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Waterways Chronology from 1792 to 1801

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Chronology Index

1792

A General History of Inland Navigation

By John Phillips Published by I & I Taylor. Containing a complete account of the canals already executed in England, with considerations on those projected.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

John Smith

Surveyed the canal for Robert Whitworth.

River Arun

John Rennie

He surveyed a line to extend the navigation to Horsham and estimated the cost as 18,133.

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament.

Bury & Sladen Canal project

John Longbotham

He surveyed an extension to the proposed canal from Sladen to Sowerby Bridge which included a 8,428 yard tunnel to the Calder near Halifax. He estimated the cost as 190,291.

Bristol & Western Canal project

John Longbotham

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal with William White.

Bristol & Western Canal project

William White

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal with John Longbotham.

Bristol - Cirencester canal project

Richard Hall

He and Robert Mylne surveyed a line for a canal from Bristol to join the Thames & Severn near Cirencester.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

James Sheriff

He produced a map showing proposals for the Selly Oak line with a 3,330 yard Lappal Tunnel, a 2,078 yard Netherton Tunnel and a communication to the Birmingham Canal at Oldbury.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Extended to the Birmingham Canal via Dudley Tunnel.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

Josiah Clowes

Appointed engineer at 3 guineas a day and 4 guineas a journey expenses.

Daw End Branch Canal (BCN)

Built under the Wyrley & Essington Canal Act.

Rushall Canal (BCN)

Authorised under the Wyrley & Essington Canal Act.

Wyrley and Essington Canal (BCN)

William Pitt

He is appointed engineer.

Wyrley and Essington Canal (BCN)

Promoted by an Act.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

Became engineer for the canal.

Barnsley Canal

John Pinkerton

Became contractor to the canal.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Charles Wedge surveyed a line to Heybridge Basin under his direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Charles Wedge

He surveyed a line to Heybridge Basin under the direction of John Rennie.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

He was not employed as consultant after this date when Thomas Bradley became the canal engineer.

Coombe Hill Canal

Promoted under Acts.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

Having been commissioned by the Duke of Argyll and the Earl of Breadabane to make a survey he reported on two passages, one called the Daill and the other the Achnashelloch passage. The canal itself was to be 66 feet wide at the surface, 30 feet at the bottom and 12 feet deep.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Thomas Gray

He surveyed a proposed line from Four Mills, Crediton, to the River Exe just below Exe Bridge.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Proposed.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Assisted William Jessop in deciding on a line for the canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Josiah Clowes

Did surveys for the line of the Gloucester & Berkeley Canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Richard Hall

He made a survey of a route for the proposed canal.

Glamorganshire Canal

John Dadford

As ther was no carriage road up the Aberdare Valley he surveyed a route for one at the same time as he surveyed the canal and tramroad link to the Neath Canal.

Grand Western Canal

John Longbotham

He did a second survey of the line for the canal, Robert Whitworth having done the first.

Grand Western Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the line a proposed a route from Topsham on the Exe estuary up the Clyst valley (with a short branch to the Exeter Road near Sowton) past Clyst Hydon up the Culm valley by Cullompton (served by another short branch) then south of Sampford Peverall where there was a brach to Tiverton. The canal continued past Runnington notth of Wellington to Bradford and the River at Taunton about half a mile above the Tone Bridge. Water was to be supplied by a feeder from Culmstock and two reserviors beyond and two more reserviors north of Burlescombe. The estimated cost was 166,724 including 22,229 for the Cullompton and Tiverton branches.

Horncastle Canal

Samuel Dickinson

Re-surveyed the line of the canal, with Robert Stickney, making minor amendments to earlier proposals.

Horncastle Canal

Henry Eastburn

Invited to be joint egineer of the Horncastle and Sleaford navigations but declined the post.

Horncastle Canal

Robert Stickney

Re-surveyed the line of the canal, with Samuel Dickinson, making minor amendments to earlier proposals.

Horncastle Canal

Authorised by an Act, which included the purchase of the Tattersall Canal.

Kyme Eau - Sleaford Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

London & Western Canal project

Robert Mylne

The Thames & Severn Canal company ask him consider how a canal could be built from the Thames above Oxford to the proposed canal.

London & Western Canal project

Samuel Simcock

He surveyed a route, with Samuel Weston, for a canal from Hampton Gay, six miles north of Oxford, to Thame, Wendover, Amersham, Uxbridge and Maylebone (later changed to the Thames at Isleworth). The 60-mile canal was also to have a branch to Aylesbury.

London & Western Canal project

Samuel Weston

He surveyed a route, with Samuel Simcock, for a canal from Hampton Gay, six miles north of Oxford, to Thame, Wendover, Amersham, Uxbridge and Maylebone (later changed to the Thames at Isleworth). The 60-mile canal was also to have a branch to Aylesbury.

River Medway

Navigation between Halling and Maidstone was promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Nottingham Canal

James (Woolaton) Green

Was appointed engineer at 300 guineas a year under William Jessop.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

He is appointed engineer at 3 guineas a day.

Nottingham Canal

Promoted under an Act.

Neath Canal

John Dadford

Did a survey for a proposed canal and tramroad link to the Glamorganshire Canal.

Neath Canal

By Mid 1792 Thomas Dadford Junior found it necessary to leave his post of General Surveyor, due to his being given the contract to build the Monmouthshire Canal.Thomas Sheasby replaced him.

Oakham Canal

William Jessop

He did a general survey for the line of the canal.

Oakham Canal

Christopher, junior Staveley

He did a detailed survey for the canal line and later became engineer.

Rochdale Canal

John, junior Gilbert

He was made a member of the new canal committee following the defeat of the canal Bill earlier in the year.

Shrewsbury Canal

George Young

He surveyed the line for the canal.

Sleaford Navigation

Henry Eastburn

Invited to be joint egineer of the Horncastle and Sleaford navigations but declined the post.

Sleaford Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Stour (Kent)

Joseph Hodskinson

He planned a 4 mile cut from below Fordwich to Barton Mill below Canterbury and estimated the cost at 4,638. He rejected the cheaper solution, to make the river navigable by building two locks above Fordwich, because there were too many shallows in the river.

River Trent

John Smith

Surveyed the river with William Jessop.

Wombridge Canal

Most of the line sold to the Shrewsbury Canal Company in 1792, the rest being abandoned during the early 19th century.

Neath Canal

Ynysbwllog Aqueduct Opened. The canal is now carried in pipes across the remains of this aqueduct.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the navigation and recommend improvements but was probably too busy to undertake the task.

Bury & Sladen Canal project

William Bennet

Surveyed the line of the proposed canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Brassey

Left the company.

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

The Amber Aqueduct partially failed and he voluntarily paid the 650 repair cost. He also offered to forgo his salary for the past six months and until the completion of the canal but this offer was not accepted.

Grand Junction Canal

James Barnes

Surveyed the line for the canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He was asked to do a survey to extend the navigation from Leicester to Market Harborough.

Rochdale Canal

Robert Mylne

He was retained by the company as an expert in water supply matters at the time the company were trying to get a Bill through parliament and were opposed by millowners.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He proposes the use of steam engines for keeping the canal supplied with water, three on the Yorkshire side and eight in Lancashire.

Ulverston Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the route and produced a plan for a 1 mile 3 furlongs ship canal from Hammerside point on the coast to the town. The estimated cost was 3,084 including a sea lock.

Horncastle Canal

William Crawley

Was appointed engineer jointly for the navigation and for the Sleaford Navigation.

Neath Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was employed as engineer-contractor and undertook to build the rest of the canal, from (and including) the Ynsbwllog Aqueduct to Glynneath by 1st November 1793 for 14,886, of which 2,800 was to be retained at interest for three years after the completion of the canal against any work found to need rectifing.

Sleaford Navigation

William Crawley

Was appointed engineer jointly for the navigation and for the Horncastle Canal.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He revised his estimate to 82,080 due to the new Haigh bridge branch, a reservior replacing steam engines and higher land costs among other factors.

Derby Canal

William Jessop

He re-surveyed Benjamin Outrams proposed route and suggested a terminus at Little Eaton instead of Denby and a tramroad from there to the collieries.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

He did the survey for the canal and recommended a line to join the Grand Junction Canal at Gayton, with a branch to the Nene at Northhampton if the cost were reasonable. He did the final plans for the Bill together with Christopher Staveley.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

He did a survey in December and January and recommended a broad canal from Westhoughton, in the coalfield between Bolton and Wigan, running north on a 15½ mile level to Clayton Green. Here it would descend 222 feet in 32 locks to the embankment and aqueduct over the river to Preston to join Whitworth's line.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

By this time the canal was navigable but many works still needed to be completed and he had exceeded his contract. He produced a bill for 17,221 of extra work carried out and said that 5,000 still needed to be spent.

Horncastle Canal

William Jessop

He gave evidence to the parliamentary committee considering the Bill.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

John Rennie

He estimated it would cost 12,762 to complete the navigation, including 6,600 for 12 locks at 550 each.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

John Rennie

Having examined the lower end of the navigation he reported that the best junction with the Orwell was the one proposed by William Jessop. He reiterates an earlier concern over timber built locks and recommends reconstruction of these 'when the navigation begins to pay'.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

William Jessop

He commented on the extension of the line from Market Harborough to Northampton and was later appointed engineer.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the line for the canal but was too busy.

Dearne and Dove Canal

William II Fairbank

Together with John Thompson he surveyed a route for the navigation.

Dearne and Dove Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the line for the canal but was too busy.

Dearne and Dove Canal

John Thompson

Together with William Fairbank he surveyed a route for the navigation.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Whitworth

He made a survey for canal under William Jessop's supervision.

Lancaster Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Appointed assistant surveyor.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

He is appointed engineer to reside five months a year at Lancaster and to attend at other times as requested for a salary of 600 a year.

Monmouthshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Was appointed engineer and was to give three-quarters of his time to the work and not to work elsewhere except on the Leominster Canal (where he was already engineer) and was not to have any concern in the contract for cutting.

Caistor Canal

William Jessop

It was decided to ask him to carry out a survey and prepare a plan.

Barnsley Canal

John Gott

Took part in the survey of the route and estimating pior to the first public meeting promoting the canal.

Barnsley Canal

Elias Wright

As one of the Aire & Calder's two resident engineers he took part in the survey of the route and estimating pior to the first public meeting promoting the canal.

River Don

Thomas Tolfield

He was asked to assist John Thompson to make a survey for a canal from the river near Stainforth to the Trent near Althorpe, 1.5 miles below Gainsborough.

Ellesmere Canal

William Jessop

He was called in because the company wanted "as engineer of approved character and experience" to consult and he recommended the original western route for the canal. However he did suggests some changes including a higher aqueduct at Pontcysllte to reduce the length of the proposed 4,607-yard tunnel at Ruabon. His estimate for the main line was 179,898 plus 17,000 for branches at Holt and Llanymynech.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He reported that he had looked at the various lines surveyed by William Martin, John Gott and Elias Wright and had concluded that a line from near Wakefield to Barnsley and Silkstone was best and could be built for 50,000.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Hugh Henshall

He re-surveyed the line of the canal and suggested that the draught of boats should be increased by a foot to 4 feet 6 inches.

Rochdale Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Surveyed for reseviors, assisted by John Longbotham.

Rochdale Canal

John Longbotham

He assisted William Crosley in surveys for reserviors so that the canal could be supplied with water without affecting the water supplies to mills.

Derby Canal

Benjamin Outram

His report was considered by a meeting which proposed a Trent -Swarkeston-Derby-Denby canal with a branch to Sandiacre on the Erewash Canal.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

William Jessop

He checked Robert Whitworth's line for the canal.

Grand Junction Canal

William Jessop

He resurveyed the route that James Barnes proposed and found little to change.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He and Robert Mylne for the Dearne & Dove Canal jointly planned a level junction lock to ensure that neither canal lost water.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Mylne

He as engineer for the company and William Jessop for the Barnsley Canal jointly planned a level junction lock to ensure that neither canal lost water.

Horncastle Canal

William Crawley

Resigned as engineer.

Caistor Canal

William Jessop

His report was considered at a meeting of the Ancholme Navigation Commissioners who were concerned about the effect the proposed navigation would have on drainage.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Was ordered by the company to make a plan and estimate for the canal with the assistance of Mr Cockshutt, a shareholder and solicitor of the Monmouthshire Canal Company.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

John Thompson

He was appointed engineer and later appeared before the parliamentary committee in the passage of the Bill..

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Robert Whitworth

He produced a plan, based on and adding to his 1781 scheme, for a canal from the Limeworks at Ticknall to Ashby Woulds then on to the Coventry Canal at Griff.The Ticknall end was to have branches to Cloud Hill and perhaps Staunton Harold it wes then to rise 84 feet through locks before descending 139 feet to Ashby Woulds. This section was to have a reservior 51 feet below the summit with water pumped by a steam engine and was estimated to cost 82,143. The level section from Ashby Woulds to Griff was estimated to cost 63,402.

Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby Section

William Jessop

He came to examine William Martins Plans for a Dock and other facilities at Selby following a request to him in August. He recommended that work start immediately when he reported in January 1793.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

Robert Mylne

He and John Thompson were asked to survey the line for the canal.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

John Thompson

He and Robert Mylne were asked to survey the line for the canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

Appointed engineer at 105 a year.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He was asked by the committee to superintend the work, to provide iron tools, carts, wheel-barrows, and 'other wheel carriages', coal, meal, stone, sand, clay, timber, iron, lead and huts at 'different stations', and to treat with the landowners for their ground.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Mylne

He started a two day survey for a canal from the river to Barnsley.

Sheffield Canal

Robert Mylne

He reported favourably on the project. His diary records "Bad day, in a chaise to Sheffield; viewed the line, lands and brooks to that place. Viewed the termination and place for bason. Attended a committee - made a report viva voce to the meetingon this canal".

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

John Rennie

On his advice the trustees applied to parliament for a second Bill to raise a further 15,000. He gave evidence in support of this.

1793

The peak year of Canal Mania.

Ashburton Canal Project

George Bentley

Called in to review the original line proposed by F King. Together they managed to reduce the estimate from 15,000 to 10,000.

Ashburton Canal Project

F King

He made a survey and proposed a canal with 24 locks rising 202.5 feet to a basin below Ashburton at an estimated cost of 15,000.

Aberdare Canal

James Dadford

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

John Dadford

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He subscribed to 2,000 of shares jointly with the other three Dadfords, all working on Welsh canals.

Aberdare Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Arun

Promoted as a navigation under Act.

Ashton Canal

Branches promoted under Acts of Parliament

River Avon (Warwick)

Made navigable by Act.

Bristol - Cirencester canal project

Robert Mylne

He did a survey for the line of the proposed canal with Richard Hall.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

John Snape

He surveyed the line of the canal.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

The extension to the Dudley Canal was authorised.

Barnsley Canal

John Gott

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Samuel Hartley

He was appointed engineer and had a long running dispute with the contractor John Pinkerton.

Barnsley Canal

John Hodskinson

He surveyed an extension just under 8 miles long from Haigh bridge to the Calder & Hebble Navigation at Horbury Bridge.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Elias Wright

He took part in the survey and estimate of 72,115 for the 6 mile Haigh bridge branch.

Barnsley Canal

Authorised by an Act

Bristol - Thames Head Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He supported this plan as it had a better water supply than the Bristol - Cirencester Canal project.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Richard Coates

Controlled the construction of the navigation, a task that he carried out on behalf of John Rennie to whom he was an assistant.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Matthew Hall

He surveyed the route under John Rennie's direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

He recommended the deepening and straightening of the Blackwater as far as Fullbridge.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Matthew Hall carried out a survey of the canal under his direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Promoted under an Act.

Crinan Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Caistor Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Derby Canal

Authorised by an Act of May 1793.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

John Ainslie

He and Robert Whitworth junior were commissioned to make a survey and suggest four possible routes between Leith and Broomielaw on the Clyde.

Edinburgh and Glasgow Union Canal

Robert, junior Whitworth

He and John Ainslie were commissioned to make a survey and suggest four possible routes between Leith and Broomielaw on the Clyde.

English & Bristol Channel canal schemes

Josiah Easton

Surveyed a line from the English Channel at Axmouth near Seaton through Axminster, Chard, Ilminster, Creech St Michael, Bridgwater, Huntspill and Backwell near Nailsea.

Ellesmere Canal

Arthur Davies

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with WilliamTurner and John Duncombe.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with WilliamTurner and Arthur Davies.

Ellesmere Canal

William Turner

Prepared plans and estimates for the aqueducts at Pontcysllte and pont faen, together with Arthur Davies and John Duncombe.

Ellesmere Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Foss

Robert Gilson

He produced an amended survey under the supervision of William Jessop that proposed 5 locks above Sheriff Hutton and 9 below.

River Foss

William Jessop

He supervised an amended survey by Robert Gilson that proposed 5 locks above Sheriff Hutton and 9 below.

River Foss

Promoted by Act.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Dennis Edson

Was appointed resident engineer at 210 a year.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to resurvey the canal but did not respond.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He was asked to resurvey the line as "Chief and Principal Engineer" on 350 a year plus expenses and proposed a 17.75 mile canal 70 foot wide and 18 foot deep to carry ships of up to 300-tons. He estimated the cost at 121,330.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Promoted by Act.

Grand Junction Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Grantham Canal

James (Woolaton) Green

He was appointed engineer for the section of canal from the Trent to the Leicestershire border.

Grantham Canal

William Jessop

He was employed to check progress of the works from time to time.

Grantham Canal

Authorised by an Act.

River Gipping

Authorised by Actand administered by the Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation Co.

Grand Union Market Harborough Branch

Authorised by an Act.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

Authorised under the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Western Canal

Hugh Henshall

He seems to have worked for William Jessop when he was advising on the line of the canal.

Grand Western Canal

Robert Mylne

He revised the line surveyed by John Longbotham and his work was in turn used by Hugh Henshall working on behalf of William Jessop in his task of deciding between the routes.

Haslingden Canal

William Bennet

Conducted a detailed survey of the canal line previously surveyed by Charles McNiven and Samuel Fletcher.

Haslingden Canal

Samuel Fletcher

Conducted a preliminary survey of the canal line with Charles McNiven.

Haslingden Canal

Charles McNiven

Conducted a preliminary survey of the canal line with Samuel Fletcher.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Dennis Edson

Was employed to survey a possible canal from Bath to Bristol to bypass the river Avon.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

He was asked to make a new survey and communicate the results to Robert Whitworth, who was to advise the committee.He selected a route through Devizes with two branches one to Marlborough and the other to Calne and Chippenham.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He worked with John Varley on the parliamentary survey for the canal under William Jessops direction. He was also joint engineer with Varley at the start of work on the canal but did not stay long.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

He and Christopher Staveley both started work as engineers at the Leicester end of the canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Lancaster Canal

Archibald Millar

He is appointed resident engineer and superintendent.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal - Glasson Dock Branch

Authorised by an Act of May 1793.

Monmouthshire & Brecon Canal

The Brecknock and Abergavenny Canal was promoted by Act.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Hugh Henshall

He and Charles McNiven survyed the navigation and reported that if the locks and cuts were kept in good order and the millers prevented from lowering the water level the navigation could be even more successfull and more reliable.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Charles McNiven

He and Hugh Henshall survyed the navigation and reported that if the locks and cuts were kept in good order and the millers prevented from lowering the water level the navigation could be even more successfull and more reliable.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

Monkland Canal

Opened.

Nutbrook Canal

William Jessop

He was paid for the preliminary survey of the canal.

Nutbrook Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was appointed engineer.

Nutbrook Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Newport Pagnell Canal

James Barnes

Surveyed the route for the proposed canal.

Oakham Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

George Bentley

Appionted engineer for the project and proposed a line which was approved by Robert Whitworth.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

Thomas Bolton

Appionted surveyor for the project and proposed a line which was approved by Robert Whitworth.

Public Devonshire Canal Project

Robert Whitworth

He approved the line proposed by George Bentley and Thomas Bolton.

Petworth Canal

Opened in 1793 but only used for a few years.

Rochdale Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Produce the survey plan for the third Bill under John Rennie's direction.

Stainforth & Keadby Canal

William II Fairbank

Appeared before the parliamentary committee as surveyor.

Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation

Stainforth & Keaby Canal promoted by an Act.

Shrewsbury Canal

Josiah Clowes

Appointed engineer.

Shrewsbury Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Jessop

He made a report on the proposed canal, assisted by William Smith, and was paid 75.

Somerset Coal Canal

William Smith

He made a survey for the canal under the direction of John Rennie he also attended William Jessop on his survey of the line.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Shropshire Union - Llangollen Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

William, Senior Crosley

Did a survey for a 25 mile narrow canal from Whitby to Pickering, estimated to cost 66,447. He also looked at the possibility of a branch to Danby.

Torrington Canal

Mr Tozer

He surveyed a line for the canal.

Taunton - Uphill Canal project

Josiah Easton

Surveyed a line for the canal.

Ulverston Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Samuel Bull

Was in charge of the survey of the line of the canal while working for the Birmingham Canal Company. He produced an estimate of 95,000 pounds.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

Authorised by an Act of 6 March 1793.

Grand Union Northampton Branch

The Northampton Branch was authorised as part of the original Grand Junction Act of Parliament.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He attended hearings of the Bill for the canal, his expenses being paid by the Monmouthshire Canal Company.

Bude Canal

George Bentley

Together with Thomas Bolton he made a preliminary survey for a line from Bude Harbour to Hatherleigh.

Bude Canal

Thomas Bolton

Together with George Bentley he made a preliminary survey for a line from Bude Harbour to Hatherleigh.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Denson

Was assistant to John Duncombe, the engineer helping William Jessop with the canal.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Robert Whitworth

John Rennie was asked to make a new survey of the canal and to communicate the results to him.

Llandeilo & Llandovery Canal projects

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was called in to survey a canal from Pen-coed to Llandovery. There were to be two branches one from Pontardulias up the valley of the Gwili to Myndd Marw and the other from Kidwelly up the Gwendraeth.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He estimates a cost of 291,929 for the whole canal from Sowerby Bridge with no junction with the Ashton Canal. This was a narrow canal with a 3,000 yard tunnel and eleveb reservoirs.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Nicholas Brown

Did the original survey for the line of the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Samuel Bull

Took part in surveys of alternative lines for the canal while working for the Birmingham Canal Company.

Warwick & Napton Canal

Charles Handley

Surveyed a route for the canal.

Warwick & Napton Canal

James Sheriff

He carried out a survey of a line for the canal.

Oxford Canal (Northern Section)

James Barnes

Surveyed the northern Oxford Canal on beha;f of the Grand Junction Canal Company to show how it could be widened and shortened.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

George Bentley

Together with Thomas Bolton he made a survey for a line and suggested a short canal with improvements to the river navigations or a longer canal that was not dependent on river improvements.

Padstow - Lostwithiel Scheme

Thomas Bolton

Together with George Bentley he made a survey for a line and suggested a short canal with improvements to the river navigations or a longer canal that was not dependent on river improvements.

Salisbury & Southampton Canal

Joseph Hill

He surveyed the route and estimated the cost as 47,209.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

James Cockshutt

He proposed a 25 mile narrow canal from Whitby to Pickering at an estimated cost of 66,447.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

At a meeting of subscribers in London it was proposed that the canal be built with a depth of 15 feet so he revised his estimate for the canal to 107,512.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

His plans for the Glasson branch were approved.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Was appointed to assist William Jessop in the construction of the canal.

Monmouthshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He was ordered to survey the route of a tramroad from Beaufort and Ebbw Vale furnaces and Sirhowy to a place called Trevill.

Dearne and Dove Canal

Robert Mylne

He gave evidence on the Bill for the navigation around this time.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to resurvey the line for the canal but was too busy.

Grand Junction Canal

William Jessop

He was appoined to take charge of construction.

Grantham Canal

William King

He was appointed engineer for the section of the canal from the Leicestershire boundary to Grantham. Unusually he was also a member of the intial company board of nine people even though he was an employee.

Swansea Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was asked to survey up the Tawe valley as far as Devynock.

Derby Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was appointed engineer.

Shropshire Canal

John Curr

He writes a letter suggesting new methods of getting crates in and out of boats.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Josiah Clowes

Due to concerns that the proposed aqueduct across the River Severn would cause flooding he proposed a level crossing of the river and a cut across Alney Island to Gloucester.

Sankey Brook Navigation

John Smith

His steamboat was tested on the navigation.

Warwick & Birmingham Canal

William Felkin

He became the company's engineeer.

Grand Junction Canal

James Barnes

Appointed full time engineer at 2 guineas a day plus half a guinea a day expenses.

Dearne and Dove Canal

John Thompson

He took charge of the construction of the canal and in July offered contracts for the cutting and preparation of stone.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Richard Coates started work on the construction of the navigation under his direction.

River Trent

William Jessop

He and Robert Whitworth reported on the on the state of the navigation and recommended improvements in preparation for a new navigation Act.

River Trent

Robert Whitworth

He and William Jessop reported on the on the state of the navigation and recommended improvements in preparation for a new navigation Act.

River Foss

John Moon

He answered an advertisement for a superintendent of woks and was given the job of building the navigation to William Jessop's plan.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Whitworth

He and Robert Mylne were appointed joint engineers to the project.

River Thames

Robert Mylne

He reported to the commissioners on his survey of the river below Maidenhead and recommended a 4.75 mile canal with 3 locks from Boulter's Lock to Eton.

Sheffield Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reported his proposal for a level canal 12¾ miles long from the Eckington-Beighton road via Attercliffe to close behind the Hospital Chapel at Sheffield, with a fair amount of cutting and a 770 yard tunnel. The Attercliffe to Sheffield Section would take river barges as would the branch from Attercliffe to the Don, which made part of the river navigable with 3 lock and was to have 7 canal locks. The rest, including a 5 lock extension to an iron works near Chesterfield would be narrow.He estimated the main line and Tinsley Branch at 45,041.

Monkey Island - Isleworth canal project

Robert Mylne

He and Robert Whitworth were appointed joint engineers to the project.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

Robert Whitworth

He reported on his survey and suggested a 37 mile route from the proposed Kennet & Avon Canal at Freshford to Stalbridge this would cost 100,000 and had good water supplies. From Stalbridge the line south could either go past Blandford at an estimated cost of 83,000 for 33 miles of canal, or by Wareham, which was 91,000 for 30 miles and had difficulties with water supply.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Mylne

He had started setting out the line of the canal.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Charles Roberts

He was found 'not to have acted in the Execution of his Duty with proper discretion and Oeconomy' and was dismissed as engineer.

Bude Canal

Robert Fulton

Wrote a letter to Lord Stanhope suggesting inclined planes instead of locks for the canal. Lord Stanhope replied saying his idea for working the plane had already been thought of by Edmund Leach. This was the start of a correspondence that lasted until 1796.

Bristol & Taunton Canal

William Jessop

He checked the Bristol & Western Canal Line.

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

The Derwent Aqueduct cracked and he blames himself for the want of sufficient strngth in the front walls.

River Foss

John Moon

Work was underway on building the navigation but he had changed the line and number of locks from the William Jessop's plan.

Taunton - Uphill Canal project

William Jessop

He checked a survey made by Josiah Easton.

Somerset Coal Canal

John Rennie

Having surveyed the line of the canal assisted by William Smith he presnets his report proposing a line from the Kennet & Avon Canal at Limpley Stoke up the Dunkerton valley, with a branch up the Wellow valley. The costwas estimated as 80,000.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Benjamin Outram

He reports on the proposed canal which he estimates at 178,748 exclusive of plarliamentary expenses.

Ellesmere Canal

Thomas Telford

Made General Agent, Surveyor, Engineer, Architect and Overlooker of Works for the canal which had just been authorised at a salary of 300 a year. This was a pat-time post under William Jessop, the Principal Engineer. He retained his post as Surveyor of Public Works for the County of Shropshire.

Stratford upon Avon Canal

Josiah Clowes

He began work building the canal.

Wilts and Berks Canal

William Whitworth

A meeting at Swindon decided that he should survey a junction with the Thames & Severn Canal.

Scarborough and Whitby Canal schemes

James Cockshutt

A group of promoters met to hear his first survey report for a canal from Scarborough to Malton.

Grand Western Canal

William Jessop

He gave his report on the lines proposed by Robert Whitworth and John Longbotham, favouring the shorter line of Longbotham but not his Tiverton and Cullompton branches. He also recommended a navigation that would take 50 ton barges.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

He told the company clerk that American oak was the 'worst of all oak' and 'would not last six years in the work'.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

John Carne

It was reported that his cutting machine had removed 1,007 cubic yards of earth in 7 days, using eleven men and four horses.

1794

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

John Smith

Surveyed the canal with Robert Whitworth and William Jessop.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Andover Canal

Completed.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He and Hugh Henshall surveyed the line for a tramroad from Llan-march Coal and Mine Works to the Clydach ironworks.

Brecknock & Abergavenny Canal

Hugh Henshall

He and Thomas Dadford junior surveyed the line for a tramroad from Llan-march Coal and Mine Works to the Clydach ironworks.

Basingstoke Canal

Opened.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Bude Canal

Robert Fulton

He took out a patent for improvements in inclined planes, in which wheeled boats (later used on the canal) were mentioned.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Benjamin Henry Latrobe

He builds on his earlier report and suggests improvements of the Blackwater upstream to its junction with the Chelmer.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Bradley

The company paid him 105 for his part in supporting the Rochdale Canal Bill in its passage through parliament. He was now recognised as a fully competent engineer and from this time on he undertook all the planning and execution of his work, the company no longer employing William Jessop as consultant.

Campbeltown Canal

Completed.

Cromford Canal

Opened.

Dorset & Somerset Canal

William Bennet

On Robert Whitworth's recommendation he was employed in conducting a detailed suryey of the route for main line and branches of the canal.

River Derwent

Henry Eastburn

Reported that a canal from the Derwent to Whitby or Scarborough would not be difficult to build.

Glamorganshire Canal

Two and three-rise staircase locks built at Nantgarw and canal opened.

Grand Union Aylesbury Branch

Authorised by the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Leicester Canal opened.

Grand Union Wendover Branch

Authorised by the Grand Junction Canal Act.

Grand Western Canal

John Rennie

He, with two assistants, reviewed the line and suggested many changes to William Jessop and John Longbotham's route.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Some of the canal opened.

Haslingden Canal

Authorised by an Act to join the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal, at Bury, to the Leeds & Liverpool Canal, at Church near Accrington, but never built.

Huddersfield Narrow Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Ivelchester & Langport Navigation

William Bennet

Examined the route as engineer with Charles H Masters as his surveyor. He reported in October to a meeting chaired by the Earl of Ilchester when he stated the estimated cost as 5,102.

Ivelchester & Langport Navigation

Charles H Masters

Examined the route as surveyor with William Bennet as engineer.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Promoted by Act.

Kyme Eau - Sleaford Canal

Opened.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Lancaster Canal

Henry Eastburn

Was appointed resident engineer for the canal south of the Ribble and was assisted by Thomas Fletcher.

Lancaster Canal

Thomas Fletcher

Was appointed assistant to Henry Eastburn, the resident engineer south of the Ribble.

Leominster Canal

Part open.

Montgomeryshire Canal

John Dadford

Was appointed engineer, with his brother Thomas to assist hin, for which they were jointly paid.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Was appointed to assist his brother John as engineer, for which they were jointly paid.

Montgomeryshire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Morris's Canal

Became part of the Trewyddfa Canal.

Newcastle - Carlisle - Maryport Canal schemes

Ralph Dodd

He did the quick preliminary survey for the scheme before William Chapman and William Jessop did the detailed survey.

River Nene

Promoted by Act.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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