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Waterways Chronology from 1796 to 1805

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Chronology Index

1796

Aberdeenshire Canal

John Rennie

He was appointed consulting engineer.

Aberdeenshire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Ashton Canal

Completed, except for the Ancoats to Piccadilly section, about this year.

Bath & Bristol Canal project

John Rennie

He surveyed the route as a proposed extension to the Kennet & Avon Canal.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

Benjamin Timmins

He is given charge of the works except for Lappal Tunnel and Leasowes Aqueduct, which were being supervised by William Underhill.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

William Underhill

He is given charge of the works for Lappal Tunnel and Leasowes Aqueduct.

Bude Canal

John Rennie

He was consulted by Lord Stanhope on the idea of a 'pendenter' that was a type of vertical boat lift.

Coombe Hill Canal

Opened.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

Authorised by an Act of 1796 but never opened.

Donnington Wood Canal

Completion of the Pitchcroft Branch.

Derby Canal

Fully open.

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

Produced plans and estimates for improving the navigation.

Earl of Ashburnham's Canal

Canal being built, or perhaps extended.

River Foss

William Scruton

He was appointed engineer and completed the two Oulston Moor reservoirs and the line to Strensall.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Jessop

He and Robert Whitworth were consulted about changes to the line.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Grand Union Leicester Section

James Barnes

Called in to assess the line of Saddington Tunnel. He judged it was not straight but did not consider the problem serious.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

James Barnes

Surveyed a line for the branch on behalf of the Grand Junction Canal Company and estimated the cost at 25,349.

Grand Western Canal

Promoted under Act.

River Hull

William Chapman

Both he and William Jessop submitted reports on land drainage schemes for the river.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Act.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Leominster Canal

18.5 miles, and 16 locks, open by 1796 but no further progress, or connection to any other waterway, was made.

London & Southampton Ports Junction Canal project

Joseph Hill

He did a survey for the proposed canal and estimated the cost at 127,000.

London & Southampton Ports Junction Canal project

George Smith

He made a survey of the route and estimated the cost as 157,566.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Completed.

Melton Mowbray Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He produced a plan for the extension of the canal one and a half miles from the Newport Town Pill.

Monmouthshire Canal

Main line opened.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

John Sutcliffe

He rejected Ralph Dodd's plans and proposed a different Stella to Hexham line 44 feet wide at the surface and 6 feet deep taking craft between 50 and 60 tons, but not exsisting keels. This 17 mile, 18 lock route was estimated at almost 90,000 to bring a revenue of 23,460 and a net yield of 17,595.

Nottingham Canal

Opened.

Nutbrook Canal

Opened about 1796.

Oxford Canal (Southern Section)

Isis Lock was opened.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was engaged in a scheme for a line from the canal near Marple to run above Macclesfield and past Rudyard to the Caldon Branch about 4 miles from Leek. This proposal also included a reservoir at Rudyard.

Polbrock Canal

John Rennie

About this time he directed James Murray in a survey for the 5½ mile canal from Wadebridge along the western side of the river past Polbrock to Dunmere, with a ½ mile branch to near Ruthernbridge.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

James Murray

He resurveyed a shorted route, that ended at Dunmere about 1.5 miles from Bodmin, under John Rennies direction.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

John Rennie

He was asked to comment on the plans and suggested a canal using pairs of narrow boats 35 feet long and 7 feet 6 inches wide. Although he expected useful traffic from the coast inland he did not forsee much coast to coast use of the navigation and suggested a navigation from Guinea Port near Wadebridge to Bodmin - see the Polbrock Canal.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Bennet

Appointed engineer.

Shropshire Union - Llangollen Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Swansea Canal

Part open.

Tees Canal schemes

Ralph Dodd

Surveyed the Tees and proposed a canal from Stockton to Darlington and Staindrop to Winton with branches to the River Wear near Durham and the River Ure at Boroughbridge.

Tamar Manure Navigation

John Rennie

He was asked his opinion on the works and was critical of the decision to deepen to 7 foot and build a basin at Nutstakes. He proposed that the canal section be 3 feet deep with a 20 feet width at the surface to take 10 to 12 ton boats if locks were used or 5 to 6 tons if inclined planes. Boats had to be kept small so they could use the inclined plans on the Bude Canal should a connection ever be made.

Tamar Manure Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

Trewyddfa Canal

Opened.

Ulverston Canal

Opened in 1796.

Warwick & Napton Canal

The line change, to join the Oxford Canal at Napton, was authorised by an Act of 14 May 1796.

London & Southampton Ports Junction Canal project

John Chamberlain

Made an early survey for this route.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to make an inspection of the works following the death of Josiah Clowes and before the appointment of William Underhill as engineer.

Grand Junction Canal

James Barnes

Proposes a different line for Blissworth Tunnel due to excessive water in the workings of the original tunnel.

Grand Junction Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was called in to advise on the problems of Blisworth Tunnel and supported James Barnes idea for a tunnel on a slightly different line.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Benjamin Outram

Following an inspection of the works he reported that 26,924 would be needed to complete the canal with wide locks and bridge-holes.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Sutcliffe

He left his post of chief engineer.

River Parrett

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to examine the works and to estimate the costs of completion.

Rochdale Canal

Thomas Bradley

Appointed resident engineer.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

John Sutcliffe

Around this time he produced another report for the extension of the canal to Haydon Bridge and rported on the north side line with a detailed estimate and attacked Ralph Dodd, William Chapman and especially William Jessop.

Grand Junction Canal

John Rennie

He supported James Barnes' proposal for Blisworth Tunnel to be built on a slightly different line to overcome various problems.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He gave up his previous half-year's salary because he had not found it necessary to visit the works as often as he expected when he took the job. This 'liberal offer' was repaid with a piece of plate valued at 20 guineas.

Warwick & Napton Canal

William Felkin

The committee decide to replace him with an engineer that was not also employed elsewhere.

Warwick & Napton Canal

John Turpin

He was briefly appointed engineer.

Macclesfield Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reported to a meeting at Macclesfield the results of his survey. It was agreed that a canal from the Peak Forest by way of Rudyard to the Caldon line at Endon would be advantageous, with a branch canal or railway from Poynton and Norbury to Stockport. He estimates were 90,000 for the project bringing a revenue of 10,175 a year.

Rochdale Canal

William Jessop

He inspected the works and reported favourably on what had been done.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

He was appointed engineer at 350 guineas a year including valuation fees, plus five free shares on the satisfactory completion of the work.

Helston Canal project

Robert Fulton

Together with the surveyor, Charles Moody, proposed a 14 mile tub-boat canal across Cornwall from The Helford River near Gweek to The Hayle River below St Erth. Seven inclined planes were proposed climbing and decending 350 feet from coast to coast.

Helston Canal project

Charles Moody

Together with the engineer, Robert Fulton, proposed a 14 mile tub-boat canal across Cornwall from The Helford River near Gweek to The Hayle River below St Erth.

Leicester Navigation

Hugh Oldham

He was called in to judge if Saddington tunnel was straight. He said it was not and James Barnes later confirmed his view.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

William Fletcher

In his role as assistant engineer of the canal he discovered that Saddington Tunnel was not straight.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

It was suggested that Saddington Tunnel was out of straight. He offered to pay the costs if it was and entered into a 2,000 bond. The problem was not found to be very serious.

Tamar Manure Navigation

James Murray

He was employed to resurvey the section of canal to Horsebridge.

Durham Canal project

Ralph Dodd

He reported to the subscribers of the project that the River Wear should be made navigable with 11 locks from just above Durham down to Picktree, below Chester-le-Street at an estimated cost of 25,338. From ther a 7.25 mile canal would be built up the Team valley to the Tyne, estimated at 29,604. There was also to be a branch just under 3 miles long with 15 locks rising to Beamish and from there a iclined plane and tub boat canal to West Kyo, near Stanley, at a cost of 22,644. All the navigation apart from the tub-boat canal was to take Humber Keels.

River Weaver

John Johnson

He surveyed a canal between Frodsham and Weston Point.

Commercial Canal project

William Jessop

He re-surveyed the proposed route.

Keyingham Navigable Drains project

William Chapman

Was commissioned to make a survey of the proposed navigation.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

William Felkin

Following various engineering problems, starting with the colapse of the River Blyth aqeduect in late 1795, he was dismissed from his post but was taken on again when his replacement failed to arrive.

Leeds & Liverpool - Rufford Branch

Robert Whitworth

He reported that a canal was proposed from the Lancaster Canal to the Ribble opposite the Douglas outfall. He suggested that the Leeds & Liverpool could improve the Douglas up to Sollom lock by an artifical cut and thus provide a route between the two canals.

1797

Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby Section

Elias Wright

He said that extra height dam boards had to be used at Haddlesey weir because the 3 feet 6 inches depth of the canal was too shallow.He also said that two miles of the canal had sandy banks which washed and blew into the canal necessitating frequent dredging.

Wyrley and Essington Canal (BCN)

The canal was opened throughout.

Bridgewater Canal

William Sherratt

He watched the trials of John Smith's steamboat on the canal between Runcorn and Castlefield.

Bridgewater Canal

John Smith

His steamboat travelled the canal fron Runcorn to Castlefield.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Opened.

Donnington Wood Canal

Hugh's Bridge Inclined Plane constructed to connect the Lilleshall branches to the canal. This replaced the previous tunnel & shaft system.

River Don

Robert Whitworth

He made a survey of the river.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Rennie

He was asked to comment on four proposed lines for the canal. He responded proposing a fifth line further north through Ratho, Winchburgh, Linlithgow, Falkirk, Cumbernauld and Hillhead or Drumpellier.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Whitworth

He and William Jessop were consulted about changes to the line.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

Grantham Canal

Opened.

General Warde's (Yspitty) Canal

Charles Smith

Inherited this canal in joint ownership with his brother Henry.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Completed to Debdale wharf about 6 miles from Market Harborough.

Lancaster Canal

Lune Aqueduct opened, 62 feet above the River Lune, built by Rennie.

Leek Branch - Trent and Mersey Canal

Started around 1797.

Leeds & Liverpool - Springs Branch

Opened.

Melton Mowbray Navigation

Opened.

Monmouthshire Canal

Promoted by Act.

Montgomeryshire Canal

John Dadford

He resigned as engineer and went to America.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Following the resignation of his brother, John, he suggests his father as a replacement.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He became engineer following the resignation of his son John.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Frankton Locks built as two rise staircase.

Oakham Canal

William Dunn

Replaced Christopher Staveley as engineer and completed the canal.

Polbrock Canal

Authorised by an Act but no work done.

Penrhiwtyn Canal

Became part of the Neath Canal.

Shrewsbury Canal

Henry Williams

He was appointed engineer and superintendent while continuing to be employed by the Shropshire Canal company.

Shrewsbury Canal

Opened.

Shropshire Union Main Line

Northgate Staircase Locks constructed between 1775 and 1797.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Leek and Uttoxeter branches promoted by two Acts.

River Tern

May have been used until 1797 when part of its entrance lock to the Severn was removed.

Wisbech Canal

Opened.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Opened to Garthmyl.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

Robert Whitworth

Having looked at John Sutcliffe's plans he approved the line although it "is a rugged one; I never before saw a good line like it; yet so far as I can discover, I believe it is the best the country affords: It is certainly practicable, and I have no doubt but that a good and useful canal may be made (with some variation) upon it; but it will be exceedingly expensive: I am, however, told the trade that will come upon this canal will fully answer that expence, even were it twice as much.".

Rochdale Canal

Thomas Townshend

He is appointed resident engineer.

Montgomeryshire Canal

William Jessop

He was called in to examine the engineering following the collapse of an arch on the Vyrnwy Aqueduct, which he considered a normal teething trouble.

Oakham Canal

Christopher, junior Staveley

He left his post as engineer.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

William Felkin

He left his post following an investigation of his accounts that revealed he was paying contractors more than they were due.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Philip Henry Witton

He added the post of engineer to his existing job as clerk-accountant.

Durham Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He reported on Ralph Dodd's line for the canal which he accepted with some alterations. The main changes were to save two locks by dropping the summit level of the Wear-Tyne Canal, to bring the branch in at the summit level so its water could be used for both ends of the canal, and to use larger craft on theWest Kyo inclined plane section.His estimates were for 21,281 on the Wear, 33,497 for the main line, and 24,280 for the branch, giving 79,058 in total.

Grantham Canal

William King

He reported that the eastern section was navigable.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Robert Whitworth

His services and those of his son were teminated although it was agreed that they could be employed on a daily basis.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Robert, junior Whitworth

He was reported to be ill the previous month and now his services and those of his father were teminated although it was agreed that they could be employed on a daily basis.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Robert Whitworth

He recommended a dam across the river at Over to prevent silt getting into the canal.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas, junior Morris

His plan and estimate for a canal from above Warrington to Hempstones, just above Runcorn, was approved.

Sankey Brook Navigation

John Smith

According to the Billing's Liverpool Advertiser, dated the 26th, his "vessel heavily laden with copper slag, passed along the Sankey Canal ... by the application of steam only ... it appears, that the vessel after a course of ten miles, returned the same eveningto St Helen's whence it had set out". This boat was powered by a Newcomen engine working a paddle crankshaft through a beam and connecting rod.

Keyingham Navigable Drains project

William Chapman

He reported that small 8 ton double-ended craft, 28 feet long by 7 feet wide should be able to use the drains to move about 9 miles inland. They would draw about 2 feet 6 inches and would be woked in pairs. A transhipment quay and basi should be built by the Humber. His estimate for the work was 1,500 pounds.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Thomas Newbold

Was appointed engineer for the canal.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

Appionted engineer, following his son John in the post.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reports that the Standedge tunnel contractor Thomas Lee could not complete his work under his present terms and would be ruined if he was not given some allowance for the unforseen dificulties encountered. The committee increased his rate for the contract and allowed him an extra year.

Neath Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Surveyed the line for an extension of the canal to Giant's Grave near Briton Ferry.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He made visits to the canal in September and October and in response to C B Trye's criticism that he spent too little time on the canal he agreed to be paid 4 guineas a day plus travelling expenses.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

James Dadford

Took over the role of engineer about this time following Robert Mylne's departure. He was ordered to consider the shortening of the canal by bringing it out into the Severn at Hock Crib near Frampton.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He ceased to be engineer following some quarrel with James Dadford.

1798

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Dudley Canal Line No 2

This extension to the Dudley Canal was completed.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He thought that the canalwould be used not only by busses and fishing boats but also, because of the war, by vessels returning from the Baltic to the ports of the English Channel.

Driffield Navigation

William Jessop

Acting as engineer for the drainage authorities he reached an agreement with the navigation company over water level maintainance clauses to be included in the Beverley & Barmston Draiage Bill.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the two lines being considered at the time - his northern route and the Baton-moss line that ran by Ratho, Midcalder, Baton-moss and Cleland. He supported the Baton-moss line which was claimed to have inexhaustible supplies of coal.

River Gipping

Completed.

River Hull

William Chapman

A land drainage Bill based on his 1796 report was taken through Parliament (by William Jessop).

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Evans

He left his job working on Standedge Tunnel.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Acts.

Neath Canal

In May 1798 an Act of Parliament passed to extend the canal by 2 1/2 miles to near Briton Ferry.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Junction Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Swansea Canal

Completed.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He reported that bacause of lack of money he could not fix a completion date. The dimensions of the canal were to vary according to the ground conditions the width varying from 48 to 84 feet at the surface, 25 to 48 feet at the bottom and the depth from 13 to 14 feet.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

His estimate for a tramroad at Marple, to connect the upper and lower pounds without locks, was accepted.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He was called in to inspect the Southampton tunnel which had 200 yards cut. He wrote that 'those parts that are likely to stand are ill formed and seem to have been done with little care or Judgement'.

Neath Canal

Edward Price

He was engineer for the construction of the 2½ mile extension of the canal from near Melincrythan pill to Giant's Grave near Briton Ferry.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He inspected the whole line and reported that the works 'are generally proceeding in a workmanlike manner'.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was asked to report on the feasibility of building tramroads to Ticknall and Cloud Hill instead of canals. He reported in favour of tramroads.

Ashton Canal

Benjamin Outram

Acting as contractor to the company he was building the basin at Piccadilly.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

His role as engineer changed from part-time to full-time.

1799

Aire & Calder Navigation - Wakefield Section

Elias Wright

As company engineer he proposed building a depot and workshops at Lake Lock on the Calder below Stanley Ferry.

Ashton Canal

Main line completed.

Digbeth Branch Canal

Completed.

Walsall Canal

Reached Walsall.

Bridgewater Canal

William Sherratt

His engine was used in a steamboat tried by the Duke of Bridgewater at Worsley.

Barnsley Canal

Opened to Barnsley.

Croydon Canal

Ralph Dodd

He produced a plan for a 12 mile canal from Croydon to Rotherhithe. It was to be a small canal taking boats of 10 to 20 tons, 24 feet wide and 3 feet 6 inches deep with two inclined planes and he estimated it would cost 25,000.

Fletcher's Canal

Benjamin Outram

He advised the company that a second lock with a small rise would be needed at the junction with the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal to avoid taking too much water.

Grand Junction Canal

William Jessop

He designed a three ached masonry aqueduct to cross the Ouse and replace the locks on either side of the crossing down to and up from the river.

Grand Union Leicester Section

James Barnes

Took charge of repairs on a burst reservoir on the Leicester Navigation. Surveyed a line to link the navigation to Braunston.

Grand Union Wendover Branch

Wendover Branch was fully open.

River Hull

William Chapman

He starts work on the River Hull land drainage scheme.

Isle of Dogs Canal

Authorised by the West India Dock Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

The canal committee received complaints about the management of the company affairs which developed into an attack on Rennie. He was later exonerated.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

He advises the canal committee to build a 5-mile tramroad from the South End at Clayton Green to Preston and to make a short extension to the North End of the canal from Spital Moss, thus connecting the two portions of the canasl across the Ribble.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

His contract was not renewed.

Monmouthshire Canal

Benjamin Outram

Recommends the conversion of the company's cast-iron edge-rails to plateways.

Monmouthshire Canal

The Crumlin branch opened.

Neath Canal

On 29 July 1799 the canal, extended to the Giant's Grave was opened.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Took part in arbitration on behalf of the contractors in a dispute with the canal company.

River Severn

Promoted by Act.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Whitmore

He and his partner, Norton, offered to build a balance (or geometrical) lift without payment, on condition that if successful they were to have 17,300 and a royalty of 4 pence per ton of goods passed.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Samuel Porter

He was engineer when cutting restarted, having previously been Josiah Clowes assistant.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

Published a pamphlet advocating the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Formally opened on 19 December 1799.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

With Standedge tunnel the only remaining major work to be completed, his job came to an end.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Benjamin Outram

At the request of the company he gave his opinion on a proposal that the line to Worcester should be completed as a tramroad.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He was employed by Mrs Bethell to do a survey.

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

He estimated the cost of the 47 mile canal, 48 feet wide and 7 feet deep, at 24,576 and thought it could be built in two years.

River Lee

John Rennie

He was asked to survey the river to see if it could be flooded as a defence against an invasion by Napoleon. He raised a number of objections to such a scheme but the government went ahead with the works although they were never completed.

Leicester Navigation

William Jessop

The reservoir on the Forrest line of the canal burst and he estimated the cost at 6,193 for repairs and compensation.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

James Hollinsworth

He measured the work actually done on the canal and compared it to money paid out. This was done on behalf John Rennie who reported to the company in May.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Joseph Fletcher

Was given the job of assisting his brother Samuel on the section of canal to Enfield (Clayton-le-Moors).

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Samuel Fletcher

Was placed in charge of the section of canal to Enfield (Clayton-le-Moors).

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He was severely criticised by John Rennie in his report on the canal works.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

Having employed James Hollingsworth to measure the work actually done in comparison to the charges made he reported to the company criticising both their engineer Joseph Hill and the contractors.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Following complaints about shoals appearing after every flood he surveyed the navigation. In his report of 5th June he offers to contribute his time to rectify defects in the navigation.

Glamorganshire Canal

George Overton

He was appointed engineer for the 9½ mile Penydarren tramroad (opened in 1802) from Merthyr to Abercynon.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He was dismissed from his post of surveyor.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

William Jessop

He and John Rennine arbitrated on behalf of the company in a dispute with the contractors.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He and William Jessop arbitrated on behalf of the company in a dispute with the contractors.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

As resident engineer for the whole canal he reported that the canal was now open for 12 miles to Johnson's Hillock and almost ready to Clayton Green except for Whittle Hills Tunnel.

Lancaster Canal

Henry Eastburn

His contract was not renewed and by this date he was no longer a resident engineer on the canal.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Benjamin Outram

Recommends the conversion of the company's cast-iron edge-rails to plateways.

Horncastle Canal

John Rennie

He reported that on the previous day he had carried out a survey and that the navigation between Dalderby and the Witham was crooked and imperfect. He recommended retaining the navigation on the West side of the Bain and making an independent cut 30 feet wide at the surface, 28 feet wide at the bottom and 3½ feet deep at the estimated cost of 8,291.

River Derwent

William Chapman

Asked to report on the drainage and navigation proposals with the assistance of Isaac Milbourn.

River Derwent

Isaac Milbourn

He was asked to assist William Chapman to report on drainage proposals for the river.

1800

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Dudley Canal Line No 1

James (Birmingham) Green

Was working as engineer.

Daw End Branch Canal (BCN)

Completed.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

Around this date he gave up his interest in the dry-dock business on Mirfield cut.

Cassington Cut

This private cut of the Duke of Marlborough's started around 1800.

Caistor Canal

Closed.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

James Fussell

Tests on his vertical boat lift were made and proved successful.

River Don

William Jessop

He was invted to survey the river, consider the surveys made by Benjamin Outram in 1795 and Robert Whitworth in 1797 and propose improvements.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Robert Cartwright

Surveyed the line of the proposed navigation in preparation for the Bill to be presented to parliament.

Ellesmere Canal

William Jessop

In his report for the year he says it "wholly inadvisable to execute a Canal between Pontycysyllte and Chester" partly because of the opening of new collieries and a reduction in the price of coal at Chester.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

James Dadford

Was dismissed as engineer.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

William Jessop

It was reported that he was employed to report on the scheme.

Glasgow, Paisley & Johnstone Canal

John Rennie

He made a survey, plan and report on Saltcoats Harbour and gave his authority to the canal scheme.

Horncastle Canal

Authorised by an Act to raise extra funds.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

John Varley

He was doing some flood repair work for the company and they considered him for work on the Standedge Tunnel. They were satisfied with his character but all his sureties backed out (his engineering reputation was not the best) so he was only used for some limited tunnelling work.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

Ralph Burton

Took the levels for William Chapman's proposed route.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Benjamin Outram

He produced plans for a tramroad from the canal at Risca to the Tredegar works.

Neath Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Surveyed the line for a tramroad on behalf of the company.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal

Completed in about 1800.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Act.

Peak Forest Canal

Opened with a connecting tramroad at Marple.

Whaley Bridge Branch

Opened on 1 May 1800.

Rochdale Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He left the company in dispute and unpaid.

Somerset Coal Canal

Benjamin Outram

He advocates the rebuilding of colliery railways as plateways to take 2-ton waggons replacing the 10 -14 hundred-weight trucks using edge-rails. The trucks would then be run on to rafts and horse-towed up two inclined planes.

Stourbridge Canal

James (Birmingham) Green

Was appointed engineer.

Stourbridge Canal

Abraham Lees

He was replaced as engineer by James Green.

River Tees

George 2 Atkinson

Surveyed the route for a narrow canal from the River Ure, near Boroughbridge, to Piercebridge on the River Tees

Thames & Medway Canal

Ralph Dodd

He produces a revised, shorter, route involving a long deep cutting and changes his estimate to 33,819 or 45,972 should a wider angle of slope be necessary in the cuttings.

Thames & Medway Canal

John Rennie

He was consulted and confirmed Ralph Dodd's line but advised a tunnel rather than a 2,000 yard cutting unless the ground was found to be very stable. He raised the estime to 57,433.

Thames & Medway Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Ure

George 1 Atkinson

Surveyed the route for a narrow canal from the River Ure, near Boroughbridge, to Piercebridge on the River Tees

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Completed throughout on 19 March 1800.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Open for trade on 19 March 1800.

Peak Forest Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

He proposes that the Derwent floodwaters be diverted by Muston to the sea and estimates a possible navigation extension at 4,197 pounds.

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

A new improvement committee recommend some of his 1796 proposals to the navigation commissioners. These include a towpath from Beverly Beck to Fisholme, the raising of Hull Bridge, a lock to be built on the Hull, river straightening, canal deepening and landing and bridge improvements.

River Parrett

Henry Lovibond

He built a railway to carry barges past the obstruction of Langport Bridge. By 1834 goods were being transhipped "on mens shoulders, and carried on planks under the arches".

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

William Chapman

Commissioned to survey a route for the navigation.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He reported the results of his survey and estimated the cost of the canal as 4,041.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

The canal was completed, he was given his five free shares and was retained as engineer on 150 a year.

Ellesmere Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the experimental boat lift that had been on trial on the canal.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Sutcliffe

He produced a report in which he found Witmore & Norton's geometrical (or balance) lock greatly preferable to Weldon's caisson lock, but thought it would be better to reduce its size to take 12-ton rather than 24-ton boats. He criticised Benjamin Outram's plans for plateways, and rafts to carry the trucks, saying their use on the narrow canal would cause damage. He also suggested locks as a cheaper alternative to Outram's inclined planes.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Longbotham

He asked the company for a small annual stipend saying he was in "the decline of life" and without employment. In return for some papers he held he was advanced some small amounts and the company paid his funeral expenses of 40.

Somerset Coal Canal

Benjamin Outram

Following criticism of his earlier plan he now suggests railways to join the levels, the coal being carried in containers on boats and transferred to and from the railway on cranes.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He is asked to re-survey the canal and to recommend improvements to the existing tramroad.

Knarsborough Canal Schemes

William Chapman

Reported the results of the survey offering two alternative routes. An 8 mile canal with 12 locks could take Humber sloops and would cost 22,908 pounds. A 6 mile, 9 lock, canal taking smaller craft (54 feet by 9 feet) would cost 13,189 pounds.

River Ancholme

Isaac Leatham

He presented his report proposing a way of providing efficient drainage and navigation on the river at a cost of 22,975.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He reported that the canal could be built for 10,500 and that a tramroad 1.5 miles long to the Aberdare Iron Company's works at Llwydcoed would cost 1,500.

Kent & Sussex Junction Canal project

Alexander Sutherland

A plan for this canal, based on his survey was deposited.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

George Jones

He restarted work on the canal, having been made engineer on John Rennie's recomendation.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

Was asked to report on a tramoad from Woolroad to Marton that had been suggested by the Peak Forest company as a stop gap until Standedge Tunnel was completed. Nothing came of this idea.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Philip Henry Witton

Having completed the canal he left his post.

Croydon Canal

John Rennie

He reported on the canal line that Ralph Dodd had surveyed wirh inclided plans and on one with locks which was to use a different route through Penge Common, Sydenham, Brockley, New Cross and Deptford to Rotherhithe. The former, estimated to cost 46,516 would take boats of 5 to 7 tons while the locked canal, costing 64,100, would take narrowboats. He was not expecting much trade on the canal and pointed out problems with water supply.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was appointed engineer.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Ralph Dodd

He submitted a parliamentary notice for bridge near Runcorn which raised concerns about obstruction to the navigation but which went no further.

Grand Junction Canal

Benjamin Outram

The double-track horse tramroad that he built to connect the two ends of the un-finished Blisworth Tunnel was completed.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

The final section of the canal he built, from Gilwern to Brecon, was opened.

1801

Crinan Canal

Opened but not completely finished until 1809.

Croydon Canal

Dudley Clark

Started builing the 9.25 mile barge canal about this date.

Croydon Canal

John Rennie

While the canal Bill was going through parliament the Grand Surrey Canal Act was passed so the Croydon Canal was shortened to join it at New Cross. His estimate for inclined plane canal set out in the Bill was 50,847. 4,500 of this was for inclined planes at New Cross and Deptford and 6,200 for two steam engines for hauling boats up the planes.

Croydon Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Douglas Navigation

All of the traffic was lost to the Leeds & Liverpool Canal by 1801.

River Don

John Copeland

He made detailed surveys to support Jessop's proposals for improving the river.

River Don

William Jessop

He reported in February and more fully in the summer proposing new cuts and locks at Doncaster and Conisbrough as well as supporting earlier proposals for a cut with 2 locks at Eastwood.

Driffield Navigation

Improvements were authorised by an Act.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Denson

He was resident engineer for the canal.

Ellesmere Canal

William Jessop

He left the post of consultant engineer.

Ellesmere Canal

Chirk Aqueduct opened, 70 feet high.

River Foss

Promoted by Act.

Galton's Canal

Built by Mr E Galton in about 1801 for the carriage of silt for fertiliser.

Grand Surrey Canal

George Dodd

He gave evidence in favour of the Bill for the canal.

Grand Surrey Canal

Ralph Dodd

Was apointed engineer at 600 a year.

Grand Surrey Canal

Robert Dodd

Was appointed clerk of works.

Grand Union Paddington Branch

The Paddington Branch is opened.

General Warde's (Yspitty) Canal

Charles Smith

Sold his interests in this canal, together with his brother Henry, to Major-General Warde.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by a further Act.

Keyingham Navigable Drains project

Robert Stickney

The plan of his survey is deposited showinga new 1½ mile cut from the Humber to join the existing drain, which, apart from three shortening cuts, would then be used to the junction. The then existing Roos Bridge drain would then be utilised, but the drain to Owstwick would be extended by a short cut to the Roos-Burton Pidsea road.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Gannow tunnel was completed in early 1801.

Leeds & Liverpool - Leigh Branch

Samuel Fletcher

He estimated the cost of the branch with two locks at 29,826.

Leven Canal

James Creassy

The authorising Act required him to agree with William Jessop the width, depth and size of lock before work began.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

The authorising Act required him to agree with James Creassy the width, depth and size of lock before work began.

Leven Canal

John Rennie

Under the conditions of the authorising Act he was to act as arbitrator should a dispute arise between William Jessop and James Creassy on the dimensions of the canal.

Leven Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Nene

William Jessop

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with John Rennie.

River Nene

John Rennie

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with William Jessop.

Pocklington Canal

Henry Eastburn

It was decided to employ him on a survey of two possible routes for the canal.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

He leaves his post as engineer.

River Stour (Kent)

Robert, junior Whitworth

About this time he was employed to survey a 100-ton ship canal to Canterbury. He proposed a line to St Nicholas Bay west of Margate. He said that the harbour at St Nicolas Bay would piling over the whole area.

River Welland

Edward Hare

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with George Maxwell.

River Welland

George Maxwell

The Deeping Fen Act was passed based on two reports, one of which he prepared with Edward Hare.

River Welland

John Rennie

He together with William Jessop produced a report on the outfall.

Driffield Navigation

William Chapman

Appointed engineer.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

Submitted a design for an aqueduct with three 120 foot spans as an alterative to a tramroad crossing of the Ribble.

River Don

William Chapman

Became engineering advisor to the landowners effected by extensions to the navigation and produced counter-proposals.

Leicester Navigation

Thomas Telford

About this date he was called in to see if the Loughborough to Nanpantan rail link could be replaced by a canal.

River Stour (Kent)

John Rennie

He approved Robert Whitworth's line and proposed an increase in the size of the canal to take 150-ton vessels, a dock area at the sea entrance and a side lock to the Stour. He estimated the cost at 86,000.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

John Rennie

He wrote to the company 'When is Mr Jessop and myself to look for payment of our Bill for the arbitration business of the Salisbury and Southampton Canal - besides the Arbitration there is a considerable sum due to me for the former Surveys and Reports.

Sheffield Canal

William Jessop

In a letter to the River Don company he suggests that an extension to Sheffield could be included in the River Don Improvement Bill. On the basis of a quick survey he thought locks should be grouped at Tinsley as back pumping would be needed and the cost of maintaining a steam engine may be too much.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Gibson

Around this date he produced a drawing for an aqueduct across the River Ribble with pointed arches, three of which spanned the river.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
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