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Waterways Chronology from 1799 to 1808

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Chronology Index

1799

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

As company engineer he proposed building a depot and workshops at Lake Lock on the Calder below Stanley Ferry.

Ashton Canal

Main line completed.

Digbeth Branch Canal

Completed.

Walsall Canal

Reached Walsall.

Bridgewater Canal

William Sherratt

His engine was used in a steamboat tried by the Duke of Bridgewater at Worsley.

Barnsley Canal

Opened to Barnsley.

Croydon Canal

Ralph Dodd

He produced a plan for a 12 mile canal from Croydon to Rotherhithe. It was to be a small canal taking boats of 10 to 20 tons, 24 feet wide and 3 feet 6 inches deep with two inclined planes and he estimated it would cost 25,000.

Fletcher's Canal

Benjamin Outram

He advised the company that a second lock with a small rise would be needed at the junction with the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal to avoid taking too much water.

Grand Junction Canal

William Jessop

He designed a three ached masonry aqueduct to cross the Ouse and replace the locks on either side of the crossing down to and up from the river.

Grand Union Leicester Section

James Barnes

Took charge of repairs on a burst reservoir on the Leicester Navigation. Surveyed a line to link the navigation to Braunston.

Grand Union Wendover Branch

Wendover Branch was fully open.

River Hull

William Chapman

He starts work on the River Hull land drainage scheme.

Isle of Dogs Canal

Authorised by the West India Dock Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

The canal committee received complaints about the management of the company affairs which developed into an attack on Rennie. He was later exonerated.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

He advises the canal committee to build a 5-mile tramroad from the South End at Clayton Green to Preston and to make a short extension to the North End of the canal from Spital Moss, thus connecting the two portions of the canasl across the Ribble.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

His contract was not renewed.

Monmouthshire Canal

Benjamin Outram

Recommends the conversion of the company's cast-iron edge-rails to plateways.

Monmouthshire Canal

The Crumlin branch opened.

Neath Canal

On 29 July 1799 the canal, extended to the Giant's Grave was opened.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Took part in arbitration on behalf of the contractors in a dispute with the canal company.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Whitmore

He and his partner, Norton, offered to build a balance (or geometrical) lift without payment, on condition that if successful they were to have 17,300 and a royalty of 4 pence per ton of goods passed.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Samuel Porter

He was engineer when cutting restarted, having previously been Josiah Clowes assistant.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

Published a pamphlet advocating the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Formally opened on 19 December 1799.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

With Standedge tunnel the only remaining major work to be completed, his job came to an end.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Benjamin Outram

At the request of the company he gave his opinion on a proposal that the line to Worcester should be completed as a tramroad.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He was employed by Mrs Bethell to do a survey.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

He estimated the cost of the 47 mile canal, 48 feet wide and 7 feet deep, at 24,576 and thought it could be built in two years.

River Lee

John Rennie

He was asked to survey the river to see if it could be flooded as a defence against an invasion by Napoleon. He raised a number of objections to such a scheme but the government went ahead with the works although they were never completed.

Leicester Navigation

William Jessop

The reservoir on the Forrest line of the canal burst and he estimated the cost at 6,193 for repairs and compensation.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

James Hollinsworth

He measured the work actually done on the canal and compared it to money paid out. This was done on behalf John Rennie who reported to the company in May.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Joseph Fletcher

Was given the job of assisting his brother Samuel on the section of canal to Enfield (Clayton-le-Moors).

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Samuel Fletcher

Was placed in charge of the section of canal to Enfield (Clayton-le-Moors).

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He was severely criticised by John Rennie in his report on the canal works.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

Having employed James Hollingsworth to measure the work actually done in comparison to the charges made he reported to the company criticising both their engineer Joseph Hill and the contractors.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Following complaints about shoals appearing after every flood he surveyed the navigation. In his report of 5th June he offers to contribute his time to rectify defects in the navigation.

Glamorganshire Canal

George Overton

He was appointed engineer for the 9½ mile Penydarren tramroad (opened in 1802) from Merthyr to Abercynon.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He was dismissed from his post of surveyor.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

William Jessop

He and John Rennine arbitrated on behalf of the company in a dispute with the contractors.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He and William Jessop arbitrated on behalf of the company in a dispute with the contractors.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

As resident engineer for the whole canal he reported that the canal was now open for 12 miles to Johnson's Hillock and almost ready to Clayton Green except for Whittle Hills Tunnel.

Lancaster Canal

Henry Eastburn

His contract was not renewed and by this date he was no longer a resident engineer on the canal.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Benjamin Outram

Recommends the conversion of the company's cast-iron edge-rails to plateways.

Horncastle Canal

John Rennie

He reported that on the previous day he had carried out a survey and that the navigation between Dalderby and the Witham was crooked and imperfect. He recommended retaining the navigation on the West side of the Bain and making an independent cut 30 feet wide at the surface, 28 feet wide at the bottom and 3½ feet deep at the estimated cost of 8,291.

River Derwent

William Chapman

Asked to report on the drainage and navigation proposals with the assistance of Isaac Milbourn.

River Derwent

Isaac Milbourn

He was asked to assist William Chapman to report on drainage proposals for the river.

1800

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Dudley Canal Line No 1

James (Birmingham) Green

Was working as engineer.

Daw End Branch Canal (BCN)

Completed.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

Around this date he gave up his interest in the dry-dock business on Mirfield cut.

Cassington Cut

This private cut of the Duke of Marlborough's started around 1800.

Caistor Canal

Closed.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

James Fussell

Tests on his vertical boat lift were made and proved successful.

River Don

William Jessop

He was invted to survey the river, consider the surveys made by Benjamin Outram in 1795 and Robert Whitworth in 1797 and propose improvements.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Robert Cartwright

Surveyed the line of the proposed navigation in preparation for the Bill to be presented to parliament.

Ellesmere Canal

William Jessop

In his report for the year he says it "wholly inadvisable to execute a Canal between Pontycysyllte and Chester" partly because of the opening of new collieries and a reduction in the price of coal at Chester.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

James Dadford

Was dismissed as engineer.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

William Jessop

It was reported that he was employed to report on the scheme.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

John Rennie

He made a survey, plan and report on Saltcoats Harbour and gave his authority to the canal scheme.

Horncastle Canal

Authorised by an Act to raise extra funds.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Varley

He was doing some flood repair work for the company and they considered him for work on the Standedge Tunnel. They were satisfied with his character but all his sureties backed out (his engineering reputation was not the best) so he was only used for some limited tunnelling work.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

Ralph Burton

Took the levels for William Chapman's proposed route.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Benjamin Outram

He produced plans for a tramroad from the canal at Risca to the Tredegar works.

Neath Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Surveyed the line for a tramroad on behalf of the company.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal

Completed in about 1800.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Act.

Peak Forest Canal

Opened with a connecting tramroad at Marple.

Whaley Bridge Branch

Opened on 1 May 1800.

Rochdale Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He left the company in dispute and unpaid.

Somerset Coal Canal

Benjamin Outram

He advocates the rebuilding of colliery railways as plateways to take 2-ton waggons replacing the 10 -14 hundred-weight trucks using edge-rails. The trucks would then be run on to rafts and horse-towed up two inclined planes.

Stourbridge Canal

James (Birmingham) Green

Was appointed engineer.

Stourbridge Canal

Abraham Lees

He was replaced as engineer by James Green.

River Tees

George 2 Atkinson

Surveyed the route for a narrow canal from the River Ure, near Boroughbridge, to Piercebridge on the River Tees

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

He produces a revised, shorter, route involving a long deep cutting and changes his estimate to 33,819 or 45,972 should a wider angle of slope be necessary in the cuttings.

Thames & Medway Canal

John Rennie

He was consulted and confirmed Ralph Dodd's line but advised a tunnel rather than a 2,000 yard cutting unless the ground was found to be very stable. He raised the estime to 57,433.

Thames & Medway Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Ure

George 1 Atkinson

Surveyed the route for a narrow canal from the River Ure, near Boroughbridge, to Piercebridge on the River Tees

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Completed throughout on 19 March 1800.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Open for trade on 19 March 1800.

Peak Forest Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

He proposes that the Derwent floodwaters be diverted by Muston to the sea and estimates a possible navigation extension at 4,197 pounds.

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

A new improvement committee recommend some of his 1796 proposals to the navigation commissioners. These include a towpath from Beverly Beck to Fisholme, the raising of Hull Bridge, a lock to be built on the Hull, river straightening, canal deepening and landing and bridge improvements.

River Parrett

Henry Lovibond

He built a railway to carry barges past the obstruction of Langport Bridge. By 1834 goods were being transhipped "on mens shoulders, and carried on planks under the arches".

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

William Chapman

Commissioned to survey a route for the navigation.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He reported the results of his survey and estimated the cost of the canal as 4,041.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

The canal was completed, he was given his five free shares and was retained as engineer on 150 a year.

Ellesmere Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the experimental boat lift that had been on trial on the canal.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Sutcliffe

He produced a report in which he found Witmore & Norton's geometrical (or balance) lock greatly preferable to Weldon's caisson lock, but thought it would be better to reduce its size to take 12-ton rather than 24-ton boats. He criticised Benjamin Outram's plans for plateways, and rafts to carry the trucks, saying their use on the narrow canal would cause damage. He also suggested locks as a cheaper alternative to Outram's inclined planes.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Longbotham

He asked the company for a small annual stipend saying he was in "the decline of life" and without employment. In return for some papers he held he was advanced some small amounts and the company paid his funeral expenses of 40.

Somerset Coal Canal

Benjamin Outram

Following criticism of his earlier plan he now suggests railways to join the levels, the coal being carried in containers on boats and transferred to and from the railway on cranes.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He is asked to re-survey the canal and to recommend improvements to the existing tramroad.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

William Chapman

Reported the results of the survey offering two alternative routes. An 8 mile canal with 12 locks could take Humber sloops and would cost 22,908 pounds. A 6 mile, 9 lock, canal taking smaller craft (54 feet by 9 feet) would cost 13,189 pounds.

River Ancholme

Isaac Leatham

He presented his report proposing a way of providing efficient drainage and navigation on the river at a cost of 22,975.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He reported that the canal could be built for 10,500 and that a tramroad 1.5 miles long to the Aberdare Iron Company's works at Llwydcoed would cost 1,500.

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

Alexander Sutherland

A plan for this canal, based on his survey was deposited.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

George Jones

He restarted work on the canal, having been made engineer on John Rennie's recomendation.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

Was asked to report on a tramoad from Woolroad to Marton that had been suggested by the Peak Forest company as a stop gap until Standedge Tunnel was completed. Nothing came of this idea.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Philip Henry Witton

Having completed the canal he left his post.

Croydon Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the canal line that Ralph Dodd had surveyed wirh inclided plans and on one with locks which was to use a different route through Penge Common, Sydenham, Brockley, New Cross and Deptford to Rotherhithe. The former, estimated to cost 46,516 would take boats of 5 to 7 tons while the locked canal, costing 64,100, would take narrowboats. He was not expecting much trade on the canal and pointed out problems with water supply.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was appointed engineer.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Ralph Dodd

He submitted a parliamentary notice for bridge near Runcorn which raised concerns about obstruction to the navigation but which went no further.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Outram

The double-track horse tramroad that he built to connect the two ends of the un-finished Blisworth Tunnel was completed.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

The final section of the canal he built, from Gilwern to Brecon, was opened.

1801

Crinan Canal

Opened but not completely finished until 1809.

Croydon Canal

Dudley Clark

Started builing the 9.25 mile barge canal about this date.

Croydon Canal

John Rennie

While the canal Bill was going through parliament the Grand Surrey Canal Act was passed so the Croydon Canal was shortened to join it at New Cross. His estimate for inclined plane canal set out in the Bill was 50,847. 4,500 of this was for inclined planes at New Cross and Deptford and 6,200 for two steam engines for hauling boats up the planes.

Croydon Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Douglas Navigation

All of the traffic was lost to the Leeds & Liverpool Canal by 1801.

River Don

John Copeland

He made detailed surveys to support Jessop's proposals for improving the river.

River Don

William Jessop

He reported in February and more fully in the summer proposing new cuts and locks at Doncaster and Conisbrough as well as supporting earlier proposals for a cut with 2 locks at Eastwood.

Driffield Navigation

Improvements were authorised by an Act.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Denson

He was resident engineer for the canal.

Ellesmere Canal

William Jessop

He left the post of consultant engineer.

Ellesmere Canal

Chirk Aqueduct opened, 70 feet high.

River Foss

Promoted by Act.

Galton's Canal

Built by Mr E Galton in about 1801 for the carriage of silt for fertiliser.

Grand Surrey Canal

George Dodd

He gave evidence in favour of the Bill for the canal.

Grand Surrey Canal

Ralph Dodd

Was apointed engineer at 600 a year.

Grand Surrey Canal

Robert Dodd

Was appointed clerk of works.

Grand Union Paddington Branch

The Paddington Branch is opened.

General Warde's (Yspitty) Canal

Charles Smith

Sold his interests in this canal, together with his brother Henry, to Major-General Warde.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Act.

Keyingham Navigable Drains project

Robert Stickney

The plan of his survey is deposited showinga new 1½ mile cut from the Humber to join the existing drain, which, apart from three shortening cuts, would then be used to the junction. The then existing Roos Bridge drain would then be utilised, but the drain to Owstwick would be extended by a short cut to the Roos-Burton Pidsea road.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Gannow tunnel was completed in early 1801.

Leeds & Liverpool - Leigh Branch

Samuel Fletcher

He estimated the cost of the branch with two locks at 29,826.

Leven Canal

James Creassy

The authorising Act required him to agree with William Jessop the width, depth and size of lock before work began.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

The authorising Act required him to agree with James Creassy the width, depth and size of lock before work began.

Leven Canal

John Rennie

Under the conditions of the authorising Act he was to act as arbitrator should a dispute arise between William Jessop and James Creassy on the dimensions of the canal.

Leven Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Nene

William Jessop

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with John Rennie.

River Nene

John Rennie

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with William Jessop.

Pocklington Canal

Henry Eastburn

It was decided to employ him on a survey of two possible routes for the canal.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

He leaves his post as engineer.

River Stour (Kent)

Robert, junior Whitworth

About this time he was employed to survey a 100-ton ship canal to Canterbury. He proposed a line to St Nicholas Bay west of Margate. He said that the harbour at St Nicolas Bay would piling over the whole area.

River Welland

Edward Hare

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with George Maxwell.

River Welland

George Maxwell

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with Edward Hare.

River Welland

John Rennie

He together with William Jessop produced a report on the outfall.

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

Appointed engineer.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

Submitted a design for an aqueduct with three 120 foot spans as an alterative to a tramroad crossing of the Ribble.

River Don

William Chapman

Became engineering advisor to the landowners effected by extensions to the navigation and produced counter-proposals.

Leicester Navigation

Thomas Telford

About this date he was called in to see if the Loughborough to Nanpantan rail link could be replaced by a canal.

River Stour (Kent)

John Rennie

He approved Robert Whitworth's line and proposed an increase in the size of the canal to take 150-ton vessels, a dock area at the sea entrance and a side lock to the Stour. He estimated the cost at 86,000.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He wrote to the company 'When is Mr Jessop and myself to look for payment of our Bill for the arbitration business of the Salisbury and Southampton Canal - besides the Arbitration there is a considerable sum due to me for the former Surveys and Reports.

Sheffield Canal

William Jessop

In a letter to the River Don company he suggests that an extension to Sheffield could be included in the River Don Improvement Bill. On the basis of a quick survey he thought locks should be grouped at Tinsley as back pumping would be needed and the cost of maintaining a steam engine may be too much.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Gibson

Around this date he produced a drawing for an aqueduct across the River Ribble with pointed arches, three of which spanned the river.

Lancaster Canal

William Jessop

He and John Rennie reported on the schemes for crossing the Ribble and recommeded a 640-feet long aqueduct 57 feet high with three 116-feet elliptical arches.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

He and William Jessop reported on the schemes for crossing the Ribble and recommeded a 640-feet long aqueduct 57 feet high with three 116-feet elliptical arches.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

The committee record that Rennie and Jessop have approved his plans for a tramroad as a temporary crossing of the Ribble valley.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Booth

Was assisting John Rooth in tunnelling at Standedge.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Rooth

Was assisted by John Rooth in tunnelling at Standedge.

River Ancholme

John Rennie

He produced a report based on his survey recommending the building of catchwater drains and the widening and deepening of the river, construcing two new locks and reconstructing the road bridge at Brigg. He estimated the cost as 53,921 which included 6,063 of navigation improvements. These plans were later modified and re-estimated at 25,413.

Horncastle Canal

W Walker

At a meeting it was recommended that he (being one of the shareholders not present) "from his great knowledge of mathmatics and numberless other reasons is a very proper man to superintend the execution of the works necessary to complete the canal".

1802

River Ancholme

Promoted under Act.

Barnsley Canal

Opened to Barnby Bridge.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

After surveying the area around this time he recommended that public works should be carried out to "furnish employment for the industrious and valuable part of people in their own country" and advised the building of waterways and roads in the highlands and a canal through the Great Glen.

Caldon Branch - Trent and Mersey Canal

John Rennie

He was engineer for the third rail line between Froghall and the Caldon quarries. This was a four mile double line of plateway rising 649 feet through a combination of inclined planes and normal gradient track.

River Foss

William Scruton

He suggests that the cut along the line of the river above Strensall, planned by William Jessop, should be replaced by a straight cut from Strensall to Sheriff Hutton.

Glenkens Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the route and estimated the cost as 33,382.

Glenkens Canal

Act passed but no work ever done.

Grand Surrey Canal

William Jessop

He reported on the state of the canal works following a dispute between Ralpph Dodd and John Rowe.

Grand Surrey Canal

Robert Dodd

Was dissmissed.

Grand Union Leicester Section

James Barnes

Surveyed a line from the Leicester Navigation to Norton with 16 locks and two tunnels.

Horncastle Canal

Opened.

Keyingham Navigable Drains project

An Act authorised navigation improvements subject to landowners approval but no work was done.

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

Francis John William Thomas Giles

Together with Netlam Giles he surveyed the route as part of John Rennie's check of Alexander Sutherland's work.

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

Netlam Giles

Together with Francis Giles he surveyed the route as part of John Rennie's check of Alexander Sutherland's work.

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

John Rennie

Netlam and Francis Giles he surveyed the route as part of his check of Alexander Sutherland's work. He confirmed Sutherland's main line and Lamberhurst branch and added another to Ashford and Wye. He estimated the cost at 175,653

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

Alexander Sutherland

His main line and Lamberhurst branch was confirmed by John Rennie.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Thomas Telford

He was called in to report on James Barnes' proposals for a line to connect to the Grand Junction Canal. He agreed with the start and finish points but proposed a longer course to the east with less lockage. This was to go through Market Harborough, the upper Welland valley, Maidwell, Cottesbrooke, Hollowell, Ravensthorpe and Hodenby, with a branch to Rushton at a total cost of 228,207.

River Medway

Navigation was promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

David Davies

Surveyed the tramroad from Sirhowy worksto Newport.

River Nene

Charles Handley

The commissioners called on his services to prove that there was a sufficient water supply to enable the Northampton Arm to be built to connect the river to the Grand Junction Canal.

River Nene

John Snape

He, together with Charles Handley, was retained by the Western Division commisioners to prove that sufficient water supply could be found for the Grand Junction Canal Company to build a canal link to Northampton.

Oakham Canal

Completed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Pontey

He was consulted on the propsal to take a cut from above Strensall to Sheriff Hutton bridge. He approved the idea and was given charge of the work. The cut was open by about the end of June 1804.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Opened this year or 1803.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Stainforth & Keaby Canal opened.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Tavistock Canal

Hitchins

He and John Taylor did a survey for the tub-boat canal and estimated the cost as 40,000.

Tavistock Canal

John Taylor

He and Mr Hitchins did a survey for the tub-boat canal and estimated the cost as 40,000.

Woodeaves Canal

Built about 1802.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He reported that the canal was complete.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Woodhouse

He had made a bid for a contract to dig the middle section of the tunnel but withdrew when he got a contract on Blisworth Tunnel on the Grand Junction Canal.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He was asked to advise on Kirkstead Lock which was in poor condition and had collapsed in a flood. He recommended removing the lock and rebuilding at a new site.

Beverley Beck

William Chapman

He designed Grovehill lock at the the point where the Beck meets the River Hull. As engineer to the Beverly & Barmstom Drainage he had built a tunnel under the Beck and had advised that a lock be built to maintain sufficient depth.

Rochdale Canal

William, Junior Crosley

Appointed engineer under William Jessop's supervision.

Rochdale Canal

Thomas Townshend

He left the company.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Did a survey to extend the canal from Gilwern to Llanfoist, having replaced Thomas Dadford as engineer for the canal.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

William Underhill

He was perhaps the "Underhill" who reported to the shareholder's meeting on the cost of completing the Frome branch and on the present and future supplies from local collieries.

Grand Surrey Canal

Ralph Dodd

He was given a gratuity and dismissed as engineer ostensibly because he was engaged on other work and was too expensive, although there is evidence that he did work without authorisation and had a disagreement with the chairman. He then attacked his replacement, John Rowe, and the canal committee but was still given some work by the company after this.

Grand Surrey Canal

John Rowe

About this date he was appointed engineer.

Neath Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Surveyed the line for a tramroad with James Birch.

Grand Junction Canal

John Woodhouse

He was one of several contractors engaged to build Blisworth Tunnel.

Sheffield Canal

William III Fairbank

Worked with William Dunn on surveying a line for the canal.

Sheffield Canal

William Dunn

He agrees to survey the line from Tinsley to Sheffield and proposes using 4 locks on the River Don then a canal with 5 locks from Brightside.

Pocklington Canal

William Chapman

Produced a report considering three lines for the canal of 8, 9.5 amd 13.5 miles in length and recommends the longest one.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He started a three-day survey of the river and later recommended that either the navigable drains should be used to reach Boston below the Grand Sluice, or that the Grand Sluice should be by-passed by a new cut to the south.

1803

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

Caledonian Canal

William Jessop

He was appointed consulting engineer for the project.

Caledonian Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Cottingham & Hull Canal project

Thomas Dyson

Was consulted about the estimate for the canal.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

Abandoned around 1803.

Fossdyke Canal

John Rennie

He proposed drainage and other works estimated at 12,260.

Leominster Canal

John Hodgkinson

He suggests tramroads as a cheaper alternative to canal cutting for connecting the canal to Kington and Stourport. An Act was passed in August to authorise the building of these tramroads.

London - Portsmouth Canal project

John Rennie

He put forward a canal route to rival William Jessop's proposal for a railway connection. The canal was to be 100 mile long with 41 locks and a 4,400 yard tunnel between Coulsdon and Merstham. From the Croydon Canal it was to run through Merstham, Crawley, Ifield, Horsham Common, Pulborough, Mundham, Chichester, Emsworth and Havant to Portsmouth. He also suggested branches to the Medway, Ouse, Adur and Arun. He estimates the cost without branches to be 720,649 for a broad canal and 571,621 for a narrow canal.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Walker

He surveyed the uncompleted canal and found that much more money was needed to complete the work. He also suggested a a line ¾ mile shorter than planned with cutting depths of up to 100 feet .

Tavistock Canal

John Taylor

Started work as engineer on the canal tunnel.

Tavistock Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Wisbech Canal

Thomas West

For some years he had given the company satisfactory service as engineer at very moderate fees so now he was given a gratuity of 5 guineas.

River Witham Navigation

John Rennie

He recommended the replacing of High Bridge with a bridge giving a clear waterway of 34 feet. The estimate for his proposals that included substantial drainage works was 58,400.

Neath Canal

Evan Hopkin

He was engineer for the 8 mile tramroad from the canal head at Pont Walby to Aber-nant. It was finished within two years.

River Don

William Jessop

A parliamentary Bill was introduced for improvements based on his 1801 report.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

Around this time he was appointed principal engineer at a daily rate of 3 guineas plus travelling expenses.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He estimated that 9,950 was needed to complete the canal and 2,000 to repair deterioration.

Swansea Canal

Edward Martin

He reported to the Swansea corporation on the advantages of extending the canal to Oystermouth to carry limestone from the Mumbles cliffs. He was then asked to do a survey and estimate and to consider the use of a tramroad.

1804

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

He reported that better work was now being done more cheaply at the Lake Lock depot. There were 9 carpenters, 4 sawyers, 4 blacksmiths, a blockmaker with his boy and a sailmaker and an assistant. He wrote that "a better set of Workmen are not to be found in any Yard in the Kingdom, not only as to their ability in their Profession but also for their Industry, Sobriety and good Conduct".

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Opened from Marston to Moria.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

James Watt

He became a member of the canal company committee and remained so for the rest of his life.

Barnsley Canal

Fully open.

Caledonian Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Completed.

River Derwent

Ralph Burton

Produced a plan of the river from the Rye junction to Yedingham Bridge "for an Intended Navigation".

Glamorganshire Canal

Richard Trevithick

His locomotive ran on the canal company's Penydarren Tramroad.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

He estimated that 415,100 more was needed for construction.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

James Fletcher

Appointed joint surveyor with his uncle Joseph Fletcher.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Joseph Fletcher

Appointed joint surveyor with his nephew James Fletcher.

Leven Canal

Completed around 1804.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was promoted by Act.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Charles McNiven

Around this time he was probably the engineer who built a 7.75 mile cut from the navigation at Latchford to the entrance lock into the Mersey at Runcorn.

Monmouthshire Canal

John Hodgkinson

He made plans to extend the canal by half a mile at Newport eliminating the Town Lock and the tunnel.

Peak Forest Canal

Marple Locks were opened.

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

Rochdale Canal

Opened.

Royal Military Canal

George Jones

He is working on the canal.

Sheffield Canal

William Jessop

He was asked by the River Don company to report on the possibility of a railway instead of a canal on the route.

Swansea Canal

John Royle

As canal engineer he was instructed to make out 'the allotments and alterations of the Wharfs and communication with the Tramroad required by the Oystermouth Tramroad Act'.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

He had probably ceased working on the canal by this date.

Thames & Medway Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Thomas Green

He was appointed engineer when Thomas Sheasby left due to ill-health.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He left his post of engineer due to ill-health.

Rochdale Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Together with Henry Provis was asked to prepare fresh estimates for the Wolverton Aqueduct following the contractors' claims for extra payments.

Grand Junction Canal

Henry Provis

Together with Benjamin Bevan was asked to prepare fresh estimates for the Wolverton Aqueduct following the contractors' claims for extra payments.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Bevan

Having supervised repair work on the Wendover Arm he now proposed a new reservoir for storing water from the summit. The new reservior at marsworth was built in 1806.

London - Portsmouth Canal project

John Rennie

The Bill for his planned canal was defeated.

Caledonian Canal

William Jessop

He estimated the cost of the canal as 474,500 excluding land purchase.

Grand Junction Canal

John Woodhouse

He was appointed superintendent of tunnel workmen under James Barnes.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

George Jones

He issues a writ for the payment of his salary. No payment was made and sheriffs seived portions of the canal.

Caledonian Canal

William Jessop

He advised Thomas Telford to appoint two resident engineers or superintendents.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

On William Jessop's advice he appointed Matthew Davison and John Telford as resident engineers.

Rochdale Canal

Charles McNiven

He writes to the Liverpool corporation and points out that although the Rochdale Canal is not complete "timber & other goods" from Hull are arriving at Manchester through that route even "under the disadvantage of twelve miles of land carriage".

River Lee

John Rennie

Following a survey of the navigaion he made a report proposing two new cuts. The first was to avoid the mills and millstreams at Enfield, Tottenham and Lee Bridge. The second was to avoid the course from Old Ford to Bow Bridge. No actiion was taken on this.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the route estimating that a canal for vessels of 25 tons would cost 130,960 or 166,711 if 60-ton vessels were to be used.

Peak Forest Canal

Thomas Brown

The opening of Marple Locks, for which he was engineer. These were to replace the Marple tramroad.

Royal Military Canal

John Rennie

He is retained as consultant.

River Rother (Eastern)

John Rennie

He described the Scots Float sluice, used for access between the river and the Royal Millitary Canal, as being 'very inconvenient and illadapted to the present vessels which navigate the Rother'.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

James Austin

Appointed surveyor.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert, junior Whitworth

He, or his brother William, probably took over and completed the canal following their father's death in 1799.

Dearne and Dove Canal

William Whitworth

He, or his brother Robert, probably took over and completed the canal following their father's death in 1799.

1805

Aberdeenshire Canal

Was opened.

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Made a survey for a tramroad between Brecon and Hay.

Caledonian Canal

William Jessop

He and Thomas Telford decided that a basin should be made for Corpach sea-lock and that the locks should be arranged as staircase flights to save expense.

Caledonian Canal

Thomas Telford

He and William Jessop decided that a basin should be made for Corpach sea-lock and that the locks should be arranged as staircase flights to save expense.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He recommended James Hollinsworth as resident engineer.

Driffield Navigation

Improvements completed.

Ellesmere Canal

Pontcysylite Aqueduct - 121 feet above the River Dee. Opened.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Ralph Walker

An Act was passed based on his proposal to extend the main line and then build a branch to Hock Crib. 80,000 in shares was needed to finance the work.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

Grand Junction Canal

Grand Junction opened a double track tramroad in October 1805 while the Northampton Branch was awaiting completion. Blisworth Tunnel was completed.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

James Austin

Absconded from his post as surveyor and had a ten guineas reward placed on his head by the trustees of the navigation.

Isle of Dogs Canal

Completed.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

James Fletcher

Reported jointly with Joseph Fletcher on alternative links to the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Joseph Fletcher

Reported jointly with James Fletcher on alternative links to the Manchester, Bolton and Bury Canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

A new Act was obtained.

Lancaster Canal

William Miller

He made two surveys for the continuation of the canal to Kendal, one through Hincaster with a 340-yard tunnel and the other a more direct route with a 670-yard tunnel at Rains Hall at the cost of 71,755 for the cheaper option. He also suggested a 13-mile tramroad with three inclined planes at a cost of 38,575.

River Lee

Promoted under Act.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

John Nightingale

Was appointed as the first full manager-engineer of the company at 500 a year with house, horse-keep and expenses when away from home.

Manchester & Salford Junction Canal

John Nightingale

Was asked by the Mersey & Irwell company to estimate the cost of this link.

River Mersey

Act of Parliament enabled the collection of tolls.

Peak Forest Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Perth Canal projects

John Rennie

Gave guidance to Robert Frazer in drawing up his plan for the canal.

Somerset Coal Canal

Opened.

River Thames

William Jessop

He and John Rennie surveyed the river from Kew to Boulter's Lock and recommended contracting and deepening the channel or preferably the building of long cuts and 5 pound-locks.

River Thames

John Rennie

He and William Jessop surveyed the river from Kew to Boulter's Lock and recommended contracting and deepening the channel or preferably the building of long cuts and 5 pound-locks.

River Wye

William Jessop

He made a survey of the river and notice of a Bill for improvement of the navigation was made.

Grand Junction Canal

Opened.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Secured a contract to finish the canal from Hopwood wharf to the entrance of the cutting leading to Tardebigge Tunnel.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Thomas Newbold

He was appointed to build the line to Market Harborough.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

He was ordered to lay out the line for a 2.5 mile tramway to Silkstone but it was not to be built for several years due to lack of money.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
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