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Waterways Chronology from 1783 to 1792

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Chronology Index

1783

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Thomas Dadford senior

He left his post as engineer and surveyor and was afterwards employed on an ad hoc basis.

River Rother (Western)

William Jessop

He reported on the lower river to Petworth Mills.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Thames and Severn Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Trent

Promoted by Act.

Thames and Severn Canal

Josiah Clowes

Appointed resident engineer.

River Trent

William Jessop

He was employed to survey the Trent above Burton and the rivers Tame and Anker and reported that they could be made navigable to Birmingham for wide boats at much less cost than the projected Birmingham & Fazeley Canal.

River Trent

William Jessop

He was appointed engineer to the new company set up by an Act just passed. He was to be paid 675 by instalments to complete authorised works.

River Thames

Robert Whitworth

In his role as consultant engineer for the Thames & Severn Canal he and Christopher Chambers, a shareholder of the canal and of the Stroudwater canal as well as being a Thames Commissionner, enquired what improvements the commissioners intended to make to the navigation between Lechlade and Pangbourne.

1784

Alford Canal project

John Hudson

He and William Jessop prepared a plan and estimate for a canal with the outfall at Anderby.

Alford Canal project

William Jessop

He and John Hudson prepared a plan and estimate for a canal with the outfall at Anderby.

Birmingham and Fazeley Canal

John Smeaton

He was engineer for the canal.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

John Bull

About this time he and John Snape surveyed the extension of the canal to the Birmingham Canal through Dudley Tunnel.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Walsall Canal

John Smeaton

He was engineer for the canal.

Coventry Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He and Robert Whitworth advised on the proposed Tame Aqueduct.

Lechlade - Abingdon Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He survyed a 22¾ mile line from Kempsford on the Thames & Severn Canal to Abingdon to by-pass 45¾ miles of difficult river navigation.

Llansamlet (Smith's) Canal

Completed about 1784.

River Severn

William Jessop

He was commissioned by the Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal Company to estimate the cost of removing shallows in the river, making a horse towing path and other navigation improvements.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed a new line for the canal about this date. At this time the proposed canal was called the Gloucester Canal.

River Lee

John, junior Glynn

On the death of his father he succeeded to the post of engineer.

River Severn

William Jessop

He recommended that the river be made navigable from from Meadow Wharf at Colnbrookdale to Diglis below Worcester. By building 13 or 14 locks and weirs and other works it would be possible for craft drawing up to 4 feet to navigate in all seasons.

1785

River Arun

Act passed to make the river navigable between Houghton Bridge and Newbridge.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Thomas Dadford senior

He checked the original survey and was made consulting engineer for the Dudley Tunnel extension. He was told to plan for a commodious basin at Castle Mill were the tunnel was to join Lord Dudley's tunnel.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

John Snape

He, together with John Bull, surveyed the line of the canal.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Act passed to extended to the Birmingham Canal via Dudley Tunnel.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

James Watt

Around this time he gave the company engineering advice at a time when the junction with the Dudley Canal was being discussed.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Bude Canal

Edmund Leach

Based on his work in surveying the proposed Tamar Canal (an idea that developed into the Bude Canal) he published a book called A Treatise of Universal Inland Navigations.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

Battye Ford cut is extended to his plans.

Flint Coal Canal

William Jessop

He surveyed a proposed line for the canal.

Flint Coal Canal

Surveyed by William Jessop.

Oakham Canal

William Jessop

He is commissioned to do a survey for the canal although the work was done by Robert Whitworth.

Oakham Canal

Robert Whitworth

He did a survey for a canal from Melton Mowbray to run west of Stapleford, through Leesthorpe and Ashwell to Oakham.

River Severn

George Young

About this time he re-surveyed the river from Coalbrooke to Diglis, below Worcester, that William Jessop had surveyed. He proposed 15 locks instead of Jessop's 13 or 14.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

He became the cheif engineer.

Oxford Canal (Southern Section)

Samuel Weston

He was commissioned by the company to survey the Cherwell from Banbury to Oxford (as well as the Swift from Cocford to Lutterworth) to see if it could be made navigable. He thought it could.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

Abraham Lees

He became resident engineer.

Coventry Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was appointed engineer to build the canal extension from Atherstone to Fazeley.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

In a report he proposed that the navigable cut at Grangemouth should be deepened and that the upper end should be widened to relieve pressure on the dam.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

He reported on the proposed extension of the canal fromStockingfield to the Clyde agreeing (with May Millar and John Laurie) that the western entrance should be at Bowling. He estimated the cost of the Kelvin Aqueduct as 2,000 and the whole as 56,456 or 58,901 the depth were increased to 8 feet.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

He suggested that the Townhead reservior and the smaller lochs on the canal route should be raised and that the central part of Dullatur Bog should be made into a reservior by building embankments if the canal depth was to be increased.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

He proposed three new reserviors to supply water by way of the Monkland Canal and that the locks should be made for the Monkland Canal at Blackhill, and a cut to connect Monkland Basin to the end of the Forth & Clyde's Glasgow branch.

1786

Walsall Canal

Started in 1786 as a branch from the Birmingham canal.

Cromford Canal

John Smith

He and William Jessop are believed to have surveyed part of the Cromford Canal around this date.

Coventry Canal

Promoted by Acts.

General Warde's (Yspitty) Canal

John Smith

Deed granting him lands including "navigable cut or canal through the common called DoleVawr y Bynie, in the hamlet of Berwick ... for the carrying of coals from part of the said lands to be shipped at the river Burry. He now proposed to open a new colliery near Dafen Bridge and intended to make a new improved shipping place at Yspitty, he was authorised by this deed to enlarge his existing canal and extend westwards.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He was asked "to take a view of the works of the drainage, and of the River Hull, and to report what measures (in his opinion) ought to be pursued to give the best effect to the undertaking; what will be the probable expense of those measures, whether a navigation be compatible with the drainage, and if it be, what additional expense would be required to effect a navigation (as well as drainage) from the outfall to Monk bridge."

Oxford Canal

James Barnes

Appointed Resident Engineeer of the canal.

Oxford Canal

Samuel Simcock

A Bill was presented to Parliament which included the proposition that he, Samuel Weston, and four others should build the canal from Banbury to Oxford for 29,000 on codition that they were given exclusive carrying rights and two-thirds of the profits. This was not accepted.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

Oxford Canal (Southern Section)

Samuel Weston

A provision in the canal Bill gave him, Samuel Simcock and four others connected with the canal, exclusive carrying rights and two-thirds of the profts in return for building the canal from Banbury to Oxford for 29,000. This was rejected by Parliament.

River Severn

Robert Mylne

He gave evidence on a Bill for making the river navigable from Diglis at Worcester to Meadow Warf at Coalbrookdale.

Oxford Canal

Samuel Simcock

He was sent to Cambridgeshire to study the use of windmills for pumping water. One was ordered to be built at Hardwick Lock.

Leven Canal

William Jessop

He reports that a navigation "will by no means be incompatible with drainage, but rather an advantage to it, if properly executed".

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

He reported again on water-supplies for the deepening of the canal. The canal could already draw 2,545 lockfuls annually from the Bishop, Woodend, Gartsherrie and Johnston Lochs, 2,245 lockfuls from the Townhead Reservoir and 300 lockfuls from Possil Loch. He estimated that the three reservoirs east of the Monkland would cost f4,466 and fully satisfy their water requirements. The aqueduct which was to take the water from the River Calder to the east end of the Monkland was to cost 561 and a canal 4½ ft deep from the Monkland Basin to Hamiltonhill was estimated as 2,407.

1787

Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby Section

John Gott

He was told to errect two cranes at Selby, one on the river and oneon the canal with three gantries.

Basingstoke Canal

William Jessop

He was appointed engineer and did the final survey.

River Cart

Authorised by an Act work, on a cut, following this second Act.

Lancaster Canal

John Longbotham

He proposes to build a cut from the River Winster, near where it joined the the River Kent estuary at Castle Head (SD422799), northeast across Foulshaw Moss to Nether Levens where it would join the River Kent. The Kent was then to be diverted south-southwest along the coast to Arnside where it would turn south along the coastline to the deep water at Heysham Head. The scheme was intended to provide drainage as well as navigation.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Hugh Henshall

With two other engineers he investigated the flooding and noted that the navigable depth at Hollins Ferry was 2 feet to 2 feet 9 inches, whereas it had been 1 foot 8 inches sixteen years previously.

River Thames

Josiah Clowes

He advises the Thames Commisionners on the building of Osney Lock while engineer to the Thames & Severn Canal.

Coventry Canal (Detached Portion)

Thomas Dadford senior

He completed the building of this section for the Trent & Mersey Canal Company. Soon afterwards the Coventry Canal exercised its right to buy this section for 10,541.

River Thames

William Jessop

He completed a survey and reported on the river from Oxford to Lechlade.

Aberdeenshire Canal

John Rennie

He proposes that the size of the planned canal should be increased to 27 feet 4 inches wide at the surface, 14 feet wide at the bottom and 4 feet deep.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Thomas Dadford senior

Following some of the contractors work being found unsatisfactory he was paid off as consulting engineer.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

William Jessop

It was agreed that he would be released from from his bond and that John Pinkerton should pay the company 2,000 by instalments which jessop was to guarantee with others.

Cromford Canal

John Hodgkinson

With Benjamin Outram and others he met with the Erewash Canal company to propose an extention of the canal to Pixton but could get no agreement. This being the start of the events that led to the building of the Cromford Canal.

Grand Union Erewash Canal

Benjamin Outram

With John Hodgkinson and others he met with the Erewash Canal company to propose an extention of the canal to Pixton but could get no agreement. This being the start of the events that led to the building of the Cromford Canal.

River Trent

William Jessop

The navigation works were considered complete and he was paid the balance of his fee and appointed engineer at 100 a year.

1788

Arbroath - Forfar Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He was employed by George Dempster of Dunnichen to survey a line for a canal from Arbroath to within 2 miles of Forfar that he estimated would cost 17,788.

Coventry Canal (Detached Portion)

This part was built by the Trent & Mersey Co, who reported if fully completed.

Flint Coal Canal

Authorised by an Act of 1788 but never built.

Ketley Canal

Completed in 1788 and, because of the sharp incline and water shortages, included a 73 foot inclined plane, the first on an English canal.

River Ouse (Sussex)

William Jessop

He made a survey and estimated that it would cost 14,400 to make the river navigable for 30-ton craft from Lewes to Pilstye Bridge just past the Cuckfield to Balcombe road. The estmate was for a navigation with 25 locks but a shorter navigation from Lewes to Lindfield with 18 locks was estimated at 9,271.

Shropshire Canal

William Jessop

He gave evidence in London to support the Bill authorising the canal.

Shropshire Canal

John Lowdon

He was appointed surveyor.

Wombridge Canal

Probably completed in 1788 .

River Stort

Samuel Weston

He made a survey for a branch to Saffron Waldon.

Kennet and Avon Canal

James Barnes

Made a survey of the line of the new canal.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Samuel Simcock

He, Samuel Weston and James Barnes made surveys for narrow and barge canals from Newbury to Bath.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Samuel Weston

He, Samuel Simcock and James Barnes made surveys for narrow and barge canals from Newbury to Bath.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

William Jessop

He stood surity for a 4,000 bond which John Pinkerton took as contractor cutting the canal.

Shropshire Canal

James Watt

He helped to judge the models submitted in response to the company's offer of a 50 reward for "the best Means of raising and lowering heavy Weights from one Navigation to another".

Shropshire Canal

John Lowdon

He and Henry Williams were awarded 50 each for their entries in a competition to find "the best means of raising and lowering heavy weights from one navigation to another".

Shropshire Canal

Henry Williams

He and John Lowdon were awarded 50 each for their entries in a competition to find "the best means of raising and lowering heavy weights from one navigation to another".

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

He presented his estimate of 42,697 for building the canal at a meeting in Alfreton.

1789

Brindley's Grand Cross was completed with the linking of the Oxford Canal to the Thames.

Andover Canal

Charles Roberts

He gave evidence to the parliamentary committee on the canal Bill and may have been the company's first engineer.

Andover Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Bo'ness Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the unfinished canal and reported that 17,763 was required to complete it.

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

He was appointed engineer at 350 a year plus expenses and was to give a third of his time to the works.

Cromford Canal

Benjamin Outram

Was appointed full-time assistant engineer to William Jessop.

Cromford Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Duke's Cut

Built by the Duke of Marlborough opened, and formed the first link between the Thames and the Oxford Canal.

River Gipping

William Jessop

He was commissioned by several landownwers to survey the River Gipping valley with a view to making the river navigable.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Richard Hall

He made a survey and proposed a line for the canal from the Severn at The Haw above Gloucester through Tirley, Corse, Staunton, Redmarley d'Abitot, Dymock, Ashperton, Yarkshill, Lugwardine and Tupsley to Hereford.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

I Lenny

Did the survey for the navigation that was used for the 1790 enabling act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

He reported on the cost of completing the canal, which he estimated at 169,818 including Foulridge Tunnel on the summit. This he thought "compared with what has been done on other canal, will be a small affair".

Muirkirk Canal

Built about 1789.

Stort - Cam Canal projects

John Rennie

It was decided to apply for an enabling Act based on his proposals for a canal from Bishop's Stortford, through Saffron Waldon to Brandon Creek, with branches to Cambridge and Burwell Lode. He estimated the cost as 168,257.

Thames and Severn Canal

Dudgrove Double Locks built.

River Wye

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the river for the trustees and put forward two plans for improving navigation on the river and building cuts in different sections of the Wye. The costs were estimated at 27,000 and 48,000.

Thames and Severn Canal

Opened.

River Thames

Josiah Clowes

He was commissioned to design pound locks at St John's (Lechlade) and Buscot.

Basingstoke - Itchen Canal project

John Rennie

The Basingstoke Canal committee asked him to survey the route to Salisbury which was to be built on the same scale as the Basingstoke Canal. He poited out difficulties on the summit which would need to be supplied with water by steam-pumps but considered the rest of the route straightforward. The line was to join the Andover Canal for some way before continuing to Salisbury. The estimated cost was 135,770 for the cheapest alternative which excluded widening the Andover Canal.

Andover Canal

Robert Whitworth

He did a survey for the petition for a Bill.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

His constant supervision of work on the nearly completed Kelvin Aqueduct was praised by Patrick Colquhoun, the canal's agent, in a letter to shareholders.

River Thames

Josiah Clowes

Reported on a survey he had conducted for the commissioners from Lechlade to Old Nan's Weir just above Rushey.

River Trent

William Jessop

He made a suvey of the river at Sawley to estimate the cost of a side-cut. He recommended a cut and a lock.

Kennet and Avon Canal

Robert Whitworth

Having a few months earlier received for comment the surveys of Samuel Weston, Samuel Simcock and James Barnes he reported favouring a line through Hungerford, Marlborough and Calne, subject to the water supplies being satisfactory.

Leominster Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Made a survet and an estimate for a 31 mile canal with three tunnels the whole costing 83,000.

Thames and Severn Canal

Josiah Clowes

He tried and failed to stop the summit level leaking. This led to various actions to improve the water supply of the canal.

1790

River Arun

River opened for navigation between Houghton Bridge and Newbridge.

Cromford Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

Around this date he was probably appointed as one of the two contractors building the canal.

Coventry Canal

Opened.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Opened.

Fletcher's Canal

About 1790 or 1791 Matthew Fletcher widened some earlier water channels used to for water power into a navigation.

Glamorganshire Canal

Promoted by Act.

Glan-Y-Wern Canal

Completed about 1790.

River Gipping

Authorised by Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

He became engineer, assisted by his younger son William.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

William Whitworth

His father took up the post as engineer and he acted as his assistant.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Leominster Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Following proposals for a canal from Kington to Leominster the two schemes were amalgumated and he produced plans and estimates for a 46 mile canal rising 46 feet from Kington then falling 496 feet to the Severn.

Melton Mowbray Navigation

William Jessop

He oversaw the survey by Christopher Staveley.

Melton Mowbray Navigation

Christopher, junior Staveley

He surveyed the line for the canal under William Jessops guidance.

Monkland Canal

The extension to Woodhall authorised by an Act.

Morris's Canal

Built about 1790.

Neath Canal

On 12 July 1790 a meeting was held at the Ship & Castle at Neath, attended by Lord Vernon and local people, at which it was resolved that a canal from Pontneddfechan to Neath would be of great public benefit.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Act.

Oxford Canal

Open except for Isis Lock.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Jessop

He reported that he was told that there were not more than three seagoing craft a week going above Selby and that this figure included Hull Sloops and small vessels from Gainsborough and Rotherham.

Penrhiwtyn Canal

Built between 1790 and 1795.

River Rother (Western)

William Jessop

He reported on the lower river to Midhurst.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Swansea Canal

Edward Martin

He made a survey for a route up the Tawe valley to Ynysgedwyn for William Padley, a Swansea merchant.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Josiah Clowes

Did a survey for a broad canal around this time.

Neath Canal

On 13 September 1790 a meeting held to approve the line of the canal, surveyed by Thomas Dadford Junior, his father and brother John.

River Severn

Robert Mylne

He resurveyed the river for a new Bill to improve navigation between Diglis and Stourport.

Shropshire Canal

John Lowdon

He resigned.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the canal and a branch from Lenton to the Trent at Beeston. He started his survey and found that the line suggested by Lord Middleton was impracticable because it needed tunnelling and deep cuttings but then he fell ill and suggested that James Green should complete the survey.

Thames and Severn Canal

Robert Mylne

He was called in to address the problem of water supply. He found the tunnel and summit level were leaking 1.25 million cubic feet a week and that the canal needed 5 million cubic feet a week and that only 2.5 million cubic feet of water a week was available from the River Churn and Thames Head.

Stover Canal

Thomas Gray

Was engineer for the canal.

River Gipping

William Jessop

He gave evidence to the parliamentary committee considering the Bill.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Josiah Clowes

He was appointed engineer.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Josiah Clowes

Reported on the proposed canal from Hereford to Ledbury and on to Gloucester with a branch to Newent. He proposed a narrow canal taking boats of 70 feet by 8 feet and drawing 3 feet 6 inches, carrying 35 tons. The estimated cost was just under 70,000.

River Gipping

William Jessop

He was asked to prepare detailed drawings and specifications to be used as the basis for tenders.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

John Gunnery

Appointed engineer under Josiah Clowes.

Thames and Severn Canal

James Watt

The canal company invited him to come to advise on using a steam engine to improve their water supply.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Josiah Clowes

Was appointed engineer at one and a half guineas a day with the task of finishing Dudley Tunnel.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Was engaged as joint contrator with his father and Thomas Sheasby to make the canal for 48,288 exclusive of land. The company did not appoint an engineer so the contractors were controlled by committee members.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

Was engaged as joint contrator with his son Thomas and Thomas Sheasby to make the canal for 48,288 exclusive of land. The company did not appoint an engineer so the contractors were controlled by committee members.

Glamorganshire Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

Was engaged as joint contrator with the Thomas Dadfords, father and son, to make the canal for 48,288 exclusive of land. The company did not appoint an engineer so the contractors were controlled by committee members.

Neath Canal

John Dadford

Assisted his father and brother (both called Thomas) in making a survey of the line of the proposed canal.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Robert Whitworth

The offical opening of the canal took place and the Scots Magazine reported "In the course of the voyage from Glasgow to Bowling Bay, the track-boat passed along that stupendous bridge, the great aqueduct over the Kelvin, 400 ft in length, exhibiting to the spectators in the valley below the singular and new object of a vessel navigating 70 ft over their heads - a feature of this work which gives it a pre-eminence over everything of a similar nature in Europe, and does infinite honour to the professional skill of that able engineer Robert Whitworth Esq, under whose direction the whole of this great work has been completed in a very masterly manner".

Neath Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He was asked to make a survey of the proposed route of the canal, which he did with his father and brother John.

Leicester Navigation

William Jessop

He was asked to make a survey for the line of the proposed canal.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

James Smith

He was appointed at a salary of 300 for the period up to 1st October 1791.

Neath Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

His estimate of 25,716 for the canal was approved.

Leicester Navigation

William Jessop

He and Christopher Staveley proposed a canal and river line to Leicester, the canalisation of the Wreak to Melton Mowbray and a rail and water line to the Leicestershire collieries.

Leicester Navigation

Christopher, junior Staveley

He and William Jessop proposed a canal and river line to Leicester, the canalisation of the Wreak to Melton Mowbray and a rail and water line to the Leicestershire collieries.

Leicester Navigation

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He reported with William Jessop proposing a canal and river line to Leicester.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Rennie

He reports that the water supply for the proposed canal is adequate, thus allaying doubts raised by Robert Whitworth's survey.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

James Fletcher

Was appointed engineer for the Yorkshire side of the canal under Robert Whitworth.

1791

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

Around this date he gave up his interest in the lime-burning and colliery business on Mirfield cut.

Cromford Canal

Benjamin Outram

He was now receiving a salary of 400 a year.

River Dee

Promoted by Act.

Ellesmere Canal

William Turner

At a meeting on 31st August he suggested an alternative line for the canal which would make use of the Chester Canal and then cut westwards near Whitchurch. Later that year he became one of William Jessop's assistants on the canal.

Fletcher's Canal

About 1790 or 1791 Matthew Fletcher widened some earlier water channels used to for water power into a navigation.

Fossdyke Canal

William Jessop

He was commisioned to survey the canal and its junction with the River Witham.

Grand Union Leicester Section

Act of 1791 (Leicester Canal) passed.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to estimate for a canal on a reduced scale but was too busy to come.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Horncastle Canal

Bullivant

Produced a plan for the proposed navigation.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Josiah Clowes

Was asked his opinion on Foulridge Tunnel and possible alternatives to it.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Longbotham

He produces another route for the Lanchire section of the canal in response to Robert Whitworth's line.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed a branch from the Rochdale Canal's line at Todmorden through Holme Chapel, Ormerod, Burnley Ridge and Colne to the summit above Barrowford Locks. An alternative junction near Burnley was planned in case the company decided to take their line that way.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

Much of his time was occupied by the 1,640 yard, 17 foot wide, Foulridge tunnel that was to have 8 feet headroom above water level. He intended that 120 yards of it would be built on the cut and cover system. He was asked by some proprietors if a open summit level would not be cheaper and defended his plans.

Leominster Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Charles McNiven

He did the parliamentary survey for the Act passed this year.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Charles Roberts

He was appointed engineer at the first company meeting.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Nutbrook Canal

John Varley

He surveyed the line of this proposed branch to be built by the Erewash Canal company.

Neath Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He became a shareholder in the new company.

Neath Canal

Jonathan Gee

As engineer-contractor he assisted Thomas Dadford, the General Surveyor of the canal.

Neath Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Ouse (Sussex)

Promoted by Act.

River Stour (Kent)

John Smeaton

He said "in the time of King Edward VI it is said there was an attempt to make a Harbour from Sandwich into the Downs, and that the evident traces of a canal, which still subsist in the level grounds, between Sandwich and Sandown Castle, are the remains of that attempt."

River Thames

Robert Mylne

He was asked by the commissioners to survey the upper river and recommended the replacement of 25 weirs and flash locks between Abingdon and Lechlade by a smaller number of pound locks. He also severely criticised the state of the navigation.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

John Snape

He, together with Josiah Clowes, surveyed the line of the canal.

Worcester and Birmingham Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Witham Navigation

William Jessop

He was commisioned to survey the river and its junction with the Fossdyke. He suggested either a line round the south of the city along the Sincel Dyke or to increase the depth of navigation below High Bridge, which was only 18 inches below the minimum surface water level.

River Thames

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the upper river but was too busy.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

James Smith

He was ordered to set up a brickworks at Hanford bridge.

Rochdale Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was asked to do a survey for the canal but could not find the time.

River Lee

James, senior Griggs

He had previously been foreman but was now acting as surveyor due to John Glynn's illness.

Rochdale Canal

William Jessop

He was asked to do a survey for the canal but could not find the time.

Leicester Navigation

William Jessop

He was appointed engineer at 300 a year.

Leicester Navigation

Christopher, junior Staveley

He was appointed surveyor at 200 a year.

River Severn

Robert Mylne

He was directing the improvement works on the river.

Nottingham Canal

James (Woolaton) Green

Surveyed a line for the canal under William Jessop's supervision.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

He has been ill for six months and the committee now agree that James Green should do the survey under Jessop's supervision. He says "I am still confined but hope next week to be able to get out with my head wrapped up".

Rochdale Canal

William, Senior Crosley

Appointed to assist John Rennie in the survey of the route.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He is choosen to survey the line with William Crosley senior assisting him.

River Severn

Robert Mylne

He resigned.

Lancaster Canal

Richard Beck

Was asked to re-survey Whitworth's line, together with Robert Dickinson and John Longbotham, and to extend it southward to Worsley.

Lancaster Canal

Robert Dickinson

Was asked to re-survey Whitworth's line, together with Rihard Beck and John Longbotham, and to extend it southward to Worsley.

Lancaster Canal

John Longbotham

Was asked to re-survey Whitworth's line, together with Robert Dickinson and Richard Beck, and to extend it southward to Worsley.

Horncastle Canal

William Jessop

He wrote a report considering either, taking the navigation from Horncastle down the River Bain to Tattershall and then through a new cut to the River Witham, or a new canal to join the river at Kirkstead which is 4 miles nearer to Lincoln. His estimates were 12,233 and 12,544 respectively.

Grantham Canal

William Jessop

He carried out a survey for the canal.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

He and Joseph Preistley were instructed to survey a line from the Leeds & Liverpool at Euxton to Red Moss, the proposed ending of the Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal extension.

Leominster Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

He started construction of the canal as its engineer.

Herefordshire & Gloucestershire Canal

Josiah Clowes

He was asked to estimate for a canal "on a reduced scale" by the first shareholder's meeting.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He is told to survey branches into Rochdale and Oldham, and from Todmorden to limeworks at Craven on the proposed line of the Leeds & Liverpool Canal.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

At a meeting at the Royal Oak in Ellesmere the estimate he produced with Joseph Turner was presented. They estimated 67,456 for the main line from Netherpool on the Mersey to the River Dee then on to Overton and Shrewsbury. Branches to Llangollen, Bersham and Llanmynech brought the total to 171,098.

Ellesmere Canal

Joseph Turner

At a meeting at the Royal Oak in Ellesmere the estimate he produced with John Duncombe was presented. They estimated 67,456 for the main line from Netherpool on the Mersey to the River Dee then on to Overton and Shrewsbury. Branches to Llangollen, Bersham and Llanmynech brought the total to 171,098.

River Lee

James, senior Griggs

He was formally appointed surveyor.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

He submitted his estimate for the canal.

Neath Canal

Thomas Dadford junior

Appointed General Surveyor to superintend occasionally the Works' at a daily salary.

Lancaster Canal

John Rennie

He was asked to resurvey Robert Whitworth's line and extend it southward to Worsley.

Manchester, Bolton & Bury Canal

Hugh Henshall

He reported on the survey he had done in preparation for a Bill and said that the canal could be supplied by floodwater reserviors and rivulet water without interfering with mills. He estimated a cost of 42,400 for an 11 mile canal with 16 locks.

Ashton Canal

Thomas Brown

Probably prerared the plans and estimates for the canal.

River Foss

William Jessop

He reported on the river navgation but saw the main advantages of improvements coming from better drainage which would open up land for development. He proposed buying out Castle mills and having an entrance lock with a rise of 4 feet 4 inches. He estimated the cost as 16,274.

Sleaford Navigation

John Hudson

He and William Jessop reported that the Slea and Kyme Eau could be made navigable for 9,979.

Sleaford Navigation

William Jessop

He and John Hudson reported that the Slea and Kyme Eau could be made navigable for 9,979.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

John Rennie

Started a three day survey of the navigation construction and reported a week later. The section from Stowmarket to Needham Market was almost complete but the towpath needed raising. He recommended swing bridges for small roads, timber fixed bridges for larger roads and brick for public road bridges.

Ipswich & Stowmarket Navigation

I Lenny

His original survey is criticised by John Rennie who says "The original survey is very incorrect. I am surprised that Mr Lenny should have paid so little attention to accuracy".

1792

A General History of Inland Navigation

By John Phillips Published by I & I Taylor. Containing a complete account of the canals already executed in England, with considerations on those projected.

Ashby de la Zouch Canal

John Smith

Surveyed the canal for Robert Whitworth.

River Arun

John Rennie

He surveyed a line to extend the navigation to Horsham and estimated the cost as 18,133.

Ashton Canal

Promoted under Acts of Parliament.

Bury & Sladen Canal project

John Longbotham

He surveyed an extension to the proposed canal from Sladen to Sowerby Bridge which included a 8,428 yard tunnel to the Calder near Halifax. He estimated the cost as 190,291.

Bristol & Western Canal project

John Longbotham

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal with William White.

Bristol & Western Canal project

William White

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal with John Longbotham.

Bristol - Cirencester canal project

Richard Hall

He and Robert Mylne surveyed a line for a canal from Bristol to join the Thames & Severn near Cirencester.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

James Sheriff

He produced a map showing proposals for the Selly Oak line with a 3,330 yard Lappal Tunnel, a 2,078 yard Netherton Tunnel and a communication to the Birmingham Canal at Oldbury.

Dudley Canal Line No 1

Extended to the Birmingham Canal via Dudley Tunnel.

Dudley Canal Line No 2

Josiah Clowes

Appointed engineer at 3 guineas a day and 4 guineas a journey expenses.

Daw End Branch Canal (BCN)

Built under the Wyrley & Essington Canal Act.

Rushall Canal (BCN)

Authorised under the Wyrley & Essington Canal Act.

Wyrley and Essington Canal (BCN)

William Pitt

He is appointed engineer.

Wyrley and Essington Canal (BCN)

Promoted by an Act.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

Became engineer for the canal.

Barnsley Canal

John Pinkerton

Became contractor to the canal.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Rennie

Charles Wedge surveyed a line to Heybridge Basin under his direction.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Charles Wedge

He surveyed a line to Heybridge Basin under the direction of John Rennie.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Jessop

He was not employed as consultant after this date when Thomas Bradley became the canal engineer.

Coombe Hill Canal

Promoted under Acts.

Crinan Canal

John Rennie

Having been commissioned by the Duke of Argyll and the Earl of Breadabane to make a survey he reported on two passages, one called the Daill and the other the Achnashelloch passage. The canal itself was to be 66 feet wide at the surface, 30 feet at the bottom and 12 feet deep.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Thomas Gray

He surveyed a proposed line from Four Mills, Crediton, to the River Exe just below Exe Bridge.

Exeter & Crediton Navigation

Proposed.

Ellesmere Canal

John Duncombe

Assisted William Jessop in deciding on a line for the canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Josiah Clowes

Did surveys for the line of the Gloucester & Berkeley Canal.

Gloucester & Sharpness Ship Canal

Richard Hall

He made a survey of a route for the proposed canal.

Glamorganshire Canal

John Dadford

As ther was no carriage road up the Aberdare Valley he surveyed a route for one at the same time as he surveyed the canal and tramroad link to the Neath Canal.

Grand Western Canal

John Longbotham

He did a second survey of the line for the canal, Robert Whitworth having done the first.

Grand Western Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed the line a proposed a route from Topsham on the Exe estuary up the Clyst valley (with a short branch to the Exeter Road near Sowton) past Clyst Hydon up the Culm valley by Cullompton (served by another short branch) then south of Sampford Peverall where there was a brach to Tiverton. The canal continued past Runnington notth of Wellington to Bradford and the River at Taunton about half a mile above the Tone Bridge. Water was to be supplied by a feeder from Culmstock and two reserviors beyond and two more reserviors north of Burlescombe. The estimated cost was 166,724 including 22,229 for the Cullompton and Tiverton branches.

Horncastle Canal

Samuel Dickinson

Re-surveyed the line of the canal, with Robert Stickney, making minor amendments to earlier proposals.

Horncastle Canal

Henry Eastburn

Invited to be joint egineer of the Horncastle and Sleaford navigations but declined the post.

Horncastle Canal

Robert Stickney

Re-surveyed the line of the canal, with Samuel Dickinson, making minor amendments to earlier proposals.

Horncastle Canal

Authorised by an Act, which included the purchase of the Tattersall Canal.

Kyme Eau - Sleaford Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Lancaster Canal

Promoted by Act.

London & Western Canal project

Robert Mylne

The Thames & Severn Canal company ask him consider how a canal could be built from the Thames above Oxford to the proposed canal.

London & Western Canal project

Samuel Simcock

He surveyed a route, with Samuel Weston, for a canal from Hampton Gay, six miles north of Oxford, to Thame, Wendover, Amersham, Uxbridge and Maylebone (later changed to the Thames at Isleworth). The 60-mile canal was also to have a branch to Aylesbury.

London & Western Canal project

Samuel Weston

He surveyed a route, with Samuel Simcock, for a canal from Hampton Gay, six miles north of Oxford, to Thame, Wendover, Amersham, Uxbridge and Maylebone (later changed to the Thames at Isleworth). The 60-mile canal was also to have a branch to Aylesbury.

River Medway

Navigation between Halling and Maidstone was promoted by Act.

Monmouthshire Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Nottingham Canal

James (Woolaton) Green

Was appointed engineer at 300 guineas a year under William Jessop.

Nottingham Canal

William Jessop

He is appointed engineer at 3 guineas a day.

Nottingham Canal

Promoted under an Act.

Neath Canal

John Dadford

Did a survey for a proposed canal and tramroad link to the Glamorganshire Canal.

Neath Canal

By Mid 1792 Thomas Dadford Junior found it necessary to leave his post of General Surveyor, due to his being given the contract to build the Monmouthshire Canal.Thomas Sheasby replaced him.

Oakham Canal

William Jessop

He did a general survey for the line of the canal.

Oakham Canal

Christopher, junior Staveley

He did a detailed survey for the canal line and later became engineer.

Rochdale Canal

John, junior Gilbert

He was made a member of the new canal committee following the defeat of the canal Bill earlier in the year.

Shrewsbury Canal

George Young

He surveyed the line for the canal.

Sleaford Navigation

Henry Eastburn

Invited to be joint egineer of the Horncastle and Sleaford navigations but declined the post.

Sleaford Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Stour (Kent)

Joseph Hodskinson

He planned a 4 mile cut from below Fordwich to Barton Mill below Canterbury and estimated the cost at 4,638. He rejected the cheaper solution, to make the river navigable by building two locks above Fordwich, because there were too many shallows in the river.

River Trent

John Smith

Surveyed the river with William Jessop.

Wombridge Canal

Most of the line sold to the Shrewsbury Canal Company in 1792, the rest being abandoned during the early 19th century.

Neath Canal

Ynysbwllog Aqueduct Opened. The canal is now carried in pipes across the remains of this aqueduct.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

William Jessop

He was asked to survey the navigation and recommend improvements but was probably too busy to undertake the task.

Bury & Sladen Canal project

William Bennet

Surveyed the line of the proposed canal.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

William Brassey

Left the company.

Cromford Canal

William Jessop

The Amber Aqueduct partially failed and he voluntarily paid the 650 repair cost. He also offered to forgo his salary for the past six months and until the completion of the canal but this offer was not accepted.

Grand Junction Canal

James Barnes

Surveyed the line for the canal.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

Christopher, Senior Staveley

He was asked to do a survey to extend the navigation from Leicester to Market Harborough.

Rochdale Canal

Robert Mylne

He was retained by the company as an expert in water supply matters at the time the company were trying to get a Bill through parliament and were opposed by millowners.

Rochdale Canal

John Rennie

He proposes the use of steam engines for keeping the canal supplied with water, three on the Yorkshire side and eight in Lancashire.

Ulverston Canal

John Rennie

He surveyed the route and produced a plan for a 1 mile 3 furlongs ship canal from Hammerside point on the coast to the town. The estimated cost was 3,084 including a sea lock.

Horncastle Canal

William Crawley

Was appointed engineer jointly for the navigation and for the Sleaford Navigation.

Neath Canal

Thomas, senior Sheasby

He was employed as engineer-contractor and undertook to build the rest of the canal, from (and including) the Ynsbwllog Aqueduct to Glynneath by 1st November 1793 for 14,886, of which 2,800 was to be retained at interest for three years after the completion of the canal against any work found to need rectifing.

Sleaford Navigation

William Crawley

Was appointed engineer jointly for the navigation and for the Horncastle Canal.

Barnsley Canal

William Jessop

He revised his estimate to 82,080 due to the new Haigh bridge branch, a reservior replacing steam engines and higher land costs among other factors.

Derby Canal

William Jessop

He re-surveyed Benjamin Outrams proposed route and suggested a terminus at Little Eaton instead of Denby and a tramroad from there to the collieries.

Leicestershire & Northampton Union Canal

John Varley

He did the survey for the canal and recommended a line to join the Grand Junction Canal at Gayton, with a branch to the Nene at Northhampton if the cost were reasonable. He did the final plans for the Bill together with Christopher Staveley.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
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