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Waterways Chronology from 1701 to 1750

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Chronology Index

1701

River Derwent

Promoted by an Act.

Exeter Ship Canal

Major reconstruction of the canal was opened.

1702

River Cam

River improvements were promoted by Act.

River Derwent (Derbyshire)

George Sorocold

He produced plans for the Bill proposing four new cuts and nine locks with a fall of 50 feet.

1704

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

George 1 Atkinson

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with James Mitchell, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

James Mitchell

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with George Atkinson, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire & Calder Main Line

ACML

1705

River Stour (Suffolk)

Promoted under Act.

1707

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

1709

River Stour (Suffolk)

Opened about this date.

1710

River Itchen

The river was made navigable to Winchester.

1712

River Avon (Bristol)

Act passed to provide navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He surveyed the river and recommended a navigation for carrying coal from Wigan to the Ribble.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He proposed to make the rivers navigable by builing 8 locks and a cut at Butchersfield.

1713

River Nene

Promoted by Act but no work done.

1716

James Brindley, Engineer (1716-1772)

Born.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1717

River Tone

Opened for Navigation.

1718

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He was appointed engineer of the River Kennet and shortened the length of the navigation to 18.5 miles, 11.5 miles of which were artificial cuts.

1720

Douglas Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Derwent

Mark Andrew

Worked on making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Joshua Mitchel

River Derwent

Joshua Mitchel

Worked on a survey for making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Mark Andrew

River Idle

Promoted under an Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Mackworth's Canal

Disused about 1720.

Parnall's Canal

Built about 1720.

1721

Aire & Calder Main Line

Wholly opened from Leeds to Selby.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was one of the promoters of the Act to build the navigation that was passed this year.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Authorised by an Act of June 1721.

River Nene

Nathaniel Kinderley

Work started on the new cut he proposed to straighten the river between Peterbough and Wisbech. Although nearly all the work was done a change of mind by the Wisbech corporation delayed its openning until 1773.

River Weaver

Promoted by Act.

River Weaver

Thomas Steers

He supported the Bill that became the Weaver Navigation Act to make the river navigable to Winsford and Witton Brook navigable to Witton bridge.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

Under an Act of Parliament he and William Squire were given powers to make the river navigable from the Ribble estuary to Miry Lane End, Wigan.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was taken to court by some shareholders who alleged that his scheme to make the river navigable was impractical and only designed to raise money from unwary persons.

1722

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and William Palmer, to survey the river.

River Don

Joshua Mitchel

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with William Palmerl and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

River Don

William Palmer

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He produced a survey showing the whole river up to Sheffield could be made navigable.

1724

Between 1660 and 1724 river navigation increased from 685 miles to 1160 miles, achieved by improvements to many rivers including the Aire & Calder, Douglas, Idle, Irwell, Kennet and Weaver.

River Great Ouse

Colonel John Armstrong

Was asked by the people of Lynn to survey the river.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Work started.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Peterborough promoted by Act.

1726

River Don

Act passed to make the river navigable from Doncaster to Tinsley.

Forth & Clyde Canal

First surveyed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He surveyed the river above York while working for York corporation.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He caught a fever and was dangerously ill while the Bill to make the river navigable to Sheffield was in the commons.

1727

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath opened.

Beverley Beck

Promoted by Act of Parliament.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Appeared as engineer to support a Bill to extend the navigation from Holmstile to Sheffield.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He produced a survey of the whole river from York to Trent Falls for a new Act of parliament that established trustees for the river. After the Act was passed he was taken on as manager and engineer.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

River Avon (Bristol)

John Hore

The first barge arrived at Bath after the 11.5 miles of river below the city had been made navigable by 6 locks and other works said to have been built by him.

1728

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He produced some figures of what was spent on making the Kennet navigable but these were rejected by the proprietors as he had kept no proper accounts. He was therefore not given the money he was claiming.

Stroudwater Canal

John Hore

He surveyed the route and recommended a 8.25 mile canal, with 12 locks, to take 60-ton barges at an estimated cost of 20,000.

1730

Stroudwater Canal

An Act was passed to make the Stroudwater (a small river or stream) navigable.

River Weaver

Thomas Robinson

He was appointed surveyor-general.

River Weaver

Work started.

1731

Beverley Beck

Navigation opened.

River Don

John, senior Smith

He was appointed engineer.

1732

River Arun

Promoted as a navigation under Act.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

Parnall's Canal

Closed due to a tunnel fall.

River Weaver

Opened in the beginning of 1732, having 11 wooden locks.

1733

River Lee

William Whittenbury

Surveyed the river. Later he tendered for the erection of a flash lock, providing a model with the tender, which was accepted.

River Witham Navigation

James Scribo

He surveyed the river and warned that, unless drastic action was taken immediately, not only would the navigation fail but also the lands between Lincoln and Boston would be lost for want of draining.

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

John Hore

He started his survey of the navigation and later recommended the building of a canal for the estimated cost of 12,870 against the 9,355 he estimated was needed to make the river navigable.

1734

River Dee

Promoted by Act.

1735

River Weaver

Thomas Robinson

He ceased to be surveyor-general.

1736

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Opened.

Worsley Brook Navigation project

Thomas Steers

About this time he did a survey for the navigation Act.

1737

Bridgewater Canal

Authorised under Act.

River Roding

Promoted by an Act.

1739

River Lee

Promoted under Act.

1740

Calder and Hebble Navigation

John Eyes

He made a survey of the proposed navigation and together with Thomas Steers produced a projection.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Thomas Steers

He produced a projection of the proposed navigation together with John Eyes who had made the survey on which it was based.

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was promoted by Act.

River Lee

William Whittenbury

Is recorded as being surveyor to Trust.

1742

Douglas Navigation

Opened around 1742.

1744

Beverley Beck

Promoted by Act of Parliament.

Calder and Hebble Navigation

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Was granted a leese of the River Calder for 3,600.

River Dee

Promoted by Act.

1747

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Salwarpe

5 locks built by Lord Windsor around the time of the Restoration but the intended sixth lock was not completed. Bills introduced in 1693 and 1747 but no work done.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1748

River Great Ouse

William Elstobb

About this date he and the Kinderley's proposed cutting off the great bend near King's Lynn.

River Great Ouse

Nathaniel Kinderley

About this date he, his son and William Elstobb proposed cutting off the great bend near King's Lynn.

River Lug

Mr Chinn

About this date he built half-locks (having only single-gates) on the river.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John, senior Smith

He surveyed the river and recommended vigorous dredging.

River Trent

Leonard Fosbrooke

Blocked the river at Wilden with his ferry rope, then built a bridge of boats and defended it with hired men, to stop a group of Nottingham merchants from using the river.

River Great Ouse

Charles Labelye

The new Denver Sluice was opened incorporating the navigation lock that he designed.

1749

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation Act.

River Trent

Hayne

Sank a barge in King's Mill Lock, where it remained for 8 years, as part of his plans to preserve a monopoly of trade on the river.

1750

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Thomas Wilson

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Thomas Wilson

Leesed the Aire Navigation for 4,400 a year, jointly with Joseph Atkinson

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

River Medway

The Navigation between Maidstone and Tonbridge was opened about this date.

Previous PageNext Page

Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List