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Waterways Chronology from 1793 to 1802

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Chronology Index

1793

The peak year of Canal Mania.

Ashburton Canal Project

George Bentley

Called in to review the original line proposed by F King. Together they managed to reduce the estimate from 15,000 to 10,000.

Ashburton Canal Project

F King

He made a survey and proposed a canal with 24 locks rising 202.5 feet to a basin below Ashburton at an estimated cost of 15,000.

Aberdare Canal

James Dadford

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

John Dadford

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Arun

Promoted as a navigation under Act.

Ashton Canal

Branches promoted under Acts of Parliament

River Avon (Warwick)

Made navigable by Act.

Bristol - Cirencester canal project

Robert Mylne

He did a survey for the line of the proposed canal with Richard Hall.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

John Snape

He surveyed the line of the canal.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

The extension to the Dudley Canal was authorised.

Barnsley Canal

John Gott

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

He was appointed engineer and had a long running dispute with the contractor John Pinkerton.

Barnsley Canal

John Hodskinson

He surveyed an extension just under 8 miles long from Haigh bridge to the Calder & Hebble Navigation at Horbury Bridge.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Elias Wright

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Authorised by an Act

Bristol - Thames Head Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He supported this plan as it had a better water supply than the Bristol - Cirencester Canal project.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Richard Coates

Controlled the construction of the navigation, a task that he carried out on behalf of John Rennie to whom he was an assistant.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Matthew Hall

He surveyed the route under John Rennie's direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

He recommended the deepening and straightening of the Blackwater as far as Fullbridge.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Matthew Hall carried out a survey of the canal under his direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Promoted under an Act.

Crinan Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Caistor Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Derby Canal

Authorised by an Act of May 1793.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Ainslie

He and Robert Whitworth junior were commissioned to make a survey and suggest four possible routes between Leith and Broomielaw on the Clyde.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Robert, junior Whitworth

He and John Ainslie were commissioned to make a survey and suggest four possible routes between Leith and Broomielaw on the Clyde.

English & Bristol Channel canal schemes

Josiah Easton

Surveyed a line from the English Channel at Axmouth near Seaton through Axminster, Chard, Ilminster, Creech St Michael, Bridgwater, Huntspill and Backwell near Nailsea.

Ellesmere Canal

Arthur Davies

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with WilliamTurner and John Duncombe.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with WilliamTurner and Arthur Davies.

Ellesmere Canal

William Turner

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with Arthur Davies and John Duncombe.

Ellesmere Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Foss

Robert Gilson

He produced an amended survey under the supervision of William Jessop that proposed 5 locks above Sheriff Hutton and 9 below.

River Foss

William Jessop

He supervised an amended survey by Robert Gilson that proposed 5 locks above Sheriff Hutton and 9 below.

River Foss

Promoted by Act.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Dennis Edson

Was appointed resident engineer at 210 a year.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to resurvey the canal but did not respond.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He was asked to resurvey the line as "Chief and Principal Engineer" on 350 a year plus expenses and proposed a 17.75 mile canal 70 foot wide and 18 foot deep to carry ships of up to 300-tons. He estimated the cost at 121,330.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

Grand Junction Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Grantham Canal

James (Woolaton) Green

He was appointed engineer for the section of canal from the Trent to the Leicestershire border.

Grantham Canal

William Jessop

He was employed to check progress of the works from time to time.

Grantham Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Gipping

Authorised by Actand administered by the Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation Co.

Grand Union Market Harborough Branch

Authorised by an Act.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Authorised under the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Western Canal

Hugh Henshall

He seems to have worked for William Jessop when he was advising on the line of the canal.

Grand Western Canal

Robert Mylne

He revised the line surveyed by John Longbotham and his work was in turn used by Hugh Henshall working on behalf of William Jessop in his task of deciding between the routes.

Haslingden Canal

William Bennet

Conducted a detailed survey of the canal line previously surveyed by Charles McNiven and Samuel Fletcher.

Haslingden Canal

Samuel Fletcher

Conducted a preliminary survey of the canal line with Charles McNiven.

Haslingden Canal

Charles McNiven

Conducted a preliminary survey of the canal line with Samuel Fletcher.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Dennis Edson

Was employed to survey a possible canal from Bath to Bristol to bypass the river Avon.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

He was asked to make a new survey and communicate the results to Robert Whitworth, who was to advise the committee.He selected a route through Devizes with two branches one to Marlborough and the other to Calne and Chippenham.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He worked with John Varley on the parliamentary survey for the canal under William Jessops direction. He was also joint engineer with Varley at the start of work on the canal but did not stay long.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

He and Christopher Staveley both started work as engineers at the Leicester end of the canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

He is appointed resident engineer and superintendent.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal - Glasson Dock Branch

Authorised by an Act of May 1793.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was promoted by Act.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Hugh Henshall

He and Charles McNiven survyed the navigation and reported that if the locks and cuts were kept in good order and the millers prevented from lowering the water level the navigation could be even more successfull and more reliable.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Charles McNiven

He and Hugh Henshall survyed the navigation and reported that if the locks and cuts were kept in good order and the millers prevented from lowering the water level the navigation could be even more successfull and more reliable.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

Monkland Canal

Opened.

Nutbrook Canal

William Jessop

He was paid for the preliminary survey of the canal.

Nutbrook Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was appointed engineer.

Nutbrook Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

James Barnes

Surveyed the route for the proposed canal.

Oakham Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

George Bentley

Appionted engineer for the project and proposed a line which was approved by Robert Whitworth.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

Thomas Bolton

Appionted surveyor for the project and proposed a line which was approved by Robert Whitworth.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

Robert Whitworth

He approved the line proposed by George Bentley and Thomas Bolton.

Petworth Canal

Opened in 1793 but only used for a few years.

Rochdale Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Produce the survey plan for the third Bill under John Rennie's direction.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

William II Fairbank

Appeared before the parliamentary committee as surveyor.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Stainforth & Keaby Canal promoted by an Act.

Shrewsbury Canal

Josiah Clowes

Appointed engineer.

Shrewsbury Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Jessop

He made a report on the proposed canal, assisted by William Smith, and was paid 75.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He made a survey for the canal under the direction of John Rennie he also attended William Jessop on his survey of the line.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Shropshire Union - Llangollen Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

William, Senior Crosley

Did a survey for a 25 mile narrow canal from Whitby to Pickering, estimated to cost 66,447. He also looked at the possibility of a branch to Danby.

Torrington Canal

Mr Tozer

He surveyed a line for the canal.

Taunton - Uphill Canal project

Josiah Easton

Surveyed a line for the canal.

Ulverston Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Samuel Bull

Was in charge of the survey of the line of the canal while working for the Birmingham Canal Company. He produced an estimate of 95,000 pounds.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Authorised by an Act of 6 March 1793.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

The Northampton Branch was authorised as part of the original Grand Junction Act of Parliament.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He attended hearings of the Bill for the canal, his expenses being paid by the Monmouthshire Canal Company.

Bude Canal

George Bentley

Together with Thomas Bolton he made a preliminary survey for a line from Bude Harbour to Hatherleigh.

Bude Canal

Thomas Bolton

Together with George Bentley he made a preliminary survey for a line from Bude Harbour to Hatherleigh.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Denson

Was assistant to John Duncombe, the engineer helping William Jessop with the canal.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Robert Whitworth

John Rennie was asked to make a new survey of the canal and to communicate the results to him.

Llandeilo & Llandovery Canal projects

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was called in to survey a canal from Pen-coed to Llandovery. There were to be two branches one from Pontardulias up the valley of the Gwili to Myndd Marw and the other from Kidwelly up the Gwendraeth.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He estimates a cost of 291,929 for the whole canal from Sowerby Bridge with no junction with the Ashton Canal. This was a narrow canal with a 3,000 yard tunnel and eleveb reservoirs.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Did the original survey for the line of the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Samuel Bull

Took part in surveys of alternative lines for the canal while working for the Birmingham Canal Company.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

Surveyed a route for the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

James Sheriff

He carried out a survey of a line for the canal.

Oxford Canal (Northern Section)

James Barnes

Surveyed the northern Oxford Canal on beha;f of the Grand Junction Canal Company to show how it could be widened and shortened.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

George Bentley

Together with Thomas Bolton he made a survey for a line and suggested a short canal with improvements to the river navigations or a longer canal that was not dependent on river improvements.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

Thomas Bolton

Together with George Bentley he made a survey for a line and suggested a short canal with improvements to the river navigations or a longer canal that was not dependent on river improvements.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He surveyed the route and estimated the cost as 47,209.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

James Cockshutt

He proposed a 25 mile narrow canal from Whitby to Pickering at an estimated cost of 66,447.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

At a meeting of subscribers in London it was proposed that the canal be built with a depth of 15 feet so he revised his estimate for the canal to 107,512.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

His plans for the Glasson branch were approved.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Was appointed to assist William Jessop in the construction of the canal.

Monmouthshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He was ordered to survey the route of a tramroad from Beaufort and Ebbw Vale furnaces and Sirhowy to a place called Trevill.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Mylne

He gave evidence on the Bill for the navigation around this time.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to resurvey the line for the canal but was too busy.

Grand Junction Canal

William Jessop

He was appoined to take charge of construction.

Grantham Canal

William King

He was appointed engineer for the section of the canal from the Leicestershire boundary to Grantham. Unusually he was also a member of the intial company board of nine people even though he was an employee.

Swansea Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was asked to survey up the Tawe valley as far as Devynock.

Derby Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was appointed engineer.

Shropshire Canal

John Curr

He writes a letter suggesting new methods of getting crates in and out of boats.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Josiah Clowes

Due to concerns that the proposed aqueduct across the River Severn would cause flooding he proposed a level crossing of the river and a cut across Alney Island to Gloucester.

Sankey Brook Navigation

John Smith

His steamboat was tested on the navigation.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

William Felkin

He became the company's engineeer.

Grand Junction Canal

James Barnes

Appointed full time engineer at 2 guineas a day plus half a guinea a day expenses.

Dearne and Dove Canal

John Thompson

He took charge of the construction of the canal and in July offered contracts for the cutting and preparation of stone.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Richard Coates started work on the construction of the navigation under his direction.

River Trent

William Jessop

He and Robert Whitworth reported on the on the state of the navigation and recommended improvements in preparation for a new navigation Act.

River Trent

Robert Whitworth

He and William Jessop reported on the on the state of the navigation and recommended improvements in preparation for a new navigation Act.

River Foss

John Moon

He answered an advertisement for a superintendent of woks and was given the job of building the navigation to William Jessop's plan.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Whitworth

He and Robert Mylne were appointed joint engineers to the project.

River Thames

Robert Mylne

He reported to the commissioners on his survey of the river below Maidenhead and recommended a 4.75 mile canal with 3 locks from Boulter's Lock to Eton.

Sheffield Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reported his proposal for a level canal 12¾ miles long from the Eckington-Beighton road via Attercliffe to close behind the Hospital Chapel at Sheffield, with a fair amount of cutting and a 770 yard tunnel. The Attercliffe to Sheffield Section would take river barges as would the branch from Attercliffe to the Don, which made part of the river navigable with 3 lock and was to have 7 canal locks. The rest, including a 5 lock extension to an iron works near Chesterfield would be narrow.He estimated the main line and Tinsley Branch at 45,041.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Mylne

He and Robert Whitworth were appointed joint engineers to the project.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

Robert Whitworth

He reported on his survey and suggested a 37 mile route from the proposed Kennet & Avon Canal at Freshford to Stalbridge this would cost 100,000 and had good water supplies. From Stalbridge the line south could either go past Blandford at an estimated cost of 83,000 for 33 miles of canal, or by Wareham, which was 91,000 for 30 miles and had difficulties with water supply.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He had started setting out the line of the canal.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Charles Roberts

He was found 'not to have acted in the Execution of his Duty with proper discretion and Oeconomy' and was dismissed as engineer.

Bude Canal

Robert Fulton

Wrote a letter to Lord Stanhope suggesting inclined planes instead of locks for the canal. Lord Stanhope replied saying his idea for working the plane had already been thought of by Edmund Leach. This was the start of a correspondence that lasted until 1796.

Bristol & Taunton Canal

William Jessop

He checked the Bristol & Western Canal Line.

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

The Derwent Aqueduct cracked and he blames himself for the want of sufficient strngth in the front walls.

River Foss

John Moon

Work was underway on building the navigation but he had changed the line and number of locks from the William Jessop's plan.

Taunton - Uphill Canal project

William Jessop

He checked a survey made by Josiah Easton.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Rennie

Having surveyed the line of the canal assisted by William Smith he presnets his report proposing a line from the Kennet & Avon Canal at Limpley Stoke up the Dunkerton valley, with a branch up the Wellow valley. The costwas estimated as 80,000.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reports on the proposed canal which he estimates at 178,748 exclusive of plarliamentary expenses.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Telford

Made General Agent, Surveyor, Engineer, Architect and Overlooker of Works for the canal which had just been authorised at a salary of 300 a year. This was a pat-time post under William Jessop, the Principal Engineer. He retained his post as Surveyor of Public Works for the County of Shropshire.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Josiah Clowes

He began work building the canal.

Wilts and Berks Canal

William Whitworth

A meeting at Swindon decided that he should survey a junction with the Thames & Severn Canal.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

James Cockshutt

A group of promoters met to hear his first survey report for a canal from Scarborough to Malton.

Grand Western Canal

William Jessop

He gave his report on the lines proposed by Robert Whitworth and John Longbotham, favouring the shorter line of Longbotham but not his Tiverton and Cullompton branches. He also recommended a navigation that would take 50 ton barges.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He told the company clerk that American oak was the 'worst of all oak' and 'would not last six years in the work'.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

John Carne

It was reported that his cutting machine had removed 1,007 cubic yards of earth in 7 days, using eleven men and four horses.

1794

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

John Smith

Surveyed the canal with Robert Whitworth and William Jessop.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Andover Canal

Completed.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He and Hugh Henshall surveyed the line for a tramroad from Llan-march Coal and Mine Works to the Clydach ironworks.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Hugh Henshall

He and Thomas Dadford junior surveyed the line for a tramroad from Llan-march Coal and Mine Works to the Clydach ironworks.

Basingstoke Canal

Opened.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Bude Canal

Robert Fulton

He took out a patent for improvements in inclined planes, in which wheeled boats (later used on the canal) were mentioned.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

He builds on his earlier report and suggests improvements of the Blackwater upstream to its junction with the Chelmer.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

The company paid him 105 for his part in supporting the Rochdale Canal Bill in its passage through parliament. He was now recognised as a fully competent engineer and from this time on he undertook all the planning and execution of his work, the company no longer employing William Jessop as consultant.

Campbeltown Canal

Completed.

Cromford Canal

Opened.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

William Bennet

On Robert Whitworth's recommendation he was employed in conducting a detailed suryey of the route for main line and branches of the canal.

River Derwent

Henry Eastburn

Reported that a canal from the Derwent to Whitby or Scarborough would not be difficult to build.

Glamorganshire Canal

Two and three-rise staircase locks built at Nantgarw and canal opened.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Authorised by the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Leicester Canal opened.

Grand Union Wendover Branch

Authorised by the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Western Canal

John Rennie

He, with two assistants, reviewed the line and suggested many changes to William Jessop and John Longbotham's route.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Some of the canal opened.

Haslingden Canal

Authorised by an Act to join the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal, at Bury, to the Leeds & Liverpool Canal, at Church near Accrington, but never built.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Ivelchester & Langport Navigation

William Bennet

Examined the route as engineer with Charles H Masters as his surveyor. He reported in October to a meeting chaired by the Earl of Ilchester when he stated the estimated cost as 5,102.

Ivelchester & Langport Navigation

Charles H Masters

Examined the route as surveyor with William Bennet as engineer.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by Act.

Kyme Eau - Sleaford Canal

Opened.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal

Henry Eastburn

Was appointed resident engineer for the canal south of the Ribble and was assisted by Thomas Fletcher.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Was appointed assistant to Henry Eastburn, the resident engineer south of the Ribble.

Leominster Canal

Part open.

Montgomeryshire Canal

John Dadford

Was appointed engineer, with his brother Thomas to assist hin, for which they were jointly paid.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Was appointed to assist his brother John as engineer, for which they were jointly paid.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Morris's Canal

Became part of the Trewyddfa Canal.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

Ralph Dodd

He did the quick preliminary survey for the scheme before William Chapman and William Jessop did the detailed survey.

River Nene

Promoted by Act.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

Peak Forest Canal

Thomas Brown

Appointed resident engineer under Benjamin Outram.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

Was appointed engineer. He was later also commissioned to supply 'Cast Metal Railways' from the Butterley iron-works in which he was a partner.

Peak Forest Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament

Rochdale Canal

John, junior Gilbert

At some time at or after this date he became a contractor building the canal.

Rochdale Canal

Henry Taylor

He was appointed resident engineer (together with William Crosley) but he soon resisigned.

Rochdale Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Shrewsbury Canal

Josiah Clowes

Had begun to build a stone aqueduct at Longdon-on-Tern that was destroyed by floods in early 1795.

Sleaford Navigation

Opened for navigation.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He attended two committee men, Richard Perkins of Oakhill and Samborne Palmer, on a 900 mile tour to study canal and railway construction.

Somerset Coal Canal

Robert Whitworth

He and John Sutcliffe were engaged to do detailed surveys.

Somerset Coal Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Swansea Canal

Thomas, junior Sheasby

Around this date he was employed as assistant to Charles Roberts.

Swansea Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

Around this date he was employed as assistant to Charles Roberts.

Swansea Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Tamar Manure Navigation

George Bentley

Together with Thomas Bolton he proposed a level line from Moewellhamquay to Wrixhill, Dunterton, and to Launceston. These propsals were rejected and they came up with a different line.

Tamar Manure Navigation

Thomas Bolton

Together with George Bentley he proposed a level line from Moewellhamquay to Wrixhill, Dunterton, and to Launceston. These propsals were rejected and they came up with a different line.

River Trent

William Jessop

He was continued as engineer by the new Trent company.

River Trent

Promoted by Act.

Trewyddfa Canal

Authorised by the Swansea Canal Act.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Thomas Cartwright

Was engineer on the canal at this date.

River Weaver

John Johnson

As company engineer he went to east Shropshire to study railroads and other works there for shipping goods into vessels on the River Severn.

Warwick & Napton Canal

William Felkin

He estimated a cost of 82,444 for the Warwick & Braunston Canal, as it was called before the decision was made to jion the Oxford Canal at Napton.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Authorised by an Act of 28 March 1794 as the Warwick & Braunston Canal. The line was later changed to join the Oxford Canal at Napton.

Wisbech Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Rochdale Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Was appointed resident engineer, at first jointly with Henry Taylor but he soon resigned.

Rochdale Canal

Robert Mylne

He was retained again to give parliamentary evidence in the second attempt to get their Bill through parliament.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

William Jessop

He was associated with William Chapman in his survey of the route and plans for the canal.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

In a dispute over payments between the company and the contractors (him and Thomas Sheasby) they were both arrested on the grounds of an alleged overpayment made to them.

Lancaster Canal

William Cartwright

Appointed assistant resident engineer with special responsibilities for the Lune Aqueduct foundations.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

He started pile driving for the Lune Aqueduct foundations inside 20-foot coffer dams kept dry by steam pumping.

Rochdale Canal

William Jessop

About this time though "so much engaged" he found time to survey parts of the canal where water supplies were giving concern to mill owners.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Mylne

He and Robert Whitworth attended a meeting of canal supporters that decided that new locks on the Thames would not meet the needs of navigation.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Whitworth

He and Robert Mylne attended a meeting of canal supporters that decided that new locks on the Thames would not meet the needs of navigation.

Shropshire Canal

Henry Williams

He was appointed surveyor.

Wilts and Berks Canal

William Whitworth

He put forward a revised plan which included branches to Calne and Chippenham.

Bristol - Salisbury canal projects

John Chamberlain

The Hampshire Chroncile & Portsmouth & Chicester Journal reported that he surveyed a line from the Kennet & Avon at Wilcot to Salisbury, 24 miles long with 270 feet of lockage, and another from the Kennet & Avon at Wootton Rivers to Andover, 16 miles long with 250 feet of lockage. Estimated at 65,000 and 55,000 pounds respectively.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Philip Williams

He was appointed engineer for the extension of the Clydach valley tramroad to Bryn-mawr with branches to Nant-y-glo and Llwydcoed colliery.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He prepared drawings for a canal cutting machine but the canal committee preferred alternative designs.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He was empowered to buy a steam engine for removing earth. Most of the commitee were in favour of reducing the depth of the canal to 12 feet but he and Captain Huddart favoured the 15 feet depth.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Appointed surveyor and superintendent under Benjamin Outram.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

He is appointed engineer.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

William Jessop

The Act was passed based on his and Robert Whitworth's estimate of 138,238 for the 30 miles and 3 fulongs canal.

Swansea Canal

Charles Roberts

About this time he became engineer for the canal assisted by Thomas Sheasby senior then junior.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

James Cockshutt

A meeting was held to consider his report on a revised line from Scarborough to Malton.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He decided to replace the planned embankment and culvert to cross the River Dearne with a five-arched masonary aqueduct.

Rochdale Canal

William Jessop

Having been over the line layout by William Crosley and proposed the elimination of the planned tunnel by the addition of 14 locks, thus saving 20,000. His canal was to be 42 foot wide, except on embankments or in cuttings, and 5 feet deep and he specified postions for each of the locks.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Robert Whitworth

It was agree that he and his son Robert would act as joint engineers, he spending three months a year on the canal and his son working full-time.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Robert, junior Whitworth

It was agree that he and his father Robert would act as joint engineers, he working full-time and his father spending three months a year on the canal.

River Thames

John Rennie

Having surveyed the whole river down from Maidenhead he reported that improvements to the river were a better course than the various canal bypass schemes that were being proposed. His bill for his work was 474.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

John Dadford

He completed the tramroad from Gelli-felen collieries to Gilwern and Glanggrwyney for which he was engineer and which was the first work to be started under the canal Act.

River Foss

John Moon

His salary is raised.

Aberdare Canal

James Dadford

By this time he had completed a 3 feet 2 inche gauge edge railway from Bryngwyn collieries (south-east of Hirwaun) to Pendeyrn and possibly some way further towards Aberdare.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

The committee criticise him for not paying enough attention to the canal.

Peak Forest Canal

Robert Fulton

Together with his partner, Charles McNiven, he accepted a contract for cutting part of the canal.

Peak Forest Canal

Charles McNiven

Together with his partner, Robert Fulton, he accepted a contract for cutting part of the canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

The canal was open to Blaby and the committee "Ordered that Mr Varley the Engineer do contract for a Boat load of good coal to be conveyed as far as it will pass on the Union line on Monday to be sold for the benifit of the company".

River Foss

John Moon

He has completed 1.25 miles to Monk Bridge and it is opened. He is told to "treat the workmen upon the canal in such manner as appears to him proper, not exceeding the sum of ten pounds".

Somerset Coal Canal

John Sutcliffe

Having done some detailed survey work with Robert Whitworth senior he was nnow appointed chief engineer on a daily pay basis.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He and his fellow engineer-contractor Thomas Dadford senior were in dispute with the canal company over money they were due and stopped all work on the canal. The company had him arrested and held on bail for 10,000 that they alledged they were owed.

1795

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Act.

Cinderford Canal

Completed by this time.

Caistor Canal

Robert Dickenson

Was engineer for the canal when it was built.

River Don

John Copeland

Became the navigation's engineer following the death of John Thompson.

River Don

Benjamin Outram

He surveyed the river.

Ellesmere Canal

The Chester to Ellesmere Port section completed.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

James Dadford

Appointed resident engineer on Robert Mylne's recommendation.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Dennis Edson

Was dissmissed from his post of resident engineer.

Glamorganshire Canal

Robert Whitworth

Around this time he was called in to arbitrate between the canal company and their former contractors, the Dadfords and Thomas Sheasby. Of the 17,000 claimed by the company he awarded that only 1,512 should be refunded by the contractors.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Grand Union Paddington Branch

Authorised under the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Was open from Over to Newent (16 miles and 13 locks).

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

Following the appointment of Samuel Fletcher as resident engineer and in view of his own other commitments he continued as engineer at half salary.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Burnley Embankment (designed by Robert Whitworth, the Leeds & Liverpool Canal Company Engineer) started.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

He had many complaints about the bad work of the contractors, John Pinkerton and John Murray, and their inattention to his instructions. Robert Whitworth was called in to arbitrate and the work was taken back and let out again as smaller contracts under Millar's supervision.

Lancaster Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was called in to arbitrate in the disputes between Archibald Millar the resident engineer and the contractors John Pinkerton and John Murray.

Leicester Navigation

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He was appointed engineer of the completed navigation.

Neath Canal

Completed in 1795, but in May 1798 an Act of Parliament passed to extend the canal by 2 1/2 miles to near Briton Ferry.

Newcastle-under-Lyme Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Newdigate Canals

William Bean

Completed the 5.5 mile of private canals, with 13 locks, that were started around 1764.

Newdigate Canals

Mostly built between 1770 and 1795.

Penrhiwtyn Canal

Built between 1790 and 1795.

River Parrett

Josiah Easton

Was in charge of works to improve the navigation.

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

Petworth Canal

William Jessop

He surveyed a line for the proposed canal.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

Daniel Servant

He became engineer for the canal.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the unfinished canal.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

An Act enabling the navigation was passed based on his revised estimate of 48,930 for building the canal. He is appointed resident engineer.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Bennet

Called in to assist William Smith in the preparation of plans.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He prepared plans for summit level canals assisted by William Bennet.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Shropshire Union - Llangollen Canal

Staircase locks built at Grindley Brook.

Tamar Manure Navigation

James Murray

He was employed by John Rennie to resurvey the line which at Tamerton bridge or Launceston would join the Bude Canal.

Wilts and Berks Canal

John Ralph

He and William Whitworth estimated the cost of the 55¼-mile main line and put the cost of the branches at 8,350.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Robert Whitworth

He and his son William signed the deposited plan.

Wilts and Berks Canal

William Whitworth

He and his father signed the deposited plan and he and John Ralph signed the estimate of 103,603 for the 55¼ mile main line and 8,350 for the branches. He began construction helped by Robert Whitworth, whether his father or his brother is not known.

Wilts and Berks Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Wern Canal

Opened about this date.

Warwick & Napton Canal

William Felkin

Was appointed company engineer.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was appionted engineer.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

William Bennet

Completed his survey and estimated the cost as 200,000. Later changes were made and he estimated the shorter route as 146,018.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He was appointed engineer on a part-time basis.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He changed his mind on the depth of the canal and a decision was made to build it 12 feet deep. It was also decided that the Daill route should be followed and the locks should be 96 by 24 feet.

Swansea Canal

Charles Roberts

About this time he left his post of engineer.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

William Chapman

He made a preliminary report on the canal.

Shrewsbury Canal

Thomas Telford

Appointed Engineer to succeed Josiah Clowes.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reports to the committee that 'Messrs. Fulton and McNiven are not proceeding in the cutting that part of the said Canal contracted to be cut by them'. This refers to Robert Fulton and Charles McNiven.

Shrewsbury Canal

Thomas Telford

A meeting ordered "that an Iron Aqueduct be errected at Longton (agreeable to a plan to be approved bt Mr. Telford) by Messrs. William Reynolds & Company" at a cost not exceeding 2,000.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the unfinished canal.

Peak Forest Canal

Robert Fulton

The committee take up his suggestion for a cast iron aquduct over the River Goyt and he later suggests the use of tub-boats and inclined planes.

Peak Forest Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was sent with two others to view the operation of tub-boats and inclined planes at Coalbrook Dale and reported favourably on their use.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

Ralph Dodd

He publised a pamphlet proposing a Stella to Hexham canal on the soth side of the Tyne and estimated a cost of 35,709 for 18 miles of canal with 12 locks.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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