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Waterways Chronology from 1750 to 1759

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Chronology Index

1750

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Thomas Wilson

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wilson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Joseph Atkinson

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

The Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was opened about this date.

1751

River Avon (Warwick)

Made navigable by Act.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Joseph Broadbent

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Atkinson and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Thomas Smith

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Joseph Atkinson, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Navigation opened.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Little Ouse or Brandon River

A second act was passed to make the river navigable and to appoint commissioners.

River Nar

River improvements authorised by an Act.

River Nar

John Aram

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with Langley Edwards, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with John Aram, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

1752

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John, senior Smith

About this time he surveyed the river and produced a plan for a lock at Naburn, which he estimated would cost 5,517.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1753

River Cart

Authorised by an Act but no work done under this Act.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He surveyed the river from Thrapston to Northampton.

Salford - Wigan Canal project

William Taylor

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal, which was to take water from the Irwell and return it to the navigable part of the river.

River Nene

John Squires

He proposed a plan for making the river navigable from Thrapston to Northampton for 13,000 guineas.

1754

River Nene

Ferdinando Stratford

Around this time he put proposals to the Western Division commissioners for making their part of the river navigable.

River Nene

Promoted by Act.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Henry Berry

Surveyed the line of the canal with William Taylor.

Sankey Brook Navigation

William Taylor

Surveyed the line of the canal with Henry Berry.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1755

Stroudwater Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He made a survey and proposed building a reservior to supply the mills on the proposed navigation.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Authorised by Act.

1756

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

He surveyed the river and produced a plan to make it navigable from Tempsford to Biggleswade Mill.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Northampton promoted by Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was asked to survey a navigation between Wakefield and Elland but was too busy with work on the Eddystone lighthouse.

Louth Navigation

John Grundy

He reported on his preliminary survey of the proposed navigation.

1757

River Blyth

An Act authorised the navigation.

Gwauncaegurwen Canal

Existed in 1757 carrying coal and men.

River Ivel

Thomas Yeoman

He and Langley Edwards were appointed surveyors.

River Ivel

Navigation improvements authorised by an Act.

River Lee

John Clark

Was appointed surveyor following the death of William Whittenbury.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Opened.

River Tern

Used before 1757, when the Tern Forge that it served was closed.

Sankey Brook Navigation

The Sankey Brook Navigation, later called the St Helen's Canal, was opened.

Sankey Brook Navigation

The first recorded staircase lock on British Canals, Old Double Lock on the Sankey Brook Navigation.

River Blyth

Thomas Manning

He gave evidence for the navigation Bill that the river could easily be made navigable.

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

Gave evidence to the Parliamentary committee examining the navigation bill. He proposed a depth of 3 foot for 20 ton barges which would pay a charge of 3 pence a lock.

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

Was appointed surveyor together with Thomas Yeoman.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He was paid 100 for survey and for "putting out the works from King's Lynn to Westacre for himself and his assistants untill the same is completed". He produced an estimate of 2,500 for the entire works, chiefly for the making of new cuts.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was again asked to survey a navigation between Wakefield and Elland and agreed to come in the autumn, requesting a scale plan of the river in preparation.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He reported the results of his survey to the commissioners, estimating the cost of the work at around 3,000.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He reported to a meeting at Halifax on his proposals, based on his recent survey, for a 23½ mile navigation to take 20 to 25 ton craft with a draught of up to 3 feet 6 inches. This was to run from Wakefield to Salterhebble bridge.

1758

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

River Ivel

Navigation improvements completed to Biggleswade (7 miles).

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

At the request of Earl Gower, Lord Anson and Thomas Broade he surveyed the line of a canal from Wilden Ferry to Stoke-on-Trent.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley did a survey for Earl Gower for a canal from Wilden Ferry on the River Trent to Stoke-on-Trent.

River Trent

Henry Bradford

Proposed to make the rivers Trent and Tame navigable to Tamworth.

River Weaver

Henry Berry

Undertook a survey of the river and proposed improvements to the locks and navigation channel.

River Nene

Case

Put in plans for improvements to the Western Division of the river but later dissented from these proposals and the terms required for the work.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Eyes

Did a survey to extend the proposed navigation to Sowerby Bridge.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

He put in an estimate for improving the navigation between Thrapston and Northampton. His plans were rejected in favour of those from a Mr Case who later withdrew his proposals. Smith then submitted new plans and an estimate of 14,070 4s 2½d that was accepted.

River Nene

Mr Wyman

He put forward a proposal for making the river navigable from Thrapston to Northampton. His plan was approved by Thomas Yeoman but he withdrew in favour of a plan by John Smith junior "on account of Mr Smith's cheaper proposals, his Integrity and superior Experience in such affairs".

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He was asked examine the propsals of John Smith junior and Mr Wyman for making the western division of the river navigable and found that both schemes were sound.

River Wear

Joseph Robson

As engineer to the commissioners he did an estimate for extending the navigation to New Bridge.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

The contract was signed for his river improvements that included 20 pound-locks 10 feet 6 inches wide and 100 feet long.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was appointed part-time superintendent (or engineer) at 250 a year.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He was asked to complete the work on the river by 1st January 1759, lter extended to 15th February but with a 20 a week penalty for any over-run.

1759

Bridgewater Canal

The Duke of Bridgewater obtained an Act of Parliament authorising him to build a canal from his collieries in Worsley to supply coal to Manchester.

River Nar

John Aram

Was paid ten guineas for his part in surveying the river.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

The navigation reached Wellingborough where he built wharves.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He reported that the navigation between Wansford and Waternewton was very bad in places and that the commissioners seem to have had little or no authority over the proprietors, who had sole use of the tolls for themselves.

Stroudwater Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He gave evidence in support of the Bill that became an Act in early April.

Stroudwater Canal

An Act was passed allowing the navigation to be built without locks.

River Stort

Act passed but no work done.

River Wear

John Smeaton

He appeared in Parliament supporting the bill that became the Wear Act and was asked to make a survey and prepare a plan for buildinf 12 locks and a number of short cuts.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

Was asked to resurvey the river and again estimated 3,000 as the cost of improvements.

River Blyth

John Grundy

He was asked to give a second opinion on Langley Edwards survey for the navigation but was too busy to take on the task immediately. He did however set out his terms for the work which proved too expensive for the commissioners to consider.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

At this date he was part-time assistant engineer for the canal and had started a survey of the Worsley to Manchester section..

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He completed the navigation but was in dispute with the commissioners over the payment of the costs for two additional staunches that had been found to be needed.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He sent his regrets at being unable to attend the commissioners meeting. Unforseen circumstances had detained him at Biggleswade.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He attends a meeting of the commissioners at which they place a contract for earthworks.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

His pay for work as engineer began and it is believed that construction started after this date.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Joseph Nickalls

He assisted Smeaton on the Wakefield to Dewsbury section.

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Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List