beam by a cutting. The route to Romford would then have followed the river valley.

Aberdare Canal

Edward Martin

He re-surveyed the line of the proposed canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Thomas Newbold

His construction of the line to Market harborough was completed at the cost of 40,500 for the basin, buildings and 6¾ miles of canal.

River Weaver

Thomas Telford

He was called in to report on the works on the unfinished Weston Canal. In February 1810 he reported there "had been great want of judgement and method in executing the work".

1810

Aberdare Canal

Evan Hopkin

Together with David Hopkin he was the contractor on the canal.

Andover Canal to Basingstoke Canal project

Ralph Dodd

He advanced a scheme tfor a canal from Basingstoke to the Andover Canal by way of Overton, Whitchurch and the Test valley. This was opposed and soon dropped.

Annandale Canal project

Mr Jardine

He proposed the canal, which was reported to have an intended depth of 4.5 foot.

River Arun

John Rennie

He said 'the Arun is a very bad navigation, and barges navigating it experience great detention, from floods in winter and droughts in summer'.

Bristol & Taunton Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the route and estimated the cost as 410,896.

Bristol Junction Canal project

William Whitworth

He did a preliminary survey for the route.

Central Junction Canal project

John Rennie

Was surveyed under his supervision.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

W Bond

Together with J Dean he surveyed the line of the canal under Rennie's direction.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

J Dean

Together with W Bond he surveyed the line of the canal under Rennie's direction.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

John Rennie

W Bond and J Dean surveyed the line of the canal under his direction.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Hodgkinson

He and William Jessop were asked to report on the canal and the proposd line to Hock Crib.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Jessop

He and John Hodgkinson were asked to report on the canal and the proposd line to Hock Crib.

Grand Junction Canal

William, senior Thompson

Around this time he was appointed Northern District Engineer.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Grand Union Leicester Section

The old Grand Union Canal, linking the Grand Junction to the Leicester line, was Authorised by an Act was passed in May 1810.

River Hull

William Chapman

He completes the work on the River Hull land drainage scheme started in 1799.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Fully completed when the Caen Hill Locks were finished on 28 December 1810.

Little Ouse or Brandon River

A third act was passed relating to navigation on the river.

Lydney Canal

Promoted under an Act. Originally connected to Pidcock's Canal.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

Newcastle & Hexham Canal project

Barrodall Robert Dodd

He surveyed the line for the canal.

Nent Force Level

Completed by 1810.

St Nicholas Bay Harbour & Caterbury Canal

Samuel Jones

He was asked to do a detailed survey of a small ship-canal line from Canterbury to St Nicholas Bay, near Margate, that had been proposed by Robert Whitworth junior. He did the survey and also suggested a 18f oot deep ship canal from St Nicholas Bay to Deal, where a second harbour was proposed.

River Stour (Kent)

John Rennie

He was consulted on Samuel Jones' plans which he expanded. He estimated the upgraded plan as 155,207 of which 94,178 was for the harbour and wet dock, 54,042 for the barge canal and branch, and 6,987 for the approach road to the basin at Canterbury.

River Tees

William Chapman

He completed the 154 yard Mardale Cut, the first major improvement to the navigation, which saved 2.5 miles of river passage.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Walker

He increased his estimate from 40,000 in total to 37,715 for the tunnel and 16,989 for other work, telling the Parliamentary committee that this would be half the cost of building the previous line.

Thames & Medway Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Torrington Canal

James Green

He prepared a plan for a canal from Torrington along the eastern side of the River Torridge past Weare Giffard to enter the river above Hallspill and oposite Landcross.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Opened from Semington to Abingdon.

River Welland

Benjamin Bevan

Reports on the state of the navigation and recommended the building of a sea-sluice at the end of the cut from the reservioir would improve navigation and drainage.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Weaver

Thomas Telford

He was appointed consulant engineer.

High Peak Junction Canal project

John Rennie

He surveyed a 38¼ mile line with a 149 feet rise from the extended Peak Forrest Canal at Chappel Milton and a fall of 530 feet to the Cromford Canal. From Chapel Milton through a 2¾ mile tunnel to Edale, then down the Hope and Derwent valleys. Crossing the Derwent near baslow it ran through a one-mile tunnel to the Wye valley near Bakewell, so avoiding Chatsworth, and on to Great Rowsley before following the Derwent to Matlock.Another tunnel (1½ miles long) took the line to the Derwent Aqueduct on the Cromford Canal.

River Weaver

John Johnson

He is dismissed after the Weston canal was not completed on time and was well over estimate, and his methods and judgement had been critised in a report by Thomas Telford. He had worked for the Weaver for thirty years.

Grand Western Canal

John Rennie

As company engineer he starts the construction of the canal near Holcombe Rogus.

River Derwent

George, junior Leather

He completes the plans from his survey of the river which he did under his father's direction.

North Wilts Canal

William Whitworth

The Wilts & Berks Canal company sent a letter to the Thames & Severn company saying that he had surveyed a line from near Wootton Bassett to Ewen, above Siddington, on the Thames and Severn summit so joining the two canals. At this time this canal was called the Severn Junction Canal.

River Derwent

George, senior Leather

He proposed a navigation with two locks a "full sized" one at New Malto and a small one at Old Malton taking craft of 26 feet long with a 11 foot 6 inches beam.

Peak Forest Canal

Nicholas Brown

By this time he had completed a survey for a link to the Cromford Canal.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Did a survey for a group of promoters for the route of a tramroad from Brecon to Eardisley beyond Hay.

Lydney Canal

Astley Bowdler

He was dismissed from his post as clerk and engineer. He had originally been employed by the Severn & Wye company to build a tramroad but this idea was changed to a canal scheme.

Lydney Canal

Josias Jessop

He was appointed consulting engineer, on William Whitworth's recommendation, and drew up plans for the canal and basin.

Lydney Canal

William Whitworth

He recommended Josias Jessop as consulting engineer for the canal.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Surveyed the line of a tramroad from the canal near Abergavenny to Hereford.

North Eastern Junction Canal project

John Rennie

He surveyed the route for the canal which he considered favourable.

Bath & Bristol Canal project

John Rennie

He reported on his resurvey of the line which was to be 13½ miles and terminate at Old Market Street, Bristol. The cost was estimated at 343,030 including a branch to the Bristol floating harbour.

1811

Proposal to link Bedford to the Grand Union by water.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Surveyed the line for a 7.75 mile tramroad from Govilon through Llanfoist and Abergavenny to Llanvihangel.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Bridgwater and Taunton Canal

Promoted under an Act as the Bristol & Taunton Canal.

Caledonian Canal

Eight lock staircase built at Banavie.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

John Rennie

He was asked to report on the canal and the proposed line to Hock Crib. His estimate to complete the canal to this point was 128,656, higher than the estimates of John Hodgkinson and William Jessop the previous year. He also criticised the present standard of work on the canal.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

Fully open.

Grand Union Main Line

Wolverton Aqueduct (Over the Great Ouse) opened.

Grand Western Canal

Promoted under Act.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Opened.

Lydney Canal

Josias Jessop

His role of consultant ended when Thomas Sheasby junior was taken on as resident engineer.

Lydney Canal

Thomas, junior Sheasby

His was taken on as resident engineer.

Peak Forest Canal

Thomas Brown

As part of the Wright & Brown partnership he leased limekilns from Samuel Oldknow and managed them until about 1860.

Pen-clawdd Canal

David Davies

Made a survey for the canal with Edward Martin.

Pen-clawdd Canal

Edward Martin

Made a survey for the canal with David Davies.

Pen-clawdd Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stort - Cam Canal projects

Francis John William Thomas Giles

He re-surveyed the route with Netlam Giles under the direction of John Rennie.

Stort - Cam Canal projects

Netlam Giles

He re-surveyed the route with Francis Giles under the direction of John Rennie.

Stort - Cam Canal projects

John Rennie

He supervised a new survey for the canal carried out by Netlam and Francis Giles.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Together with Netlam Giles he surveyed a route for a 37 mile canal from Croydon Canal to Newbridge in the Arun valley, passing through Merstham, Three Bridges, Crawley and Horsham.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Netlam Giles

Together with Francis Giles he surveyed a route for a 37 mile canal from Croydon Canal to Newbridge in the Arun valley, passing through Merstham, Three Bridges, Crawley and Horsham.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Josias Jessop

He was appointed consulting engineer and made an estimate of 72,217 for the canal, later part of the route was changed and the estimate was revised to 86,132.

Wern Canal

Probably disused by 1811.

Whitby Canal

Probably closed between 1766 and 1811.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Standedge Tunnel was completed under the direction of John Rooth and the opening ceremony took place on the 4th April 1811.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

John Nightingale

Met with the Bridgewater Canal company to agree on action following protests from traders about the two companies agreed higher rates. Some rates were later lowered.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Appointed engineer.

North Walsham and Dilham Canal

John Millington

He did a survey for a canal from the River Ant near Dilham to North Walsham.

River Wye

James Cranston

The new towpath, probably constucted under his supervision, was completed.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Attends the openning of the new Wolverton Aqueduct for which he was engineer.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

William Jessop

He was called in to advise about the decision to abandon the idea of using boat lifts at Tardebigge. He favoured the lift because of his doubts about water supply and the high costs of pumping.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Rennie

He was called in to report on the Tardebigge lift which he found to work but needed to be carefully attended and he thought would not be robust enough for gereral use on the canal.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

William Dunsford

He was appointed assistant engineer for the Hay Tramroad and later became resident engineer.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

He was appointed engineer for the Hay tramroad and suggested a revised line, which he estimated to cost 52,743 18s.

River Stour (Kent)

John Rennie

He found that St Nicolas Bay bottom was quicksand and accepted the suggestion that a smaller harbour tham planned should be built.

Aberdare Canal

George Overton

He was appointed resident engineer.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas, junior Sheasby

He resigned his post as resident engineer and went to the Severn & Wye Railway & Canal Company as clerk and engineer.

North Walsham and Dilham Canal

John Millington

He did a survey for a canal from the River Ant near Dilham to North Walsham.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

He was reported to have been given the job of building a tramroad from Llanvihhangel to Hereford.

1812

Aberdare Canal

Opened.

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

He reported that only two more locks, at Penbank and Altofts, had to be dealt with before craft 18 feet wide could reach Wakefield.

Bedford - Grand Junction Canal project

John Rennie

He produced an estimate of 180,807 for a 15 mile canal between Bedford at the head of navigation on the Great Ouse and Fenny Stratford on the Grand Junction Canal.

River Great Ouse

Benjamin Bevan

Reports to the Grand Junction Canal Company on the poor state of navigation on the river. This may have prompted the company to reduce its subscription to the proposed Bedford canal from 12 to 3 thousand pounds.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Foxton Locks built as two staircase flights of five locks.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Peter Potter

Appearing for E B Portman in oposition to the Regent's Canal Bill he estimated the cost for the canal as 506,697.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Regent Canal Company formed.

Grand Western Canal

John Rennie

After it was decided only to complete the canal between Holcomb and Tiverton he encountered many unforseen difficulties and expenses.

Grand Western Canal

Promoted under Act.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Ralph Walker

He was probably the Walker called in to advise on increasing water supply to the summit around this time.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

David Davies

He was engineer for the canal.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

Edward Martin

Together with David Davies he was appointed engineer.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

James Pinkerton

He was appointed engineer.

Kidwelly & Llanelly Canal

Authorised by an act of 1812 and built in two phases with a six year gap between the completion.

London & Cambridge Junction Canal

Authorising Acts were passed (and 1814) but little or no work was done.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Was appointed resident engineer and prepared detailed estimates for the Kendal extension, which he costed at 98,095.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was opened.

North Walsham and Dilham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Old Grand Union Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Found quicksands and other difficult geological conditions in the proposed line of Crick Tunnel that led to a realignment and 7,000 extra cost.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Navigation opened around this date.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He was asked by S H Copperthwaite, Earl Fitzwilliam's agent, to survey a line from above Sutton Lock to Pocklington. He said that this was impracticable and that the canal should join the Derwent at East Cottingwith. Without a survey he estimated that an 8 lock canal would cost 43,630 if taken to the Hull turnpike road plus 8,257 if continued another .75 mile and 2 locks into Pocklington.

Tees Canal schemes

John Rennie

He was asked to look at the advantage of a railway or canal from Stockton by Darlington and Winston. He reported in favour of a canal from Stockton to Winston, which he estimated at 179,578, and branches to Yarm, Croft Bridgenear Darlington, and Piercebridge estimated at 26,040.

Weald of Kent Canal project

John Rennie

In support of the Bill he told the Lord's Committee that 'it is without exception the finest piece of country to cut a canal through I ever saw'.

River Witham Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

An Act was passed for a 5.5 mile tramroad from Llanviihangel to Monmouth Cap which he estimated to cost 12,000.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He was asked by the Treasury to make a survey of the state of the canal and estimate the cost of completion.

Grand Union Regents Canal

James Morgan

He was appointed engineer with a salary of 1,000 a year.

Romford Canal

Ralph Walker

He produced a map showing a 4¾ mile canal with six locks rising 34 feet in total from Rainham Creek to Romford.

1813

Braunton Canal and River Taw schemes

James Green

He suggested that two drainage channels in Braunton Marsh should be connected by a lock so that boats could have access to the north part of the marsh.

Caledonian Canal

Muirtown four-rise staircase locks built.

River Cam

Promoted by Act.

Doctor's Canal

Opened.

Ellesmere & Chester Canal

Formed by the merging of the Ellesmere Canal Company and the Chester Canal Company.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Called in to adjudicate between Hock Crib, the originally proposed terminus of the canal at Berkeley Pill and Sharpness. He recommended Sharpness Point.

High Peak Junction Canal project

William III Fairbank

Did the survey for the proposed canal.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a final Act.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

He advised on two proposed schemes for crossing the Ribble. The first for a level crossing he considered impracticable. The second for a lower level aqueduct with increased lockage on both sides he estimated at 160,537 and thought that it would endanger water supplies.

Lydney Canal

Opened.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Robert Mylne

The navigation trustees asked him to advise them on the obstruction and injury to navigation a proposed bridge across the Mersey might cause.

North Wilts Canal

William Whitworth

He estimated the cost for the 9 mile canal with 12 locks at 52,000 and an extra 1,162 for the basin at Latton Junction.

North Wilts Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Rother (Eastern)

Netlam Giles

He did a survey on behalf of John Rennie for the canalisation of the river from Newenden bridge through Robertsbridge to near Mayfield.

River Rother (Eastern)

John Rennie

He supervised a survey, carried out by Netlam Giles, for the canalisation of the river from Newenden bridge through Robertsbridge to near Mayfield.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Wilts and Berks Canal

North Wilts Canal promoted by an Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Made the survey for the Bill that became an Act in June 1814.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

William, Junior Crosley

He completed the main work on the two reserviors at Cofton and King's Norton.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He reported that the canal was in "a very imperfect condition". Navigation of the eastern entrance was dangeous due to a range of rocks about 500 feet long that were only visible at low water. Shallow waters outside the western end made navigation of deep draughted vessels impossible except at high tide. Other works were also required and he estimated the cost of repairs as 18,251.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

May Upton

He began work on building the canal as resident engineer.

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

He reported his proposals for the canal from Rotherham to Sheffield having surveyed lines north and south of the river.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

As engineer responsible he reports progress on the building of the branch. The foundations for the bottom lock were nearly completesome canal was cut and puddled and bricks were being produced for the locks. Oak had been procured and was being sawed, and two lime kilns built.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He started his survey and was thinking of having another lock on the Derwent at East Cottingwith to raise the depth to 4 feet. He had seen several vessels stuck on a shoal here for 7 or 8 days. He was unable to complete the survey at this time as he was taken ill.

High Peak Junction Canal project

William Chapman

He produced a report which suggested linking Sheffield with Manchester through a 2.75 mile canal tunnel and a short link into the navigation. The scheme also included a railway with six inclined planes worked by steam engines.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Josias Jessop

He was called in to make plans for the Western Branch to Newport and estimated a cost of 28,268 but was later accused of not including the cost of puddlling and lining the canal.

1814

Cassington Cut

Opened about this date.

Forth & Clyde Canal

John Rennie

He prepared a plan for the extension of Grangemouth Docks which was estimated to cost 125,000.

Grand Union Leicester Section

The old Grand Union Canal, linking the Grand Junction to the Leicester line, was opened.

Grand Western Canal

Opened.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Appointed engineer.

London & Cambridge Junction Canal

Authorising Acts were passed (and in 1812) but little or no work was done.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He was appointed engineer.

River Nar

Charles Burcham

Drew a plan of the river showing some straightening of bends.

River Nene

John Rennie

He reported to the Bedford Level Corporation on a Nene outfall cut which included the recommendation for a 3½: mile staight cutby-passing Wisbech on the north side. The passage to Wisbech was to be controlled by flood gates and a lock.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Acts.

Pen-clawdd Canal

Opened.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

River Yare

William Cubitt

He was asked to advise on improving the river at Yarmouth and recommended dredging on the south side of Breydon Water and general improvements at the cost of 35,000. He later carried out another survey at Lowestoft.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Watford Locks Nos 3 to 6 built as a staircase flight.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Hodgkinson

His 5.5 mile tramroad from Llanviihangel to Monmouth Cap was opened.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Sir William Congreve

A report on his "invention for saving lockage water" which he had patented the previous year. This he described as "the hydro-pneumatic lock".

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

The shareholders reject his proposal for the Sheffield Canal.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

Reports that there is one mile and three furlongs of canal cutting to be done and ten more locks to be built before the target opening day at the end of October.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He completed his survey and produced an estimate of 32,032 for the line to the Hull turnpike road near Pocklington.

Pocklington Canal

George, junior Leather

He is asked by George Bagley, one of the promoters, to extend his survey across the turnpike road to Pocklington. He produces a plan showing a further 5 locks into the town.

Sheffield Canal

William Chapman

He revised his ideas for the route on the south side of the river and proposed three reseviors, a branch canal towards Darnell and a steam engine to pump colliery water.

River Derwent

George, junior Leather

With reference to William Chapmans report on the drainage of the upper Derwent he said that above Yedingham the river was navigable to Foulbridge, and that two small locks would give enugh water for it up to its junction with the river Hertford.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Hodgkinson

A meeting was called to consider his report on the state of the Radstock Line of the canal and for proposals for making a railway on the towing path.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Benjamin Bevan

Reports that there are still seven locks and over half a mile of cutting to be done. The revised openning date was put back to March 1815.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Rennie

He explained to the committee his plan for taking branches from his 'level line' into the counties of Ayr, Lanark, Haddington, Berwick and Roxburgh.

1815

Burry and Loughor Rivers

The river Burry and its continuation the Loughor, together with the Lliedi, were deepened and made navigable under an Act of 1815.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Dingwall Canal

Started.

Emmet's Canal

Not used after 1815.

Grand Junction Canal

John Woodhouse

He was given the contract to build 8 side ponds for Hanwell locks. It was later said that these were unusable due to bad workmanship.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Completed.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

The Northampton Branch was opened in May 1815.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Arthur Gilbody

He was sent to Scotland to investigate the possibilities of steam boats. He reported that "as Steam Boats and Engines are now constructed and navigated, it is not ... practicable". He concluded that their navigation was too shallow and circuitous for deep draughted steam boats.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Together with Netlam Giles he surveyed a route for the canal on behalf of John Rennie.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Netlam Giles

Together with Francis Giles he surveyed a route for the canal on behalf of John Rennie.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

John Rennie

The Admiralty having been approached for approval of the scheme by the canal promoters asked him for his advice and he recommended acceptance.

Pocklington Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Sheffield Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Tremadoc Canal

Opened about 1815.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Woodhouse

His Tardebigge boat lift is replaced by a lock.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Opened.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Welland

Thomas Pear

He reported on the poor condition of Deeping Fen which drained into the river.

River Welland

John Rennie

He and Thomas Pear both reported on the bad condition of Deeping Fen.

Wisbech Canal

Thomas West

Following a 1,670 bill for repairs he was censured for not producing reports on the defects at Outwell and not attending meetings.

Western Union Canal project

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Around this time he prepared a report and plan of the canal for the Kennet & Avon Canal committee. This was bases on a survey by John Rennie.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Marsworth Top Locks (No 1 & 2) built as a staircase.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Thomas Telford

He commented favourably on Hugh Barid's plan the canal, particularly on the line taken, but recommended that the number of locks should be reduced by joining the Forth & Clyde Canal at Lock 20 instead of at Camelon.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

George Overton

In May or June the 12 mile Bryn-oer Tramroad from a colliery at Bryn-oer to the canal at Tal-y-bont was opened, he having been the engieer for the work and a joint leasee after it was opened.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Sir William Congreve

He reported that there were some leaks in his hydro-pneumatic locks but every other part had been proved. This did not convince everyone and his locks were replaced by single conventional locks the next year.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Was told to construct side ponds for the four King's Langley locks as part of efforts to resolve a long running dispute over water rights with the owners of Nash mills.

1816

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wood

He succeeded Elias Wright as engineer and put forward plans for improving the navigation to Leeds and building a new basin there.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Elias Wright

He ceased his role as company engineer.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

Went to the rivers Thames and Trent to assess their dredgers.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He met the company's engineer, Thomas Bradley, in London to discuss dredgers. Donkin had previously sent a plan for a dredger to the company.

Glan-Y-Wern Canal

Revived as part of the Tennant Canal around 1816.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Rennie

He reported that if through trade increased the summit would be short of water in dry seasons. He suggested that priorty be given to the more profitable merchandise traffic rather than have the water used by cargoes such as limestone which paid lower tolls. He also recommended the enforcement of the 20 ton rule under the 1770 Act which allowed for a minumum toll at the twenty ton rate for boats carrying less or empty boats.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Fully opened.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Opened.

Tees Canal schemes

John Rennie

He made an estimate of 141,460 for a canal from Stockton to Darlington with a railway on to Winston. This was less than the cost of a canal for the whole route.

Wey and Arun Junction Canal

Opened.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He notes that in addition to the drains around Boston four other drains are navigable, these are Timberland Dyke, Carlton Dyke, Nocton Delph and Branston Delph.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

John Rennie

He employed Francis and Netlam Giles to survey the line on behalf of the canal promoters and reported to them proposing a barge canal from the tidal Arun at Ford to Salterns in Chchester Harbour, with a branch from Hunston to the city of Chichester. Existing dredged bargeways across Chichester Harbour would allow barges to sail or be towed to the Portsea island canal and a new 1½ mile cut with 2 locks would give access to Portsmouth Harbour. His estimate was 118,990 and later increased to 125,452.

Sheffield Canal

Henry Buck

Was appointed resident engineer.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

William Whitmore

The canal, for which he was engineer for the extension from Kingswood to Stratford, was opened. This length included three aqueducts the longest of which is Bearley.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

Was made responsible for the direction of repairs to the canal and made a detailed inpection of the canal works.

1817

Bude Canal

James Green

Together with Thomas Shearn he surveyed the line for the canal.

Bude Canal

Thomas Shearn

Together with James Green he surveyed the line for the canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Bryan Donkin

He received an order for a dredger from the company.

Chichester Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Chapman

Was retained to advise Doncaster Corporation on a realignment of the river following a mill being destroyed by fire.

River Don

John Rennie

He was asked by the Don company to advise on river improvements following the destruction of Doncaster mills in a fire.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Great Ouse

John Rennie

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners jointly with Telford on behalf of the Lynn Corporation.

River Great Ouse

Thomas Telford

He was appointed to direct work on behalf of the Lynn Corporation jointly with Rennie on behalf of the Eua Brink Commisionners.

Grand Union Regents Canal

Thomas Telford

He surveyed the canal on behalf of the Exchequer Bill Loan Commissioners who agreed to lend 200,000 for the completion of the canal if 100,000 was raised by shares and that the company supplied any additional money needed to complete the work.

River Lark (Great Ouse)

Promoted by Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

Opened.

Portsmouth & Arundel Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

William Tierney Clark

Was appointed engineer and estimated that 97,755 pounds was needed to complete the navigation.

Tavistock Canal

Opened.

Red Jacket Canal

William Kirkhouse

As engineer he started building the canal.

Crinan Canal

Thomas Telford

He found a contractor to undertake the main repairs.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Left the company.

Lancaster Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Appointed as engineer responsible for for completing works north of Tewitfield Locks.

Aire & Dun Canal project.

William Smith

He was engineer for the project.

Carlisle Canal

William Chapman

He was asked to survey a canal route from Carlisle to the Solway Firthfor craft of not less than 70 tons. He was told he should "strictly adhere to the great ultimate object of connecting the east and west seas".

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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