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Waterways Chronology from 1670 to 1719

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Chronology Index

1670

River Great Ouse

Promoted under Act.

Little Ouse or Brandon River

The first act was passed relating to navigation on the river.

Norfolk and Suffolk Broads

Promoted by Act.

River Welland

Stamford Canal from Stamford to Market Deeping opened.

1671

River Witham Navigation

Promoted by an Act.

1675

River Avon (Hampshire)

Andrew Yarranton

He surveyed the river, at the request of Lord Salisbury, and found it was practicable to make it navigable. He thought timber and ironstone might be carried.

River Avon (Hampshire)

Samuel Fortrey

He was appointed engineer.

Exeter Ship Canal

Richard Hurd

For a fee of 100 he throughly dredged the canal, extended it half a mile, so avoiding a mile of difficult river, and built a new transhipment basin and entrance with a pair of single gates that would take 60 ton craft. He also built a new weir at Exeter. The work continued into 1776.

1677

Chelmer & Blackwater Navigation

Andrew Yarranton

In his book England's Improvement by Land and Sea he recorded the results of his survey and estimated a cost of 8,000 to make the river navigable.

Oxford Canal (Southern Section)

Andrew Yarranton

In his book England's Improvement by Land and Sea he proposed making the River Cherwell navigable from Banbury to Oxford for 10,000 so that corn from the area could be carried to London.

1681

River Wey

Promoted by Act.

1683

River Wey

Promoted by Act.

1689

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

1693

River Salwarpe

5 locks built by Lord Windsor around the time of the Restoration but the intended sixth lock was not completed. Bills introduced in 1693 and 1747 but no work done.

1695

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Hadley

He surveyed the river and concluded it could be made navigable for less expence than expected.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Samuel Shelton

About this time he assisted John Hadley with a survey of the Calder.

River Derwent

George Sorocold

He produced plans for making the river navigable on which two unsuccessful Bills were promoted in 1695 and 1698.

River Stour (Kent)

Made navigable again around this date, having become unnavigable previously.

1696

Mackworth's Canal

Built in about 1696 to serve Sir Humphry Mackworth's lead and copper works.

1698

Exeter Ship Canal

William Bayley

Agreed to deepen the canal to 14 feet to take seagoing craft.

1699

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

John Hadley

He was appointed engineer at 420 per year.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

Promoted by Act.

River Derwent

George Sorocold

He surveyed the river again for a Bill introduced in 1700, which failed, but an Act was passed in 1701.

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

River Trent

Lord Paget William Paget

The main promoter in obtaining an Act to make the river navigable and to take a 3d a ton toll. The Act forbade the building of any wharf or warehouse between Nottingham Bridge and Burton without Lord Paget's permission.

River Trent

Promoted by Act.

River Trent

Hayne

Leased the navigation from Nottingham to Burton, the lease ending in 1762.

River Trent

Lord Paget William Paget

Built locks at King's Mills and Burton Mills and made cuts and basins. He then leased the navigation to a man called Hayne.

Exeter Ship Canal

William Bayley

Absconded with some of the city's money, leaving the canal impassable.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

Thomas Surbey

He arrived in York to survey the river. Based on this survey he later recommended a lock, 100 feet long and 20 feet wide, at Naburn.

River Ouse (Yorkshire)

John Hadley

He was engaged to survey the river and concluded a lock was needed ay Naburn.

1700

River Lark (Great Ouse)

Promoted by Act.

1701

River Derwent

Promoted by an Act.

Exeter Ship Canal

Major reconstruction of the canal was opened.

1702

River Cam

River improvements were promoted by Act.

River Derwent (Derbyshire)

George Sorocold

He produced plans for the Bill proposing four new cuts and nine locks with a fall of 50 feet.

1704

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

George 1 Atkinson

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with James Mitchell, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire and Calder Navigation and River Aire

James Mitchell

Built Beal and Haddlesey Locks, with George Atkinson, so completing the original from Leeds to the Ouse.

Aire & Calder Main Line

ACML

1705

River Stour (Suffolk)

Promoted under Act.

1707

River Parrett

Promoted by Act.

River Tone

Improvements authorised by Act.

1709

River Stour (Suffolk)

Opened about this date.

1710

River Itchen

The river was made navigable to Winchester.

1712

River Avon (Bristol)

Act passed to provide navigation between Hanham Mills and Bath.

Douglas Navigation

Thomas Steers

He surveyed the river and recommended a navigation for carrying coal from Wigan to the Ribble.

Mersey & Irwell Navigation

Thomas Steers

He proposed to make the rivers navigable by builing 8 locks and a cut at Butchersfield.

1713

River Nene

Promoted by Act but no work done.

1716

James Brindley, Engineer (1716-1772)

Born.

River Wear

Promoted by an Act.

1717

River Tone

Opened for Navigation.

1718

River Colne

Promoted by an Act.

Kennet and Avon Canal

John Hore

He was appointed engineer of the River Kennet and shortened the length of the navigation to 18.5 miles, 11.5 miles of which were artificial cuts.

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Chronology Index

 

Jim Shead Waterways Photographer & Writer
Text and photographs copyright of Jim Shead.
Home Introduction Waterways List Waterways Map Links Books DVD Articles Photo Gallery
Features Contact me Glossary Boats Events List History Local Waterways Help Photo List