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Waterways Chronology from 1707 to 1756

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Chronology Index

1707

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

1709

River Stour (Suffolk)

Opened about this date.

1710

River Itchen

The river was made navigable to Winchester.

1712

River Avon (Bristol)

Act passed to provide navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He surveyed the river and recommended a navigation for carrying coal from Wigan to the Ribble.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He proposed to make the rivers navigable by builing 8 locks and a cut at Butchersfield.

1713

River Nene

Promoted by Act but no work done.

1716

James Brindley, Engineer (1716-1772)

Born.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1717

River Tone

Opened for Navigation.

1718

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He was appointed engineer of the River Kennet and shortened the length of the navigation to 18.5 miles, 11.5 miles of which were artificial cuts.

1720

Douglas Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Derwent

Mark Andrew

Worked on making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Joshua Mitchel

River Derwent

Joshua Mitchel

Worked on a survey for making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Mark Andrew

River Idle

Promoted under an Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Mackworth's Canal

Disused about 1720.

Parnall's Canal

Built about 1720.

1721

Aire & Calder Main Line

Wholly opened from Leeds to Selby.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was one of the promoters of the Act to build the navigation that was passed this year.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Authorised by an Act of June 1721.

River Nene

Nathaniel Kinderley

Work started on the new cut he proposed to straighten the river between Peterbough and Wisbech. Although nearly all the work was done a change of mind by the Wisbech corporation delayed its openning until 1773.

River Weaver

Promoted by Act.

River Weaver

Thomas Steers

He supported the Bill that became the Weaver Navigation Act to make the river navigable to Winsford and Witton Brook navigable to Witton bridge.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

Under an Act of Parliament he and William Squire were given powers to make the river navigable from the Ribble estuary to Miry Lane End, Wigan.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was taken to court by some shareholders who alleged that his scheme to make the river navigable was impractical and only designed to raise money from unwary persons.

1722

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and William Palmer, to survey the river.

River Don

Joshua Mitchel

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with William Palmerl and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

River Don

William Palmer

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He produced a survey showing the whole river up to Sheffield could be made navigable.

1724

Between 1660 and 1724 river navigation increased from 685 miles to 1160 miles, achieved by improvements to many rivers including the Aire & Calder, Douglas, Idle, Irwell, Kennet and Weaver.

River Great Ouse

Colonel John Armstrong

Was asked by the people of Lynn to survey the river.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Work started.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Peterborough promoted by Act.

1726

River Don

Act passed to make the river navigable from Doncaster to Tinsley.

Forth & Clyde Canal

First surveyed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He surveyed the river above York while working for York corporation.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He caught a fever and was dangerously ill while the Bill to make the river navigable to Sheffield was in the commons.

1727

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath opened.

Beverley Beck

Promoted by Act of Parliament.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Appeared as engineer to support a Bill to extend the navigation from Holmstile to Sheffield.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He produced a survey of the whole river from York to Trent Falls for a new Act of parliament that established trustees for the river. After the Act was passed he was taken on as manager and engineer.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

River Avon (Bristol)

John Hore

The first barge arrived at Bath after the 11.5 miles of river below the city had been made navigable by 6 locks and other works said to have been built by him.

1728

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He produced some figures of what was spent on making the Kennet navigable but these were rejected by the proprietors as he had kept no proper accounts. He was therefore not given the money he was claiming.

Stroudwater Canal

John Hore

He surveyed the route and recommended a 8.25 mile canal, with 12 locks, to take 60-ton barges at an estimated cost of 20,000.

1730

Stroudwater Canal

An Act was passed to make the Stroudwater (a small river or stream) navigable.

River Weaver

Thomas Robinson

He was appointed surveyor-general.

River Weaver

Work started.

1731

Beverley Beck

Navigation opened.

River Don

John, senior Smith

He was appointed engineer.

1732

River Arun

Promoted as a navigation under Act.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

Parnall's Canal

Closed due to a tunnel fall.

River Weaver

Opened in the beginning of 1732, having 11 wooden locks.

1733

River Lee

William Whittenbury

Surveyed the river. Later he tendered for the erection of a flash lock, providing a model with the tender, which was accepted.

River Witham Navigation

James Scribo

He surveyed the river and warned that, unless drastic action was taken immediately, not only would the navigation fail but also the lands between Lincoln and Boston would be lost for want of draining.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Hore

He started his survey of the navigation and later recommended the building of a canal for the estimated cost of 12,870 against the 9,355 he estimated was needed to make the river navigable.

1734

River Dee

Promoted by Act.

1735

River Weaver

Thomas Robinson

He ceased to be surveyor-general.

1736

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Opened.

Worsley Brook Navigation project

Thomas Steers

About this time he did a survey for the navigation Act.

1737

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Act.

River Roding

Promoted by an Act.

1739

River Lee

Promoted under Act.

1740

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Eyes

He made a survey of the proposed navigation and together with Thomas Steers produced a projection.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Steers

He produced a projection of the proposed navigation together with John Eyes who had made the survey on which it was based.

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was promoted by Act.

River Lee

William Whittenbury

Is recorded as being surveyor to Trust.

1742

Douglas Navigation

Opened around 1742.

1744

Beverley Beck

Promoted by Act of Parliament.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Was granted a leese of the River Calder for 3,600.

River Dee

Promoted by Act.

1747

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Salwarpe

5 locks built by Lord Windsor around the time of the Restoration but the intended sixth lock was not completed. Bills introduced in 1693 and 1747 but no work done.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1748

River Great Ouse

William Elstobb

About this date he and the Kinderley's proposed cutting off the great bend near King's Lynn.

River Great Ouse

Nathaniel Kinderley

About this date he, his son and William Elstobb proposed cutting off the great bend near King's Lynn.

River Lug

Mr Chinn

About this date he built half-locks (having only single-gates) on the river.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John, senior Smith

He surveyed the river and recommended vigorous dredging.

River Trent

Leonard Fosbrooke

Blocked the river at Wilden with his ferry rope, then built a bridge of boats and defended it with hired men, to stop a group of Nottingham merchants from using the river.

River Great Ouse

Charles Labelye

The new Denver Sluice was opened incorporating the navigation lock that he designed.

1749

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

River Trent

Hayne

Sank a barge in King's Mill Lock, where it remained for 8 years, as part of his plans to preserve a monopoly of trade on the river.

1750

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Thomas Wilson

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wilson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Joseph Atkinson

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

The Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was opened about this date.

1751

River Avon (Warwick)

Made navigable by Act.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Joseph Broadbent

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Atkinson and Thomas Smith, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Thomas Smith

Became a lessee of the river, with Joseph Broadbent and Joseph Atkinson, at 3,500 a year plus 6.25% interest on new capital expenditure that they requested.

River Don

Navigation opened.

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Little Ouse or Brandon River

A second act was passed to make the river navigable and to appoint commissioners.

River Nar

River improvements authorised by an Act.

River Nar

John Aram

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with Langley Edwards, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

River Nar

Langley Edwards

Instructed by the Nar Commissioners, together with John Aram, to make a survey and estimate for making the river navigable.

1752

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John, senior Smith

About this time he surveyed the river and produced a plan for a lock at Naburn, which he estimated would cost 5,517.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1753

River Cart

Authorised by an Act but no work done under this Act.

Middle Level Navigation

Promoted by Act.

River Nene

Thomas Yeoman

He surveyed the river from Thrapston to Northampton.

Salford - Wigan Canal project

William Taylor

He surveyed the line of the proposed canal, which was to take water from the Irwell and return it to the navigable part of the river.

River Nene

John Squires

He proposed a plan for making the river navigable from Thrapston to Northampton for 13,000 guineas.

1754

River Nene

Ferdinando Stratford

Around this time he put proposals to the Western Division commissioners for making their part of the river navigable.

River Nene

Promoted by Act.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Henry Berry

Surveyed the line of the canal with William Taylor.

Sankey Brook Navigation

William Taylor

Surveyed the line of the canal with Henry Berry.

Whitby Canal

Built between 1752 and 1754.

1755

Stroudwater Canal

Thomas Yeoman

He made a survey and proposed building a reservior to supply the mills on the proposed navigation.

Sankey Brook Navigation

Authorised by Act.

1756

River Ivel

Langley Edwards

He surveyed the river and produced a plan to make it navigable from Tempsford to Biggleswade Mill.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Northampton promoted by Act.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Smeaton

He was asked to survey a navigation between Wakefield and Elland but was too busy with work on the Eddystone lighthouse.

Louth Navigation

John Grundy

He reported on his preliminary survey of the proposed navigation.

Previous PageNext Page

Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List