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Waterways Chronology from 1681 to 1730

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Chronology Index

1681

River Wey

Promoted by Act.

1683

River Wey

Promoted by Act.

1689

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

1693

River Salwarpe

5 locks built by Lord Windsor around the time of the Restoration but the intended sixth lock was not completed. Bills introduced in 1693 and 1747 but no work done.

1695

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Hadley

He surveyed the river and concluded it could be made navigable for less expence than expected.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Samuel Shelton

About this time he assisted John Hadley with a survey of the Calder.

River Derwent

George Sorocold

He produced plans for making the river navigable on which two unsuccessful Bills were promoted in 1695 and 1698.

River Stour (Kent)

Made navigable again around this date, having become unnavigable previously.

1696

Mackworth's Canal

Built in about 1696 to serve Sir Humphry Mackworth's lead and copper works.

1698

Exeter Ship Canal

William Bayley

Agreed to deepen the canal to 14 feet to take seagoing craft.

1699

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Hadley

He was appointed engineer at 420 per year.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Promoted by Act.

River Derwent

George Sorocold

He surveyed the river again for a Bill introduced in 1700, which failed, but an Act was passed in 1701.

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

River Trent

Lord Paget William Paget

The main promoter in obtaining an Act to make the river navigable and to take a 3d a ton toll. The Act forbade the building of any wharf or warehouse between Nottingham Bridge and Burton without Lord Paget's permission.

River Trent

Promoted by Act.

River Trent

Hayne

Leased the navigation from Nottingham to Burton, the lease ending in 1762.

River Trent

Lord Paget William Paget

Built locks at King's Mills and Burton Mills and made cuts and basins. He then leased the navigation to a man called Hayne.

Exeter Ship Canal

William Bayley

Absconded with some of the city's money, leaving the canal impassable.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Thomas Surbey

He arrived in York to survey the river. Based on this survey he later recommended a lock, 100 feet long and 20 feet wide, at Naburn.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John Hadley

He was engaged to survey the river and concluded a lock was needed ay Naburn.

1700

River Lark (Great Ouse)

Promoted by Act.

1701

River Derwent

Promoted by an Act.

Exeter Ship Canal

Major reconstruction of the canal was opened.

1702

River Cam

River improvements were promoted by Act.

River Derwent (Derbyshire)

George Sorocold

He produced plans for the Bill proposing four new cuts and nine locks with a fall of 50 feet.

1704

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

George 1 Atkinson

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with James Mitchell, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

James Mitchell

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with George Atkinson, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire & Calder Main Line

ACML

1705

River Stour (Suffolk)

Promoted under Act.

1707

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

1709

River Stour (Suffolk)

Opened about this date.

1710

River Itchen

The river was made navigable to Winchester.

1712

River Avon (Bristol)

Act passed to provide navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He surveyed the river and recommended a navigation for carrying coal from Wigan to the Ribble.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He proposed to make the rivers navigable by builing 8 locks and a cut at Butchersfield.

1713

River Nene

Promoted by Act but no work done.

1716

James Brindley, Engineer (1716-1772)

Born.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1717

River Tone

Opened for Navigation.

1718

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He was appointed engineer of the River Kennet and shortened the length of the navigation to 18.5 miles, 11.5 miles of which were artificial cuts.

1720

Douglas Navigation

Authorised by an Act.

River Derwent

Mark Andrew

Worked on making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Joshua Mitchel

River Derwent

Joshua Mitchel

Worked on a survey for making the river navigable and between 1723 and 1724 leased the tolls jointly with Mark Andrew

River Idle

Promoted under an Act.

Leeds and Liverpool Canal

Promoted by Act.

Mackworth's Canal

Disused about 1720.

Parnall's Canal

Built about 1720.

1721

Aire & Calder Main Line

Wholly opened from Leeds to Selby.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was one of the promoters of the Act to build the navigation that was passed this year.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Authorised by an Act of June 1721.

River Nene

Nathaniel Kinderley

Work started on the new cut he proposed to straighten the river between Peterbough and Wisbech. Although nearly all the work was done a change of mind by the Wisbech corporation delayed its openning until 1773.

River Weaver

Promoted by Act.

River Weaver

Thomas Steers

He supported the Bill that became the Weaver Navigation Act to make the river navigable to Winsford and Witton Brook navigable to Witton bridge.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

Under an Act of Parliament he and William Squire were given powers to make the river navigable from the Ribble estuary to Miry Lane End, Wigan.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He was taken to court by some shareholders who alleged that his scheme to make the river navigable was impractical and only designed to raise money from unwary persons.

1722

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and William Palmer, to survey the river.

River Don

Joshua Mitchel

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with William Palmerl and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

River Don

William Palmer

Doncaster Corporation commissioned him, with Joshua Mitchel and Joseph Atkinson, to survey the river.

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He produced a survey showing the whole river up to Sheffield could be made navigable.

1724

Between 1660 and 1724 river navigation increased from 685 miles to 1160 miles, achieved by improvements to many rivers including the Aire & Calder, Douglas, Idle, Irwell, Kennet and Weaver.

River Great Ouse

Colonel John Armstrong

Was asked by the people of Lynn to survey the river.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Work started.

River Nene

Navigation from Thrapston to Peterborough promoted by Act.

1726

River Don

Act passed to make the river navigable from Doncaster to Tinsley.

Forth & Clyde Canal

First surveyed.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He surveyed the river above York while working for York corporation.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

River Don

William Palmer

He caught a fever and was dangerously ill while the Bill to make the river navigable to Sheffield was in the commons.

1727

River Avon (Bristol)

Navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath opened.

Beverley Beck

Promoted by Act of Parliament.

River Don

Joseph 1 Atkinson

Appeared as engineer to support a Bill to extend the navigation from Holmstile to Sheffield.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

William Palmer

He produced a survey of the whole river from York to Trent Falls for a new Act of parliament that established trustees for the river. After the Act was passed he was taken on as manager and engineer.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Promoted by Act.

River Avon (Bristol)

John Hore

The first barge arrived at Bath after the 11.5 miles of river below the city had been made navigable by 6 locks and other works said to have been built by him.

1728

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He produced some figures of what was spent on making the Kennet navigable but these were rejected by the proprietors as he had kept no proper accounts. He was therefore not given the money he was claiming.

Stroudwater Canal

John Hore

He surveyed the route and recommended a 8.25 mile canal, with 12 locks, to take 60-ton barges at an estimated cost of 20,000.

1730

Stroudwater Canal

An Act was passed to make the Stroudwater (a small river or stream) navigable.

River Weaver

Thomas Robinson

He was appointed surveyor-general.

River Weaver

Work started.

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Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List