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Waterways Chronology from 1749 to 1798

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Chronology Index

1749

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

River Trent

Hayne

Sank a barge in King's Mill Lock, where it remained for 8 years, as part of his plans to preserve a monopoly of trade on the river.

1750

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Thomas Wilson

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wilson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Joseph Atkinson

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

The Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was opened about this date.

1751

River Avon (Warwick)

Made navigable by Act.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Joseph Broadbent

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Atkinson and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Thomas Smith

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Joseph Atkinson, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Navigation opened.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Little Ouse or Brandon River

A second act was passed to make the river navigable and to appoint commissioners.

River Nar

River improvements authorised by an Act.

River Nar

John Aram

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with Langley Edwards, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with John Aram, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

1752

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John, senior Smith

About this time he surveyed the river and produced a plan for a lock at Naburn, which he estimated would cost 5,517.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1753

River Cart

Authorised by an Act but no work done under this Act.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He surveyed the river from Thrapston to Northampton.

Salford - Wigan Canal project

William Taylor

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal, which was to take water from the Irwell and return it to the navigable part of the river.

River Nene

John Squires

He proposed a plan for making the river navigable from Thrapston to Northampton for 13,000 guineas.

1754

River Nene

Ferdinando Stratford

Around this time he put proposals to the Western Division commissioners for making their part of the river navigable.

River Nene

Promoted by Act.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Henry Berry

Surveyed the line of the canal with William Taylor.

Sankey Brook Navigation

William Taylor

Surveyed the line of the canal with Henry Berry.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1755

Stroudwater Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He made a survey and proposed building a reservior to supply the mills on the proposed navigation.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Authorised by Act.

1756

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

He surveyed the river and produced a plan to make it navigable from Tempsford to Biggleswade Mill.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Northampton promoted by Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was asked to survey a navigation between Wakefield and Elland but was too busy with work on the Eddystone lighthouse.

Louth Navigation

John Grundy

He reported on his preliminary survey of the proposed navigation.

1757

River Blyth

An Act authorised the navigation.

Gwauncaegurwen Canal

Existed in 1757 carrying coal and men.

River Ivel

Thomas Yeoman

He and Langley Edwards were appointed surveyors.

River Ivel

Navigation improvements authorised by an Act.

River Lee

John Clark

Was appointed surveyor following the death of William Whittenbury.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Opened.

River Tern

Used before 1757, when the Tern Forge that it served was closed.

Sankey Brook Navigation

The Sankey Brook Navigation, later called the St Helen's Canal, was opened.

Sankey Brook Navigation

The first recorded staircase lock on British Canals, Old Double Lock on the Sankey Brook Navigation.

River Blyth

Thomas Manning

He gave evidence for the navigation Bill that the river could easily be made navigable.

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

Gave evidence to the Parliamentary committee examining the navigation bill. He proposed a depth of 3 foot for 20 ton barges which would pay a charge of 3 pence a lock.

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

Was appointed surveyor together with Thomas Yeoman.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He was paid 100 for survey and for "putting out the works from King's Lynn to Westacre for himself and his assistants untill the same is completed". He produced an estimate of 2,500 for the entire works, chiefly for the making of new cuts.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was again asked to survey a navigation between Wakefield and Elland and agreed to come in the autumn, requesting a scale plan of the river in preparation.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He reported the results of his survey to the commissioners, estimating the cost of the work at around 3,000.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He reported to a meeting at Halifax on his proposals, based on his recent survey, for a 23½ mile navigation to take 20 to 25 ton craft with a draught of up to 3 feet 6 inches. This was to run from Wakefield to Salterhebble bridge.

1758

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

River Ivel

Navigation improvements completed to Biggleswade (7 miles).

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

At the request of Earl Gower, Lord Anson and Thomas Broade he surveyed the line of a canal from Wilden Ferry to Stoke-on-Trent.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley did a survey for Earl Gower for a canal from Wilden Ferry on the River Trent to Stoke-on-Trent.

River Trent

Henry Bradford

Proposed to make the rivers Trent and Tame navigable to Tamworth.

River Weaver

Henry Berry

Undertook a survey of the river and proposed improvements to the locks and navigation channel.

River Nene

Case

Put in plans for improvements to the Western Division of the river but later dissented from these proposals and the terms required for the work.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Eyes

Did a survey to extend the proposed navigation to Sowerby Bridge.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

He put in an estimate for improving the navigation between Thrapston and Northampton. His plans were rejected in favour of those from a Mr Case who later withdrew his proposals. Smith then submitted new plans and an estimate of 14,070 4s 2½d that was accepted.

River Nene

Mr Wyman

He put forward a proposal for making the river navigable from Thrapston to Northampton. His plan was approved by Thomas Yeoman but he withdrew in favour of a plan by John Smith junior "on account of Mr Smith's cheaper proposals, his Integrity and superior Experience in such affairs".

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He was asked examine the propsals of John Smith junior and Mr Wyman for making the western division of the river navigable and found that both schemes were sound.

River Wear

Joseph Robson

As engineer to the commissioners he did an estimate for extending the navigation to New Bridge.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

The contract was signed for his river improvements that included 20 pound-locks 10 feet 6 inches wide and 100 feet long.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was appointed part-time superintendent (or engineer) at 250 a year.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He was asked to complete the work on the river by 1st January 1759, lter extended to 15th February but with a 20 a week penalty for any over-run.

1759

Bridgewater Canal

The Duke of Bridgewater obtained an Act of Parliament authorising him to build a canal from his collieries in Worsley to supply coal to Manchester.

River Nar

John Aram

Was paid ten guineas for his part in surveying the river.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

The navigation reached Wellingborough where he built wharves.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He reported that the navigation between Wansford and Waternewton was very bad in places and that the commissioners seem to have had little or no authority over the proprietors, who had sole use of the tolls for themselves.

Stroudwater Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He gave evidence in support of the Bill that became an Act in early April.

Stroudwater Canal

An Act was passed allowing the navigation to be built without locks.

River Stort

Act passed but no work done.

River Wear

John Smeaton

He appeared in Parliament supporting the bill that became the Wear Act and was asked to make a survey and prepare a plan for buildinf 12 locks and a number of short cuts.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

Was asked to resurvey the river and again estimated 3,000 as the cost of improvements.

River Blyth

John Grundy

He was asked to give a second opinion on Langley Edwards survey for the navigation but was too busy to take on the task immediately. He did however set out his terms for the work which proved too expensive for the commissioners to consider.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

At this date he was part-time assistant engineer for the canal and had started a survey of the Worsley to Manchester section..

River Nar

Langley Edwards

He completed the navigation but was in dispute with the commissioners over the payment of the costs for two additional staunches that had been found to be needed.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He sent his regrets at being unable to attend the commissioners meeting. Unforseen circumstances had detained him at Biggleswade.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He attends a meeting of the commissioners at which they place a contract for earthworks.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

His pay for work as engineer began and it is believed that construction started after this date.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Joseph Nickalls

He assisted Smeaton on the Wakefield to Dewsbury section.

1760

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Gott

Was appointed engineer by Peter Birt, the lessee of the navigation. Over the next few years he spent about 4,000 on capital improvements and 9,000 on maintenance, mainly on weirs.

Stretford and Leigh Branch (Bridgewater Canal)

Authorised by the Bridgewater Canal Act.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

As Engineer for the canal he gives evidence to parliament.

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Acts.

River Weaver

Promoted by Act.

River Wey

John Smeaton

He was engaged on the extension of the navigation from Guildford to Godalming.

River Wey

Promoted by Act (extension from Guildford to Godalming).

Fletcher's Canal

James Brindley

He devised a system for pumping water from the Wet Earth colliery using a water from the river Irwell to drive a wheel. The works included a half mile channel which forty years later were converted into the canal.

Louth Navigation

John Smeaton

The town clerk of Louth wrote to him asking for assistance. He replied five days later requesting more information and adds "P.S. Is the expense and practicallity the chief point, or the getting the Bill through Parliament on account of expected opposition?".

Louth Navigation

John Smeaton

The town clerk of Louth wrote saying that little opposition was was expected and that it was desireable to get the canal Bill into Parliament in the next session. However, the promoters were not willing to proceed until he had confirmed John Grundy's report.

Louth Navigation

John Smeaton

He replied to the letter of the 1st advising them to hasten slowly and explained that he was busy and would no wish them to delay their Bill because of him.He also wrote
" I will, however, give you this caution to be very careful of giving public notice as early as possible of your intention to apply to Parliament and in making the gentlemen of your country acquainted with your scheme. Be very careful in applying to the land-owners whose estates lay upon or near the intended navigation, and if possible get the consent of the majority of the principals of those who may be affected by it, for if the least opposition arises, which seldom shows itself till after the petition is presented to the House. they generallyhang upon those matters; for upon this footing the Wey Bill was thrown out last year, tho' it is likely to pass this, and the present year the Tamworth petition has been thrown out upon the same footing without ever entering into the merits thereof.
I am Sir
Your most humble servant.
J. Smeaton".

River Blyth

Samuel Jones

Was assistant engineer to Langley Edwards.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

Defects discovered in newly constructed bridges prompt the commissioners to seek his explaination but they find his whereabouts are unknown.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He writes to the commisioners saying that he is detained on business and cannot attend their meeting on the 9th but he "was surprised at the account of the brickwork as I have had many built of the same dimensions of wall and have never yet had one failed".

Louth Navigation

John Grundy

Went though his proposal for a 9 lock, 11 mile, navigation with John Smeaton.

Louth Navigation

John Smeaton

He met John Grundy and went through Grundy's report and confirmed that Tetney Haven was the proper outfall to provide communication with the Trent so that flat bottom barges could navigate into Yorkshire without going to sea. He estimated the cost as 15,590 for a 'Two Barge Canal', 13,686 for a "One Barge Canal" and 10,884 for "Lighter drawing 2 feet".

River Don

James Brindley

Called into to advise the company on changes to the navigation and to estimate the costs of altering three fixed bridges to swing bridges.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He writes to the commisioners saying he is sorry he did not attend their meeting on the 20th.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

He attended a meeting with the commisioners and appologised for missing the last meeting as he had arrived a day late due to having been taken ill on the road and he had other jobs to complete. He had missed another meeting due to a fall from his horse and a third due to his horse being taken lame on the road.

1761

Stretford and Leigh Branch (Bridgewater Canal)

Completed.

River Blyth

Samuel Jones

Was appointed as toll-collector, surveyor of works, lock-keeper and warehouse-keeper at the salary of 45 a year.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

Surveys the line to the Mersey.

Bridgewater Canal

Sir Roger Newdigate

Acted as Counsel in connetion with theBridgewater Canal extension to the Mersey.

Bridgewater Canal

The Duke of Bridgewater's canal, including the aqueduct across the River Irwell at Barton, opened.

River Nene

Navigation from Northampton to Peterborough opened.

Trent and Mersey Canal

John Smeaton

He reviewed James Brindley's 1758 plan for a canal from Stoke-on-Trent to Wilden Ferry and suggested that the canal could be extended "to join the navigable river that falls into the west sea" at a cost of 77,939.

River Trent

John Smeaton

He said: "the present navigation is much obstructed by shoals and scours, insomuch that in several places, in the common state of the river in dry seasons, there is not above 8 inches depth of water, and that at such times, without the aid of flashes from King's Mills upon the Trent, and the lowest mills upon the Derwent, the navigation would then be impracticable".

River Witham Navigation

Langley Edwards

Together with John Grundy and John Smeaton he presented the results of their survey of the river between Lincoln and Boston.

River Witham Navigation

John Grundy

Together with Langley Edwards and John Smeaton he presented the results of their survey of the river between Lincoln and Boston.

River Witham Navigation

John Smeaton

Together with John Grundy and Langley Edwards he presented the results of their survey of the river between Lincoln and Boston.

Bridgewater Canal

The original Barton Aqueduct was built by James Brindley in 1761 to take the Duke of Bridgewater's epoch making canal across the River Irwell.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

Around this time he surveyed the newly opened navigation and gave it a favourable report.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

The commissioners very dissatisfied with his non-attendence at meetings advertised the meeting in the press in the hope it would ensure his presence. He arrived late and appologised.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

His Barton Aqueduct over the Mersey & Irwell Navigation was opened.

River Blyth

Langley Edwards

The navigation was completed at a cost of 3,822 compared to his original estimate of 3,000.

River Nene

John, junior Smith

His navigation works to Northampton were completed.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

Conducted a survey for the extension of the canal from Longford Bridge to Hempstones, a little above Runcorn, including a branch to Stockport from Sale Moor. His work on this continued until January 1762.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Gwyn

He and Matthias Scott were appointed as surveyors.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Matthias Scott

He and John Gwyn were appointed as surveyors.

1762

Hulme Lock Branch (Bridgewater Canal)

Authorised under the Bridgewater Canal Act.

Preston Brook Branch (Bridgewater Canal)

Authorised under the Bridgewater Canal Act.

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Act.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Smeaton

He carried out a survey and estimated the cost of a navigation as 16,697.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Thomas Yeoman

He did a survey and estimate for the navigation.

Chester Canal

James Brindley

Surveys canal line.

River Don

John, senior Smith

At this time John Needham was acting as his deputy.

Sankey Brook Navigation

John Eyes

He surveyed the extension of the canal towards the River Mersey, the Act for which was passed this year.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Authorised by Act.

River Witham Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

He went to London to give evidence on the Bill to extend the canl to the Hempstones, near Runcorn.

Bridgewater Canal

James Brindley

He told the Lords committee concerning the extension to the canal "The great use it will be in assuring a traffic to Liverpool and Manchester, and if it is carried into execution will reduce the price of the carriage of goods full one half".

River Don

John Needham

Working as deputy to John Smith he constructed swing bridges based on a model that James Brindley supplied.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Gwyn

He was assigned to collect tolls on for the newly opened part of the lower river.

River Witham Navigation

Langley Edwards

He was appointed surveyor at 25 a year. He was asked to put a chain across the river between Stamp End and Washingborough ferry for the collection of a 2.5 pence toll, to survey the whole length of the river and prepare plans for a sea-lock.

Louth Navigation

John Grundy

A petition was presented to parliament for a navigation based on his proposals and an Act was passed in March 1763.

1763

River Don

James Brindley

Was paid 5 guineas for helping William Martin to estimate the cost of a connection from below Thorne to the Trent.

Louth Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Wey

Extension from Guildford to Godalming opened.

1764

River Blyth

Samuel Jones

His employment is renewed at a reduced salary of 42 a year.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Second survey.

Louth Navigation

Opened.

River Roding

Opened.

River Weaver

James Brindley

Checked Robert Pownall's plans to make Witton Brook navigable.

River Weaver

Robert Pownall

As the trustees' engineer he was asked to prepare plans to make Witton Brook navigable with a depth of 4.5 feet. These plans were checked by James Brindley.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Thomas Yeoman

The following extract from his letter to John Smeaton demonstrates the difficulties he had with the navigation promoters:
. . . Now Suppose I should tell you that I am not paid for what I have done will you believe me and if I should add that the under Sheriff took it in his head two Days to attend the Survey with Company and order'd provision & to the Water Sides, lay all night at Danbury at my Inn, and left me to pay every thing even so much as his and his friends Corn and Hay for their Horses, will you give credence to it? but so it is my Friend and so it must be, until they take it in their Heads to pay; Should not I charge two Years Interest in September next? . . .
I beg that my best wishes be acceptable to Mrs Smeaton, Children and Self and am with sincerity
Dear Sir
Your most obedient and obliged humble Servt
Thos Yeoman.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He claimed no salary after this date and was replaced by James Brindley in the following January.

1765

Alford Canal project

Featherstone

Mr Featherstone took the levels when the first proposal for this canal was made.

River Avon (Bristol)

Ferdinando Stratford

He revived the 1735 idea of extending the navigation to Chippenham and was supported by the Bristol corporation for a short time before the idea was dropped.

River Blyth

Samuel Jones

He leaves the navigation when the commissioners want to reduce his salary to less than 40 a year.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Langley Edwards

Was approached to prepare a scheme in opposition to Thomas Yeoman's plan for the river but was too busy to take on the work.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Grundy

He was asked to prepare proposals for the navigation but was too busy to accept.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Joseph Nickalls

He was asked to prepare proposals for the navigation but was too busy to accept.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Smeaton

He was asked to prepare proposals for the navigation but was too busy to accept.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Ferdinando Stratford

He and his brother were retained by Maldon objectors to the navigation. They both contracted ague and fever on the survey from which he died.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

William Stratford

He and his brother were retained by Maldon objectors to the navigation. They both contracted ague and fever on the survey from which he was ill for a year before he recovered..

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Thomas Yeoman

He produced another plan which was used in the application for a Bill to parliament and estimated the cost as 13,000. He proposed widening the river to 30 feet at the surface and 20 feet at the bottom with a depth of 4 feet and locks 70 feet long and 14 feet wide.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

James Brindley

Became engineer in succession to Smeaton.

Donnington Wood Canal

Being cut from Pave Lane to Donnington Wood by the Lilleshall Partnership of Earl Gower with John and Thomas Gilbert.

Driffield Navigation

John Smeaton

About this date he was asked to advise on making the upper river navigable for keels to Driffield. He proposed a 1¼ mile cut with one lock from the river above Wansford to Driffield Beck at the cost of 2,586.

Parrott's Canal

Built around 1765 and formed part of the Coventry Canal line when that was built.

River Weaver

Robert Pownall

As engineer to the Weaver trustees he, together with Hugh Henshall, suveyed various routes for terminating the Trent & Mersey Canal at a junction with the Weaver navigation.

Newdigate Canals

Sir Roger Newdigate

Built canals on his Arbury estate near Nuneaton, expanding an earlier system of "boatways" used to carry coal from the family mines.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Gwyn

He was dismissed when Brindley took over responsibility from Smeaton.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Matthias Scott

He was dismissed when Brindley took over responsibility from Smeaton.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

James Brindley

Following his survey he presents his plans and estimates, for extending the Calder Navigation to Sowerby Bridge, to a meeting of the commisioners. He was then appointed "Surveyor, Manager and Undertaker" for carrying out the works at one and a half guineas a day.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

He meets with Josiah Wedgwood and they discusses a navigation to Stoke-on-Trent based on Brindley's 1758 plan.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Josiah Wedgwood

He meets with James Brindley and they discusses a navigation to Stoke-on-Trent based on Brindley's 1758 plan.

River Weaver

Hugh Henshall

He and Robert Pownall were asked to survey routes between Winsford and Lawton, near Kidsgrove, via either Middlewich or Nantwich.

River Weaver

Robert Pownall

He and Hugh Henshall were asked to survey routes between Winsford and Lawton, near Kidsgrove, via either Middlewich or Nantwich.

River Lee

John Smeaton

He was asked to make a survey "so as to settle the navigation on a new plan as will be most conducive to the good of the public".

River Weaver

James Brindley

Said that a junction between the Bridgewater canal and the river was practicable.

1766

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Act.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Promoted under an Act.

Coventry Canal

Henry Bradford

Surveyed a line for a canal from Coventry to Tamworth with a river extension from there to Fazeley.

River Don

John Thompson

He was appointed engineer under John Smith.

River Great Ouse

John Smeaton

He surveyed the river at Lynn with regard to the shifting sands that were proving a hazzard to navigation. He rejected the idea that Denver Sluice had harmed the navigation and recommended confining the channel to solve the problem.

Huddersfield Broad Canal

James Brindley

Surveys line for canal.

Huddersfield Broad Canal

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed from the Calder & Hebble at Cooper Bridge to Kings Mill, Huddersfield.

Kymer's Canal

Richard Evans

Surveyed the route for the proposed canal.

Kymer's Canal

The first Act of Parliament for a canal in Wales.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Longbotham

He proposed a canal from Leeds to Liverpool, according to Joseph Priestley.

Loughborough Navigation

Authorised by Act (river improvements).

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Thomas Dadford senior

He and Samuel Simcock were the engineers bulding the canal under James Brindley's direction.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

John Baker

Clerk of Works assisting Thomas Dadford senior on the construction of the canal.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Promoted by an Act.

River Stort

Thomas Yeoman

He became engineer for the navigation.

River Stort

Act passed.

Trent and Mersey Canal

John Brindley

Shareholder in the canal

Trent and Mersey Canal

Duke of Bridgewater Francis Egerton

Shareholder in the canal

Trent and Mersey Canal

Promoted by an Act.

Whitby Canal

Probably closed between 1766 and 1811.

River Witham Navigation

Langley Edwards

The Grand Sluice was opened including the lock he had built beside it.

River Witham Navigation

Boston Grand Sluice was opened in 1766.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Hugh Henshall

Did the survey for the Act with Samuel Simcock.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Samuel Simcock

Did the survey for the Act with Hugh Henshall

Trent and Mersey Canal

Matthew Boulton

Subscribed to the canal

Rochdale Canal

James Brindley

He surveyed two routes for the canal and estimated the cost as 79,180 for a route similar to the one later built, and 102,625 for a route through Bury.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

James Brindley

Appointed Surveyor.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

Samuel Simcock

He and Thomas Dadford senior worked as James Brindley's assistants on the canal.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

James Perry

Appointed Treasurer.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

Shareholder in the canal

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Falconer

On the committee of the canal company.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Samuel Garbett

On the committee of the canal company.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Edward Sneyd

On the committee of the canal company.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Sir Richard Whitworth

On the committee of the canal company.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Thomas Gilbert

On this date the Bill was presented and after the second reading was referred to a committee which he chaired. He was also a shareholder in the canal.

Staffordshire & Worcestershire Canal

James Perry

With a group of supporters decides to promote a Bill for the canal.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

He has ten 200 shares in the new company.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

Appointed Surveyor-General at 200 p.a.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Hugh Henshall

Appointed Clerk of Works at 150 p.a. to included the cost of a clerk.

Trent and Mersey Canal

John Sparrow

Appointed Clerk at 100 p.a.

Trent and Mersey Canal

Josiah Wedgwood

Appointed Treasurer

River Lee

John Smeaton

He was asked to survey the navigation with Thomas Yeoman as his assistant.

River Lee

Thomas Yeoman

He was asked to survey the navigation as assistant to John Smeaton.

River Lee

John Smeaton

He reported the results of his survey of the navigation, which was developd before the use of pound-locks. He found eighteen flashes at weir and staunches, as well as a lock at Ware and tide-gates at Bromley. He recommended that new cuts should be made (including from Bromley to the Thames and Limehouse, and at Hackney, Edmonton and Waltham Abbey) and the replacement of flash-locks with pound-locks.

River Ancholme

Thomas Yeoman

He reported "Ferriby Sluice had decayed and the Humber water had gone up to Glanford leaving much silt. The New Drain 40 ft wide is reduced to 15 ft - 16 ft in some places which is the chief cause of flooding. Above Glanford it is interrupted by Lug Beds, Weeds, and Sands and wholly silted up for the last miles next to Bishop Briggs."

Driffield Navigation

John Grundy

His report proposes a 10 mile navigation, half river and half canal at an estimated cost of 7,000. This was the basis of the Act passed in the following year.

Ripon Canal

John Smeaton

He surveyed the Ouse and Ure, using the earlier surveys of William Palmer and Richard Ellison, and proposed a lock at Linton and a canal from the Ure at Oxclose to Ripon.

River Ure

John Smeaton

He surveyed the Ouse and Ure, using the earlier surveys of William Palmer and Richard Ellison, and proposed a lock at Linton and a canal from the Ure at Oxclose to Ripon.

1767

River Ancholme

The Ancholme Navigation was promoted under an Act.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

James Brindley

Surveyed the line of the canal.

Cod Beck

John, junior Smith

He supported Richard Firth in giving evidece for the parliamentary Bill.

Coventry Canal

James Brindley

Surveyed the route for the canal.

River Don

John, senior Smith

It was agreed to allow him 3 shillings and 6 pence for every day he worked in his old age.

Driffield Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

Droitwich Canal

James Brindley

Surveyed the route for the canal and is said to have produced alternative estimates for a barge and a narrow canal.

River Lee

Promoted under Act.

Oxford Canal

James Brindley

Surveyed the route for the canal.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

Ripon Canal

John, junior Smith

He was appointed resident engineer for the canal and Ure Navigation.

Ripon Canal

Promoted by Act.

River Swale

John, junior Smith

He was appointed engineer.

River Ure

Promoted by an Act to extend the Yorkshire Ouse Navigation.

Ripon Canal

John Smeaton

He gave evidence to parliament for the Ure and Ripon Canal Act.

River Swale

John Grundy

He gave evidence on the Bill for the navigation estimating the cost as 19,844.

River Ure

John Smeaton

He gave evidence to parliament for the Ure and Ripon Canal Act.

Trent and Mersey Canal

James Brindley

In a letter of the 2nd March Josiah Wedgwood expresses concern that Brindley is endangering his life and health through over work. On the 2nd of April he says "Poor Mr Brindley was not well enough to attend the Committee".

Ripon Canal

William Jessop

The Act for the Ure and Ripon Canal was passed based on his survey.

River Ure

William Jessop

The Act for the Ure and Ripon Canal was passed based on his survey.

BCN Main Line

James Brindley

Following his survey he put forward two possible lines and recommended the route from New-Hall, over Birmingham Heath, through the Smethwick, Oldbury, Tipon Green and Bilston areas to the Staffordshire and Worcestershire Canal. The cost was estimated at 50,000.

Driffield Navigation

Richard Porter

He was appointed engineer, a post he only held for six weeks.

Driffield Navigation

Samuel Allam

Became resident engineer on John Grundy's recommendation.

River Lee

Thomas Yeoman

He was elected surveyor and collector for the new river trustees.

Stockton & Darlington Canal Project

James Brindley

Brindley was asked to do a survey and sent Robert Whitworth.

1768

Anson Branch (BCN)

Authorised under the Birmingham Canal Act.

Digbeth Branch Canal

Built under the Birmingham Canal Act.

Gower Branch Canal (BCN)

Authorised under the Birmingham Canal Act.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Promoted by Act.

Old Main Line (BCN)

Samuel Simcock

He and Robert Whitworth worked as James Brindley's assistants on the canal.

Old Main Line (BCN)

Robert Whitworth

He and Samuel Simcock worked as James Brindley's assistants on the canal.

Titford Canal (BCN)

Built under the Birmingham Canal Act of 1768 but completed in 1837.

Wednesbury Old Canal (BCN)

Built under the Birmingham Canal Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Longbotham

Around this time he did a survey for a 2 mile 5 furlong canal with 20 from Godley bridge, near Halifax, to the Calder navigation. This was probably done on behalf of a private group of promoters or single promoter.

Coventry Canal

Promoted by Act.

Donnington Wood Canal

Probably completed about 1768.

Droitwich Canal

Authorised by an Act.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

James Brindley

He was asked by a group of Taunton men to survey a line for an inter-channel canal but the survey was done by his assistant, Robert Whitworth.

English & Bristol Channels Ship Canal

Robert Whitworth

He did a survey after James Brindley, for whom he was an assistant, was asked by a group of Taunton men to survey a line for an inter-channel canal.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He surveyed and reported on the line of the canal.

Forth & Clyde Canal

Authorised by an Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

He did most of the field work for John Longbotham's plan for the canal.

River Nene

John Smeaton

He reported on the outfall and the drainage of the North Level and estimating a cost of 20,695 for his proposed solution.

River Ouse (Sussex)

John Smeaton

He suggested land drainage improvements and that there should be a lock at Piddinghoe but the lock was not built.

Oxford Canal (Northern Section)

Robert Whitworth

He produced a survey showing alternative lines from The Coventry Canal to Hillmorton, the shorter one, from Gosford Green, being 15¾ miles on one level. Compare this with the 26½ mile canal that was actually built between these points.

Sir John Glynne's Canal

Built about 1768.

River Swale

John Jackson

As resident engineer he started work on Topcliffe Lock but had problems getting workmen and with the fluctuating river levels which made delivery of materials difficult.

Coventry Canal

Joseph Parker

He was appointed Clerk of Works and sent to Hugh Henshall for a months training.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Longbotham

He planned a route from the Aire & Calder Navigation at Leeds to Liverpool via Gargrave, down the valley of the Lancashire rivers Calder and Ribble to near Preston and Ormskirk.

Coventry Canal

James Brindley

Appointed engineer and surveyor at 150 a year and undertook to give at least two months attendance in each whole year.

Droitwich Canal

John Priddey

He was appointed engineer with a salary of 190 a year.

BCN Main Line

James Brindley

Appointed engineer at 200 a year.

Droitwich Canal

James Brindley

Appointed Inspector of Works.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He surveyed the river following the February floods which he reported as "higher than any flood in man's memory, of of which there is any tradition".

Forth & Clyde Canal

James Brindley

Surveyed a route proposing 4 feet deep canal with lock dues of 1.5 old pence a ton.

1769

Aire & Calder Navigation - Selby Section

Thomas Yeoman

He made a survey for a canal from Leeds to Selby and gave a preliminary estimate of 65,350.

BCN Main Line

From Aldersley to Deepfields Junction was constructed as part of the original Main Line, by Brindley.

Birmingham Canal Navigations

Wednesbury Branch opened.

Old Main Line (BCN)

Engineered by James Brindley and opened in November 1769.

Wednesbury Old Canal (BCN)

Completed.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He supported the Bill in parliament which became the Act giving powers to extend the navigation to Sowerby Bridge, raise extra capital and change the name of the waterway to "The Company of Proprietors of the Calder & Hebble Navigation".

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

Coventry Canal

Samuel Bull

Was appointed assistant to Edmund Lingard working on the construction of the canal.

English & Bristol Channel canal schemes

Robert Whitworth

He looked at a proposal for a canal from the Parrett near Langport to Seaton, but not connecting to the sea there.

Greasbrough (Park Gate) Canal

John Varley

He was commissioned to survey and estimate a canal from the Don to Cinder Bridge (Greasbrough Ings) on the road from Greasbrough to Rawmarsh or to the nearby Sough bridge. He proposed a 1½ mile canal with three locks each with an 8 to 9 foot fall.

Greasbrough (Park Gate) Canal

Surveyed by John Varley for the Marquees of Rockingham .

Huddersfield Broad Canal

Robert Carr, junior

He and Luke Holt were appointed surveyors or resident engineers to rebuild and complete the navigation after flood damage.

Kymer's Canal

Opened.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Henry Berry

Engaged, with Richard Melling, to check P P Burdett's revised line for the western end of the canal.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

John Eyes

Did a survey with Richard Melling for a line of canal that went through Burnley. Their survey was checked by Robert Whitwoth who found a 35 feet error in the levels at Rishton.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Robert Whitworth

He was sent by Brindley to check the line surveyed by John Eyes and Richard Melling and found that there was an error of 35 feet in the height of Burnley embankment.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He agreed that no permanent solution to flooding on the river could be found until the obstructions at Wisbech were removed.He also recommended a navigable sluice above Guyhirne and a side cut through Wisbech.

Oxford Canal

Promoted by Act.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Navigation from Widdington Ings to Swale Nab opened.

River Stort

Fully open.

River Swale

John, junior Smith

He estimated that 25,000 was needed to complete the navigation in addition to the 11,400 already spent.

Taunton - Uphill Canal project

Robert Whitworth

He surveyed a line for the canal under James Brindley's supervision and produced routes from Topsham on the Exe or from Exeter past Cullompton or Tiverton to Wellington and Taunton. The Tone Navigation was the to be used to take craft to Burrow Bridge and from there a second canal would go past Bridgwater, Glastonbury, Wells and Axbridge to Uphill near Weston-Super-Mare.

Oxford Canal

Samuel Simcock

He was appointed as James Brindley's assistant.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Richard Melling

Did a survey with John Eyes for a line of canal that went through Burnley. Their survey was checked by Robert Whitwoth who found a 35 feet error in the levels at Rishton.

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Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
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